J. Plawsky, A. Chatterjee, and P.C. Wayner Jr.
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, USA
The Constrained Vapor Bubble is a fundamental fluid mechanics experiment that is scheduled to run aboard the International Space Station starting in August 2009. The experiment is focused on looking at evaporation and condensation processes at the contact line, where vapor, liquid and solid meet. Our goal is to understand how processes that occur on the macroscale affect the transport processes ...
COMSOL Modelling of the Gas Mixing Process in a Ripple Reducer for NPL’s Time Division Dilution System
J. Wang, B.A. Goody, and M.J.T. Milton
National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, Middlesex, UK
The mixing process of a ripple reducer designed for a time division dilution system (TDD) that dynamically generates calibration gas mixtures is modelled in 2D using COMSOL Multiphysics. The model can been used to visualize and optimize the mixing process and extract parameters of interest at chosen times and positions. The simulated time response of an analyte concentration agrees with ...
M. Lei, C. Vallieres, G. Grevillot, and M.A. Latifi
LRGP - CNRS - ENSIC, Nancy, France
The present study deals with a twodimensional modeling and simulation of a thermal swing adsorption (TSA) process used for the capture of CO2 from CO2/N2 mixture. The models are described by partial differential equations (PDEs) including conservation equations, models for equation of state, equilibrium, thermodynamic and transport properties. The resulting models involve different unknown ...
M.H.A. van Dongen, H.J. van Halewijn
Fontys University of Applied Sciences, Expertise Centre Thin Films & Functional Materials, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Fontys University of Applied Sciences, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Coalescence of droplets is a widely investigated phenomenon. In inkjet printing micrometer sized droplets are deposited on a substrate which when positioned close enough to each other will coalesce and mix. Little is known about the flows and mixing behaviour within these small droplets. In this investigation we follow the time evolved coalescence of two droplets with volume ratios ranging from ...
Bernard, T., Herrero Blanco, I., Peters, M.
Fraunhofer Institute for Information and Data Processing IITB, Business Unit Systems for Measurement, Control, and Diagnosis (MRD), Karlsruhe
Rheological forming processes of glass and plastics, where heat conduction, radiation and fluid dynamics are the main physical effects, are strongly nonlinear. The aim of this paper is to investigate a control design with the use of the spatially distributed model. As control methodology we investigate linear and nonlinear model predictive control (MPC, NMPC) schemes. These approaches are ...
University of Applied Sciences Osnabrueck
With massive forming processes like rolling, extrusion and friction stir welding metal alloys are deformed in a hot solid state. Material flow under ideally plastic conditions can be modelled with computational fluid dynamics (CFD). This approach has advantages especially in case of large deformations. Material properties enter via a viscosity function, that can be related to the flow stress ...
A Preliminary Approach to the Neutronics of the Molten Salt Reactor by Means of COMSOL Multiphysics®
V. Memoli, A. Cammi, V. Di Marcello, and L. Luzzi
Nuclear Engineering Division, Department of Energy, Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy
The Molten Salt Reactor (MSR), proposed along with other five innovative concepts of fission nuclear reactor by the Generation IV International Forum (GIF-IV), represents a challenging task from the modeling perspective because of the strong coupling between neutronics and thermo-hydrodynamics due to liquid fuel circulation in the primary loop. In this paper COMSOL Multiphysics® is adopted to ...
S. Sandoval Torres
Instituto Politécnico Nacional, CIIDIR, Oaxaca, Mexico
Drying of porous materials is characterized by the invasion of a gaseous phase replacing the evaporating liquid phase. Vacuum drying is an advanced method applied to oakwood to diminish discoloration, so understand its physics is a very important task. In this work, a two-scale model is solved to simulate vacuum drying of oakwood. A two scale model describes the physics of wood-water relations ...
Reverse Electrodialysis Process with Seawater and Concentrated Brines: a COMSOL Multiphysics® Model for Equipment Design
M. Tedesco, A. Cipollina, C. Scavuzzo, A. Tamburini, G. Micale
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, Gestionale, Informatica, Meccanica (DICGIM), Università di Palermo (UNIPA), Palermo, Italy
Salinity Gradient Power (SGP) is a promising renewable energy source associated to the controlled mixing of two aqueous solutions of different salinities. Recently, Reverse Electrodialysis process (SGP-RE, or RED) has been identified as a successful way for the exploitation of such energy source, allowing the conversion of SGP directly into electric energy. COMSOL Multiphysics® modelling ...
Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Natural Convection Flow of (Sub-) and (Super-) Critical CO2 in Aqueous Phase
R. Khosrokhavar, G. Elsinga, R. Farajzadeh, H. Bruining
Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherland
Shell International Global Solutions, Amsterdam, The Netherland
Optimal storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) in aquifers requires dissolution in the aqueous phase. Transfer of CO2 from the gas phase to the aqueous phase or oil phase would be slow if it were only driven by diffusion. Dissolution of CO2 in brine (oil) forms a mixture that is denser than the original brine. This causes a local density increase, which induces natural convection currents accelerating ...