Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling of the Heating of pre-Ionized Gases with Short Laser Pulses using COMSOL Multiphysics

S. Wieneke, S. Brückner, and W. Viöl
University of Applied Sciences and Arts, Göttingen, Germany

The heating-up of existing dense plasma with short laser pulses is modelled with COMSOL Multiphysics. The interaction between plasma and the laser beam as a longitudinally pumped light source is discussed. The required properties of the plasma, according to the radial profiles of the temperature and the density, are exemplified.

Coupled Structural and Magnetic Models: Linear Magnetostriction in COMSOL

J. Slaughter[1]
[1]Etrema Products, Inc., Ames, Iowa, USA

Accurate modeling of magnetostrictive materials and devices requires coupling of electrical, magnetic, mechanical, and possibly acoustic domains. There are relatively few finite  element software packages that include all these physical models and even fewer that include magnetostrictive models. Comsol Multiphysics was used to create linear magnetostrictive models with fully coupled physics. ...

Simulation of Nuclear Radiation based Energy Harvesting Device using Piezoelectric Transducer

R. Prakash, K. M. V. Swamy, and B. G. Sheeparamatti
Basaveshwara Engineering College
Bagalkot, Karnataka,
India

MEMS(Microelectromechanical systems) based energy harvesting is process of extracting energy from natural resources in small amounts. Here, number of (millions) small energy harvesting modules lead to substancial energy. In this design, a piezoelectric material is used to scavenge energy from natural resources like radioactive source. COMSOL Multiphysics is used to model and simulate a ...

Modeling and Simulation of Dielectric Barrier Discharge Plasma Reactor for Nitrogen Fixation Reaction

B.S. Patil[1], Q. Wang[2], V. Hessel[2], J. Lang[3]
[1]Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
[2]Micro Flow Chemistry and Process Technology, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
[3]Innovation Management, Verfahrenstechnik & Engineering, Evonik Industries AG, Hanau-Wolfgang, Germany

Fixed nitrogen is used in many forms ranging from nitric acid to hydrogen cyanide and is used as such for industrial applications. The reactions to produce these products are highly endothermic and favored by high-temperature processing. The most basic route of chemically fixing nitrogen is the direct reaction of nitrogen and oxygen. However, the major challenge is to supply very high ...

Modelling of a 5 Cell Intermediate Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell (IT-PEFC) Stack: Analysis of Flow Configuration and Heat Transfer

A.S. Chandan[1], A. Mossadegh Pour[2], R. Steinberger-Wilckens[2]
[1]Centre for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
[2]University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom

Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells (PEFCs) are a key technology in the advancement of society towards a low carbon future, in particular for use within the automotive sector. PEFCs are advantageous due to their low operating temperature (60-80 deg.C), quick start up times and responsiveness to load change. However, the requirement for expensive platinum, difficulty of water management and heat ...

Role of the Diffusion Current in Nonequilibrium Modeling of Welding Arcs

M. Baeva[1]
[1]INP Greifswald e.V., Greifswald, Germany

2D self-consistent nonequilibrium model of a free-burning arc in argon has been developed. The model is based on the COMSOL Multiphysics® platform and describes in a self-consistent manner the fluid dynamics, the heat transfer, the magneto-electrodynamics, and species conservation. The governing equations are solved applying the COMSOL Multiphysics® interfaces Laminar flow, Electric Currents, ...

Sound Field Analysis of Monumental Structures by the Application of Diffusion Equation Model

Z. S. Gul[1], N. Xiang[2], M. Caliskan[3]
[1]Department of Architecture, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey
[2]School of Architecture, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA
[3]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey

Sound energy distribution patterns within enclosed spaces are the basic concerns of architectural acoustics. Energy decays are analyzed for major acoustical parameter estimations, while spatial energy distribution and flow vectors are indicative in the analysis of sound energy circulation and concentration zones. In this study the acoustical field of a real-size multi-domed monumental structure ...

Modeling of Arc Welding Power Source

E. S. Tschoepke[1], J. A. E. Mazzaferro[1], G. Paz[1]
[1]Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil

Introduction: The main objective of the present work consists in modeling an arc welding heat source to allow predict peak temperature and cooling rate at specific points. The filler metal was deposited on a plate of 32mm thick with no chamfer, in bead on plate configuration, using five different preheat temperatures: -30°C, 30°C, 100°C, 150°C and 200°C. Use of COMSOL Multiphysics® ...

Stochastic Approach in Approximation of the Transient Plasma Sheath Behavior in FEM

J. Brcka
TEL US Holdings, Inc., Albany, NY, USA

Recently, the advanced plasma tools have been using very high frequency power sources (>100 MHz) and their combination to excite plasma utilized in semiconductor technology. This approach is evoking the regimes that are less understood and currently a subject to many studies and experimental investigations. The paper describes quasi-stochastic approach applied for sheath properties and ...

High Frequency Resonators Using Exotic Nanomaterials

B. Panchapakesan[1], M. Loeian[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

Human made mechanical resonators have been around for a thousand years. Early applications included musical instruments and chronographs operating in millihertz to kilohertz frequencies while more recent interest has turned ultra-high frequency resonators and oscillators suitable for wireless technologies, mass sensing and even biological applications. The trend has been towards small, stiff and ...

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