University of Minnesota-Duluth, Duluth, MN, USA
Significant submarine mineral deposits form when hot, metal-laden, saline fluids emerge onto the seafloor and mix with ambient seawater. Resulting density changes of fluid mixtures can trigger fluid buoyancy reversals, brine pool formation, and metal accumulation (Figure 1). While some of these processes are known from experiments, the inception, development, and physical-chemical processes ...
C. Grau Turuelo, C. Breitkopf
Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany
The void shape evolution of silicon is a process driven mainly by surface diffusion which leads to a geometrical transformation of trenches etched in silicon wafers due to surface energy minimization. The temperature, the ambient gas and the annealing time affect the velocity of the process. The use of custom PDEs in COMSOL Multiphysics® software and the Level-Set method provide a good base ...
Influence of a Refurbishing on an Old Residential Building’s Wall in Paris in Summer: Mass and Heat Transfer Approach - new
K. Azos-Diaz, B. Tremeac, F. Simon, D. Corgier, C. Marvillet
Laboratoire de Chimie Moléculaire, Génie des Procédés Chimique et Energétique, Paris, France
MANASLU Ing., Savoie Technolac, Le Bourget du Lac, France
The implementation of thermal insulation in old residential building walls could compromise the hygrothermal behavior of the construction, especially in summer time when it is placed inside. A bad installation of insulation could have consequences on the quality of indoor air conditions and on the health of the wall mostly during hot periods. Thus, the evaluation of heat and mass transfer ...
D. Maciel, N. Bouchonneau
Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil
The maintenance plan or rush-to-repair of a subsea pipeline for oil transport may result in the shutdown of the line, in other words, may stop the flow of fluid. During the shutdown, the temperature of the oil tends to decrease continuously, and the heavy molecules tend to crystallize and suspend in the oil, which increase the viscosity of the oil, and even form a paraffinic compound or freeze ...
T. Burnett, and D. Lower
CH2M-WG Idaho, LLC
The Idaho Cleanup Project at the Idaho National Laboratory
Idaho Falls, ID
Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) has been selected as a means of treating calcined high level waste (HLW). The process combines high temperature and pressure to densify the HLW in to a mineral similar to the geologic formulation of granite. This study uses COMSOL to predict densification and shape deformation of a stainless steel can filled with HLW. Two approaches were used to model ...
F. Chen, T. Gulati, H. Zhu, A. K. Datta
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
This research studies the thermal effect of frozen pie heating in the microwave oven. Considering as composite material, the properties of pie derived based on its composition. Here the package, susceptor’s influence to the temperature distribution is also studied.
G. Maizza and M. Longhin
Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali ed Ingegneria Chimica, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
The excessive presence of residual SiC matrix inter-fiber pores is often the main cause for the very poor mechanical strength and toughness of SiC/SiC composites manufactured by CVI (Chemical Vapour Infiltration) process. This work presents a micro/macro Microwaveassisted Chemical Vapour Infiltration (MW-CVI) model as a strategy to attack the problems above. The proposed model couples a reactor ...
Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Pinawa, MB, Canada
The hydro-mechanical (HM) numerical simulation of a shaft seal installed at a fracture zone in a hypothetical host rock using COMSOL is presented. Two different stages are considered in the numerical modelling. Stage 1 simulates the groundwater flow into an open shaft. Stage 2 simulates the groundwater flow after installation of shaft sealing-components. The shaft sealing components include: ...
Modelling of a 5 Cell Intermediate Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell (IT-PEFC) Stack: Analysis of Flow Configuration and Heat Transfer
A.S. Chandan, A. Mossadegh Pour, R. Steinberger-Wilckens
Centre for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells (PEFCs) are a key technology in the advancement of society towards a low carbon future, in particular for use within the automotive sector. PEFCs are advantageous due to their low operating temperature (60-80 deg.C), quick start up times and responsiveness to load change. However, the requirement for expensive platinum, difficulty of water management and heat ...
P. D. Hanasi, B. G. Sheeparamatti, B. B. Kirankumar
Basaveshwar Engineering College, Bagalkot, Karnataka, India
Micro cantilevers are the basic MEMS structures, which can be used both as sensors and actuators. The . The objective of this work is to study concept of pull-in voltage and how to reduce the same. Voltage is applied to upper cantilever beam and lower contact electrode is made as ground. By increasing common area between cantilever beam and contact electrode, and also by reducing thickness of ...