Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Strong Localization and Rapid Time Scales of Superheating in Solid-State Nanopores

E. Levine[1], G. Nagashima[1], D. Hoogerheide[1], M. Burns[2], J. Golovchenko[1]
[1]Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
[2]Rowland Institute at Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA

Extreme localized superheating and homogeneous vapor bubble nucleation have recently been demonstrated in a single nanopore in thin, solid state membranes [1]. Aqueous electrolytic solution present within the pore is superheated to well above its boiling point by Joule heating from ionic current driven through the pore. Continued heating of the metastable liquid can eventually lead to explosive ...

Full System Modeling and Validation of the Carbon Dioxide Removal Assembly

R. F. Coker[1], J. Knox[1]
[1]NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA

The Atmosphere Revitalization Recovery and Environmental Monitoring (ARREM) project was initiated in September of 2011 as part of the Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) program. Under the ARREM project, testing of sub-scale and full-scale systems has been combined with multiphysics computer simulations for evaluation and optimization of subsystem approaches. In particular, this paper describes ...

Electromagnetic Well Logs Simulated with the COMSOL® RF Module on a Cluster

D. Swaminathan[1], G. Minerbo[1], K. Pathak[1]
[1]Drilling and Production Group, Schlumberger, Houston, TX, USA

Introduction Computer simulations are widely used for the interpretation and inversion of electromagnetic measurements in well logging. Until recently, simulated logs have been computed with approximate 1D or 2D models. By using the COMSOL® RF Module installed on a cluster, we show that a full 3D finite-element simulated log can be obtained within an acceptable turnaround time. Use of ...

Modeling Flow and Deformation During Salt-Assisted Puffing of Single Rice Kernels

T. Gulati[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Puffing of biomaterials involves mass, momentum and energy transport along with large volumetric expansion of the material. Development of physics-based models that can describe heat and moisture transport, rapid evaporation and large deformations can help understand the puffing process. In this context, a fundamentals based study of salt-assisted puffing of rice is described. A multiphase model ...

Optimization Module Enables Hybrid Experimental-Numerical Algorithm for 3D Particle Image Velocimetry

M. Sigurdson[1], C. Meinhart[1], I. Mezic[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California - Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, USA

In our study of chaotic mixing, 3D velocity measurements (u,v,w) are required for evaluation of a micro mixer using a mix-prediction algorithm. The hybrid approach presented here combines 2D measurements, an imperfect numerical model, and appropriate fitting parameters. Because our purpose is a measurement, rather than development of a physically accurate and predictive model, it not necessary ...

Numerical Optimization of Heating for High-Speed Rotating Cup by Means of Multiphysics Modeling and its Experimental Verification

K. Kyrgyzbaev[1], M. Willert-Porada[1], M. Terock[1]
[1]University of Bayreuth, Chair of Materials Processing, Bayreuth, Germany

The physics of rotating cups and disks is an important research subject in many areas of engineering. The rotating cup/disk has been employed in many industrial applications such as spin-coating of phosphor on television screens or photoresist films on silicon wafer, concentrating solutions by evaporation, centrifugal atomization of metal melts, and glass flakes production. In this work the ...

Heterodimensional Charge-Carrier Confinement in Sub-Monolayer InAs in GaAs

S. Harrison[1], M. Young[1], M. Hayne[1], P. D. Hodgson[1], R. J. Young[1], A. Strittmatter[2], A. Lenz[2], U. W. Pohl[2], D. Bimberg[2]
[1]Department of Physics, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK
[2]Institut für Festkörperphysik, Berlin, Germany

Low-dimensional semiconductor nanostructures, in which charge carriers are confined in a number of spatial dimensions, are the focus of much solid-state physics research, offering superior optical and electronic properties over their bulk counterparts. Both two-dimensional (2D) and zero-dimensional (0D) structures have seen wide-ranging applications in laser diodes, solar cells and LEDs to name ...

Performance Evaluation of the 19th Century Clipper Ship Cutty Sark: A Comparative Study

C. Tonry[1], M. Patel[1], C. Bailey[1], W. Davies[1], J. Harrap[1], E. Kentley[1], P. Mason[1]
[1]University of Greenwich, London, UK

The Cutty Sark, built in 1869 in Dumbarton, is the last intact composite tea clipper ship [1]. One of the last tea clippers built she took part in the tea races back from China. These races caught the public imagination of the day and were widely reported in newspapers [2]. They developed from a desire for ‘fresh’ tea and the first ship to return with the new season’s tea could charge a ...

Powder Densification Modeling of the Spark-Plasma-Sintering Process

C. Maniere[1], C. Estournes[2], L. Durand[3], G. Chevallier[1], K. Afanga[1]
[1]Institute Carnot CIRIMAT, Toulouse, France
[2]University Paul-Sabatier, Toulouse, France
[3]CEMES, Toulouse, Toulouse, France

The Spark Plasma Sintering is a breakthrough way of elaboration of more or less complex shape materials from powder. This process allows the sintering of materials in few minutes compare to hours by conventional sintering. One of the main goals of the SPS modeling is to be able to predict the densification of the powder during the process. In COMSOL Multiphysics® it is possible to implement ...

Computational Modeling of the Impact of Solar Irradiance on Chemical Degradation of Painted Wall Hangings in a Historical Interior

Z. Huijbregts[1], A. van Schijndel[1], H. Schellen[1], K. Keune[2], M. Eikema Hommes[3,4]
[1]Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
[2]University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
[3]Cultural Heritage Agency, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
[4]Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands

The historic Hofkeshuis in Almelo (The Netherlands) locates a unique work of art: three walls in the rear salon of the private house are covered with an 18th century series of painted wall hangings (Figure 1). The simple and similar pigmentation of the paintings, their original hanging, and the few cleaning interventions make it possible to use the degree of the formation of lead soaps, so-called ...

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