Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Estimation of Localized O2 Starvation Using 3D Modelling for PEM Fuel Cells

Ramesh P[1], S.P Duttagupta[1]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Bombay,Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Air breathing proton exchange membrane fuel cells have now found its use in wide range of domestic and commercial energy based applications. Optimization of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell system parameters and its safer operation under dynamic conditions ensure higher system output and longer device lifetime. Ensuring safety against oxygen starvation reduces the degradation of membrane ...

A Computational Study of the Reynolds Piped flow Experiment

Sanidhya Painuli[1], Jayasankar Variyar[1]
[1]Vellore Institute Of Technology, School of Mechanical and Building Sciences, Vandalur Kelambakkam Road, Chennai, India

The study of interaction of fluid with matter assumes great significance for most engineering applications. The flow can be either turbulent or laminar, and different types of interactions arise out of these flow. In the introductory undergraduate course of fluid mechanics, a typical demonstration for these interactions is the Reynolds pipe flow experiment. Instabilities of various types like ...

Design and Simulation of 3D MEMS Piezoelectric Gyroscope using COMSOL Multiphysics®

T.Madhuranath[1], R.Praharsha[1], Dr.K.Srinivasa Rao[1]
[1]Lakireddy Bali Reddy College of Engineering, Mylavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India

MEMS is the leading technology which combines both electronic and mechanical devices on a single microchip. Tracing the position of the object is an important problem in engineering. This can be addressed by Gyroscopes. These sensors are used to find orientation and angular velocity. This paper focuses on 3D MEMS Piezoelectric Gyroscope. COMSOL Multiphysics® is used for designing and ...

Resonant Frequency Analysis of Quartz Shear Oscillator

T. Satyanarayana[1], V. Sai Pavan Rajesh[2]
[1]NPMASS Centre, Lakireddy Bali Reddy Autonomous Engineering College, Mylavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India
[2]Lakireddy Bali Reddy Autonomous Engineering College, Mylavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India

The most commonly used type of resonator is the AT-cut, where the quartz blank is in the form of a thin plate cut at an angle to the optic axis of the crystal. This paper reports the modeling of a quartz oscillator for a resonant frequency analysis based on piezoelectric effects. The proposed oscillator consists of a single quartz disc with two electrodes on the top and bottom surfaces of the ...

Analysis of Hydrodynamic Plain Journal Bearing

Ravindra Mane[1], Sandeep soni[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat, Gujarat, India

This paper presents the 3D model of hydrodynamic plain journal bearing using COMSOL Multiphysics®. Using 3D Model, pressure distribution in plain journal bearing is obtained by steady state analysis of plain journal bearing. Generalized Reynolds equation is used for analyzing hydrodynamic journal bearing by COMSOL Multiphysics® as well as by analytical method by applying Sommerfeld boundary ...

Design and Optimization of Gas Sensor Testing Chamber using COMSOL Multiphysics®

K.Govardhan[1], K.Narmada[2], Nirmala Grace[3]
[1]VIT University, MEMS & Sensors Division, School of Electronics Engineering, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
[2]VIT University, Sensor System Technology, School of Electronics Engineering, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
[3]VIT University, Center for Nanotechnology Research, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

This study aims at the design and optimization of a Gas Sensing Chamber. The design takes advantage of the multiphysics simulation capabilities of COMSOL Multiphysics® to incorporate various physics such as CFD, Micro fluidics, Solid Mechanics, Electro thermal effects etc. The optimization needs to be done at multiple levels such as mixture of two gases, arriving laminar flow over the substrate, ...

Active Control of a Smart Structure using PID Controller

Ruban Sugumar[1], Satish Kumar[1], Tushar K. Datta[3]
[1]Sharda University, Greater Noida, U.P., India
[3]Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi, India

Smart structures can sense responses and adapt to satisfy specified objectives. The objective of this study is to control the vibrations of the beam subjected to external dynamic forces. The composite beam consists of a layer of aluminum sandwiched between two layers of steel. The beam is fixed at one end and free at the other. The actuator is a piezoelectric device embedded in the aluminum ...

Multiphysics Modeling and Analysis of DBS Electrodes: Application to Parkinson’s Disease

M.Vidya[1], M. SharatDivya[1], N.Priyadarshini[1], E.R Rajkumar[1]
[1]Division of Biomedical Engineering, Center for Biomedical Engineering Research, School Of Biosciences and Technology, VIT University Vellore, India.

Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is a surgical technique that involves surgically implanting Platinum electrode to create an electric field to activate the targeted nerve cells and fibers with minimized side effects. Important stimulation parameters to monitor include temperature, electric field intensity and the current density.This paper gives a Finite Element Model (FEM) for DBS electrode in ...

Design and Optimization of Electrostatically Actuated Micromirror

Anna Thomas[1], Juny Thomas[1], Deepika Vijayan[1], K.Govardhan[2]
[1]VIT University, Sensor System Technology, School of Electronics Engineering, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
[2]VIT University, MEMS & Sensor Division, School of Electronics Engineering, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

The microscopic size of MEMS devices accounts for strong coupling effects which arise between the different physical fields and forces. Micromirrors are essential parts of microswitches in fiber optic network telecommunication. They are usually 1 to 3 mm in size, fabricated from single crystalline silicon and mostly are electrostatically actuated. The objective is to design the micromirror to ...

Computational design and analysis of Microwave Tomography in Intracerebral Hemorrhage

Priyadarshini Natarajan [1], Rajkumar ElagiriRamalingam[1]
[1]Division of Biomedical Engineering, School of Biosciences and Technology, VIT University, Tamil Nadu, India

Intracerebral hemorrhage is a condition where a blood vessel in the brain ruptures and causes internal bleeding leading to hemorrhagic stroke. 800 in every 100,000 people suffer from stroke each year and it's one of the major causes of mortality worldwide. Diagnosis involves Neurological examination with MRI/CT scans which is costly and time consuming. Microwave Tomography (MWT) is proposed as a ...

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