Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

FEM Simulation for ‘Pulse-Echo’ Performances of an Ultrasound Imaging Linear Probe

L. Spicci[1]
[1]Esaote SpA, Florence, Italy

Pulse-echo FEM simulation is seldom found in literature for ultrasound imaging array probes, since the complete modeling of such device is extremely complicated. Nevertheless, the 2D FEM described in the present work was successful, thanks to the following design procedure (see figure): Two piezoacoustic models were employed, one for transmission of the pressure wave into the acoustic domain, ...

Heat and Mass Transfer in Convective Drying Processes

C. Gavrila[1], A. Ghiaus[1], and I. Gruia[2]
[1]Technical University of Civil Engineering Bucharest, Faculty of Building Services, Bucharest, Romania
[2]University of Bucharest, Faculty of Physics, Bucharest, Romania

A dynamic mathematical model, based on physical and transport properties and mass and energy balances, was developed for the simulation of unsteady convective drying of agricultural products (fruits and vegetables) in static bed conditions. The model utilizes water sorption isotherm equations and the change in solid density due to the shrinkage phenomenon. The aim of this article is to describe ...

Solid-Liquid Phase Change Simulation Applied to a Cylindrical Latent Heat Energy Storage System

D. Groulx[1], and W. Ogoh[1]

[1]Mechanical Engineering Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

One way of storing thermal energy is through the use of latent heat energy storage systems. One such system, composed of a cylindrical container filled with paraffin wax, through which a copper pipe carrying hot water is inserted, is presented in this paper. It is shown that the physical processes encountered in the flow of water, the heat transfer by conduction and convection, and the phase ...

Tunable MEMS Capacitor for RF Applications

H. S. Shriram[1], T. Nimje[1], D. Vakharia[1]
[1]BITS Pilani, Rajasthan, India

Radio Frequency MEMS devices have emerged to overcome the problem of high losses associated with semiconductors at high frequencies. A tunable MEMS capacitor is a micrometre-scale electronic device whose capacitance is controlled through different actuation mechanisms which govern the moving parts. It can have electrostatic or electrothermal actuators depending on the functional complexity and ...

Finite Element Method as an aid to machine design: A Computational Tool

C. Gupta[1], S. Marwaha[1], and M. Manna[1]
[1] Department of Electrical & Instrumentation Engineering, SLIET , Longowal (Deemed University), Punjab, India

The paper provides an overview of the state of art in computational electromagnetic. There are three major ar eas like Design, optimization and material selection for the electric machines. The computational tool based on finite elements is very useful and powerful field simulation techniques available to assist in the design and performance prediction of electric machines. But the complexity in ...

Beam Characteristics of Ultrasonic Transducers for Underwater Marine Use

G. McRobbie[1], P. Marin-Franch[2], and S. Cochrane[1]
[1] University of Paisley
[2] Piezo Composite Transducers, Ltd

This paper illustrates how finite element analysis with COMSOL Multiphysics can be used to simulate the mechanical and electrical characteristics of piezoelectric transducers. It also shows how beam transmit plots and performance measurements can be modeled by coupling between a piezo domain and a second domain governed by the wave equation.

Design and Simulation of a Nano-Wire Based Piezoresistive Pressure Sensor

S. A. Selvin, N. B. Moorthy, G. Anju, and M. Alagappan
PSG College of Technology
Coimbatore
Tamil Nadu, India

This paper chalks out the design and performance of a piezo resistive surface micro machined circular diaphragm based pressure sensor. A structural deformation in the piezo resistive nano structure placed above the diaphragm will result in varied current density, which is in direct accordance with the applied pressure. This effect relies on the principle of piezo resistivity and employing a nano ...

Implementation of a Paraxial Optical Propagation Method for Large Photonic Devices

J.E. Toney[1]

[1]Pennsylvania State University Electro-Optics Center, Freeport, Pennsylvania, USA

We demonstrate the use of COMSOL Multiphysics with MATLAB to model signal generation in wide-bandgap semiconductor radiation detectors. A quasi-hemispherical detector design is compared with a simple, planar detector. Results show that the quasi-hemispherical design can simply and effectively compensate for the poor hole transport of most compound semiconductor materials. In this paper we present ...

Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Blood Flow over a Backward-Facing Step: Steady-State Simulation

M.W. Siebert[1], and P.S. Fodor[1]
[1]Physics Department, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA

In this work, the fluid flow over a 2D backward-facing step is analyzed in order to provide a case study for the use of different models for the blood dynamic viscosity in COMSOL Multiphysics. Three non-Newtonian models, as well as the Newtonian model are used to study the shear stresses and the reattachment length as a function of the fluid speed. The non-Newtonian models used in this study are ...

Analysis of Burning Candle

J.S. Crompton, L.T. Gritter, S.Y. Yushanov, and K.C. Koppenhoefer
AltaSim Technologies LLC, Columbus, OH, USA

Analysis of burning candles is extremely complex; combustion produces a highly non-linear temperature profile through the flame in which local temperatures may exceed 1400 °C. Heat transfer includes radiation, conduction and convection components and the low melting point of the candle wax leads to a phase change that allows mass transport via capillary flow prior to combustion in the flame. ...

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