Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

A Coupled Analysis of Heat and Moisture Transfer in Soils

E. Evgin, J. Infante Sedano, and Z. Fu
University of Ottawa
Ottawa, ON
Canada

This paper is a part of a study on energy piles for heating and cooling of buildings. Energy piles are used for two reasons: (1) to transfer structural loads to foundation soils, and (2) to transfer heat from foundation soils to the building for space heating in winter time and for cooling purposes in summer time by transferring heat from the building to the foundation soils. The efficiency of ...

Smoothing the Path to Simulation-Led Device Design

B. Pryor, and R. Pryor
Pryor Knowledge Systems
Bloomfield Hills, MI

Using modeling software such as COMSOL Multiphysics during the design phase, an approach called “simulation-led design”, allows ideas to be both inspired and validated by the use of simulations. Then, using simulations after the product is designed can shorten the prototype-testing portion of the development process and reduce its cost. This paper provides specifics on the nature of the ...

Hydrogel Microvalve Device Modeling and Simulation

A. Li
Microinstrumetation Laboratory
Simon Fraser University
Canada

Stimuli-responsive hydrogels such as poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm) are excellent biocompatible materials for microfluidic actuators due to their ease of fabrication and localized response to stimulus (pH, ionic strength, or heat). We now present new hydrogel microvalve simulation results for next generation designs by incorporating new microfluidic features of the COMSOL 4.2®.

Hybrid FEM-BEM Approach for Two- and Three-Dimensional Open Boundary Magnetostatic Problems

A.Weddemann[1], D. Kappe[2], and A. Hütten[2]
[1]Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge MA, USA
[2]Department of Physics, Thin Films and Physics of Nanostructures, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany

In principal, the calculation of the magnetic state inside a magnetic object requires the evaluation of the field in the entire unbounded space. With finite element methods restricted to finite domains, commonly auxiliary domains are employed which result in a non-physical cut-off. Not only are these additional domains result in an increased number of degrees of freedom which are strictly ...

Modelling Aircraft Fuel Gauging Unit using COMSOL Multiphysics Software

T. Ekwevugbe[1], and G. Bevan[2]
[1]Institute of Energy and Sustainable Development, De Montfort University, Leicester, United Kingdom
[2]School of Engineering and Computing, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, Scotland

An investigation was undertaken into the suitability of using COMSOL for modeling an aircraft capacitive fuel gauging unit. A model of a sensor immersed in a fluid was developed for rectangular tank geometry with a range of fluid levels and sensor orientation using the electrostatics application mode in COMSOL’s AC/DC module The importance of modeling the capacitance of air was demonstrated. ...

Wall Effect on A Spherical Particle Settling along The Axis of Cylindrical Tubes Filled with Carreau Model Fluids

D. Song[1], R. Gupta[1], and R. Chhabra[2]
[1]Dept. of Chemical Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV
[2]Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India

The effect of finite boundaries on the drag experienced by a rigid sphere settling along the axis of cylindrical tubes filled with Carreau model fluids has been examined systematically over a wide range of condition. As expected, the presence of finite boundaries leads to an increase in the drag force exerted on a falling sphere thereby retarding its descent due to the obstruction caused by ...

Numerical Study of the Effect of Fins on the Natural Convection Driven Melting of Phase Change Material

C. Liu, and D. Groulx
Mechanical Engineering
Dalhousie University
Halifax, NS
Canada

Natural convection has to be accounted and simulated for in order to properly describe the physics encounter in the phase change process. A simplified two-dimensional model was created in COMSOL 4.1. Natural convection was accounted for by adding a volume force and using the Boussinesq approach. The heat transfer and laminar flow physics were used. Results showed that natural convection played ...

Double Pipe Heat Exchanger Modelling - COMSOL Uses in Undergraduate Education

L. Desgrosseilliers, and D. Groulx
Mechanical Engineering
Dalhousie University
Halifax, NS
Canada

A cornerstone of Chemical and Mechanical Engineering undergraduate programs the world over is the experimental and theoretical study of heat exchange. Graduating engineering students gain some appreciation in their lab course by comparing empirical correlations combined with the thermodynamics of heat exchange with the real operation of a counter-current, double pipe, single-phase heat exchanger.

Designing Magnetic Coils from the Inside Out

C. Crawford, and D. Wagner
University of Kentucky
Lexington, KY

Traditionally the design cycle for magnetic fields involves guessing at a reasonable conductor and magnetic material configuration, using finite element analysis (FEA) software to calculate the resulting field, modifying the configuration, and iterating to produce the desired results. We take the opposite approach of specifying the required magnetic field, imposing it as a boundary condition on ...

Modeling of the Heat Transfer Between a CO2 Sequestration Well and the Surrounding Geological Formation

B. Sponagle[1], M. Amadu[2], D. Groulx[1], and M. Pegg[2]
[1]Mechanical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
[2]Process Engineering and Applied Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada

In a carbon sequestration system CO2 would be pumped down a well and into a reservoir at supercritical temperatures and pressures. An important consideration is the long term stability of the reservoir. The goal of these simulations is to thermally model the injection well and investigate the temperature gradient developed in the cap rock. Ultimately, results from this study will lead to an ...

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