Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling the Vanadium Oxygen Fuel Cell

F.T. Wandschneider[1], M. Küttinger[1], P. Fischer[1], K. Pinkwart[1], J. Tübke[1], H. Nirschl[2]
[1]Fraunhofer-Institute for Chemical Technology, Pfinztal, Germany
[2]Karlsruhe Institute for Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany

A two-dimensional stationary model of a vanadium oxygen fuel cell is developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. This energy storage device combines a vanadium flow battery anode and an oxygen fuel cell cathode. The oxygen reduction reaction generates additional water, leading to a degradation of the catalyst performance over time. A logistic function is introduced to the Butler-Volmer equation in order ...

Modeling 3D Calcium Waves from Stochastic Calcium Sparks in a Sarcomere Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

L. T. Izu[1], Z. Coulibaly[2], B. Peercy[2]
[1]University of California-Davis, Davis, CA, USA
[2]University of Maryland, Catonsville, MD, USA

This paper utilizes the COMSOL Multiphysics® general form PDE interface and MATLAB® to model stochastic calcium waves in a sarcomere (basic unit of a heart cell). The model we present here shows the evolution of waves generated from calcium being released stochastically from sites modeled as point sources. The release sites are distributed on z-disc (planes) in a hexagonal pattern, and their ...

Modeling Carbon Nanotube FET Physics in COMSOL Multiphysics®

A. Kalavagunta
Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA

Carbon nanotube FETs are generating much interest in the nanoscale electronics area. Typically subthreshold behavior in these devices has been modeled using the Laplace equation. Above threshold behavior uses self-consistent solutions to the Poisson and continuity equations. Accurate modeling of Carbon nanotube FETs needs to include quantum effects such as tunneling. Owing to the coupled nature ...

Numerical Study of the Self-ignition of Tetrafluoroethylene in a 100-dm3-reactor

F. Ferrero[1], M. Kluge[1], R. Zeps[1], T. Spoormaker[2]
[1]BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Berlin, Germany
[2]Chairman PlasticsEurope Fluoropolymers TFE Safety Task Force, Du Pont De Nemours, Dordrecht, The Netherlands

The self-ignition of tetrafluoroethylene (TFE) caused by contact with hot surfaces has been analyzed with the help of simulations performed with COMSOL Multiphysics®. The current study focuses on large-scale heated reactors for the industrial production of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) from TFE at high pressures. Simulations of the self-heating and consequent self-ignition of TFE in a ...

Optics at the Nanoscale: Merging Nanoparticles with Light

Naomi Halas
Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Chemistry and Bioengineering,
Rice University, Houston, TX, USA

Dr. Naomi Halas is currently Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Chemistry, and Bioengineering at Rice University. She is the inventor of nanoshells, nanoparticles with optical resonances spanning the visible and infrared regions of the spectrum. She is co-founder of a company developing nanoshell-based cancer therapy. She is author of more than 150 refereed publications, more than ...

Effects of Forced Airflow Cooling on Laser Beam Heating of Volume Bragg Gratings

S. Kaim[1], B. Anderson[1], G. Venus[1], J. Lumeau[1], V. Smirnov[2], B. Zeldovich[1], L. Glebov[1]
[1]CREOL, The College of Optics and Photonics, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA
[2]OptiGrate Corp, Oviedo, FL, USA

Forced airflow cooling of a Volume Bragg Grating heated by a laser beam was investigated by means of simulation with COMSOL Multiphysics®. In addition to air cooling of unrestricted airflow, a case of airflow directed by limiting glass plates was investigated. A number of temperature distributions and thermal deformations were obtained in simulations for different rates of airflows. Simulations ...

Investigation on Sensor Fault Effects of Piezoelectric Transducers on Wave Propagation and Impedance Measurements

I. Buethe[1], C.-P. Fritzen[1]
[1]University of Siegen, Institute of Mechanics and Control Engineering-Mechatronics, Siegen, Germany

For active Structural Health Monitoring (SHM), one popular sensor type is the piezoelectric wafer active sensor (PWAS) due to its multi-purpose application as actuator and sensor and its low cost. It is used to generate a wave field, which interacts with the structure and is recorded by a second set of PWASs. This method is called acousto ultrasonics. The change in wave field from transducer ...

3D Modeling of a Surface-Acoustic-Wave (SAW) Based Sensor

Y. Rao1, and G. Zhang1,2
1Micro/Nano Bioengineering Laboratory, Athens, GA, USA
2Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA

In this study, the effect of adding nanostructures to the sensitive layer and changing the layer’s material property on the characteristics of SAW propagation is investigated under two types of wave perturbation: an impulse wave function and a sinusoidal wave function.To simulate the effect of adsorption of certain molecular species, the models are analyzed under two conditions: with and ...

Simulation of Gas/Liquid Membrane Contactor with COMSOL Multiphysics®

N. Ghasem[1], M. Al-Marzouqi[1], N. Abdul Rahim[1]
[1]UAE University, Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates

A comprehensive mathematical model that includes mass and heat transfer was developed for the transport of gas mixture of carbon dioxide and methane through hollow fiber membrane (HFM) contactor. COMSOL Multiphysics® was used in solving the set of partial, ordinary and algebraic equations. The model was based on "non-wetted mode" in which the gas mixture filled the membrane pores for ...

On the Convergence Order of COMSOL Solutions

A. Bradji1, and E. Holzbecher2
1Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
2Weierstrass Institute for Applied Analysis and Stochastics WIAS, Berlin, Germany

The convergence of numerical solutions is mainly determined by the convergence order, which quantifies the improvement of the solution when the mesh is refined. In this paper we examine various differential equations and the convergence behavior of their COMSOL Finite Element solutions. The numerically observed convergence rates are compared with theoretical results, as far as these are ...

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