R. Tosh, and H. Chen-Mayer
Accurate metrology of radiotherapeutic absorbed dose to water requires assessing the radiation induced temperature change. The most direct method for doing this is water calorimetry, for which the established technique involves the use of slender thermistor probes that are sealed within a glass vessel containing high-purity water. The probes and vessel perturb the radiation field, via ...
P. Goyal, A. Dutta, R.K. Singh, and K.K. Vaze
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Steam drum in a nuclear power plant is one of the important components of Primary Heat Transport (PHT) system where steam is separated from the steam water mixture. Steam water mixture emanating from the reactor core is separated in a steam drum. Separated steam goes to the turbine whereas separated water after mixing with incoming feed water returns to the reactor. The entire feed water flow is ...
G. Tracanelli, M. Culos
Studio di Ingegneria Industriale Tracanelli, San Vito al Tagliamento, Italy
The energy pay back is one of the most interesting field especially in the steel industry where this contribution is strictly connected to steams and emissions inside and outside the plant. Perhaps, this application is sometimes disturbed by a strong variation of emissions (\"off gas\"). One example is the arc furnace where the process is very discontinuous and there are many fluctuations in the ...
D. Gasperino , O. Yildirim
Intellectual Ventures, Bellevue, WA, USA
In 2010 an estimated 109 million infants were immunized against DTP, which serves as a good proxy for vaccinations in general. At the same time, however, approximately 19.3 million infants worldwide were not reached by routine DTP immunization services. Immunization rates tend to be lowest in areas where poor infrastructure and limited access to electricity can cause vaccine stock-outs and high ...
OSRAM SYLVANIA, Beverly, MA, USA
COMSOL Multiphysics is used to simulate natural convection and its impact on peak operating temperatures of solid-sate lighting in thermally adverse conditions. PDE modes in the general form are used in conjunction with a thin-surface conduction formulation in the weak form. COMSOL is used to predict both temperatures and heat flows through numerous components of the configuration. Model ...
Using COMSOL to Estimate the Heat Losses of Composite Panels Undergoing Repairs Using Bayesian Inference
University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
Composite repairs involve applying a prescribed heat flux which must be adjusted to account for heat losses. These losses must be estimated. Parameter estimation requires a knowledge of sensitivities. This is often done using finite differences. As shown in the figure, substantial errors often occur. The paper describes the use of the PDE features of COMSOL to obtain much more accurate values by ...
R. Coker, J. Knox, K. Kittredge
NASA - Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA
All spacecraft systems must be minimized with respect to mass, power, and volume. Here, we focus on current efforts to improve system efficiency and reliability for water separation systems to be used on crewed vehicles. These development efforts combine sub-scale systems testing and multi-physics simulations to evaluate candidate approaches. The best performing options will then be ...
Influence of COMSOL on the Design and Testing of the High Flux Isotope Reactor HB-4 Cold Source: Validation of the Simulation
J. D. Freels
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
This presentation concerns our numerical and experimental research on the High Flux Isotope Reactor HFIR, located at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. In this presentation we give a Brief Pictorial Introduction to the HFIR, som physical properties of Supercritical Hydrogen, and Simulations of both natural and forced convection problems using COMSOL Multiphysics. This presentation also ...
Validation of a Simplified Model to Determine the Long-Term Performance of Borehole Heat Exchanger Fields With Groundwater Advection
S. Lazzari, A. Priarone, and E. Zanchini
University of Bologna, Department DIENCA, Bologna, Italy
University of Genova, Department DIPTEM, Genova, Italy
Finite element simulations performed through COMSOL Multiphysics are used to study the long-term performance of BHE fields placed in a water-saturated porous soil subjected to groundwater movement. The heat transfer problem is written in a dimensionless form and the long-term time evolution of the mean surface temperature of the BHEs, sketched as cylindrical heat sources subjected to a regular ...
P. Ralek, and M. Hokr
Technical University of Liberec
Liberec, Czech Republic
The paper deals with simulation of rock heating experiment in underground, testing the rock properties for geothermal application. The modeled process is unsteady heat conduction in 3D. We made several parametric studies to find the possible temperature range with uncertainty in some of the parameters - in particular an interval around the laboratory measured heat conductivity and capacity and ...