L. Meacci, A. Farina, F. Rosso, I. Borsi, M. Ceseri, and A. Speranza
Dipartimento di Matematica U. Dini, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
The problem is to understand how a geothermal field can evolve from a water dominated state into a vapor dominated one. A first answer to this question is given by a simplified mathematical model of the dynamics of a geothermal field in which the geothermal fluid is entirely composed by pure H2O. We considered a 1-D geometry and we developed a dynamic model that presents a clear interface between ...
Flow Diversion around Elliptical Inhomogeneities Modeled with FEMLAB and the Analytic Element Method
John L. Nieber1,
1University of Minnesota, 2Universety of Georgia
Sudden transitions in hydraulic properties in natural porous media systems associated with deposited inhomogeneities can lead to large diversions flow around or convergence of flow toward the inhomogeneity. Modeling of these features within large unsaturated zones containing such inhomogeneities is challenging because of the need for refined discretization near the boundary of the ...
D. Rizzello, P. Canepa, E. Armadillo
DISTAV - University of Genova, Genova, Italy
Topographic effects on magnetotelluric responses may be severe on rugged terrains. Finite elements simulation is a valuable tool to quantify this effect, due to its capability to match real morphologies. To do the estimate of the distortion, the AC/DC Module of COMSOL has been employed, using a model of homogeneous resistivity on which a DEM (Digital Elevation Model) profile of the Deep Freeze ...
Faculty of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea
COMSOL Multiphysics® software has been used in computational geodynamics for years. Because very high pressure in the mantle even significantly compressed the mantle up to ~40%, it is crucial to consider the mantle compressibility in computational geodynamics. COMSOL Multiphysics allows consideration of mantle compressibility using the CFD Module and I benchmarked COMSOL Multiphysics using ...
J. Rodríguez-González, A.M. Negredo, P. Petricca, and E. Carminati
Departamento de Geofísica y Meteorología, Facultad de CC. Físicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Roma La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
Istituto Geologia Ambientale e Geoingegneria – CNR, Roma, Italy
Subduction processes have great importance as are related to volcanism and earthquake occurrence. Old and cold plates should subduct steeper than younger ones, but the subduction angle is highly variable and does not always correlate with the age of the plates. Some researchers propose a global or net westward drift of the lithosphere relative to the mantle and this assessment is still a matter ...
Prokofiev, D.1, Dunec, J.2
1 Shell International Exploration and Production
2 COMSOL, Inc.
The equations describing poroelastic materials are developed in detail and compared to those decribing Darcy flow and structural mechanics in COMSOL Multiphysics. The difference between the coupled poroelastic equations and those in COMSOL Multiphysics is shown to be an additional source term both in Darcy and in structures. Simple verification models are run to check the accuracy and behavior ...
Taborda, R.1, Ornelas Marques, F.1, Bose, S.2
1 Dep. Geologia and LATTEX, Fac. Ciências, Univ. Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal
2 GEOMODELS and CGUL, Fac. Ciências, Univ. Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal
Theoretical and experimental studies on the rotation of rigid inclusions under simple shear flow have typically considered infinite width shear zones and perfect attachment of inclusion to the matrix. According to these models, during progressive simple shear a coherent object would continuously rotate synthetically, which is not the case in many natural ductile shear zones. In this work we ...
F. Pulvirenti, M. Aloisi, G. De Guidi, M. Mattia, and C. Monaco
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy
Dipartimento di Scienze Geologiche, Università di Catania, Catania, Italy
Structural, morphological and ground deformation studies suggest that the eastern flank of Mt. Etna (eastern Sicily) is spreading seaward. Three contrasting models have been proposed: deep-seated spreading, shallow sliding and tectonic block movements. In order to better understand the kinematics of instability processes on eastern flank of Mt. Etna, a numerical simulation has been applied to a ...
Research & Technology
Rick has a BS in Physics, a ScM in Geological Sciences, and a PhD in Physics. He worked at Air Force Geophysics Laboratory, Conoco Petroleum Exploration Research, and, since 1989, has been at the DuPont Experimental Station. In this industrial setting, Rick has had opportunity to work on a great diversity of problems ranging from traditional engineering studies, using commercial finite-element ...
L.M. de Vries, A. Nardi, A.E. Idiart, P. Trinchero, J. Molinero, F. Vahlund, H. von Schenck
Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain
Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management, Stockholm, Sweden
The Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co (SKB) is responsible for final disposal of spent fuel and radioactive waste. SKB operates SFR, an underground waste repository in crystalline rock. The evolution of groundwater flow within the repository needs to be estimated considering different options for the design of the engineered barriers. The goal is to predict the effects of flow and ...