University of Cambridge
This work presents a different use of COMSOL as an integrated component of a computational tool framework used to automate designs creation. CNS-Burst is a computational synthesis method that has been implemented with the aim of automatically generating solutions to an assigned design task. COMSOL is integrated in the method and used to evaluate the performance of the design solutions found. ...
V. Pini, J. J. Ruz Martinez, E. Gil, M. Calleja, and J. Tamayo
Instituto de Microelectrónica de Madri
The detection back-action phenomenon has received little attention in physical, chemical, and biological sensors based on nanomechanical systems. We show that this effect is very significant in ultrathin bimetallic cantilevers, in which the laser beam that probes the picometer scale vibration largely modifies the resonant frequencies of the system. The light back-action effect is nonlinear, ...
J. Ratnieks, A. Jakovics, and J. Klavins
University of Latvia
Although we know the physics inside a media where the sound waves propagate, determination of material\'s or structure\'s sound reduction index is not an easy task. The lack of good engineering solutions proves the point. The only reliable way to calculate the sound reduction index is to carry out an experiment.Therefore, the aim of this study is to develop a mathematical model that can ...
I.M. Abdel-Motaleb, J. Lavrencik 
Department of Electrical Engineering, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, USA
There is urgent need to monitor dental and oral diseases, such as tooth decay, gum diseases, and teeth grinding. Such monitoring can be achieved by embedding sensors in the mouth. This technique faces some difficulties. The first is how the power needed for the operation of the sensors and the associated electronic chips can be generated. This power can be generated using the pressure exerted by ...
R. Coker, J. Knox
NASA, Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA
Developments intended to improve system efficiency and reliability for water and carbon dioxide separation systems to be used on crewed vehicles combine sub-scale systems testing and multiphysics simulations. This paper describes the development of COMSOL Multiphysics® simulations in support of the Atmosphere Revitalization Recovery and Environmental Monitoring (ARREM) project within NASA's ...
Kyoto University, Kyoto, Kyoto, Japan
When the production capacity of micro chemical plants is increased by numbering-up approach, it is important to realize the uniform flow distribution among the parallelized microreactors. In addition, a blocked microreactor needs to be identified as early as possible to achieve the stable long-term operation of micro chemical plants. In this research, a system that can detect a blocked reactor by ...
The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is widely used in various fields including the fabrication of electronic devices due to its uniform film formation capability on the large-scale wafers and the minute 3D structures. In CVD, precursors (metal compounds) are commonly reacted in gas-phase as well as on the substrate to yield a film, and thereby it is rather difficult to reveal the reaction mechanism ...
Computational Multiphysics to Optimize Humidification Chamber for a Novel PEM Fuel Cell Power System Used in Automobile Application - new
Tata Motors, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cells are quickly becoming an attractive technology due to their ability to meet increasing energy demands in a cleaner, more efficient way compared to existing methods. A fuel cell is an electrochemical device which converts the chemical energy of a fuel and an oxidant directly into electricity without the intermediate step of classical, chemical combustion ...
M. Hackert, G. Meichsner, and A. Schubert
Chair Micromanufacturing Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
Jet Electrochemical Machining (Jet-ECM) is an unconventional procedure using localized anodic dissolution for micromachining. An increasing of the electrolyte temperature will lead to an increase of the electrical conductivity of the electrolyte by about 30% and to a reduction of the dynamic viscosity of the electrolyte by about 25 %. Both will improve the process. Therefore a Jet-ECM tool system ...
E. Sparacino, D. Madeo, and C. Mocenni
Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Informazione, Università di Siena, Siena, Italy
This work concerns the development of a new direct parameter identification procedure for a class of nonlinear reaction- diffusion equations. We assume to know the model equations with the exception of a set of constant parameters, such as diffusivity or reaction term parameters. Using the Finite Element Method we are able to transform the original partial differential equation into a set of ...