G. Demésy, F. Zolla, A. Nicolet, and M. Commandré
Institut Fresnel, Université Aix-Marseille III, École Centrale de Marseille, France
We demonstrate the accuracy of the Finite Element Method (FEM) to characterize an arbitrarily shaped crossed-grating in a multilayered stack illuminated by an arbitrarily polarized plane wave under oblique incidence. To our knowledge, this is the first time that 3D diffraction efficiencies are calculated using the FEM. The method has been validated using classical cases found in the literature. ...
Determination of the Optical Properties of Individual Gold Nanorods through Numerical Modeling and Experiment
Y. Davletshin, J.C. Kumaradas
Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada
The optical scattering and absorption of gold nanorods (GNRs) depends on its size, shape, and surroundings. This dependence is due to both intrinsic and extrinsic effects. A good understanding of this dependence is needed for applications of GNRs in photo-thermal therapy, optical and opto-acoustic imaging, biosensing, and other photonic areas. Extrinsic effects are caused by the production of ...
R. Penjweini, M. M. Kim, T. C. Zhu
Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Introduction: Singlet oxygen (¹O₂) has a critical role in the cell-killing mechanism of photodynamic therapy (PDT). Therefore, in this study, the distance-dependent reacted ¹O₂ is numerically calculated using finite-element method (FEM). Herein, we use a model [Ref. 1] that has been previously developed to incorporate the diffusion equation for the light transport in tissue and the macroscopic ...
I. Mozjerin, T. Gibson, and N.M. Litchinitser
Department of Electrical Engineering, The State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, USA
Metamaterials are a new class of artificial materials, which possess various unusual properties. One of these properties is a negative index of refraction produced by setting both the dielectric permittivity ε and the magnetic permeability μ of the material less than zero. Unique electromagnetic phenomena occurring at the interface between negative-index materials and conventional ...
D. Grabovi?ki?, J.C. González, P. Benítez, J.C. Miñano
Cedint Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Negative Refractive Lens (NRL) has shown that an optical system can produce images with details below the classic Abbe diffraction limit. This optical system transmits the electromagnetic fields, emitted by an object plane, towards an image plane producing the same field distribution in both planes. Recently, two devices with positive refraction, the Maxwell Fish Eye lens (MFE) (Leonhardt et al. ...
Department of Materials Engineering,
The University of Tokyo
This paper showed that: * SAG-MOCVD is a powerful tool to fabricate OEICs and is also effective to extract true surface kinetics during MOCVD. * GaAs-MOCVD process was examined by SAG analysis where it was seen that below 600ºC, surface kinetics shows non-linear behavior. * Surface reaction rate constant of adsorbed species was constant against offset angle, while adsorption equilibrium ...
R. K. Banyal
Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
The numerical study of temperature and acceleration sensitivities of a dual cavity Fabry-Perot (FP) interferometer is carried out using finite element method. The optical cavities are formed by machining two side-by-side circular bore of 12 mm each on a monolithic block of low expansion material. One cavity will be used to generate broadband channel spectra for accurate wavelength calibration of ...
K. C. Koppenhoefer , S. Yushanov , J. S. Crompton ,
 AltaSim Technologies, Columbus, OH, USA
Surface Plasmons (SP) or Surface Plasmon Polaritons (SPP) are electromagnetic excitations that propagate at the interface between a dielectric and a conductor, and are evanescently confined in the perpendicular direction to the propagation. They arise via coupling of the electromagnetic field to oscillations of the conductor’s electron plasma and are characterized in terms of dispersion and ...
F. Bosia, P. Olivero, and E. Vittone
Dipartimento di Fisica Teorica, Università di Torino, Torino, Italy
Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale, Università di Torino, Torino, Italy
Ion implantation in insulating materials leads to local variations in mechanical and optical properties that can be exploited for the fabrication of micro-structures. In particular, ion irradiation of diamond causes the formation of buried amorphised layers, with correspondent mass density and refractive index variations that depend on the level of “damage” of the crystal structure. ...
X. Liang, K. Kang-Hsin Wang, and T. Zhu
University of Pennsylvania
Determination of tissue optical properties distributions is very important for determining light fluence distribution during photodynamic therapy (PDT). In this study, an interstitial diffuse optical tomography (iDOT) system was used to characterize the spatial distribution of optical properties for a series of mathematical phantoms as well as verification measurements in a prostate phantom. ...