Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modelling degradation phenomena in PEM fuel cells using Comsol Multiphysics

J. Ohs
R&D, Robert Bosch GmbH

Jan Ohs graduated in mechanical engineering at RWTH Aachen, Germany. In 2006/07, he studied at Imperial College London at the Department of Chemical Engineering and had first contact to fuel cells. Since 2008, he has been working in the R&D-department at Bosch in Stuttgart. He is using Comsol for modelling work on fuel cells for automotive application. The main focus is cell degradation.

Hydrogel Microvalve Device Modeling and Simulation

A. Li
Microinstrumetation Laboratory
Simon Fraser University
Canada

Stimuli-responsive hydrogels such as poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm) are excellent biocompatible materials for microfluidic actuators due to their ease of fabrication and localized response to stimulus (pH, ionic strength, or heat). We now present new hydrogel microvalve simulation results for next generation designs by incorporating new microfluidic features of the COMSOL 4.2®.

Design Optimization of a Microphone by Modeling and Simulation

E. Nesvijski
Acoustics@ MBD Consultants LLC.
Westborough, MA

Applied 2D scale model presents a semi-realistic design or a microphone and shows the main mechanical, magnetic coil and electrical parts. Some non-vital elements are excluded for better focusing on acoustic properties of the microphone. The models are tested for frequency response, acoustic power loss, directivity patterns as well design and materials optimization. Based on 2D model analysis ...

Sequential Estimation of Temperature-Dependent Thermal Diffusivity in Cherry Pomace during Nonisothermal Heating

I. Greiby[1], D. Mishra[2], and K. Dolan[3]
[1]Dept. of Biosystems & Agricultural Eng., MSU, East Lansing, MI
[2]Dept. of Biosystems & Agricultural Eng., MSU, East Lansing, and Nestle Nutrition, PTC Fremont, MI
[3]Dept. of Biosystems & Agricultural Eng. and Dept. of Food Science & Human Nutrition, MSU, East Lansing

Fruit and vegetables are a rich source of many bio-active compounds from which value-added nutraceuticals can be produced. To design processes for these solids that will maintain food safety and maximize quality over a large temperature range, temperature-dependent thermal properties are needed. The objective of this work was to estimate temperature and moisture-dependent thermal diffusivity of ...

Multiphysics Modeling of Magnetorheological Dampers

D. Case, B. Taheri, and E. Richer
Southern Methodist University
Dallas, TX

A magnetorheological fluid consists of a suspension of microscopic magnetizable particles in a non-magnetic carrier medium. When a magnetic field is produced in the same space, the microscopic particles suspended in the fluid become oriented and form chains along the magnetic flux lines, changing the fluid’s rheology. This project uses COMSOL Multiphysics to examine the magnetic flux lines ...

Modeling Simulated Concrete Durability Problems with Double Layer Theory

H. Bernardes[1], M. Mancio[2], and P. Monteiro[3]
[1]Sao Paulo State University - UNESP, Ilha Solteira, SP, Brazil
[2]Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
[3]University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA

According to the Gouy-Chapman theory, a double layer structure appears on the surface of a solid particle, a gas bubble, a liquid droplet, or a porous body when it is placed into a liquid. In this work, a one-dimensional model of the electrochemical reactions has been developed in the COMSOL Multiphysics environment. The model accounts for solution chemistry, cell potential, and solves the ...

Constructing Laser-Induced In Vitro Cell Damage Model Based on Thermal Analysis using COMSOL

S. Boukhris[1], M. Denton[2], and Y. Feng[1]
[1]Computational Bioengineering and Control Lab, University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX
[2]TASC, Inc. Biomedical Sciences and Technology Dept., Ft. Sam Houston, TX

The use of lasers in the military and everyday life is growing each year. The purpose of the current research is to take full advantage of this new spatially-resolved thermal data to construct a mathematical and numerical model for laser-induced damage using COMSOL Multiphysics. The microthermography data were extracted for vertical and horizontal lines through the laser-exposed area of cell ...

COMSOL Multiphysics Predictions of Pressurized CO2 Foil Thrust Bearing Characteristics

T. Munroe
Bechtel Marine Propulsion Corporation
Niskayuna, NY

This report discusses an analysis of gas foil thrust bearings used in the Integrated Systems Test (IST) turbomachinery. Gas foil thrust bearing failures occurred in IST turbomachinery during operational testing at Barber-Nichols Inc. This paper presents preliminary results of a study to assess, by means of multiphysics analyses, the performance characteristics of the foil thrust bearing over ...

Effect of Calcification Properties on Stress in Models of Atherosclerotic Plaque

C. Buffinton, P. Rogerson, and D. Ebenstein
Bucknell University
Lewisburg, PA

The effects of calcifications on arterial wall stress have been largely ignored, in part because the material properties of the calcified areas were taken to be the same as the fibrous plaque, and in part because they are often assumed to have a stabilizing influence. Recent measurements suggest that their stiffness should be more similar to bone. A computational model is indicated for this ...

Analog and FEM Models of Lava Dome Dynamics

P. Vincent[1], and P. Zevada[2]
[1]College of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Oregon
[2]Dept. of Tectonics and Geodynamics, Institute of Geophysics ASCR, v.v.i., Prague, Czech Republic

Extrusion of highly viscous lavas that spread laterally and form lava domes in craters of large volcanoes is associated with significant volcanic hazards. Gas overpressure driven fragmentation of the lava dome or collapse and slumping of marginal sections or entire mass of the dome can trigger dangerous pyroclastic flows that threaten surrounding populations up to tens of kilometers away. We ...

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