H. Prentice-Mott, D. Irimia, A. Russom, and M. Toner
Center for Engineering in Medicine (BioMEMS Center), Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown, MA, USA
Microfluidics is able to provide many benefits to the fields of biology and chemistry through its ability to use small amounts of fluid and to finely control the environment of the experiment. However, the precision of the flow rate control at the microscale remains limited to either off-chip variable-flow-rate pumps or on-chip valves.Here, we report an on-chip pneumatic valve that allows for ...
Dependence of Potential and Ion Distribution on Electrokinetic Radius in Infinite and Finite-length Nano-channels
J. Schiffbauer, J. Fernandez, W. Booth, K. Kelly, A. Timperman, and B. Edwards
Physics Dept. West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
Chemical Engineering Dept,West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
Dept. of Chemistry, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
A site-binding/dissociation model is used to determine surface charge in numerical studies of the equilibrium potential and ion distributions inside infinite and finite-length nano-channels. This COMSOL model allows us to investigate the response of surface (zeta) potential to environmental parameters such as reservoir salt concentration, solution pH and wall separation. The resulting ion and ...
Hybrid Finite Element-Finite Volume Algorithm for Solving Transient Multi-Scale Non-Linear Fluid-Structure Interaction during Operation of a Hydraulic Seal
A. Thatte, and R. Salant
Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA
This paper presents a hybrid finite element – finite volume algorithm for solving multi-scale fluid-structure interaction during transient operation of a hydraulic rod seal. The elasto-hydrodynamic model consists of several micro-scale and macro-scale analyses types, all incorporated in a single hybrid iterative computational framework to solve these highly coupled nonlinear multiphysics ...
Hemodynamic Therapy of Middle Cerebral Artery Vasospasm Guided by a Multiphase Model of Oxygen Transport
S. Conrad[1,2], P. Chittiboina, and B. Guthikonda
Department of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, LA, USA
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Louisiana Tech University, Ruston, LA, USA
Department of Neurosurgery, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, LA, USA
Cerebral vasospasm is a complication of subarachnoid hemorrhage and other neurosurgical emergencies that reduce blood flow to the brain. Part of the approach to management of vasospasm is to improve flow through the stenotic areas by reducing by decreasing blood viscosity and enhancing flow through the stenosis. To examine the interaction of these factors, we applied computational fluid dynamics ...
S. Park, S. Chung, and J. Yeow
University of Waterloo, Systems Design Engineering, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
A micromirror or a torsional actuator in general has been proven to be one of the most popular actuators fabricated by Micro-Electro-Mechanical System (MEMS) technology in many industrial and biomedical applications such as RF switches, a laser scanning display, an optical switch matrix, and biomedical image systems. In this paper, two stacked micromirrors are presented and analyzed to show ...
F. Grilli, F. Sirois, M. Laforest, and S. Ashworth
Ecole Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA
In this paper we present a new model for computing the current density and field distributions in superconductors by means of a periodic space-time formulation for finite elements (FE). By considering a space dimension as time, we can use a static model to solve a time dependent problem. This allows overcoming one of the major problems of FE modeling of superconductors: the length of simulations, ...
A Finite Element Analysis on the Modeling of Heat Release Rate, as Assessed by a Cone Calorimeter, of Char Forming Polycarbonate
D. Statler, and R. Gupta
Mid-Atlantic Technology, Research and Innovation Center, South Charleston, WV, USA
Department of Chemical Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
During the pyrolysis and combustion of polymers, heat is released and is typically measured with a cone calorimeter to better assess the polymer’s flammability. Modeling heat release rate, as assessed by cone calorimetry, has not been extensively studied for char-forming polymers, such as, polycarbonate. Here we determine the heat release rate with the help of a one-dimensional transient finite ...
Pryor Knowledge Systems, Inc., Bloomfield Hills, MI, USA
COMSOL Multiphysics software, when properly configured, can readily solve modeling problems in the laminar flow regime using the standard Navier-Stokes equations or in the fully turbulent flow regime using the kappa-epsilon model. Failure to solve a particular model is typically manifested by instability in the calculation and a failure of the model to converge. This paper presents a new approach ...
A. Buchau, and W. Rucker
Institut für Theorie der Elektrotechnik, Universität Stuttgart, Germany
Augmented reality is predestined for visualization of electromagnetic fields in air or inside transparent matter. Real existing objects are studied and invisible electromagnetic fields are added as virtual objects. Hence, experts as well as students are able to connect electromagnetic fields easily with studied objects. They can concentrate on physical effects instead on reading figures. Here, an ...
F. Teuma Tsafack, K. Kochan, T. Kletschkowski, and D. Sachau
Helmut Schmidt University/ University of the Federal Armed Forces Hamburg, Germany
This paper presents an important step in developing a combined active noise- and audio system for a light jet. To prepare its installation both a wooden mock-up and a finite element model of the investigated cavity were created. Sensitivity analysis and key parameters selection were done in order to validate the model. Error analysis between measured and computed data closes the ...