3D Hydrogeological Modeling - From a Theoretical 2D Model through a Medium Scale Application up to a Challenge: Simulations at Basin Scale
E. Cavalli, R. Simonetti, M. Gorla, N. Ceresa
CAP Holding, Milan, Italy
An alluvial aquifer system has probably conceived as a numerical modeling hell. We have chosen COMSOL Multiphysics® for two reasons: 1) FEM methods allow to use complex geometries; 2) multiphysics simulation permits to run a single model with all phenomena. We built a section with these physics: a) Darcy's law, b) Richards' equation, c) ALE to show surface deformation, d) Hydrogeologcal ...
J. Plawsky, A. Chatterjee, and P.C. Wayner Jr.
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, USA
The Constrained Vapor Bubble is a fundamental fluid mechanics experiment that is scheduled to run aboard the International Space Station starting in August 2009. The experiment is focused on looking at evaporation and condensation processes at the contact line, where vapor, liquid and solid meet. Our goal is to understand how processes that occur on the macroscale affect the transport processes ...
M. Giansetti, A. Pezzin, S. Sicardi, G. Rovero
Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
Within wool textile industries, a very important role is played by the so-called finishing processes, in which the textile substrate undergoes steam treatments to achieve the desired level of stabilisation and appearance. Process parameters, namely temperature and moisture content, are known only at the beginning of the process but not in the textile material being treated, where the actual ...
Modelling of Non-Equilibrium Effects in Solvent-Enhanced Spontaneous Imbibition in Fractured Reservoirs
M. Chahardowli, R. Farajzadeh , H. Bruining
TU Delft, Delft, The Netherlands
In fractured reservoirs, much of the oil is stored in low permeable matrix blocks that are surrounded by a high permeability fracture network. Therefore, production from fractured reservoir depends on the transfer between fracture and matrix, which is critically dependent on their interaction. COMSOL Multiphysics® was implemented to model the process of penetration of the aqueous phase into an ...
A. Freni, and F. Cipiti
CNR- Institute for Advanced Energy Technologies “Nicola Giordano”, Messina, Italy
In this paper, a 3D dynamic simulation for a portion of a metal hydride-based (LaNi5) hydrogen storage tank is presented. The model is based on heat and mass balances and considers coupled heat and mass transfer resistance through a non-uniform pressure and temperature sorbent bed. The governing equations were implemented and solved using the COMSOL Multiphysics software package. The simulation ...
G. Madabattula, S. K. Gupta
Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
Low cost high energy density batteries that can be charged and discharged rapidly are required in a number of applications. Tapping energy from renewal resources such as solar, wind and tide requires rapidly generated energy to be first stored and then used round the clock. Storing energy of a moving vehicle as it slows down and recovering it to accelerate the vehicle later can significantly ...
M. Lei, C. Vallieres, G. Grevillot, and M.A. Latifi
LRGP - CNRS - ENSIC, Nancy, France
The present study deals with a twodimensional modeling and simulation of a thermal swing adsorption (TSA) process used for the capture of CO2 from CO2/N2 mixture. The models are described by partial differential equations (PDEs) including conservation equations, models for equation of state, equilibrium, thermodynamic and transport properties. The resulting models involve different unknown ...
X. Guan, E. Gratz, U. Pal
Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Boston University, Brookline, MA, USA
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling is a useful tool to gain an insight into various high temperature metallurgical processes such as the magnesium refining and the magnesium solid oxide membrane (SOM) electrolysis. In both processes, argon gas was used to stir the molten salt (flux) in order to improve the transport of magnesium vapor out of the flux and achieve chemical homogeneity in ...
E.I. Gkanas, S.S. Makridis, A.K. Stubos, A. Lopez, J. Folch, G. Noriega
Materials for Energy Applications Group, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Macedonia, Greece
Environmental Technology Laboratory, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, NCSR “Demokritos”, Greece
Universidad Politécnica De Cataluña, Barcelona, Spain
Cidete INGENIEROS, Barcelona, Spain
Hydrogen storage can be considered as a key factor in the development of hydrogen economy. Hydrogen storage in a magnesium hydride MgH2 is a very promising technique for numerous of reasons. Magnesium is abundant, relatively cheap, life – friendly , weight storage capacity of 7.6% and low price of Mg metal. A simulation work is presented in order to study the absorption kinetics of a Mg – ...
Manski, S.S.1, Mmbaga, J.P.1, Hayes, R.E.1, Bertrand, F.H.2, Tanguy, P.A.2
1 Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton AB Canada
2 URPEI, Department of Chemical Engineering, Ecole Polytechnique, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Paper coating operations involve a number of coupled multiphase interactions. The use of FEMLAB to study these coupled phenomena using a level set method is reported. Several problems, including the penetration of fluid into a porous media, flow split meniscus dynamics and entrapment of air bubbles during coating process are explored using a level set implementation. Fluid penetration from a ...