Modeling Materials through a Phase Transition: Using COMSOL Multiphysics and Applying Physics First Principles Techniques
R. W. Pryor
Pryor Knowledge Systems, Inc., Bloomfield Hills, MI, USA
This paper presents a new phase transition model that is easily created and runs rapidly. It is designed so that the modeler can determine immediately the relative accuracy of the end result by use of the first principles of physics.Phase transitions are readily observable in many commonly utilized engineering materials. In fact, most modern devices and/or tools employ a phase transition in their ...
I.Tomashchuk, P. Sallaman, and J.-M. Jouvard
Institut Carnot de Bourgogne, Université de Bourgogne, Le Creusot, France
In the case of electron beam welding of copper with stainless steel, two principal cases of welding pool morphology are possible: a droplet-like microstructure where the electron beam deviates to the copper side due to the thermoelectric effect, so the volume of molten copper is much bigger than steel, and an emulsion-like microstructure, volumes of melted materials are closely equal. Reproducing ...
J.D. Freels, I.T. Bodey, and R.V. Arimilli
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
Recent new releases of COMSOL provide the user with a dramatic new interface from which to interact, and many new features “under the hood” for solving problems more efficiently and with even greater accuracy and consistency than before. This paper will explore several of these new version 4+ features for the conjugate heat transfer class of problems. Our environment is unique in that we ...
M. Yang[1,2], R. O'Handley, and Z. Fang[2,3]
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
Ferro Solutions, Woburn, MA, USA
Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
A ferrofluid contains nanoscale ferromagnetic particles suspended in a carrier liquid. It is used in some high-power acoustic speakers to cool the drive coil. The ferromagnetic particles far from the heat source are attracted by the drive coil’s magnetic field. As the fluid approaches the heat source, its temperature rises, causing the nanoparticles to become paramagnetic. Cooler magnetic fluid ...
A. Montisci and R. Pintus
Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy
The aim of the proposed device is to overcome the typical drawbacks of MHD generators, such as the needed of a very high external magnetic field, the strong dependency of the efficiency by the temperature of the fluid, and the deterioration of the electrodes that are in contact with the high temperature plasma. In fact the proposed device does not need an external magnetic fluid to work, but it ...
M. Bachmann, V. Avilov, A. Gumenyuk, and M. Rethmeier
BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing
The article deals with the magnetically-supported high-power full-penetration laser beam welding of aluminum. A stationary simulation was conducted accounting for the effects of natural convection, Marangoni convection and solid-liquid phase transition as well as an electromagnetic volume source term. An ac magnet below the weld specimen induces eddy currents. Consequently, Lorentz forces occur ...
D. Hu, F. Zhang, H. Zhou, and J. Shao
LML, UMR8107, CNRS, University of Lille I, Lille, France
School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Hubei University of Technology, Wuhan, China
State Key Laboratory of Geomechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, China
A lixiviation-mechanical coupled model is developed for fiber reinforced concrete within this framework; both the influence of chemical degradation on short and long term mechanical behavior and the influence of mechanical loading on the diffusion coefficient can be considered. The elastic mechanical properties are written as function of chemical damage. A Drucker–Prager typed criterion with ...
Design Optimization of an Electronic Component with an Evolutionary Algorithm Using a MATLAB-COMSOL Based Model
E. Pelster, and D. Wenger
Wenger Engineering GmbH
Electric construction components exposed to alternating high voltage have to withstand a significant amount of thermal loads and, resulting from the changes in Temperature , structural stresses. In order to achieve minimization of these loads, optimizing the geometry can be a helpful tool in the design process. In this study COMSOL is used to predict thermal and mechanical loads on a high ...
Design and Development, via Prototype Testing and Multiphysics Modelling, of a Thermoelectric Generator (TEG) for Integration in Autonomous Gas Heaters
M. P. Codecasa, C. Fanciulli, R. Gaddi, F. Gomez Paz, and F. Passaretti
National Research Council of Italy - IENI Institute, Lecco, Italy
Italkero S.r.l., Modena, Italy
Studio di design Francisco Gomez Paz, Milano, Italy
An autonomous gas-heater for outdoor environments was selected as a test-case for cogeneration in gas-heaters and stoves, permitting installation and operation without need of an electrical network connection. A thermoelectric generator (TEG) was designed, converting part of produced heat into electrical power for auxiliaries (ventilation) or ancillary functions (illumination). Design approach, ...
G. Louarn, M. Collet, and S. Cuenot
Institut des Matériaux Jean Rouxel, Nantes
In this work, we present the modeling of V-shaped silicon micro-cantilevers. The sensitivity of different V-shaped silicon cantilevers is estimated, as a function of the geometrical dimensions of the cantilever.