Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Simulation of Gas/Liquid Membrane Contactor with COMSOL Multiphysics®

N. Ghasem[1], M. Al-Marzouqi[1], N. Abdul Rahim[1]
[1]UAE University, Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates

A comprehensive mathematical model that includes mass and heat transfer was developed for the transport of gas mixture of carbon dioxide and methane through hollow fiber membrane (HFM) contactor. COMSOL Multiphysics® was used in solving the set of partial, ordinary and algebraic equations. The model was based on "non-wetted mode" in which the gas mixture filled the membrane pores for ...

2D Axial-Symmetric Model For Fluid Flow And Heat Transfer In The Melting And Resolidification Of A Vertical Cylinder

S. Morville[1], M. Carin[1], M. Muller[2], M. Gharbi[2], P. Peyre[2], D. Carron[1], P. Le Masson[1], and R. Fabro[2]
[1]Laboratoire LIMATB, Université de Bretagne Sud, Lorient , France
[2]Laboratoire PIMM, Arts et Métiers ParisTech, Paris, France

Laser direct deposition is a process, different from molding or machining, which allows the producing of fully densified and operational components. This technique involves injecting metal powder through a coaxial nozzle into a melt pool obtained by a moving laser beam. The final object is obtained by superimposing the layers created by the process. The roughness of the functional part is ...

Effects of Forced Airflow Cooling on Laser Beam Heating of Volume Bragg Gratings

S. Kaim[1], B. Anderson[1], G. Venus[1], J. Lumeau[1], V. Smirnov[2], B. Zeldovich[1], L. Glebov[1]
[1]CREOL, The College of Optics and Photonics, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA
[2]OptiGrate Corp, Oviedo, FL, USA

Forced airflow cooling of a Volume Bragg Grating heated by a laser beam was investigated by means of simulation with COMSOL Multiphysics®. In addition to air cooling of unrestricted airflow, a case of airflow directed by limiting glass plates was investigated. A number of temperature distributions and thermal deformations were obtained in simulations for different rates of airflows. Simulations ...

Modeling 3D Calcium Waves from Stochastic Calcium Sparks in a Sarcomere Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

L. T. Izu[1], Z. Coulibaly[2], B. Peercy[2]
[1]University of California-Davis, Davis, CA, USA
[2]University of Maryland, Catonsville, MD, USA

This paper utilizes the COMSOL Multiphysics® general form PDE interface and MATLAB® to model stochastic calcium waves in a sarcomere (basic unit of a heart cell). The model we present here shows the evolution of waves generated from calcium being released stochastically from sites modeled as point sources. The release sites are distributed on z-disc (planes) in a hexagonal pattern, and their ...

3D Modeling of a Surface-Acoustic-Wave (SAW) Based Sensor

Y. Rao1, and G. Zhang1,2
1Micro/Nano Bioengineering Laboratory, Athens, GA, USA
2Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA

In this study, the effect of adding nanostructures to the sensitive layer and changing the layer’s material property on the characteristics of SAW propagation is investigated under two types of wave perturbation: an impulse wave function and a sinusoidal wave function.To simulate the effect of adsorption of certain molecular species, the models are analyzed under two conditions: with and ...

Optics at the Nanoscale: Merging Nanoparticles with Light

Naomi Halas
Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Chemistry and Bioengineering,
Rice University, Houston, TX, USA

Dr. Naomi Halas is currently Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Chemistry, and Bioengineering at Rice University. She is the inventor of nanoshells, nanoparticles with optical resonances spanning the visible and infrared regions of the spectrum. She is co-founder of a company developing nanoshell-based cancer therapy. She is author of more than 150 refereed publications, more than ...

Modeling the Vanadium Oxygen Fuel Cell

F.T. Wandschneider[1], M. Küttinger[1], P. Fischer[1], K. Pinkwart[1], J. Tübke[1], H. Nirschl[2]
[1]Fraunhofer-Institute for Chemical Technology, Pfinztal, Germany
[2]Karlsruhe Institute for Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany

A two-dimensional stationary model of a vanadium oxygen fuel cell is developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. This energy storage device combines a vanadium flow battery anode and an oxygen fuel cell cathode. The oxygen reduction reaction generates additional water, leading to a degradation of the catalyst performance over time. A logistic function is introduced to the Butler-Volmer equation in order ...

Comparison Between Phase Field and ALE Methods to Model the Keyhole Digging During Spot Laser Welding

V. Bruyere[1], C. Touvrey[1], P. Namy[2]
[1]CEA-DAM, Is-sur-Tille, France
[2]SIMTEC, Grenoble, France

Nowadays, spot laser welding is a full-fledged part of industrial manufacturing and is routinely used due to its advantages. It generates very located temperature gradients, and therefore, induces small distortions in the pieces. The COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to model the interaction stage of an isolated impact made with a Nd:YAG pulsed laser. The free surface evolution has been ...

SD Numerical Simulation Technique for Hydrodynamic Flow Gas-Solids Mixing

I. Mantilla[1], S. De Vicente[2]
[1]National University of Engineering, Lima, Perú
[2]Polytechnic University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain

We formulate a new mathematical model of gas-solids mixing hydrodynamic flow [1] in a combustion chamber with a fluid bed system used in the combustion of mineral coal waste. This model in study is called Model Gas-Solids Mixing and it is constructed by averaging the conservation equations (mass and momentum) for a two-phase flow, which takes into account the existence of a small parameter rho in ...

Modeling and Simulation of the Rapid and Automated Measurement of Biofuel Blending in a Microfluidic Device under Pressure Driven Flow using COMSOL Multiphysics®

Sanket Goel[1], Venkateswaran PS[1], Rahul Prajesh[2], Ajay Agarwal[2]
[1]University of Petroleum & Energy Studies, Bidholi, Prem Nagar, Dehradun, India
[2]CSIR - Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute,(CSIR-CEERI) Pilani, India

• Real-time detection and monitoring of bio-fuel blend-ratio and adulterated automobile fuels by a reproducible micro-fabrication process in a cost-and-time efficient manner. • COMSOL Multiphysics® simulations and modelling of Viscosity based Laminar Flow inside a Y-shaped Micro-fluidic Device. • Design and Fabrication of a polymer Y-shaped Micro-fluidic Device to work as ...

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