Department of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA
Packed beds are important in the chemical industries. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) can simulate detailed flow and scalar transport in packed beds for improved understanding and quantitative information. We present simulations of single-phase gas flow, conjugate heat transfer and isothermal dispersion of mass in a 3D model of a randomly-packed bed (tube-to-particle diameter ratio = 5.96) of ...
L. Saeeednia, H. Mehraein, F. Abedin, K. Cluff, R. Asmatulu
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
Department of Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
Targeted drug delivery systems have been wildly studied in cancer therapy due to the toxicity of most of chemotherapeutic drugs. Nanoparticles can be attached to the small molecules of the drugs and serve as drug carriers to deliver the drug molecules into the area of interest. In this research, polymeric microspheres containing biodegradable poly(D, L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA), magnetic ...
Thermal Modeling in a Historical Building - Improving Thermal Comfort Through the Siting of a Passive Mass of Phase Change Material
D. Groulx, F. Herbinger, L. Desgrosseilliers
Mechanical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
A model of an office room was created in the COMSOL Multiphysics® software to simulate heat transfer and study the impact of siting a mass of phase change material (PCM) in a room to increase thermal comfort. This study determined that incorporating the selected PCM, butyl stearate, in the ceiling and in the floor did not alter the temperature of the room significantly after one hour. ...
Massachusetts Institute of Technology: Lincoln Laboratory, Lexington, MA, USA
In this numerical study, surface acoustic waves (SAWs) are evaluated as a potential disruptive flow technology for enhancing heat transfer in microchannels. Using COMSOL Multiphysics® software, the physics governing acoustics, single-phase-fluid flow and heat transfer are coupled. The results show that acoustic streaming can disrupt the bulk fluid flow, creating rotating vortices within the ...
Simulation of a New PZT Energy Harvester with a Lower Resonance Frequency Using COMSOL Multiphysics®
H. Elbahr, T. Ali[1,2], A. Badawi, S. Sedky
Zewail City of Science and Technology - Cairo, Cairo, Egypt
Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
Energy harvesting from environmental vibration nowadays is feasible because of natural oscillations like that caused by air or liquid flow and by exhalation or the heartbeat of a human body. This vibration frequency is typically low (in order of less than 1 kHz). Accordingly, low-frequency vibration based energy harvesting systems are an important research topic; these systems can be used for ...
E. Aguayo, R. Lyon, M. Helmbrecht, S. Khomusi
The Newton Corporation, Bowie, MD, USA
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, USA
Iris AO, Inc., Berkeley, CA, USA
Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) are becoming more prevalent in today’s space technologies. The Visible Nulling Coronagraph (VNC) instrument, being developed at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, uses a MEMS Mirror to correct wavefront errors. This MEMS, the Multiple Mirror Array (MMA), will enable the VNC instrument to detect Jupiter and ultimately Earth size exoplanets. The MMA ...
F. Noto, M. Piscopo, L. Celona, D. Cittadino, S. Gammino, G. Cuttone, G. Gallo, G. Schillaci, C. Campisano, L. Lo Nigro, G. Costa, A. Campisano
Laboratorio Nazionale del Sud, Santa Sofia, Catania, Italy
Gravina di Catania, Sicily, Italy
Trinacria, Canalicchio, Catania, Italy
Unico Informatica, li Battiati, Catania, Italy
Different facilities for hadrontherapy have been built in the recent past. AISHa ion source has been designed by keeping in mind the typical requirements of hospital-based facilities, where the minimization of the mean time between failures (MTBF) is a key point together with the maintenance operations which should be fast and easy. The study of some critical parts of the facilities: the ...
T. Koiranen, J. Tamminen, A. Häkkinen
LUT Chemtech, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland
A non-newtonian oil dispersion in a pulsed flow pipe system was mixed in a circulation loop pipe with custom-made static mixers. The rotor-pump was used in a non-pulsed flow circulation, and diaphragm pump for pulsed flow circulation. Modeling was done using COMSOL Multiphysics® 4.3b. The simulations were performed using single-phase laminar flow model in steady-state and in time-dependent modes ...
Electromagnetic Actuators Modeling, Simulation and Optimization: Review of Methods and Their Application for Switching Devices
O. Craciun, V. Biagini, G. Stengel, C. Reuber, C. Chao, B. Funieru , A. Binder
ABB Corporate Research, Ladenburg, Germany
ABB AG Calor Emag Mittelspannungsprodukte
TU Darmstadt, Department of Electrical Energy Conversion, Darmstadt, Germany
Electromagnetic actuators are representing one important component of ABB's medium voltage reclosers [1, 2]. Their performance is strongly influenced by the considered material properties as well as by the electronic control units that will power the actuator. Depending on the studied phenomena, different modeling, simulation and optimization methodologies are being used for medium voltage ...
University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
This report mainly discusses the implementation and results of a project proposal, “Modelling using Finite Element Methods”. The report is devoted to implementation, which is a model of an electromagnet. The software tool that is used to model the electromagnet is COMSOL Multiphysics®, a commercial FEA package provided by the University of Manchester, Computer Science School. Additionally, ...