M. Alshareef, A. Alshareef, V. Krishna, M. Kindy, T. Shazly
College of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
Department of Neurosurgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA
The incidence of spinal cord injury (SCI) in the US is approximately 12,000 individuals annually, due to various forms of trauma and disease. Diminished flow over a prolonged period of time can cause permanent spinal damage. We constructed a 3D finite element model of the spinal cord to examine the role of compressive loading on spinal blood flow. It was found that the type of forces on the ...
Multiphase Transport with Large Deformations Undergoing Rubbery-Glassy Phase Transition: Applications to Drying
T. Gulati, A. Datta
Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
Drying of biomaterials such as foodstuffs involves mass, momentum and energy transport along with large shrinkage of the porous material, which have significant effects on their final quality. Foodstuffs exhibit non-linearity when undergoing large deformations that affect the transport process in a critical way. Thus, it becomes important to perform a two-way coupling of the multiphase transport ...
The Simulation of Motion of a Slider upon a Stator Due to Frictional Force Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software - new
H. B. Nemade
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati, Assam, India
The Surface Acoustic Wave (SAW) linear motor was studied which is developed utilizing the friction principle for driving. The principle says that, when a slider is placed on the Rayleigh waves generated on a stator, the slider moves in reverse direction of the wave due to friction between the stator and the slider. A LiNbO3 piezoelectric substrate is used as a stator where comb structured Al ...
M. Algappan, P. C. Chakravarthi, R. Keerthana, S. Mangayarkarasi, A. Kandaswamy
PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
A medical ventilator is an imperative device used to save life by delivering an assortment of air and oxygen into and out of the patients’ lungs to administer breathing or to assist obligatory breathing. The commercially available diaphragm based pressure sensors made up of silicon measure the air and oxygen flow. The proposed work utilizes the Piezo electric material for the pressure range ...
S. Newbauer, D. Cook, and D. Pettis
Milwaukee School of Engineering
Designing a component with multiple functions, e.g. load bearing and noise attenuation, can increase the effectiveness of each component and reduce the complexity of the overall system, thereby improving system efficiency as well. Current multifunctional components include metal foam. It is posited that the cellular pores of the metal foam can be engineered and optimized for desired ...
S.V. De Guido, G.S. Masi, P. Vladimirovich Miodushevsky, L. Vasanelli
Department of Innovation Engineering, University of Salento, Lecce, Italy
Pressure sensors operating at the temperature higher that 500 °C are absent in the world market. Our goal is to develop a pressure sensor that can operate at the high temperature up to 700 °C. Our sensor will be made up of a ceramic sensible element and a metallic case. The sensible element will be a ceramic beam with a Weathstone bridge on its surface. A structural analysis on the case has ...
Z. Huijbregts, H. Schellen, and J. van Schijndel
Department of the Built Environment
Eindhoven University of Technology
Eindhoven, The Netherlands
The two wooden cabinets of Jan van Mekeren that are located in Amerongen Castle show comparable wood damage; in particular large cracks in the cabinet doors are clearly noticeable. It is assumed that these cracks were caused by bad indoor climate conditions in the castle. Combined computational modelling of the indoor climate conditions in the castle and the hygroscopic and mechanical ...
Optimization of a High-Temperature High-Pressure Direct Wafer Bonding Process for III-V Semiconductors
R. Martin, J. Kozak, K. Anglin, and W. Goodhue
University of Massachusetts Lowell
Many optoelectronic devices utilize a heterojunction of a pair semiconducting materials including high-efficiency MEMS devices, solar cells, LEDs, and VCSELs. One fabrication technique which achieves such a device is direct wafer fusion. To optimize the process, COMSOL Multiphysics 4.0 was used to test various geometric configurations of the fixture. 2D and 3D models were created in order ...
Estimation of Volcanic Deformation Source Parameters Through Optimization of Geodetic Data at Cotopaxi Volcano, Ecuador - new
J. Hickey, J. Gottsmann, P. Mothes
University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Instituto Geofísico, Escuela Politécnica Nacional, Quito, Ecuador
Volcanic eruptions are often preceded by periods of unrest, where the behavior of the volcano deviates from a background level towards one of increasing concern . Understanding what causes and contributes to unrest is a key challenge in volcanology today, influencing risk mitigation and hazard forecasting. Deformation of the volcanic edifice is one such indicator of unrest owing to a ...
C. Karl, C. Slater, M. Strangwood, K. Tank, S. O'Connor
University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
Strip Tinning Ltd, Birmingham, UK
Solders are typically used to join similar or dissimilar metals, referred to as substrates. In some cases solders are also used to join completely different classes of materials. For example, a joint between copper busbar and silicon solar cell represents a set of dissimilar substrates. In the formation of a solder-substrate couple, the system must have been subjected to at least a single ...