Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Fluid-Structure Interaction Analysis of a Peristaltic Pump

N. Elabbasi, J. Bergstrom, and S. Brown
Veryst Engineering, LLC.
Needham, MA

Peristaltic pumping is an inherently nonlinear multiphysics problem where the deformation of the tube and the pumped fluid are strongly coupled. We used COMSOL Multiphysics to investigate the performance of a 180 degree rotary peristaltic pump with two metallic rollers, and an elastomeric tube pumping a viscous Newtonian fluid. The model captures the peristaltic flow, the flow fluctuations ...

Fluid-structure Interaction Modeling of Air Bearing

H.R. Javani[1], P. Kagan[2], F. Huizinga[1]
[1]ASML - MDev – Mechanical analysis, Veldhoven, The Netherlands
[2]ASML - MDev – System Dynamics, Veldhoven, The Netherlands

Air bearings are special type of bearings which provide nearly zero friction between two surfaces. This is achieved by a compressed layer of gas between the surfaces. This study presents a modeling technique for an Air bearing component. COMSOL Multiphysics® is used to efficiently solve a coupled Fluid-Structure Interaction analysis. Computational time is significantly reduced compared to ...

Dynamic Crack Propagation in Fiber Reinforced Composites

C. Caruso[1], P. Lonetti[1], and A. Manna[1]

[1]Department of Structural Engineering, University of Calabria, Arcavacata di Rende, CS, Italy

A generalized model to predict dynamic crack propagation in fiber composite structures is proposed. The proposed approach is based on a generalized formulation based on the Fracture Mechanics approach and Moving mesh methodology. Consistently to the Fracture Mechanics, the crack propagation depends from the energy release rate and its mode components, which are calculated by means of the ...

VLSI Layout Based Design Optimization of a Piezoresistive MEMS Pressure Sensors using COMSOL Multiphysics

R. Komaragiri[1], Sarath. S.[1], N. Kattabomman[1]
[1]NIT Calicut, Kozhikode, Kerala

This paper focuses on the diaphragm design and optimization of a piezoresistive Micro Electro Mechanical System (MEMS) pressure sensor by considering Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) layout schemes. The aim of these studies is to find an optimal diaphragm shape by Finite Element Method (FEM) using COMSOL®, which is most suitable for VLSI layout. Optimal diaphragm shape is a diaphragm shape ...

Design of Pressure Measuring Cells Using the Unified Material Law

P. Aguirre[1], F. Figueroa[1]
[1]Sensor Technik Wiedemann GmbH, Kaufbeuren, Bayern, Germany

Pressure Sensors are widely used in the automotive industry. Their main use is the dynamic monitoring of pressure inside combustion engines. To achieve a good signal accuracy, the design of pressure sensors can be improved with FEM calculations of stress and strains on the measuring cell depending on their geometry and material properties. The geometry is adapted according to a special ...

A Concrete Arch Dam under Seismic Loading Conditions

A. Frigerio[1], G. Mazzà[1]
[1]RSE S.p.A., Milan, Italy

A new regulation for the safety assessment of dams has just been developed in Italy and its approval process is still in progress. As a matter of fact the behaviour of dams under seismic loading conditions is deemed of actual interest due to the recent seismic events occurred. In earthquake analysis, some of the most challenging aspects dam engineers have to deal with are: the capability to take ...

Effects of Fluid and Structural Forces on the Dynamic Performance of High Speed Rotating Impellers.

C. Thiagarajan[1], G. Shenoy[2], B. S. Shenoy[3]
[1]ATOA Scientific Technologies Pvt Ltd, Whitefield, Bangalore, India.
[2]Department of Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering, Manipal Institute of technology, Manipal, India
[3]Department of Aeronautical & Automobile Engineering, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal, India

Vibration and Dynamic performances of the rotating machinery are conventionally evaluated based on the dominant structural forces such as the centrifugal forces. The increase in rotational speed, miniaturization and performance, demands for improved and accurate evaluation of the vibration performance. The inclusion of coupled effects of fluid and centrifugal forces can contribute significantly ...

Mathematical modeling of nanomaterials

Strauss, D.J., Trenado, C.
Institute of New Materials, Saarbrücken

Mathematical modeling at the Institute of New Materials has played a crucial role in supporting the manufacturing and design of new technologies of nanomaterials, whose applications range from transportation, electronics and optics engineering to environmental sciences. In this paper, we focus our attention to two mathematical models together with their corresponding FEMLAB simulations: The ...

A Computational Approach for Simulating p-Type Silicon Piezoresistor Using Four Point Bending Setup

T.H. Tan[1], S.J.N. Mitchell[1], D.W. McNeill[1], H. Wadsworth[2], S. Strahan[2]
[1]Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, United Kingdom
[2]Schrader Electronics Ltd, Antrim, United Kingdom

The piezoresistance effect is defined as change in resistance due to applied stress. Silicon has a relatively large piezoresistance effect which has been known since 1954. A four point bending setup is proposed and designed to analyze the piezoresistance effect in p-type silicon. This setup is used to apply uniform and uniaxial stress along the crystal direction. The main aim of this work is to ...

Investigation of Hydraulic Fracture Re-Orientation Effects in Tight Gas Reservoirs

B. Hagemann[1], J. Wegner[1], L. Ganzer[1]
[1]Clausthal University of Technology, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany

In tight gas formations where the low matrix permeability prevents successful and economic production rates, hydraulic fracturing is required to produce a well at economic rates. As production from the well and its initial fracture declines, re-fracturing treatments are required to accelerate recovery. The orientation of the following hydraulic fracture depends on the actual stress-state of the ...

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