Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

The Swelling Responsiveness of pH-Sensitive Hydrogels in 3D Arbitrary Shaped Geometry

K. J. Suthar[1], D. C. Mancini[2], M. K. Ghantasala[3]
[1]Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA
[2]Physical Sciences and Engineering, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA
[3]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI, USA

The pH-sensitive hydrogels are responsive to the pH of surrounding solution, which often resemble to biomaterials. Recently, pH-sensitive hydrogels are widely used in various devices as sensing media. We present the simulation of swelling characteristic of 3D-arbitarary-geometry, pH-sensitive hydrogel in steady state conditions. Three nonlinear partial-differential equations that are ...

Finite Element Modeling of Vasoreactivity Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software - new

J. Parikh[1], A. Kapela[1], N. Tsoukias[1]
[1]Biomedical Engineering Department, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA

Localized calcium events in the endothelial cells (EC) can modulate smooth muscle cell (SMC) calcium (Ca2+) and membrane potential dynamics through release of endothelium derived hyperpolarizing and relaxing factors. Ca2+ levels in the smooth muscle cell (SMC) determine its contractile state.The underlying complex mechanism regulating the SMC Ca2+ levels and ultimately vessel tone remains poorly ...

A 2D Model of the Flow in Hydrocyclones - new

B. Chinè[1], F. Concha[2], M. Meneses G.[3]
[1]School of Materials Science and Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
[2]Department of Metallurgical Engineering, University of Concepcion, Concepcion, Chile
[3]School of Production Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica

Hydrocyclones are industrial devices used as processing units in fluid and particle technology. A hydrocyclone is an apparatus consisting of a cylindrical or a cylindrical-conical body with a tangential or involute entrance to admit the fluid inside. There are also two opposite exits, the top exit which is the vortex finder and the bottom exit called apex. Fig. 1 shows the schematic of a widely ...

Electro-Chemical Etching & Deposition of a Super Alloy Using Tertiary Current Distribution Method - new

M. Yeoman[1], R. Damodharan[1]
[1]Continuum Blue Ltd., Ystrad Mynach, UK

The application of super-alloys has grown up in numbers in the industries like aerospace, automotive, nuclear, thermal power plant & medical implants. The initial cost of prototyping and the selection of suitable manufacturing methods & test fixtures made by electrochemical machining (ECM) has proven to be expensive process especially where tolerances are extremely tight on the nanometre scale. ...

Coupling Miscible Flow and Geochemistry for Carbon Dioxide Flooding into North Sea Chalk Reservoir

B. Niu[1], W. Yan[1], A.A. Shapiro[1], and E.H. Stenby[1]

[1]Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

As an effective method to cope with green-house gas emission, and to enhance oil recovery, injection of carbon dioxide into oil reservoirs has obtained increasing attentions. The flooding process involves complex phase behavior among oil, brine and CO2, and geochemical reaction between CO2 and rock. COMSOL Multiphysics® was first applied to simulating two flooding processes with known ...

Watching Paint Dry: A 2D Model of Latex Film Formation

W. Vetterling
ZINK, Imaging Inc.
Bedford, MA

In this work we have constructed a 2D COMSOL model for the drying of Latex. It is based on a prior 1D model of Kiil, but also includes the effects of a flowing air stream, which is necessary to remove the evaporated water vapor. The model illustrates several features of drying that are not accessible to the 1D model, in particular the a profile in the air/water interface that forms near the ...

Actively Controlled Ionic Current Gating In Nanopores

G. Zhang[1], S. Bearden[1]
[1]Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA

It is necessary to understand and control nanopore behavior in order to develop biosensors for a variety of applications including DNA sequencing. The fluidics of nanopore devices we fabricated exhibits a range of interesting phenomena, such as enhanced conductance and current rectification. By electrically biasing nanopores, we were able to actively control the nanopore conductance in real time ...

Multiphysics Approach of the Performance of a Domestic Oven

N. Garcia-Polanco[1], J. Capablo[1], J. Doyle[1]
[1]Whirlpool Corporation, Cassinetta di Biandronno (VA), Italy

The heat and mass transfer processes occurring in a domestic oven is in detailed analyzed in this work, with the final objective of improving the global energy efficiency of the system. A 3D Finite Element model developed with a Multi-physics approach is validated with the experimental data from the standard test for energy consumption of the European Union (EN 50304:2001). In this test a brick ...

Computational Study on Transition of Oil-Water Flow Morphology due to Sudden Contraction in Microfluidic Channel - new

J. Chaudhuri[1], S. Timung[1], T. K. Mandal[1], D. Bandyopadhyay[1]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati, Assam, India

The flow morphology of two immiscible fluids in a microfluidic device finds numerous applications such as emulsification, synthesis of nanomaterials [1], lab-on-a-chip devices and biological analysis [2]. It offers many advantages over the conventional macroscopic devices because of its availability for higher surface to volume ratio, ability to handle small volume of fluids, easier process ...

Heat and Mass Transfer Modeling During Freezing of Foodstuffs

O. Rouaud[1], T. Pham[2]
[1]LUNAM Université, ONIRIS, CNRS, GEPEA, UMR, Nantes, France
[2]University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

A mathematical model is developed to determine the weight loss and the freezing rate during the freezing of unwrapped foodstuffs. The model allows comparing two freezing processes; the first uses nitrogen gas at -80°C and the second uses cold air. The model includes thermophysical properties that are temperature dependent to take into account the ice formation. The time step has to be chosen ...

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