Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulations of Graphene Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) Growth - new

K. M. Al-Shurman[1], H. Naseem[1]
[1]The Institute for Nanoscience & Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA

Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is a promising effective method for synthesis of graphene films. CVD graphene film is obtained from hydrocarbon species such as CH4 through complex catalytic chemical reactions on the surface of the catalyst. Therefore, studying the catalytic reaction kinetics is essential process for understanding the thermal decomposition rate of methane on catalyst surface as ...

Diffusion and Reaction in Fe-Based Catalyst for Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis Using Micro Kinetic Rate Expressions - new

A. Nanduri[1], P. L. Mills[1]
[1]Department of Chemical & Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA

Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) is a highly exothermic polymerization reaction of syngas (CO+H2) in the presence of Fe/Co/Ru-based catalysts to produce a wide range of paraffins, olefins and oxygenates, often known as syncrude. Multi-Tubular Fixed Bed Reactors (MTFBR) and Slurry Bubble Column Reactors (SBCR) are widely employed for FTS processes. The scale-up of MTFBR is complicated by the ...

Demonstration of All-Optical NAND Logic Gate Using Photonic Integrated Circuits

J. T. Andrews[1], R. Choubey[1], O P Choudhary[1], N. Malviya[1], A. Patel[1], M. Kumar[1], S. Chouksey[1], J. Solanki[1]
[1]National MEMS Design Center, Department of Applied Physics, Shri G S Institute of Technology & Science, Indore 452003 MP, India

A logic gate performs a certain Boolean logic operation on one or more logical inputs and produces a single logical output. The logic values are either “true” or “false.” Logic gates are bistable devices, that is, they may yield one of these two possible stable outputs. The NAND logic is a universal gate; any logic operation can be performed with various combinations of NAND logics. Many ...

Simulation of the Temperature Profile During Welding with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software Using Rosenthal's Approach - new

A. Lecoanet[1], D. G. Ivey[1], H. Henein[1]
[1]Department of Chemical & Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada

A 3D finite element analysis is carried out, using COMSOL® software, to reproduce the thermal profile obtained with Rosenthal’s equation. The implemented heat transfer equation has been modified as a means to approximate Rosenthal’s solution. An analysis of the differences between the simulation and Rosenthal’s solution, when the geometry of the domain and the source are changed, has been ...

A Computational Fluid Dynamics Study of Fluid Catalytic Cracking Cyclones - new

J. W. McTernan[1], I. Abu-Mahfouz[2]
[1]Buell Division of Fisher-Klosterman Inc., Lebanon, PA, USA
[2]Pennsylvania State University - Harrisburg, Middletown, PA, USA

Fluidized Catalytic Cracking (FCC) regenerators utilize a fluidized bed to facilitate catalyst regeneration. Cyclones are used to separate the catalyst from the gas stream and return the catalyst to the fluidized bed; as the gas progresses through the system for further processing. This is accomplished by centrifugal forces that force the particles to dislodge from the fluid flow. The fluid exits ...

Simulation of Cascaded Thermoelectric Devices for Cryogenic Medical Treatment - new

P. Aliabadi[1], S. Mahmoud[1], R. K. AL-Dadah[1]
[1]Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK

This study is focused on using a thermoelectric device (TED) as an alternative to the cryogenic liquid for cooling cryosurgical probe used for cancerous tissue ablation. Thermoelectric device, namely Peltier, is a solid state device which converts electric current to thermal gradient. In past years thermoelectric devices have been successfully utilized in refrigeration and air conditioning ...

Fluid-Structure Interaction Analysis of a Peristaltic Pump

N. Elabbasi, J. Bergstrom, and S. Brown
Veryst Engineering, LLC.
Needham, MA

Peristaltic pumping is an inherently nonlinear multiphysics problem where the deformation of the tube and the pumped fluid are strongly coupled. We used COMSOL Multiphysics to investigate the performance of a 180 degree rotary peristaltic pump with two metallic rollers, and an elastomeric tube pumping a viscous Newtonian fluid. The model captures the peristaltic flow, the flow fluctuations ...

Simulation and Performance of Pulsed Pipe Flow Mixing in Non-Newtonian Liquid Dispersion Media - new

T. Koiranen[1], J. Tamminen[1], A. Häkkinen[1]
[1]LUT Chemtech, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland

A non-newtonian oil dispersion in a pulsed flow pipe system was mixed in a circulation loop pipe with custom-made static mixers. The rotor-pump was used in a non-pulsed flow circulation, and diaphragm pump for pulsed flow circulation. Modeling was done using COMSOL Multiphysics® 4.3b. The simulations were performed using single-phase laminar flow model in steady-state and in time-dependent modes ...

Prediction of Transformer Core Noise - new

R. Haettel[1], A. Daneryd[1], M. Kavasoglu[1], C. Ploetner[2]
[1]ABB Corporate Research, Västerås, Sweden
[2]ABB Transformers, Varennes, QC, Canada

Today, low noise is a mandatory feature for power transformers to comply with customer specifications and environmental regulations. Therefore, it is crucial to develop sound prediction tools with sufficient accuracy to avoid overkill margins in design and costly modifications after transformer completion. The paper will focus on core noise which is a typical multiphysics phenomenon involving ...

Modeling of Packed Bed Reactors: Hydrogen Production by the Steam Reforming of Methane and Glycerol - new

A. Dixon[1], B. MacDonald[1], A. Olm[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

The conventional route to hydrogen production is by steam reforming of methane (MSR) in a multitubular packed bed. With the increasing use of biodiesel as a renewable fuel, interest has grown in steam reforming of the excess glycerol produced as a side product (GSR). We use COMSOL Multiphysics® software to model a tubular packed bed reactor, solving a single pellet model at each point. The ...

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