C. Vinci, J. Renner, and H. Steeb
During hydraulic fracturing processes, several coupled mechanical and hydraulical phenomena take place. We investigate an elastically deformable fluid-filled fracture embedded in a porous rock matrix. Despite the substantial number of previous modeling approaches, a clear insight into the numerical solution procedure of high pressure fluid injection in a fracture has not been gained. We use ...
The Effect of the Disintegration of Chemical Stratification on the Time-dependent Behavior of the Earth’s Mantle
A. Galsa, and M. Herein
Based on recent results from seismology, geochemistry etc. the distinct chemical character of the D’’ layer (lowest part of the mantle around the Earth’s core) has appeared unequivocally. Numerical calculations have been carried out to investigate the effect of the disintegration, mixing and homogenization of the dense D’’ on the time-dependent behavior of mantle convection. A ...
A. Galsa, and M. Herein
Numerical calculations have been carried out to quantify the effect of the eccentric position of normal electric borehole sondes on the current density distribution and the obtained specific resistivity. In the most calculations the distorting influence of the eccentricity (distance between the axis of the borehole and the sonde) on the specific resistivity is less than 2%, but in special cases ...
I. Bogdanov, J. Kpahou, and A. Kamp
Open and Experimental Centre for Heavy Oil (CHLOE)
University of Pau
Direct numerical simulation of single- and two-phase flow in real pore systems is addressed in our paper. The X–ray computed micro-tomography technique has been applied first to reconstruct in details a real pore space of a subcentimetric sample. Making use of dedicated software (ScanIP) the generated porous medium images has been processed to build a 3D pore space geometry. Finally, based ...
J. Lippmann-Pipke, J. Kulenkampff, G. Marion, and M. Richter
Rossendorf, Institut of Radiochemistry
Research Site Leipzig
Reactive Transport Division
We apply COMSOL Multiphysics for reproducing our experimental observations of fluid flow and transport processes in geological media. Our experimental GeoEPT-method allows the 4D monitoring of transport processes in geological material on laboratory scale. Explicitly we import “realistic structures” from geologic samples scanned by means of computer tomography (CT) as stl-files into COMSOL ...
M. Herein, and A. Galsa
Department of Geophysics
For the numerical solving of the equations, Comsol has been applied. Simulations have been modeled in 2D Cartesian, in cylindrical coordinate system and in a “mantle-like” cylindrical-shell. Mantle dynamics is controlled by the Rayleigh number (Ra), which is the ratio of the buoyancy and viscous force. The effect of Ra has been studied in the range of 1e4 to 1e7. The significance of the ...
Coupling Hydrodynamics and Geophysics with COMSOL Multiphysics: First Approach and Application to Leachate Injection in Municipal Waste Landfills
C. Duquennoi, S. Weisse, R. Clement, and L. Oxarango
Cemagref, HBAN research unit, Antony, France
LTHE, Grenoble, France
The efficiency of bioreactor lanfills depends on a homogeneous distribution of leachate in the waste body. Therefore, optimisation of leachate injection systems is a challenging issue for operators. Most studies have shown that surface Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) can be a suitable method to study moisture distribution (2D and 3D). But resistivity inversion models used to date are ...
The Campi Flegrei Deep Drilling Project ‘CFDDP’: Understanding the Magma-water Interplay at Large Calderas
G. De Natale, G. Perillo, C. Troise, and P. Gasparini
INGV-Osservatorio Vesuviano, Naples, Italy
Università degli Studi di Napoli Parthenope, Naples, Italy
AMRA scarl, Naples, Italy
Campi Flegrei caldera is a good example of the most explosive volcanism on the Earth, a potential source of global catastrophes. It has the advantage that the most interesting structural details and main volcanic features appear located at shallower depth, making it a natural candidate for a deep drilling project aimed to understand the volcanic structure. The CFDDP project, aims to understand ...
E. Evgin, J. Infante Sedano, and Z. Fu
University of Ottawa
This paper is a part of a study on energy piles for heating and cooling of buildings. Energy piles are used for two reasons: (1) to transfer structural loads to foundation soils, and (2) to transfer heat from foundation soils to the building for space heating in winter time and for cooling purposes in summer time by transferring heat from the building to the foundation soils. The efficiency of ...
Modeling of the Heat Transfer Between a CO2 Sequestration Well and the Surrounding Geological Formation
B. Sponagle, M. Amadu, D. Groulx, and M. Pegg
Mechanical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
Process Engineering and Applied Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
In a carbon sequestration system CO2 would be pumped down a well and into a reservoir at supercritical temperatures and pressures. An important consideration is the long term stability of the reservoir. The goal of these simulations is to thermally model the injection well and investigate the temperature gradient developed in the cap rock. Ultimately, results from this study will lead to an ...