Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Formation of Porosities During Spot Laser Welding of Tantalum

C. Touvrey[1], and P. Namy[2]
[1]CEA Valduc, France
[2]SIMTEC, France

The aim of the study is to predict the formation of porosities in the case of spot laser welding of tantalum. During the interaction, a deep and narrow cavity, called the keyhole, is generated. At the end of the interaction, surface tension provokes the collapse of the keyhole. Gas bubble can then be trapped into the melting pool, and give birth to residual porosities, according to the ...

Modeling of Temperature Fluctuations in Frozen Fish

S. Kumar[1], and S. Panigrahi[1]
[1] Agricultural and Food Engineering Department, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, West Bengal, India

 The novel concept of distributing the food super chilled (partially frozen) in order to prolong the shelf life has been suggested in the project. The temperature of the distribution chain is envisaged to be +5C. The suggested application has the following advantages: 1) Partial thawing of the product in the distribution chain makes it easier to handle. 2) The unhealthy and labour-demanding ...

A Multiphysics Approach to Fundamental Conjugate Drying by Forced Convection

M. de Bonis, and G. Ruocco
DITEC, Universitµa degli studi della Basilicata, Campus Macchia Romana, Potenza, Italy

Heat and mass transfer involved in drying is studied by using COMSOL 3.4. The effect of air temperature on the performance of the drying process applied to fresh food slices is scrutinized. COMSOL’s flexible formulation is exploited by using special drying kinetics for the substrate, and by including a treatment of the dependence of the properties upon the residual moisture content. The model ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® as a Tool to Increase Safety in the Handling of Acetylene Cylinders Involved in Fires

F. Ferrero[1], M. Beckmann-Kluge[1], and K. Holtappels[1]

[1]BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing Division II.1 “Gases, Gas Plants”, Berlin, Germany

In this paper a mathematical model for predicting the heating-up of an acetylene cylinder involved in a fire is presented. In the simulations polynomial functions were used to describe the temperature dependency of the thermal properties of the cylinder interior, which is a complex system composed by a solid porous material, a solvent and acetylene dissolved in it. Model equations covered heat ...

Influence of COMSOL on the Design and Testing of the High Flux Isotope Reactor HB-4 Cold Source: Validation of the Simulation

J. D. Freels
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

This presentation concerns our numerical and experimental research on the High Flux Isotope Reactor HFIR, located at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. In this presentation we give a Brief Pictorial Introduction to the HFIR, som physical properties of Supercritical Hydrogen, and Simulations of both natural and forced convection problems using COMSOL Multiphysics. This presentation also ...

Validation of a Simplified Model to Determine the Long-Term Performance of Borehole Heat Exchanger Fields With Groundwater Advection

S. Lazzari[1], A. Priarone[2], and E. Zanchini[1]
[1]University of Bologna, Department DIENCA, Bologna, Italy
[2]University of Genova, Department DIPTEM, Genova, Italy

Finite element simulations performed through COMSOL Multiphysics are used to study the long-term performance of BHE fields placed in a water-saturated porous soil subjected to groundwater movement. The heat transfer problem is written in a dimensionless form and the long-term time evolution of the mean surface temperature of the BHEs, sketched as cylindrical heat sources subjected to a regular ...

Microwave Drying of Cellular Ceramic Substrates: A Conjugate Modeling Approach to Understand Surface Moisture Migration

A. Halder, and J. George
Corning, Inc.
Painted Post, NY

Microwave drying processes are critical components in the manufacture of cellular ceramic substrates and filters. The objective of this study is to develop a comprehensive model at a small scale and include all the possible physics that are important during microwave drying processes. Based on the results, conclusions are made on the importance of different factors in drying.

Deriving Correction Factors for a Primary Standard for Radiation Dosimetry

R. Tosh, and H. Chen-Mayer
NIST
Gaithersburg, MD

Accurate metrology of radiotherapeutic absorbed dose to water requires assessing the radiation induced temperature change. The most direct method for doing this is water calorimetry, for which the established technique involves the use of slender thermistor probes that are sealed within a glass vessel containing high-purity water. The probes and vessel perturb the radiation field, via ...

Numerical Evaluation of Long-Term Performance of Borehole Heat Exchanger Fields

A. Priarone[1], S. Lazzari[1], and E. Zanchini[1]

[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria Energetica, Nucleare e del Controllo Ambientale, Alma Mater Studiorum - Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy

The long-term performance of double U-tube Borehole Heat Exchangers (BHEs) is studied numerically by considering three different time-dependent heat fluxes exchanged between each BHE and the ground. Since the temperature distribution along the vertical direction has a negligible influence on long-term BHE performance, the problem is studied by means of a 2D conduction model, where the energy ...

Loading Conditions in the Feed Sparger of a Steam Drum Influenced by Thermal Shock

P. Goyal, A. Dutta, R.K. Singh, and K.K. Vaze
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Steam drum in a nuclear power plant is one of the important components of Primary Heat Transport (PHT) system where steam is separated from the steam water mixture. Steam water mixture emanating from the reactor core is separated in a steam drum. Separated steam goes to the turbine whereas separated water after mixing with incoming feed water returns to the reactor. The entire feed water flow is ...

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