Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Model of Heat and Mass Transfer with Moving Boundary During Roasting of Meat in Convection-Oven

A.H. Feyissa[1], J. Adler-Nissen[1], and K.V. Gernaey[2]
[1]Food Production Engineering, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
[2]Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

A 2D mathematical model of coupled heat and mass transfer describing oven roasting of meat was formulated from first principles. The current formulation of model equations incorporates the effect of shrinkage phenomena and water holding capacity. The model equations are based on conservation of mass and energy. The pressure driven transport of water in meat is expressed using Darcy’s equation. ...

Computational Building Physics using COMSOL Multiphysics

A.W.M. van Schijndel
Technische Universiteit Eindhoven

This paper presents a first modeling guide for the modeling and simulation of Heat, Air & Moisture (HAM) transport of building constructions using COMSOL with Matlab. The aim of the paper is to provide a relative easy access to HAM modeling and simulation for people who have only minor experience with Matlab and COMSOL. --------------------------------- Keynote speaker's ...

Modeling of the Reduction Stage during the Continuous Refining of Copper in a Packed Bed Reactor

F. Mansilla[1], L. Voisin [2]
[1]Advanced Mining Technology Center, Chile University, Santiago, Chile
[2]Department of Mining Engineering, Advanced Mining Technology Center, Chile University, Santiago, Chile

Throughout history, the copper pyrometallurgical processes have been carried out mostly in discontinuous or batch systems. In recent decades new continuous technologies have been developed but focused only on Smelting and Converting stages leaving aside the Refining one. In 2002 a novel technology was proposed by the Department of Mining Engineering of Chile University which consists in two ...

Equation Based Heat and Mass Transfer in Porous Media

S. Pemberton[1], K. Ekici[1], R. Arimilli[1]
[1]The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA

Perspiration during intense physical activity is an essential part of human thermoregulation. Clothing affects the cooling rate of the body. Heat and water vapor are coupled through evaporation and transported through the fabric. A model of the above system was developed for fabrics of different properties to simulate human cooling using COMSOL Multiphysics®. Equation-based modeling allows the ...

Transport of Cadmium through Molten Salt to Argon Cover Gas in Electrorefiner

K.Revathy[1], S. Agarwal[1], B. Muralidharan[1], G. Padmakumar[1], K. K. Rajan[1]
[1]Fast Reactor Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, India

Electro refining is one of the important step in the Pyro processing nuclear spent fuel with molten salt. The electro refiner is a process vessel consists of anode ,cathodes and stirrers and ultra –high pure argon gas is provided at the top for inert atmosphere and at the bottom a cadmium layer is provided. The vapor pressure of the cadmium is high at the operating temperature, the cadmium ...

Boundary conditions in multiphase, porous media, transport models of thermal processes with rapid evaporation

A. Datta[1], and A. Halder[1]
[1]Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA

In modeling of thermal processing of biological materials with rapid evaporation, it is critical to provide boundary conditions consistent with the phenomena happening at the surface to accurately predict spatial temperature and moisture content for quality and safety assurance. Boundary conditions in a mathematical model are as important as governing equations itself and describe how the heat ...

Model Development and Implementation of a Membrane Shift Reactor

J. Völler[1], M. Follmann[1], C. Bayer[1], and T. Melin[1]

[1]AVT Chemical Process Engineering, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany

Low temperature fuel cells require hydrogen of high purity for electricity production to avoid catalyst poisoning. To purify hydrogenrich flue gases from hydrocarbon steam reforming membrane shift reactors with a metal membranes may be utilized. A model of a tubular membrane shift reactor with a hydrogenseparating palladium membrane is modeled in the COMSOL Multiphysics® Chemical Engineering ...

A FEM Analysis of Transport Phenomena occurring during Vegetable Drying

S. Curcio
University of Calabria

The aim of the present work is the formulation of a theoretical model describing the transport phenomena involved in a food drying process by a convective oven. The proposed model represents a general and predictive tool capable of describing the real oven’s behavior over a wide range of process and fluid-dynamic conditions. The resulting system of non-linear unsteady-state partial ...

Water Quality Model for Brewster Lake

Z. Aljobeh[1], G. Argueta[1]
[1]Valparaiso University, Valparaiso, IN, USA

A numerical model was developed to make spatial and temporal predictions of the water quality for Brewster Lake, located in southwestern Michigan. The model considers the hydrodynamics of the lake, hydrologic conditions, physical, chemical and biochemical processes that take place in the lake, and nutrient loadings from the surrounding watershed. Physical, chemical, and biochemical data collected ...

Modeling Flow and Deformation during Hot Air Puffing of Single Rice Kernels

T. Gulati[1], A. Datta[1]
[1]Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

When rice is subjected to intense heating, it results in rapid evaporation of liquid water to vapor. As a consequence, large pressures are generated within the kernel in a span of 15s resulting in large volume changes causing the kernel to puff rapidly. Under suitable conditions, the ratio of initial volume to volume after puffing could be as high as 10. Rice puffing process is a complex ...

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