Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Simulation of Heat-induced Fusing of Polymer Toner

Hoffmann, R.
Océ Printing Systems GmbH, Poing

The electrophotographic print process uses polymer toner particles to create the desired print image on the paper. After depositing the particles on the paper, the particle layer has to be heated beyond the glass point of the polymer to create a homogeneous layer. This fusing process is one of the most energy-consuming parts of the whole print process. It is therefore imperative to limit the ...

Effects of the Film Thickness on the Transient Conjugate Opticalthermal Fields in Thin Films Irradiated by Moving Sources in Back and Front Treatments

N. Bianco[1], O. Manca[2], S.Nardini[2], and D. Ricci[2]

[1]DETEC, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy
[2]DIAM, Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli, Aversa, CE, Italy

A two dimensional transient analysis of the conjugate optical-thermal fields induced in a multilayer thin film structure by a moving Gaussian laser source is carried out numerically in order to compare back and front laser treatment processes. Thermal and optical nonlinearity is induced during transient heating, since the response of weakly absorbing thin films depends on temperature. The heat ...

Negative Thermal Expansion Materials: Thermal Stress and Implications for Composite Materials

M.J. Jakubinek[1,2], C.A. Whitman[2,3], and M.A. White[1,2,3]
[1]Department of Physics and Atmospheric Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
[2]Institute for Research in Materials, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
[3]Department of Chemistry, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

There is considerable interest in the possibility of combining NTE materials with normal (positive) thermal expansion materials, to reduce the potential of failure of a material or component due to thermal stress fracture. Finite element analysis (FEM) is used to explore the overall expansion and thermal stress in composites.

Improved Temperature Standards Using COMSOL Multiphysics

J.V. Pearce
National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, Middlesex

This paper describes the use of COMSOL Multiphysics to evaluate the propagation of the liquid-solid interface in fixed point crucibles, and the resulting temperature distribution throughout the system as the phase transition progresses. This enables a robust identification of the features of the melting curve corresponding to physical phenomena such as the liquidus point, and also enhances the ...

Heat and Mass Transfer in Multilayer Fabrics

S. Quiniou1, F. Lesage1, V. Ventenat2, and M. A. Latifi1
1Laboratoire des Sciences du Génie Chimique, Nancy, France
2Centre de Recherche Decathlon, Villeneuve d'Ascq, France

In this paper, an investigation of heat and mass transfer in two-layer fabrics, used in the manufacture of comfortable sportswear, is presented. It is based on a model described by partial differential equations representing the mass balance of water vapor, free and adsorbed water and the heat balance in the fabric. The model involves several unknown physical and transfer parameters. A specific ...

Model-Based Calibration System for Direct Thermal Printing

W. Vetterling[1], and Z. Peng[1]
[1]Zink Imaging, Inc., Bedford, Massachusetts, USA

This document describes a method for maintaining the long-term calibration of a full color direct thermal printer. An essential component of the system is a thermal model created using COMSOL Multiphysics that allows fitting of color data recorded at different temperatures and exposure times to model results for the same conditions. The fitted results reveal the depth and thickness of color dye ...

Control Synthesis for Distributed Parameter Systems Modeled by FEM in COMSOL Multiphysics

C. Belavý, G. Hulkó, P. Buček, and S. Lel'o
Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovakia

Technological processes in the engineering practice from point of view of systems and control theory are frequently in the form of distributed parameter systems (DPS). Techniques of FEM based modeling and design of control synthesis methods of DPS which is acceptable for various technological processes, will be demonstrated on modeling and control of temperature fields of the glass melting ...

Modeling the Heat Treatment of a Starch Suspension inside a Tubular Heat Exchanger

A. Plana-Fattori[1,2], E. Chantoiseau[1,2], C. Doursat[1,2], and D. Flick[1,2]
[1]AgroParisTech, Massy, France
[2]INRA, Massy, France

Many liquid food processes involve coupled phenomena of fluid flow, heat transfer and product transformation. A typical example is the heat treatment of a starch suspension inside a tubular heat exchanger. Fluid flow influences heat transfer which determines temperature evolution along fluid trajectories. Temperature locally influences the food product transformation. The latter influences ...

Simulation and Verification of Coupled Heat and Moisture Modelling

N. Williams Portal[1], M. van Aarle[2], and J. van Schijndel[2]
[1]Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Göteborg, Sweden
[2]Department of Architecture, Building and Planning, Technical University of Eindhoven, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

This paper includes the implementation and comparison of two types of moisture potentials for the combined transport: the natural logarithmic of the suction pressure (LPc) and the relative humidity (RH). The finite element method has been utilized to evaluate coupled 1D thermal and hygric transport by means of COMSOL Multiphysics. The combined transport mechanisms were described by the ...

Numerical Study of the Effect of Fins on the Natural Convection Driven Melting of Phase Change Material

C. Liu, and D. Groulx
Mechanical Engineering
Dalhousie University
Halifax, NS

Natural convection has to be accounted and simulated for in order to properly describe the physics encounter in the phase change process. A simplified two-dimensional model was created in COMSOL 4.1. Natural convection was accounted for by adding a volume force and using the Boussinesq approach. The heat transfer and laminar flow physics were used. Results showed that natural convection played ...

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