E. Johansson, J. Acuña, B. Palm
Royal Institute of Technology KTH, Stockholm, Sweden
A field of connected boreholes can be used both for cooling, heating and storage purposes. The boreholes transfer heat to or from the ground, which over time changes the temperature in the ground. It is important that the borehole field is properly sized and evaluated before the construction. This study presents results from borehole field evaluations of inclined boreholes used for cooling ...
N. Delmonte, F. Giuliani, P. Cova
Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell'Informazione, Università degli Studi di Parma, Parma, Italy
Introduction: Power electronic converters such as those for High Energy Physics Experiments (HEPEs) must operate in thermally hostile environment. Heat generated by electronics components must be conveniently dissipated to ensure electrical performances and improve reliability. Due to the high power density, the presence of closed environments, and the requirement of non-thermal interaction with ...
M. Rühl, G. Dietrich, E. Pflug, S. Braun, A. Leson
TU Dresden, Laser and Surface Technology, Dresden, Germany
IWS Dresden, Fraunhofer Institute for Material and Beam Technology, Dresden, Germany
Established joining techniques like welding, soldering or brazing typically are characterized by a large amount of heat load of the components. Especially in the case of heat sensitive structures like MEMS this often results in stress induced deformation and degradation or even damaging of the parts. A back door of this problem are Reactive Multilayer Systems (RMS). These foils consist of several ...
Multiphysics and Simulation of MEMS based Bolometer for Detecting the Radiations in Nuclear Power Plants
K. Umapathi, S. Swetha, K. Ranjitha, K. Vinodh, K. Deebiga, R. Harisudarsan
United Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, TamilNadu, India
Sri Krishna College of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
High performance micro sensors are important to detecting special nuclear materials radiations in different fields to save the globe. This paper is mainly focused on to develop a MEMS based bolometer for detecting the nuclear radiation to provide the high security in Nuclear power Plants. A thermally sensitive micro metal plate is designed and placed on a substrate through micro thermal link. The ...
A. Gil-Garcia, I. Kings, B. Al-Duri
University of Birmingham, School of Chemical Engineering, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
In clean coal technologies, improving energy conversion efficiency is one of the most important directions. Compared to traditional subcritical power plants, pressure-increased supercritical power plants improve the plant energy efficiency from 35% up to 45%. This work presents a study of the thermodynamic behaviour of the water cycle in coal-fired boilers in response to the changes in energy ...
I.M. Abdel-Motaleb, K. Allen 
Department of Electrical Engineering, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, USA
The design of a RFID-enabled temperature sensor is described in this paper. In this sensor, a change in temperature causes structural beams to bend, which results in a proportional displacement of the plates of the capacitor. Plates\' displacement results, in turn, in changing the value of its capacitance. The capacitor of the sensor is coupled to the LC resonant network of a passive RFID tag. ...
H. Chen-Mayer, R. E. Tosh
NIST, Gaithersburg, MD, USA
Direct realization of absorbed dose to water in diagnostic radiation via calorimetric methods poses many challenges since the thermal signal of interest may be less than a few microKelvin. In actual biological systems or structures, like the lung, there is the additional complication of tissue heterogeneity, which introduces a quasi-random component to the dose distribution, hence to thermal ...
S. Kadam, T. Gulati, A. Datta
Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
Kheer is a popular Indian dairy dessert prepared from concentrating milk with simultaneous cooking of rice grains. Conventional methods of preparing kheer have limited its mechanized production. Therefore, a conceptual design of continuous kheer-making machine has been prepared which among other components consists of a heating section for cooking kheer. The present study investigates the CFD ...
K.Revathy, S. Agarwal, B. Muralidharan, G. Padmakumar, K. K. Rajan
Fast Reactor Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, India
Electro refining is one of the important step in the Pyro processing nuclear spent fuel with molten salt. The electro refiner is a process vessel consists of anode ,cathodes and stirrers and ultra –high pure argon gas is provided at the top for inert atmosphere and at the bottom a cadmium layer is provided. The vapor pressure of the cadmium is high at the operating temperature, the cadmium ...
Virtual Prototype Evolution by COMSOL Multiphysics® of a Continuous Flow Animal By-Products ABP Ohmic Sterilization Unit - new
C-Tech Innovation Ltd., Capenhurst, Cheshire, UK
Ohmic heating (Joule heating) is a volumetric heating technology which can effectively process almost any pumpable fluid with extremely high energy efficiency (>95%). This is particularly useful for very thick fluids, those that burn on to hot surfaces and those with high solids content which would cause difficulties for conventional heating techniques. Processing of animal by-products (ABP) ...