Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Thermal Modeling in a Historical Building - Improving Thermal Comfort Through the Siting of a Passive Mass of Phase Change Material - new

D. Groulx[1], F. Herbinger[1], L. Desgrosseilliers[1]
[1]Mechanical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada

A model of an office room was created in the COMSOL Multiphysics® software to simulate heat transfer and study the impact of siting a mass of phase change material (PCM) in a room to increase thermal comfort. This study determined that incorporating the selected PCM, butyl stearate, in the ceiling and in the floor did not alter the temperature of the room significantly after one hour. ...

Modeling Degradation in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries

R. Purkayastha [1], G. Minton [1], L. O'Neill [1], S. Walus [1], M. Wild [1], M. Marinescu [2], T. Zhang [2], G. Offer [2]
[1] Oxis Energy Ltd, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom
[2] Mechanical Engineering Department, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom

Two Anode Surface processes are examined : Formation of Solid Electrolyte Interphase (SEI) and heating due to Shuttle Current. During charging, higher order sulfur species are reduced at the anode surface, while they are concurrently being oxidized at the cathode. This leads to the formation of a parasitic ‘shuttle’ current. We show that heating due to this shuttle current can lead to large ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulation of the Electrokinetic Effect in Gidrogeology

M. A. Narbut [1], K. V. Titov [1], P. K. Konosavsky [1],
[1] Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia

The groundwater flow is accompanied by the electric field with potential called usually the streaming potential or the Self-Potential (SP) to be measured on the ground surface (e.g., Rizzo et al., 2004; Bolève et al., 2007; Jardani et al., 2009). We studied numerically the SP signals associated with pumping test experiments in layered aquifers using COMSOL Multiphysics® software and GWFGEM ...

Embedded Microfluidic/Thermoelectric Generation System for Self-Cooling of Electronic Devices - new

R. Kiflemariam[1], H. Fekramandi[1], C. Lin[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA

A 3D electro-conjugate heat transfer model was made to study an embedded microfluidic/TEG system (μF/TEG) system. An innovative embedded microfluidic/TEG system (μF/TEG) system is proposed which enables a device to be able to provide power to its cooling system eliminating external power input and resulting in energy efficient and more reliable heat removal system. The research identifies ...

Numerical Analysis of the Response of Thick Wires to Extreme Dynamic Electro-Mechanical Loads - new

R. Cunrath[1], M. Wickert[2]
[1]Fraunhofer EMI, Efringen-Kirchen, Germany
[2]Fraunhofer EMI, Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany

Research at Fraunhofer EMI addresses the response of materials in extreme dynamic loads. Besides mechanical or thermal loads, intense electric pulse currents also represent an extreme dynamic load. Experimentally, metallic samples, mainly thick wires, were electro-mechanically loaded with currents up to 400 kA. For this purpose, a test rig containing a high-voltage pulsed power supply and high ...

The Microgeometry of Pressure Seals - new

R. P. Ruby[1], G. Kulkarni[2], U. Kanade[1]
[1]Noumenon Multiphysics Pvt. Ltd., Pune, Maharashtra, India
[2]Oneirix Engineering Laboratories Pvt. Ltd., Pune, Maharashtra, India

Seals or gaskets that are compressed between walls of a container are important to many industrial applications. Understanding the performance of such seals requires an understanding of the microscopic geometry of the sealing surfaces, because the fluid seeps around the undulations of such surfaces. This paper presents strong computational evidence that the microgeometry of such surfaces depends ...

Planar Geometry Ferrofluid Flows in Spatially Uniform Sinusoidally Time-Varying Magnetic Fields

S. Khushrushahi, A. Weddemann, Y. Kim, and M. Zahn
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Cambridge, MA

Prior work has analyzed the case of planar Poiseuille ferrofluid flows in planar ducts stressed by uniform sinusoidally applied fields transverse and perpendicular to the duct axis. The coupled linear and angular momentum conservation equations with imposed magnetic flux density, Bx and magnetic field Hz result in a fourth-order system that was numerically solved using the shooting method in ...

Ferromagnetic Materials for MEMS- and NEMS-Devices

A. Weddemann, J. Jadidian, S. Khushrushahi, Y. Kim, and M. Zahn
Research Laboratory of Electronics
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Cambridge MA

The modeling of ferromagnetic materials is a challenging task of high industrial and academic impact. Thin film and granular systems form the basis of novel spintronic devices such as modern hard drives with a high data area storage density. In order to push the current limits even further and to design more efficient devices, a strong understanding of the governing dynamics is required. We ...

SD Numerical Simulation Technique for Hydrodynamic Flow Gas-Solids Mixing

I. Mantilla[1], S. De Vicente[2]
[1]National University of Engineering, Lima, Perú
[2]Polytechnic University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain

We formulate a new mathematical model of gas-solids mixing hydrodynamic flow [1] in a combustion chamber with a fluid bed system used in the combustion of mineral coal waste. This model in study is called Model Gas-Solids Mixing and it is constructed by averaging the conservation equations (mass and momentum) for a two-phase flow, which takes into account the existence of a small parameter rho ...

Oxidation of Titanium Particles during Cold Gas Dynamic Spraying

A. Malachowska[1], L. Pawlowski [1], A. Ambroziak [2], M. Winnicki [2], P. Sokolowski[2]
[1]University of Limoges, Limoges, France
[2]Wroclaw University of Technology, Wroclaw, Poland

This paper studies oxide forming on titanium, during cold gas dynamic spraying with air. This is a quite new spraying method, which can be used to spray material having high affinity for oxygen. The model allows for the diffusion of oxygen through the oxide layer, reaction on the oxide-titanium interface and expansion of oxide, due to difference in molar density. It was implemented in COMSOL ...