Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Simulação Fluidodinâmica de um Digestor Contínuo - new

R. Kreczkiuski[1], I. Neitzel[1]
[1]Faculdade de Telêmaco Borba - FATEB, Telêmaco Borba, Paraná, Brasil

No processo Kraft a madeira é reduzida a uma massa fibrosa. Neste processo são rompidas as ligações entre as estruturas da madeira separando as fibras. Esta operação, denominada de polpação, é realizada em um equipamento denominado de digestor. Este trabalho analisa o comportamento fluidodinâmico interno a um digestor contínuo do tipo Kamyr.

Micromechanical Design of Novel Thermal Composites for Temperature Dependent Thermal Conductivity - new

R. C. Thiagarajan[1],
[1]ATOA Scientific Technologies Pvt. Ltd., Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Materials with an order variable in thermal conductivity as a function of temperature are desirable for thermoelectric heat energy recovery, building thermal insulation and solar thermal applications. Thermal Conductivity is an inherent material property. Engineering the fundamental thermal conductivity needs manipulation at thermal photon level for conventional materials. Engineering thermal ...

Modeling of Shrinkage Behavior in Cement Paste Using Thermal-structural Interaction

T. Chen[1], and P.G. Ifju[1]
[1]University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA

This paper describes using thermal structural interaction to model the shrinkage behavior in cement paste under drying. An inverse method of combining the finite element analysis and the least-squares method is implemented to fit experimentally determined shrinkage in order to obtain material propertiesfrom the complex geometry used in the tests. The finite element model is created in COMSOL ...

Negative Thermal Expansion Materials: Thermal Stress and Implications for Composite Materials

M.J. Jakubinek[1,2], C.A. Whitman[2,3], and M.A. White[1,2,3]
[1]Department of Physics and Atmospheric Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
[2]Institute for Research in Materials, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
[3]Department of Chemistry, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

There is considerable interest in the possibility of combining NTE materials with normal (positive) thermal expansion materials, to reduce the potential of failure of a material or component due to thermal stress fracture. Finite element analysis (FEM) is used to explore the overall expansion and thermal stress in composites.

A Two Dimensional Numerical Model for Multilayer Thin Films Irradiated by a Moving Laser

N. Bianco, O. Manca, and D. Ricci
Università degli Studi di Napoli

A numerical analysis of the conjugate optical-thermal fields in an amorphous silicon thin film deposited on a glass substrate and irradiated by a moving Gaussian laser source is carried out. The combined optical and thermal models are solved by means of COMSOL Multiphysics. Results are given for continuous and pulsed moving Gaussian heat sources and they are presented as temperature ...

Simulation of Laser-Material Interactions for Dynamic Transmission Electron Microscopy Experiments

B.W. Reed[1], T.B. LaGrange[1], G.H. Campbell[1], and N.D. Browning[1,2]
[1]Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, USA
[2]University of California Davis, Davis, CA, USA

The Dynamic Transmission Electron Microscope (DTEM) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is a unique instrument able to capture images of fast-evolving microstructure with exposure times of only 15 ns. This is more than six orders of magnitude faster than conventional in situ electron microscopy and has enabled new insights into phase transformations, chemical reactions, and materials ...

Modeling the Heat Treatment of a Starch Suspension inside a Tubular Heat Exchanger

A. Plana-Fattori[1,2], E. Chantoiseau[1,2], C. Doursat[1,2], and D. Flick[1,2]
[1]AgroParisTech, Massy, France
[2]INRA, Massy, France

Many liquid food processes involve coupled phenomena of fluid flow, heat transfer and product transformation. A typical example is the heat treatment of a starch suspension inside a tubular heat exchanger. Fluid flow influences heat transfer which determines temperature evolution along fluid trajectories. Temperature locally influences the food product transformation. The latter influences ...

Modeling System Dynamics in a MEMS-Based Stirling Cooler

D. Guo, A. McGaughey, G. Fedder, M. Lee, and S. Yao
Carnegie Mellon University
Pittsburgh, PA

Micro-scale devices based on the Stirling cycle are an attractive choice for chip- and board-level electronics. A new Stirling cycle micro-refrigeration system composed of arrays of silicon MEMS cooling elements has been designed. COMSOL is used to evaluate the thermal performance of the system. Simulation of compressible flow and heat transfer with a large deformed mesh has been successfully ...

Time-Dependent Thermal Stress and Distortion Analysis During Additive Layer Manufacturing, by Powder Consolidation by Laser Heating

M.S. Yeoman[1], J. Sidhu[2]
[1]1. Continuum Blue Ltd., Tredomen Innovation & Technology Park, Tredomen, Ystrad Mynach, United Kingdom
[2]BAE Systems, Advanced Technology Centre, Bristol, United Kingdom

A time-dependent COMSOL Multiphysics model of an additive manufacture process, which uses powder consolidation by laser heating was developed, providing a platform to better understanding the manufacture process & provide a tool to reduce resulting distortion & optimization of an additive manufacture process. The model simulates a high intense laser energy source moving along a pre-defined time ...

Multiphysics Modeling of a Metal Foam

B. Chinè [1][3], M. Monno[2]
[1]Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
[2]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy
[3]Instituto Tecnologico de Costa Rica, Cartago, Costa Rica

Introduction: In metal foams production, nucleated gas bubbles expand in a heated metal in a mold, then the foam cool and solidify. Thereby energy, mass and momentum transfer mechanisms are present simultaneously in the system and must be taken into account. Metal foam (Figure 1) can be obtained by foaming a precursor, i.e. a mixing of aluminum (Al) powders with the blowing agent TiH2, placing it ...

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