Keyhole Formation During Spot Laser Welding: Heat and Fluid Flow Modeling in a 2D Axisymmetric Configuration
M. Courtois, M. Carin, P. LeMasson, S. Gaied 
ArcelorMittal, Global R&D, Montataire, France
LIMATB Laboratory, Université de Bretagne Sud, Lorient, France
For a better understanding of phenomena associated to the appearance of defects in laser welding, a heat and fluid flow model is developed. This study is focused on the modeling of a static laser shot on a sample of steel. This 2D axialsymmetric configuration is used to study phenomena related to the creation of the keyhole. This model takes into account the three phases of the matter: the ...
Y. Wang, D. Uwe Sauer
Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems, Institute for Power Electronics and Electrical Drives (ISEA), RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
HTPEM fuel cells are considered to be the next generation fuel cells. The electrochemical kinetics for electrode reactions are enhanced by using PBI membrane at an operation temperature between 160-180 °C comparing to LTPEM fuel cells. But starting HTPEM fuel cells from room temperature to an operation temperature is a challenge. In this work, using preheated air to heat up the fuel cells ...
M. Darif, and N. Semmar
GREMI-UMR6606, CNRS-Universite d’Orleans, Orléans, France
A 2D transient heat conduction model was created in COMSOL Multiphysics to simulate temperature changes in material irradiated by a KrF laser beam confined on silicon’s surface. In this paper, the obtained results are shown and discussed in case of bulk Silicon. The heat source is distributed in time with ‘gate’ and ‘gaussian’ shapes. The thermal properties values ...
B. Patidar ,
 Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai India
Induction heating is multiphysics process, which includes electromagnetic induction and heat transfer. Both the physics are nonlinearly coupled with each other. In this paper, mathematical modeling of induction heating of MS tube for elevated temperature NDT application is presented. Mathematical modeling of electromagnetic field is done by using magnetic vector potential formulation. Heat ...
Bruno Chine' , Manuel Francisco Mata , Ivan Vargas ,
 School of Materials Science and Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
 School of Electromechanics Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
 School of Physics, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
Plasma torches are used in processing of materials and in energy industry for producing plasma. In a non-transferred arc plasma torch, an electric arc can be glowed by applying a direct current (DC) between the cathode and anode, both placed inside the torch. Then, the plasma (Fig. 1) is obtained by heating, ionizing and expanding a working gas, introduced into the chamber of the torch upstream ...
J. Förster, and H. Vogt
Institute of Electronic Components and Circuits
A one-dimensional model of Excimer Laser-Annealing of amorphous silicon layers which are irradiated with a KrF excimer laser is described. For realisation, the application mode heat transfer in solids is used. The model predicts a melt threshold for the energy density of the laser of 88.5 mJ/cm^2. It also predicts a linear increase of the melt duration with a slope of approximately 625 (ns*cm^2) ...
B. Bisceglia, A. Brasiello, R. Pappacena, R. Vietri
University of Salerno, Department of Industrial Engineering, Fisciano (SA), Italy
Aim of the study is to determine the influence of some of the most important operating variables, especially humidity and temperature, of drying air on the performance of cooking process of pork meat. The process is simulated using finite elements software COMSOL Multiphysics®. The proposed model considers two geometries: cylindrical and parallelepiped, with fixed physical properties and ...
P. Aliabadi, S. Mahmoud, R. K. AL-Dadah
Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
This study is focused on using a thermoelectric device (TED) as an alternative to the cryogenic liquid for cooling cryosurgical probe used for cancerous tissue ablation. Thermoelectric device, namely Peltier, is a solid state device which converts electric current to thermal gradient. In past years thermoelectric devices have been successfully utilized in refrigeration and air conditioning ...
R. Kiflemariam, M. Almas, C. Lin
Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
2D steady state heat conduction-electric current model was created in COMSOL Multiphysics® software to study the performance of thermoelectric generator-photovoltaic-thermal (TEG-PVT) system. Four different cases were studied in the paper. In case 1, PV cells without concentrator was simulated while in case 2, concentrator ratio range from 2 to 5 was utilized, In case 3, the convection heat ...
T. M. Hofstaetter ,
 Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria
This document discusses the simulation of a downsized nozzle for fused deposition modelling (FDM), namely the E3D HotEnd Extruder with manufactured diameters of 200-400 μm in the nozzle tip. The nozzle has been simulated in terms of heat transfer and fluid flowgiving an insight into the physical behavior of the polymer inside the nozzle. The extruder contains a nozzle, a heater block, a ...