Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling the Vanadium Oxygen Fuel Cell

F.T. Wandschneider[1], M. Küttinger[1], P. Fischer[1], K. Pinkwart[1], J. Tübke[1], H. Nirschl[2]
[1]Fraunhofer-Institute for Chemical Technology, Pfinztal, Germany
[2]Karlsruhe Institute for Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany

A two-dimensional stationary model of a vanadium oxygen fuel cell is developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. This energy storage device combines a vanadium flow battery anode and an oxygen fuel cell cathode. The oxygen reduction reaction generates additional water, leading to a degradation of the catalyst performance over time. A logistic function is introduced to the Butler-Volmer equation in order ...

Modeling Carbon Nanotube FET Physics in COMSOL Multiphysics®

A. Kalavagunta
Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA

Carbon nanotube FETs are generating much interest in the nanoscale electronics area. Typically subthreshold behavior in these devices has been modeled using the Laplace equation. Above threshold behavior uses self-consistent solutions to the Poisson and continuity equations. Accurate modeling of Carbon nanotube FETs needs to include quantum effects such as tunneling. Owing to the coupled nature ...

Multiphysics Simulation of a Self-heating Paraffin Membrane Microactuator

P. Lazarou[1], C. Rotinat[1]
[1]CEA LIST/DIASI/LRI, Paris, France

A grand variety of microactuator technologies and demonstrators has been introduced during the last years. Of particular interest are the microactuators based on phase change materials and especially paraffin wax, which can volumetrically expand up to 15%, providing high force actuation. The object of this study is the numerical validation of a paraffin microactuator concept by coupling multiple ...

Fluid-structure Interaction Modeling of Air Bearing

H.R. Javani[1], P. Kagan[2], F. Huizinga[1]
[1]ASML - MDev – Mechanical analysis, Veldhoven, The Netherlands
[2]ASML - MDev – System Dynamics, Veldhoven, The Netherlands

Air bearings are special type of bearings which provide nearly zero friction between two surfaces. This is achieved by a compressed layer of gas between the surfaces. This study presents a modeling technique for an Air bearing component. COMSOL Multiphysics® is used to efficiently solve a coupled Fluid-Structure Interaction analysis. Computational time is significantly reduced compared to ...

Modeling 3D Calcium Waves from Stochastic Calcium Sparks in a Sarcomere Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

L. T. Izu[1], Z. Coulibaly[2], B. Peercy[2]
[1]University of California-Davis, Davis, CA, USA
[2]University of Maryland, Catonsville, MD, USA

This paper utilizes the COMSOL Multiphysics® general form PDE interface and MATLAB® to model stochastic calcium waves in a sarcomere (basic unit of a heart cell). The model we present here shows the evolution of waves generated from calcium being released stochastically from sites modeled as point sources. The release sites are distributed on z-disc (planes) in a hexagonal pattern, and their ...

Optics at the Nanoscale: Merging Nanoparticles with Light

Naomi Halas
Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Chemistry and Bioengineering,
Rice University, Houston, TX, USA

Dr. Naomi Halas is currently Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Chemistry, and Bioengineering at Rice University. She is the inventor of nanoshells, nanoparticles with optical resonances spanning the visible and infrared regions of the spectrum. She is co-founder of a company developing nanoshell-based cancer therapy. She is author of more than 150 refereed publications, more than ...

3D Modeling of a Surface-Acoustic-Wave (SAW) Based Sensor

Y. Rao1, and G. Zhang1,2
1Micro/Nano Bioengineering Laboratory, Athens, GA, USA
2Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA

In this study, the effect of adding nanostructures to the sensitive layer and changing the layer’s material property on the characteristics of SAW propagation is investigated under two types of wave perturbation: an impulse wave function and a sinusoidal wave function.To simulate the effect of adsorption of certain molecular species, the models are analyzed under two conditions: with and ...

Calculation of Capacitances of Symmetrical Triple Coupled CPW Transmission Lines and Multilayer CPW Broadside Coupled Lines Balun

S. Musa[1], M. N. O. Sadiku[1]
[1]Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, TX, USA

The accurate estimate of values of electromagnetic parameters are essential to determine the final circuit speeds and functionality for designing of high-performance integrated circuits and integrated circuits packaging. In this paper, the quasi-TEM analyses of symmetrical triple coupled Coplanar Waveguide (CPW) transmission lines and multilayer CPW broadside coupled-line balun are successfully ...

SD Numerical Simulation Technique for Hydrodynamic Flow Gas-Solids Mixing

I. Mantilla[1], S. De Vicente[2]
[1]National University of Engineering, Lima, Perú
[2]Polytechnic University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain

We formulate a new mathematical model of gas-solids mixing hydrodynamic flow [1] in a combustion chamber with a fluid bed system used in the combustion of mineral coal waste. This model in study is called Model Gas-Solids Mixing and it is constructed by averaging the conservation equations (mass and momentum) for a two-phase flow, which takes into account the existence of a small parameter rho in ...

Modeling and Simulation of Drug Release Through Polymer Hydrogels

V. Runkana[1], S. Maheshwari[1], S. Cherlo[1], RSR Thavva[1]
[1]Tata Research Development and Design Centre, Tata Consultancy Services Ltd., Pune, Maharashtra, India

Polymer hydrogels are commonly used as carriers or vehicles for the controlled release of drugs, primarily because of their bio-compatibility and because rates of drug release can be controlled by manipulating polymer properties like molecular weight, cross linking ratio, etc. Drugs can be released for prolonged periods of time through polymer hydrogels [1, 2]. Sustained drug release may ...

Quick Search