Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling Carbon Nanotube FET Physics in COMSOL Multiphysics®

A. Kalavagunta
Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA

Carbon nanotube FETs are generating much interest in the nanoscale electronics area. Typically subthreshold behavior in these devices has been modeled using the Laplace equation. Above threshold behavior uses self-consistent solutions to the Poisson and continuity equations. Accurate modeling of Carbon nanotube FETs needs to include quantum effects such as tunneling. Owing to the coupled nature ...

2D Axial-Symmetric Model For Fluid Flow And Heat Transfer In The Melting And Resolidification Of A Vertical Cylinder

S. Morville[1], M. Carin[1], M. Muller[2], M. Gharbi[2], P. Peyre[2], D. Carron[1], P. Le Masson[1], and R. Fabro[2]
[1]Laboratoire LIMATB, Université de Bretagne Sud, Lorient , France
[2]Laboratoire PIMM, Arts et Métiers ParisTech, Paris, France

Laser direct deposition is a process, different from molding or machining, which allows the producing of fully densified and operational components. This technique involves injecting metal powder through a coaxial nozzle into a melt pool obtained by a moving laser beam. The final object is obtained by superimposing the layers created by the process. The roughness of the functional part is ...

Modeling the Vanadium Oxygen Fuel Cell

F.T. Wandschneider[1], M. Küttinger[1], P. Fischer[1], K. Pinkwart[1], J. Tübke[1], H. Nirschl[2]
[1]Fraunhofer-Institute for Chemical Technology, Pfinztal, Germany
[2]Karlsruhe Institute for Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany

A two-dimensional stationary model of a vanadium oxygen fuel cell is developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. This energy storage device combines a vanadium flow battery anode and an oxygen fuel cell cathode. The oxygen reduction reaction generates additional water, leading to a degradation of the catalyst performance over time. A logistic function is introduced to the Butler-Volmer equation in order ...

3D Modeling of a Surface-Acoustic-Wave (SAW) Based Sensor

Y. Rao1, and G. Zhang1,2
1Micro/Nano Bioengineering Laboratory, Athens, GA, USA
2Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA

In this study, the effect of adding nanostructures to the sensitive layer and changing the layer’s material property on the characteristics of SAW propagation is investigated under two types of wave perturbation: an impulse wave function and a sinusoidal wave function.To simulate the effect of adsorption of certain molecular species, the models are analyzed under two conditions: with and ...

Comparison Between Phase Field and ALE Methods to Model the Keyhole Digging During Spot Laser Welding

V. Bruyere[1], C. Touvrey[1], P. Namy[2]
[1]CEA-DAM, Is-sur-Tille, France
[2]SIMTEC, Grenoble, France

Nowadays, spot laser welding is a full-fledged part of industrial manufacturing and is routinely used due to its advantages. It generates very located temperature gradients, and therefore, induces small distortions in the pieces. The COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to model the interaction stage of an isolated impact made with a Nd:YAG pulsed laser. The free surface evolution has been ...

Demonstration of All-Optical NAND Logic Gate Using Photonic Integrated Circuits

J. T. Andrews[1], R. Choubey[1], O P Choudhary[1], N. Malviya[1], A. Patel[1], M. Kumar[1], S. Chouksey[1], J. Solanki[1]
[1]National MEMS Design Center, Department of Applied Physics, Shri G S Institute of Technology & Science, Indore 452003 MP, India

A logic gate performs a certain Boolean logic operation on one or more logical inputs and produces a single logical output. The logic values are either “true” or “false.” Logic gates are bistable devices, that is, they may yield one of these two possible stable outputs. The NAND logic is a universal gate; any logic operation can be performed with various combinations of NAND logics. Many ...

A Transient Unified Model of Arc-Weld Pool Couplings During Pulsed Spot Gas Tungsten Arc Welding

A. Traidia[1], and F. Roger[2]
[1]AREVA NP, Technical Center, Saint Marcel, France
[2]ENSTA Paristech, Paris, France

Using COMSOL Multiphysics, a finite element model is introduced in this paper to describe the couplings between the welding arc and the weld pool dynamic in pulsed gas tungsten arc welding. The cathode, arc-plasma and melting anode regions are taken into account. The unified time-dependent model describes the heat transfer, fluid flow and electromagnetic fields in the three regions. The ...

Optics at the Nanoscale: Merging Nanoparticles with Light

Naomi Halas
Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Chemistry and Bioengineering,
Rice University, Houston, TX, USA

Dr. Naomi Halas is currently Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Chemistry, and Bioengineering at Rice University. She is the inventor of nanoshells, nanoparticles with optical resonances spanning the visible and infrared regions of the spectrum. She is co-founder of a company developing nanoshell-based cancer therapy. She is author of more than 150 refereed publications, more than ...

Modeling 3D Calcium Waves from Stochastic Calcium Sparks in a Sarcomere Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

L. T. Izu[1], Z. Coulibaly[2], B. Peercy[2]
[1]University of California-Davis, Davis, CA, USA
[2]University of Maryland, Catonsville, MD, USA

This paper utilizes the COMSOL Multiphysics® general form PDE interface and MATLAB® to model stochastic calcium waves in a sarcomere (basic unit of a heart cell). The model we present here shows the evolution of waves generated from calcium being released stochastically from sites modeled as point sources. The release sites are distributed on z-disc (planes) in a hexagonal pattern, and their ...

Calculation of Capacitances of Symmetrical Triple Coupled CPW Transmission Lines and Multilayer CPW Broadside Coupled Lines Balun

S. Musa[1], M. N. O. Sadiku[1]
[1]Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, TX, USA

The accurate estimate of values of electromagnetic parameters are essential to determine the final circuit speeds and functionality for designing of high-performance integrated circuits and integrated circuits packaging. In this paper, the quasi-TEM analyses of symmetrical triple coupled Coplanar Waveguide (CPW) transmission lines and multilayer CPW broadside coupled-line balun are successfully ...

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