J.M. Gozálvez-Zafrilla, J.M. Serra, and A. Santafé-Moros
Chemical and Nuclear Engineering Depart., Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Instituto de Tecnología Química, Valencia, Spain
Oxygen transfer through ceramic membranes at high-temperature can substantially reduce costs respect to conventional separation methods. With the aim to improve the determination of the properties of the ceramic materials, a lab-scale permeation set-up was modeled using the Chemical Engineering Module of COMSOL Multiphysics®. The solution required the coupling of three domains. Gas flow was ...
Boundary conditions in multiphase, porous media, transport models of thermal processes with rapid evaporation
A. Datta, and A. Halder
Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
In modeling of thermal processing of biological materials with rapid evaporation, it is critical to provide boundary conditions consistent with the phenomena happening at the surface to accurately predict spatial temperature and moisture content for quality and safety assurance. Boundary conditions in a mathematical model are as important as governing equations itself and describe how the heat ...
Chemical Leachate Simulation for Environmental Safety Evaluation in Civil Engineering Applications of Construction Byproducts
National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Japan
This presentation shows a numerical simulation model of the chemical leachate process from construction byproducts and the chemical transport process with geochemical reactions for their environmental safety evaluation.
A Theoretical Model for the Control of Color Degradation and Microbial Spoilage Occurring in Food Convective Drying
S. Curcio, M. Aversa
University of Calabria, Department of Engineering Modeling, Rende, Cosenza, Italy
The aim of this work was the development of a predictive model aimed at identifying a proper control strategy of food drying process. In particular, it was intended to determine the effect of operating conditions both on the color degradation, chosen as a reference quality parameter, and on the microbial spoilage occurring during potatoes drying. A transport model, accounting for the ...
Caribbean Industrial Research Institute, Calibration Laboratory, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
The Polymer Electrolyte Membrane fuel cell is one of the most promising green technologies for addressing portable, as well as transportation power needs. However, the science behind the fuel cell, in many regards, is still an enigma, and even more so, with the vast numbers of novel materials created annually; designed to offset issues related to durability, conductivity, cost- effectiveness and ...
School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
A device for monitoring the oxygen consumption of cells has been developed, which consists of two parts; a cell culturing platform (CCP) and an oxygen sensing chip. The CCP possesses inlet and outlet pipes to direct the fluid under the test to the cell culturing chamber through the inlet pipe and goes out of the outlet pipe after being partially consumed by the cells. In this abstract, the oxygen ...
O. Rouaud, T. Pham
LUNAM Université, ONIRIS, CNRS, GEPEA, UMR, Nantes, France
University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
A mathematical model is developed to determine the weight loss and the freezing rate during the freezing of unwrapped foodstuffs. The model allows comparing two freezing processes; the first uses nitrogen gas at -80°C and the second uses cold air. The model includes thermophysical properties that are temperature dependent to take into account the ice formation. The time step has to be chosen ...
The Dow Chemical Company, Midland, MI, USA
Photovoltaic systems can degrade with moisture. The addition of an edge-seal containing a desiccant can reduce the amount of water reaching the interior. This report discusses the modeling of the water transport into the system to determine the amount of edge seal and desiccant required. The moving freezing front of the Stefan heat-transport problem is used to model a moving moisture front. ...
Eswaran M, P. Goyal, Anu Dutta, G.R. Reddy, R. K. Singh , K.K. Vaze
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India
A 2-D unsteady viscous flow around two cylinders is studied by numerical solutions of the unsteady Navier-Stokes equations with a finite element formulation using COMSOL Multiphysics®. The results of a numerical investigation of the Strouhal frequencies of two identical, stationary, parallel circular cylinders arranged in staggered configurations is presented in this paper. A simple two cylinder ...
J. Bouhattate, E. Legrand, A. Oudriss, S. Frappart, J. Creus, and X. Feaugas
Laboratoire d’Etude des Matériaux en Milieu Agressif, LEMMA, Bat. Marie Curie, La Rochelle, France
To understand a metal susceptibility to Hydrogen Embrittlement (HE), it is important to quantify the diffusion of hydrogen through a metallic membrane. Electrochemical permeation tests are the most common methods for experimentally determining the diffusion coefficient of a metal. However the parameters directly accessible from experiments are the time required for a stream to be observed and the ...