Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Two-Dimensional FEM Simulation of Ultrasonic Wave Propagation in Isotropic Solid Media using COMSOL

B. Ghose[1], K. Balasubramaniam[2], C.V. Krishnamurthy[3], and A.S. Rao[1]
[1] High Energy Materials Research Laboratory, Pune, Maharashtra, India
[2] Center for Non Destructive Evaluation, Department of Mechanical Engineering, IIT Madras Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
[3] Department of Physics, IIT Madras,Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Ultrasonic Testing (UT) is one of the important Non-Destructive Evaluation (NDE) technique widely used for characterisation of materials as well as detection and characterisation of flaws present in the material used in various industries. There are many different important materials like metals, metallic alloys, rubber, composites etc used in aerospace industries is being inspected using UT as ...

Modeling Convection during Melting of a Phase Change Material

D. Groulx, and R. Murray
Mechanical Engineering
Dalhousie University
Halifax, NS
Canada

COMSOL Multiphysics can be used to model a latent heat energy storage system. A 2D numerical study was performed to simulate melting of a PCM including both conduction and convective heat transfer. The heat transfer in fluids and laminar flow physics interfaces were used. To model natural convection, proper volume force was applied to the PCM. The viscosity was input as a piecewise, continuous ...

Simulation of Optical Properties of the Si/SiO2/Al Interface  at the Rear of Industrially Fabricated Si Solar Cells

Y. Yang[1], and P. Altermatt[1,2]
[1]Institute for Solar Energy Research Hamelin (ISFH), Emmerthal, Germany
[2]Dep. Solar Energy Research, Inst. Solid-State Physics, Leibniz University of Hanover, Germany

The specular and diffuse reflection properties of sunlight at the rear surface of silicon solar cells with various degrees of roughness are computed by solving the Maxwell and material equations in two dimensions, using the COMSOL RF Module. The model is tested on planar Si/SiO2/air interfaces and planar Si/SiO2/Al interfaces. The simulations show that for wavelengths of 800 nm, (i) maximum ...

Heat and Mass Transfer in Convective Drying Processes

C. Gavrila[1], A. Ghiaus[1], and I. Gruia[2]
[1]Technical University of Civil Engineering Bucharest, Faculty of Building Services, Bucharest, Romania
[2]University of Bucharest, Faculty of Physics, Bucharest, Romania

A dynamic mathematical model, based on physical and transport properties and mass and energy balances, was developed for the simulation of unsteady convective drying of agricultural products (fruits and vegetables) in static bed conditions. The model utilizes water sorption isotherm equations and the change in solid density due to the shrinkage phenomenon. The aim of this article is to describe ...

Modeling and Analysis of Thermal Bimorph using COMSOL Multiphysics®

Rachita Shettar[1], Dr. B G. Sheparamatti[1]
[1]Basaveshwar Engineering College, Bagalkot, Karanataka, India

In this paper modeling and simulation results of a thermal bimorph is capable of producing increased displacement for increasing temperatures are presented. Thermal bimorphs are popular actuation technology in MEMS (Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems). Bimorph actuators consist of two materials with different coefficients of thermal expansion. The main objective of this work is to investigate the ...

Evaluation of Novel Wing Design for UAV - new

P. K. Bahumanyam[1]
[1]University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL, USA

Viable design alternative for the existing and fast growing UAVs which are optimized for unmanned flight is of great demand. Designing of a small scale UAV alternative to the AAI Aerosonde UAV has been considered changing the wing tail configuration of the vehicle analyzing both structural and aerodynamic performance improvements using COMSOL Multiphysics® software.

Air Damping of Oscillating MEMS Structures: Modeling and Comparison with Experiment

S. Gorelick[1], M. Leivo[1], U. Kantojärvi[1]
[1]VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland

Excessive air damping can be detrimental to the performance of oscillating MEMS components. Complex systems, such as structures in pre-etched cavities or angular comb-drive scanning mirrors, typically require simulations to reliably evaluate the air damping. The simulated and experimental performance of the following systems was evaluated and compared: two types of out-of-plane cantilevers, ...

COMSOL Multiphysics in Plasmonics and Metamaterials

S. Sun [1,2], and G. Guo [2,3]
[1]Physics Division, National Center for Theoretical Sciences (North), National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
[2]Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
[3]Graduate Institute of Applied Physics, National Chengchi University, Taipei 11605, Taiwan

This paper will present research about: * Effective-medium properties of metamaterials: A quasi-mode theory * 2D complete band gaps from 1D photonic crystal * Optical microcavities

Modelling and Simulation of Single Phase Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer in Packed Beds using COMSOL Multiphysics

S. Sachdev[1], S. Pareek[1], B. Mahadevan[1], A. Deshpande[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, BITS Pilani Goa Campus, Zuarinagar, Goa, India

Computational fluid dynamics has emerged as an advanced tool for studying detailed behavior of fluid flow and heat transfer characteristics in many chemical engineering applications like packed beds. Packed beds play an important role in various chemical industries. Hence understanding the fluid flow behavior and temperature variation in different sections of packed bed is essential. Geometric ...

Simulation of Acoustic Energy Harvesting Using Piezoelectric Plates in a Quarter-Wavelength Straight-Tube Resonator

B. Li[1], J.H. You[1]
[1]Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX, USA

An acoustic energy harvesting mechanism at low frequency (~200 Hz) using lead zirconate titanate (PZT) piezoelectric cantilever plates placed inside a quarter-wavelength straight-tube resonator has been studied using COMSOL Multiphysics 4.3 and compared with experimental data. When the tube resonator is excited by an incident wave at its acoustic eigenfrequency, an amplified acoustic resonant ...

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