Rapid Control Prototyping for the Production of Functionally Graded Materials with Tailored Microstructural Properties Utilizing Comsol Multiphysics
J. Clobes[1,2], H.-J. Watermeier, M. Alsmann, H. H. Becker, and K. Steinhoff
University of Kassel - Chair of Metal Forming Technology, Kassel, Germany
Volkswagen AG, Kassel, Germany
Within the field of hot metal bulk forming the demand arises for fully three-dimensionally tailored properties at the microstructural level, nevertheless, reaching a predefined geometry with such tailored properties puts high requirements on the control mechanisms utilized in the process chain for combined heating, metal forming, and cooling processes. A simulation based rapid control ...
C. Belavý, and G. Hulkó, and K. Ondrejkovic, and D. Šišmišová
Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovakia
This paper presents a finite element method based modeling and design of control for distributed parameter systems. First, models of distributed parameter systems in the form of lumped-input/distributed-output systems and structure of control loop are introduced. Next, modeling of temperature fields of the casting die as distributed parameter systems in preheating process is performed in COMSOL ...
A.W.M. van Schijndel
Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Chaotic systems may lead to instability, extreme sensitivity and performance reduction. Therefore it is unwanted in many cases. Due to these undesirable characteristics of chaos in practical systems, it is important to recognize such a chaotic behavior. The existence of chaos has been discovered in several areas during the last 30 years. However, there is a lack of studies in relation with ...
M. Gulliksson, and S. Edvardsson
Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden
Given any equation L(u)=0, e.g. a partial differential equation, it can be considered to be the stationary solution of a time dependent equation (in fact, time need only to be fictitious time not real time). Our approach is to choose the time dependence in analogy with an oscillating particle system including damping in order to damp out the time derivatives and attain a stationary solution ...
A. Helfrich-Schkarbanenko, M. Mitschele, S. Ritterbusch, and V. Heuveline
Engineering Mathematics and Computing Lab (EMCL), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe, Germany
Institute for Analysis, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe, Germany
We consider a 3D boundary value problem arising in electrostatics. The potential is stimulated by current sources placed on a cross-section S of the domain. In many applications it is sufficient to know the potential in S. So, one is interested in an appropriate 2D model taking into account that the solution depends on the dimension of the domain. The idea is to find a corresponding 2D ...
Modeling the Bacterial Clearance in Capillary Network Using Coupled Stochastic-Differential and Navier-Stokes Equations
A. Atalla, and A. Jeremic
McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
The capillary network is a complex-interconnected structure. A single blood cell traveling from the arteriole to a venule via a capillary bed passes through, on average, 40−100 capillary segments. The cardiovascular systems responsible of delivering blood to the tissue under sufficient pressure to exchange materials. This is a two way process, at which nutrients, Oxygen, and other ...
Investigation of the Effect of Spinal Defects on Spondylolysis and Stress Fracture of Vertebral Bodies
M.S. Yeoman, C. Quah, A. Cizinauskas, K. Cooper, D. McNally, B. Boszczyk
Continuum Blue, Tredomen, Ystrad Mynach, United Kingdom
The Centre for Spinal Studies and Surgery, Queen’s Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Bioengineering Research Group, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Spondylolysis (SL) is a defect of the spinal vertebra, and is typically caused by stress fracture of the pars interarticularis bone of the vertebral arch. It is especially common in adolescents who over train in sporting activities. Spina bifida occulta (SBO) is a malformation of the spine where the protruding vertebral bodies are not fully formed. In this study we demonstrate the predisposition ...
C. Morgan, N. Kenkare, M. Williams, A. Peterson, and D. Williams
Alcon Eye Care Division of Novartis R&D, Duluth, GA
Alcon Eye Care Division of Novartis R&D and Georgia Institute of Technology Co-op Program, GA
Introduction of silicone hydrogel contact lens materials provided products of unprecedented capability to deliver oxygen to the eye during wear. One additional material characteristic of interest is the material’s permeability to ions. This paper discusses descriptive tools and optimization of an impedance method of characterizing ion permeability. A physical model of conductive paper with ...
Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore
This presentation gives an account of how COMSOL Multiphysics® software has helped to accelerate research and development. It has been used to simulate energy systems such as fuel cells, biomedical systems such as hydrogels and human skin, and monolithic catalytic converters. Each of these systems requires a mathematical model that can accurately represent the relevant physics, and which can be ...
Ken Kang-Hsin Wang, and Timothy C. Zhu
Department of Radiation Oncology, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Singlet oxygen (1O2) is the major cytotoxic agent during type-II photodynamic therapy (PDT). The production of 1O2involves the complex reactions among cancer agent, oxygen molecule, and treatment laser light. The light propagation in tumor tissue is described by the diffusion equation. In this work, an optimization routine is developed to fit the [1O2]rx profile to the simulated necrosis ...