Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Computation of the Longitudinal Dispersion Coefficient in an Adsorbing Porous Medium Using Homogenization

A. Rijnks[1], M. Darwish[2], and H. Bruining[3]
[1]StatoilHydro ASA, Bergen, Norway
[2]Shell Exploration & Production International Centre, Rijswijk,
The Netherlands
[3]Section of Geoengineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, TU Delft, Delft, The Netherlands

The method to derive upscaled expressions for the dispersion coefficients for reactive flow in a porous medium uses a periodic unit cell (PUC), which consists for instance of a spherical grain in a cube, but nothing prohibits defining more complex PUC's. Homogenization leads to a coupled system of equations where the flow is described by Stokes equation and the concentration fluctuation is ...

Benchmark Calculations with COMSOL of the Transport of Radionuclides Through Clay and Bentonite Barriers in a Geological Repository

M.L. Sentís[1], F. Altorfer[1], M. Herfort[1], A. Jakob[2], G. Kosakowski[2], and S. Friedel[3]

[1]Swiss Federal Nuclear Safety Inspectorate, Villigen, Switzerland
[2]Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland
[3]COMSOL Multiphysics GmbH, Zürich, Switzerland

A benchmark study was carried out by the Swiss Nuclear Safety Inspectorate (ENSI) in collaboration with the Laboratory for Waste Management (LES) of the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) in order to evaluate the capabilities of the program COMSOL for the calculation of the transport of radionuclides through clay and bentonite barriers in a geological repository for radioactive waste. In this study ...

Chesapeake Bay Analysis using Time and Spatial Generalized Eigenfunctions

K. McIlhany1 and R. Malek-Madani2
1Physics Department, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA
2Mathematics Department, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA

A Normal Mode Analysis of the Chesapeake Bay has reached the phase of performing a time-series analysis. Prior attempts using generalized eigenfunctions obtained from COMSOL have led to extraction of power spectra using a partial domain extraction and a waveletlike correction to the result.A new approach has been developed which effectively solves the spatial equivalent of the Initial Value ...

COMSOL Modeling of a Submarine Geothermal Chimney

M. Suárez [1], and F. Samaniego [2]
[1]Faculty of Sciences, Michoacán University (UMSNH), Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico
[2]Faculty of Engineering Postgrade Studies Division, National University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico City, Mexico

New geothermal energy sources hold promise for the future. Deep submarine geothermal energy related to hydrothermal vents is emerging in many places along the oceanic spreading centers. Shallow submarine geothermal systems are found near to continental platforms. We present the initial development of mathematical models to simulate the energy transport in submarine systems. A model for the ...

Finite Element Models of Elasto-Plastic Deformation in Volcanic Areas

D. Scandura, G. Currenti, and C. Del Negro
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy

In volcanic areas, the presence of heterogeneous materials and high temperatures affect the rheological behaviour of the Earth's crust that calls for considering the anelastic properties of the medium surrounding the magmatic sources. A thermo-mechanical numerical model is performed for evaluating the temperature dependency of the elasto-plastic solution. Both temperature distributions and ground ...

Coupling Hydrodynamics and Geophysics with COMSOL Multiphysics: First Approach and Application to Leachate Injection in Municipal Waste Landfills

C. Duquennoi[1], S. Weisse[1], R. Clement[1], and L. Oxarango[2]
[1]Cemagref, HBAN research unit, Antony, France
[2]LTHE, Grenoble, France

The efficiency of bioreactor lanfills depends on a homogeneous distribution of leachate in the waste body. Therefore, optimisation of leachate injection systems is a challenging issue for operators. Most studies have shown that surface Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) can be a suitable method to study moisture distribution (2D and 3D). But resistivity inversion models used to date are ...

Numerical Simulations of Radionuclide Transport through Clay and Confining Units in a Geological Repository using COMSOL

J. Hansmann[1], M. L. Sentis[1], B. J. Graupner[1], A.-K. Leuz[1], C. Belardinelli[2]
[1]Swiss Federal Nuclear Safety Inspectorate (ENSI), Brugg, Switzerland
[2]Kantonsschule Solothurn, Solothurn, Switzerland

Introduction: The sectoral plan that defines the procedure and criteria of site selection for deep geological repositories for all categories of waste (high-level and low- and intermediate-level waste) in Switzerland started in 2008 and will last for about ten years. ENSI (Swiss Nuclear Safety Inspectorate) is in charge of reviewing the proposals and safety assessments for geological repositories ...

A Semplified Model for the Evolution of a Geothermal Field

L. Meacci[1], A. Farina[1], F. Rosso[1], I. Borsi[1], M. Ceseri[1], and A. Speranza[1]


[1]Dipartimento di Matematica U. Dini, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy

The problem is to understand how a geothermal field can evolve from a water dominated state into a vapor dominated one. A first answer to this question is given by a simplified mathematical model of the dynamics of a geothermal field in which the geothermal fluid is entirely composed by pure H2O. We considered a 1-D geometry and we developed a dynamic model that presents a clear interface between ...

Underground Coal Fire Extinction Model Using Coupled Reactive Heat and Mass Transfer Model in Porous Media

S. Suhendra[1], M. Schmidt[1], and U. Krause[1]
[1]Laboratory II.2: “Flammable Bulk Materials and Dusts, Solid Fuels”, Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM), Berlin, Germany

Green house gases emission associated with natural hazard of underground coal seam fire has been recognized as a worldwide problem leading to global warming threat. Therefore, in this paper a model to study underground coal fire is presented and the results will be devoted to strategic development of coal fire extinction technology within the framework of Sino-German Coal Fire Research ...

Seawater Intrusion

Bird, J., Bonneton, A., Brouat, V., Panfilova, I.
Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Géologie, Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine

Seawater intrusion is a significant practical problem for coastal regions, which requires human efforts directed to prevent the degradation of freshwater aquifers. In the present paper we examined the homogeneous confined aquifer in terms of a 2D model which represents a vertical cross-section perpendicular to the sea coast. Several numerical simulations were performed in order to determine the ...

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