G. Maizza and A. Tassinari
Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali ed Ingegneria Chimica, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
Capacitor Discharge Sintering (CDS) is an ultrafast Electric Current Assisted Sintering method (u-ECAS) suited for electrically conductive powders. It is characterized by relatively short processing times (milliseconds range) and much lower sintering temperatures than the melting point of the powders. However, the CDS basic phenomena are not fully understood yet neither at the macroscale nor at ...
High Coupling Factor Piezoelectric Materials for Bending Actuators: Analytical and Finite Elements Modeling Results
I.A. Ivan, M. Rakotondrabe, and N. Chaillet
FEMTO-ST Institute, University of Franche-Comte, Besançon, France
New giant piezoelectric factor materials such as PMN-PT and PZN-PT were researched during the last decade and are actually becoming commercially available. As they seem very attractive for actuator designs, we studied their potential in replacing PZT ceramics. In a first comparative approach, we tested a series of classic rectangular composite bimorph structures of different combinations of ...
Perspectives of Thermo-electro-mechanical Micro Actuators for Micro Switch Applications: Design and Simulation
M. Matmat, M. Al Ahmad, and J. Y. Fourniols
Laboratoire d'Analyse et d'Architecture des Systèmes (LAAS-CNRS), Toulouse, France
In this work, thermo-mechanical simulations employing a 3D finite element analysis (FEA) of a current driven V-shaped actuator is presented. The structure's hot arms consist of polysilicon, which was used as the active material for deflection due to the Joule effect.COMSOL Multiphysics with stationary and parametric solvers was used to calculate the resulting deflection when current is applied. ...
A. Auge, F. Wittbracht, A. Weddemann, and A. Hütten
Department of Physics, University of Bielefeld, Germany
Transport phenomena in spatially periodic magnetic systems, in particular the directed transport of magnetic beads in a so called magnetic ratchet (Brownian motor) are considered. Simulations are carried out to test and optimize this system, where the Smoluchowski equation with flux terms for the magnetic and gravitational force is used. Furthermore, experiments are carried out to verify the ...
N. Qudus, T. Mahbub, S. A. Ali, and M. Shajahan
 Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka Bangladesh
A finite element model is employed to describe the electric potential distribution and electroosmotic flow field inside a wavy cylindrical channel. The model uses coupled Laplace and Poisson-Boltzmann to evaluate the electric potential distribution inside the channel. It also contains continuity and Navier–Stokes equations for the solution of fluid flow. A particle trajectory model was ...
IEMN, Institut d’Electronique, de Microélectronique et de Nanotechnologie, UMR CNRS 8520, USTL Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille, Villeneuve d’Ascq, France
The BioMEMS (Bio-Electro-Mechanical Systems) have become of considerable interest because they constitute a converging solution for many pluridisciplinary studies. The different covered fields are the biology (single cell, proteins, enzymes, neurons…), the chemistry (polymers), microelectronics and the microtechnologies associated with. Devices whose aim is the study of biological entities are ...
Simulation of Evaporating Droplets on AFM-Cantilevers II: Confocal Microscopy and Transversal Bending
T. Haschke, E. Bonaccurso, H.J. Butt, F. Schönfeld, and W. Wiechert
 Universität Siegen, Lehrstuhl für Simulationstechnik, Siegen
 Max-Planck-Institut für Polymerforschung, Mainz
 Institut für Mikrotechnik Mainz GmbH, Mainz
The evaporation process of microscopic drops was investigated by depositing them onto atomic force microscope (AFM) cantilevers and measuring the deflection of the cantilever in response to the presence of the drop. We could thus improve a previously presented FE simulation model by comparing the simulations of the cantilever’s transversal deflection to 3-D images of the cantilever’s ...
M. F. Santillo1, and A. G. Ewing1,2
1Department of Chemistry, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
2Department of Chemistry, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden
A microfluidic device for performing multiplexed cell bioassays has been successfully developed. The device takes advantage of laminar flow and hydrodynamic focusing in order to selectively load cells into various culture chambers and address cells with pharmacological agents. Both computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations and fluorescence microscopy illustrate how fluid flow can be ...
J. Gozálvez-Zafrilla, and A. Santafé-Moros
Department of Chemical and Nuclear Engineering, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
The most successful nanofiltration models are those based on the combination of the Extended Nernst-Planck equation with the Donnan steric equilibrium. These models have been typically solved by using iterative procedures based on the Runge-Kutta method. Yet, such procedures present convergence problems in some cases. In this paper, we present an implementation of the original Donnan ...
Optical and Electronic Materials Unit
National Institute for Materials Science
A single-crystal diamond NEMS switch was fabricated while batch production of SCD MEMS/NEMS structures were developed. The diamond NEMS switches exhibit high performance with respect to high controllability, high reproducibility, and good reliability. Modeling and simulations were made that were consistent with experiments.