Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Design of a MEMS Capacitive Comb-drive Accelerometer

T. Kaya[1], B. Shiari[2], K. Petsch[1], and D. Yates[2]
[1]Central Michigan University, School of Engineering and Technology, Mount Pleasant, MI
[2]University of Michigan, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Ann Arbor, MI

In this work, a MEMS low-g accelerometer with three sensitive directions is designed for health monitoring applications. The accelerometer may have different sensitivity in different axes. The proof-mass of the device is suspended by four serpentine springs, and the comb drive structure is used to form the differential capacitor to measure the displacement of the proof-mass. The structure has an ...

Heat and Mass Transfer in Convective Drying Processes

C. Gavrila[1], A. Ghiaus[1], and I. Gruia[2]
[1]Technical University of Civil Engineering Bucharest, Faculty of Building Services, Bucharest, Romania
[2]University of Bucharest, Faculty of Physics, Bucharest, Romania

A dynamic mathematical model, based on physical and transport properties and mass and energy balances, was developed for the simulation of unsteady convective drying of agricultural products (fruits and vegetables) in static bed conditions. The model utilizes water sorption isotherm equations and the change in solid density due to the shrinkage phenomenon. The aim of this article is to describe ...

Modeling and Analysis of Thermal Bimorph using COMSOL Multiphysics®

Rachita Shettar[1], Dr. B G. Sheparamatti[1]
[1]Basaveshwar Engineering College, Bagalkot, Karanataka, India

In this paper modeling and simulation results of a thermal bimorph is capable of producing increased displacement for increasing temperatures are presented. Thermal bimorphs are popular actuation technology in MEMS (Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems). Bimorph actuators consist of two materials with different coefficients of thermal expansion. The main objective of this work is to investigate the ...

Tunable MEMS Capacitor for RF Applications

H. S. Shriram[1], T. Nimje[1], D. Vakharia[1]
[1]BITS Pilani, Rajasthan, India

Radio Frequency MEMS devices have emerged to overcome the problem of high losses associated with semiconductors at high frequencies. A tunable MEMS capacitor is a micrometre-scale electronic device whose capacitance is controlled through different actuation mechanisms which govern the moving parts. It can have electrostatic or electrothermal actuators depending on the functional complexity and ...

Numerical Study of Local Density of States in Photonic Crystal Waveguides

A. Javadi[1], P. Lodahl[1]
[1]Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark

In this contribution we study how a planar photonic crystal waveguide (PhCW), created by introducing a line defect in the photonic crystal, can modify the projected local density of states (LDOS) for a dipole emitter. We use the COMSOL Multiphysics® RF Module to carry out eigenvalue calculations studies on PhCW. When the dipole is in resonance with the waveguide mode, the enhancement Fp of ...

FEM Simulation for ‘Pulse-Echo’ Performances of an Ultrasound Imaging Linear Probe

L. Spicci[1]
[1]Esaote SpA, Florence, Italy

Pulse-echo FEM simulation is seldom found in literature for ultrasound imaging array probes, since the complete modeling of such device is extremely complicated. Nevertheless, the 2D FEM described in the present work was successful, thanks to the following design procedure (see figure): Two piezoacoustic models were employed, one for transmission of the pressure wave into the acoustic domain, ...

Implementation of a Paraxial Optical Propagation Method for Large Photonic Devices

J.E. Toney[1]

[1]Pennsylvania State University Electro-Optics Center, Freeport, Pennsylvania, USA

We demonstrate the use of COMSOL Multiphysics with MATLAB to model signal generation in wide-bandgap semiconductor radiation detectors. A quasi-hemispherical detector design is compared with a simple, planar detector. Results show that the quasi-hemispherical design can simply and effectively compensate for the poor hole transport of most compound semiconductor materials. In this paper we present ...

Finite Element Method as an aid to machine design: A Computational Tool

C. Gupta[1], S. Marwaha[1], and M. Manna[1]
[1] Department of Electrical & Instrumentation Engineering, SLIET , Longowal (Deemed University), Punjab, India

The paper provides an overview of the state of art in computational electromagnetic. There are three major ar eas like Design, optimization and material selection for the electric machines. The computational tool based on finite elements is very useful and powerful field simulation techniques available to assist in the design and performance prediction of electric machines. But the complexity in ...

Analysis of Burning Candle

J.S. Crompton, L.T. Gritter, S.Y. Yushanov, and K.C. Koppenhoefer
AltaSim Technologies LLC, Columbus, OH, USA

Analysis of burning candles is extremely complex; combustion produces a highly non-linear temperature profile through the flame in which local temperatures may exceed 1400 °C. Heat transfer includes radiation, conduction and convection components and the low melting point of the candle wax leads to a phase change that allows mass transport via capillary flow prior to combustion in the flame. ...

Beam Characteristics of Ultrasonic Transducers for Underwater Marine Use

G. McRobbie[1], P. Marin-Franch[2], and S. Cochrane[1]
[1] University of Paisley
[2] Piezo Composite Transducers, Ltd

This paper illustrates how finite element analysis with COMSOL Multiphysics can be used to simulate the mechanical and electrical characteristics of piezoelectric transducers. It also shows how beam transmit plots and performance measurements can be modeled by coupling between a piezo domain and a second domain governed by the wave equation.

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