Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Development of Tiny Fuel Cells for Micro-devices on the Basis of Simulation Results

S. Tominaka
International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics
National Institute for Materials Science

For the successful exploitation of microdevices such as microsensors, development of micro-power sources is strongly required. In this view, microbatteries and microfuel cells have been developed. Here the concept of on-chip fuel cells, which consist of all the components necessary for power generation integrated on a chip, is introduced. Then, in order to improve their performance, experimental ...

A Method for Efficient Calculation of Diffusion and Reactions of Lipophilic Compounds in Complex Cell Geometry

Kristian Dreij[1], Qasim Ali Chaudhry[2], Bengt Jernström[1], Ralf Morgenstern[1], and Michael Hanke[2]
[1]Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
[2]School of Computer Science and Communication, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden

A general description of effects of toxic compounds in mammalian cells is facing several problems. Firstly, most toxic compounds are hydrophobic and partition phenomena strongly influence their behaviour. Secondly, cells display considerable heterogeneity regarding the presence, activity and distribution of enzymes participating in the metabolism of foreign compounds i.e. ...

COMSOL Computational Fluid Dynamics for Microreactors Used in Volatile Organic Compounds Catalytic Elimination

M. Olea[1], S. Odiba[1], S. Hodgson[1], A. Adgar[1]
[1]School of Science and Engineering, Teesside University, Middlesbrough, United Kingdom

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are organic chemicals that will evaporate easily into the air at room temperature and contribute majorly to the formation of photochemical ozone. They are emitted as gases from certain solids and liquids in to the atmosphere and affect indoor and outdoor air quality. They includes acetone, benzene, ethylene glycol, formaldehyde, methylene chloride, ...

Development of the Service Frame for SBS Tracker GEM and TENDIGEM Development

F. Noto[1], E. Cisbani[2], F. Librizzi[1], F. Mammoliti[3], C.M. Sutera[1]
[1]Istituto Nazionale Fisica Nucleare - Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy; Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia, Università di Catania, Catania, Italy
[2]Istituto Nazionale Fisica Nucleare - Sezione di Roma, Roma, Italy; Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Roma, Italy
[3]Istituto Nazionale Fisica Nucleare - Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy; Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia, Università di Catania, Catania, Italy

The Gas Electron Multiplier (GEM) technology has been proven to tolerate rate larger than 50 MHz/cm² without noticeable aging and to provide the sub-millimeter resolution on working chambers up to 45x45 cm² [1]. A new GEM tracker is under development for the upgrade of the SBS spectrometer in Hall A at Jefferson Lab. The chambers of the tracker have been designed in a modular way: each chamber ...

Modeling Pit Lake Flooding After Mine Closure

S. Jordana[1], A. Nardi[1]
[1]Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain

Most of mining works, either on the surface or in the underground, demand continuous groundwater pumping in order to operate under dry conditions. When the mining activity stops, dewatering also stops and mining facilities begin to flood, quite quickly at the beginning but becoming slower as the water level in the pit lake rises. The rise of the surface of the lake decelerates due to the bigger ...

Numerical and Experimental Study of Water Drop Movement Subjected to an Air Stream in Porous Medium

A. Yekta[1], D. Stemmelen[1], S. Leclerc[1]
[1]LEMTA,UMR 7563 CNRS - Université de Lorraine, 54518 VANDOEUVRE-LES-NANCY France

Considering a liquid drop in relative movement with respect to the air flow at uniform velocity, the liquid will be driven to the surface by the viscous friction. Internal vortices will appear inside the drop. This problem has already been studied in fluid mechanics and is well known as a classic problem. The idea of the present work is to resume the same analysis in a porous medium within a ...

Accelerating R&D with COMSOL: A Personal Account

Erik Birgersson[1]

[1]Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore

This presentation gives an account of how COMSOL Multiphysics® software has helped to accelerate research and development. It has been used to simulate energy systems such as fuel cells, biomedical systems such as hydrogels and human skin, and monolithic catalytic converters. Each of these systems requires a mathematical model that can accurately represent the relevant physics, and which can be ...

Application for Ultrasensitive Biosensing by Nanodevise

[1]Takatoki YAMAMOTO

Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan[1]

It is possible to obtain novel functions using nano-scaled structures and related physics that are impossible to be realized by conventional macro-scale technology. Thus, we are trying to understand the physics dominated by nanostructure and to develop the biosensing applications. Here, we exploit the interaction between materials and electrostatic field created by nanostructure, and introduce ...

Delamination of Sub-Crustal Lithosphere

P. Vincent[1], E. Humphreys[2]
[1]College of Earth, Ocean, & Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA
[2]Department of Geological Sciences, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA

Introduction: Lithospheric delamination beneath the western U.S. is believed to be the driving mechanism responsible for the evolution of magmatic and topographic features observed at the surface in the western U.S.. This process requires hot asthenosphere to be in contact with the underside of cold sub-crustal lithosphere and believed to be initiated by the Yellowstone hot spot plume that due ...

Solving Calcium Spatiotemporal Diffusion Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

L. Garber[1,2], G. S. B. Williams[2], W. J. Lederer[2]
[1]Fischell Department of Bioengineering, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA
[2]Center for Biomedical Engineering & Technology, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA

This project involves a simplified biological problem that was used to test the potential of COMSOL Multiphysics® software for cardiac myocyte spatial modeling. We made several assumptions to simplify the biological complexity and to highlight the geometrical structures (i.e., lack of sarcoplasmic reticulum, lack of contractile apparatus). We explored the role of the t-tubular network on ...

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