A. Aman, R. Gentile, Y. Xu, N. Orlovskaya
Department of Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA
Fuel cells are devices that convert chemical energy of a fuel into electrical energy through electrochemical processes. One of the types of fuel cell is the Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) that uses solid ceramics for electrolytes. Numerical simulation involves constructing a mathematical model of the SOFC and use of specifically designed software programs that allows the user to manipulate the ...
Evaluation of Performance of Enzymatic Biofuel Cells with Microelectrode Arrays Inside a Blood Artery via Finite Element Approach
C. Wang, Y. Song
Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
Enzymatic biofuel cells (EBFCs) are considered as a promising candidate for powering miniature implantable devices. In order to predict the performance in the human blood artery, we simulated a 3D EBFC chip with highly dense micro-electrode arrays. In this simulation using COMSOL Multiphysics®, we applied the 1) Michaelis Menten equation; 2) Nernst potential equation; 3) Navier Strokes velocity, ...
3D Hydrogeological Modeling - From a Theoretical 2D Model through a Medium Scale Application up to a Challenge: Simulations at Basin Scale
E. Cavalli, R. Simonetti, M. Gorla, N. Ceresa
CAP Holding, Milan, Italy
An alluvial aquifer system has probably conceived as a numerical modeling hell. We have chosen COMSOL Multiphysics® for two reasons: 1) FEM methods allow to use complex geometries; 2) multiphysics simulation permits to run a single model with all phenomena. We built a section with these physics: a) Darcy's law, b) Richards' equation, c) ALE to show surface deformation, d) Hydrogeologcal ...
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
Corrugated board is produced on a machine where the corrugated medium is glued between two flat paper surfaces, the liners. The board is cut into sheets and stored in a stack until suitable moisture content has been reached. The sheets are then cut and creased into blanks for the production of boxes and other products. If the moisture content is too high, there is a risk for cutting problems in ...
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
In this report I study the airflow through ventilation ducts. By numerical simulation, the so-called k-factor has been estimated. The k-factor is the quotient of the airflow volume and the square root of the pressure drop over the duct. A two dimensional axial symmetric model has been used to simulate an iris damper connected to a straight pipe. A three dimensional model has been used to ...
U. Shukla, and D. Gupta
 Department of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
One of the major challenges faced by the semiconductor industry is that electronic circuits produce a lot of heat energy during their operation. And with the current scenario where the gates are packed so much close together, then the problem of heat generation has become extremely significant. So we are working towards the efficient heat management and dissipation solution for the heat generated ...
K. K. Sriperumbudur, P. J. Koester, M. Stubbe, C. Tautorat, J. Held, W. Baumann, and J. Gimsa
 University of Rostock, Chair of Biophysics, Gertrudenstr. 11a, 18057 Rostock, Germany
 Microsystem Material Laboratory, Department of Microsystems Engineering (IMTEK), University of Freiburg, Germany
In spite of its low throughput, Patch-Clamp is the established method for intracellular measurements of the transmembrane potential. To address this problem, we have developed new biosensor-chips with micro-structured needle electrodes (MNEs). MNE-penetration of single cells growing on the MNE-tips leads to a situation comparable to the whole-cell mode in classical Patch Clamp. MNE-penetration ...
E. Sparacino, D. Madeo, and C. Mocenni
Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Informazione, Università di Siena, Siena, Italy
This work concerns the development of a new direct parameter identification procedure for a class of nonlinear reaction- diffusion equations. We assume to know the model equations with the exception of a set of constant parameters, such as diffusivity or reaction term parameters. Using the Finite Element Method we are able to transform the original partial differential equation into a set of ...
Finite Element Analysis of an Enzymatic Biofuel Cell: The Orientations of a chip inside a blood artery
C. Wang, Y. Parikh, Y. Song, and J. Yang
Mechanical & Materials Science Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, USA
Output performance of an implantable enzymatic biofuel cell (EBFC) with three- dimensional highly dense micro-electrode arrays has been simulated with a finite element analysis approach. The purpose of this research is to optimize the orientation of this EBFC chip inside a blood artery such that the mass transport of glucose around all the micro-electrodes can be improved and hence output ...
O. Meneghini, and S. Shiraiwa
Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Massachusetts, USA
Fusion is a form of nuclear energy which has impressive advantages from the point of view of fuel reserves, environmental impact and safety. If successful, fusion energy would ensure a safe, resource conserving, environmentally friendly power supply for future generations. In a world wide cooperation to achieve this goal, seven parties including Europe, Japan, Russia, USA, China, South-Korea and ...