Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling Flow and Deformation During Salt-Assisted Puffing of Single Rice Kernels - new

T. Gulati[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Puffing of biomaterials involves mass, momentum and energy transport along with large volumetric expansion of the material. Development of physics-based models that can describe heat and moisture transport, rapid evaporation and large deformations can help understand the puffing process. In this context, a fundamentals based study of salt-assisted puffing of rice is described. A multiphase model ...

Modeling of Transport Phenomena during Hydrogen Uptake in an Alanate Storage System Equipped With Metallic Honeycomb Heat Exchanger

M. Bhouri[1], J. Goyette[1], B.J. Hardy[2], and D.L. Anton[2]
[1]Hydrogen Research Institute, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Trois-Rivières, QC, Canada
[2]Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, SC, USA

In this paper, a metallic honeycomb structure is used as a heat exchanger in order to improve the hydrogen refuelling time for an alanate storage system. Using COMSOL software, the heat exchanger structure and the hydride bed are modeled as a two separate media and the governing equations describing the physics phenomena occurring during the loading process, are solved. The simulation results ...

Heat and Mass Transfer Modeling During Freezing of Foodstuffs

O. Rouaud[1], T. Pham[2]
[1]LUNAM Université, ONIRIS, CNRS, GEPEA, UMR, Nantes, France
[2]University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

A mathematical model is developed to determine the weight loss and the freezing rate during the freezing of unwrapped foodstuffs. The model allows comparing two freezing processes; the first uses nitrogen gas at -80°C and the second uses cold air. The model includes thermophysical properties that are temperature dependent to take into account the ice formation. The time step has to be chosen ...

Simulation of the Coalescence and Subsequent Mixing of Inkjet Printed Droplets

M.H.A. van Dongen[1], H.J. van Halewijn[2]
[1]Fontys University of Applied Sciences, Expertise Centre Thin Films & Functional Materials, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
[2]Fontys University of Applied Sciences, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Coalescence of droplets is a widely investigated phenomenon. In inkjet printing micrometer sized droplets are deposited on a substrate which when positioned close enough to each other will coalesce and mix. Little is known about the flows and mixing behaviour within these small droplets. In this investigation we follow the time evolved coalescence of two droplets with volume ratios ranging from ...

Boundary conditions in multiphase, porous media, transport models of thermal processes with rapid evaporation

A. Datta[1], and A. Halder[1]
[1]Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA

In modeling of thermal processing of biological materials with rapid evaporation, it is critical to provide boundary conditions consistent with the phenomena happening at the surface to accurately predict spatial temperature and moisture content for quality and safety assurance. Boundary conditions in a mathematical model are as important as governing equations itself and describe how the heat ...

Numerical Analysis of Heating and Ablating Non-Pyrolitic Materials

A. Davidy
IMI
Ramat-Hasharon
Israel

In this paper a two dimensional time dependent model is developed and assessed to describe the interrelated processes of conduction, convective heating and ablation of non pyrolytic ablative material. An aerothermochemical analysis for the process of non-pyrolitic composite material regression in advanced solid-propellant rocket motors has been conducted. The analytical approach is similar in ...

Using Computational Fluid-Dynamics (CFD) for the Evaluation of Tomato Puree Pasteurization: Effect of Orientation of Bottle - new

A. R. Lespinard[1, 2], R. H. Mascheroni[1, 2]
[1]Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo en Criotecnología de Alimentos (CIDCA), La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina
[2]Universidad Nacional de La Plata (UNLP), La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Determination of the temperature in liquid foods may be derived by measurements or by modeling. However, the placement of thermocouple probes to record temperature in the container disturbs the flow patterns. For this purpose, Computational fluid-dynamics (CFD) offers a powerful tool for predictions of the transient temperature and velocity profiles during natural convection heating of liquid ...

Network-of-Zones Model for Stirred Tank with Fractal Impeller - new

G.M. Mule[1], A.A. Kulkarni[1]
[1]CSIR - National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Stirred tanks are widely used in the pharmaceuticals, chemical and paint industries for variety of operations. The fractal impeller is an impeller having a novel design, developed by CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, India. The power number of fractal impeller is relatively lower than the conventional impellers. The mixing performance is also relatively better than the conventional ...

Modeling of High-Temperature Ceramic Membranes for Oxygen Separation

J.M. Gozálvez-Zafrilla[1], J.M. Serra[2], and A. Santafé-Moros[1]

[1]Chemical and Nuclear Engineering Depart., Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
[2]Instituto de Tecnología Química, Valencia, Spain

Oxygen transfer through ceramic membranes at high-temperature can substantially reduce costs respect to conventional separation methods. With the aim to improve the determination of the properties of the ceramic materials, a lab-scale permeation set-up was modeled using the Chemical Engineering Module of COMSOL Multiphysics®. The solution required the coupling of three domains. Gas flow was ...

Effect of Bed Diffusion and Operating Parameters on Char Combustion in the Context of Underground Coal Gasification

S. Mahajani, and G. Samdani
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
Mumbai, India

Char combustion is one of the most important reactions in the process of Underground Coal Gasification (UCG). Experiments are performed in a boat reactor under near isothermal condition to demonstrate effects of heat and mass transfer and bed diffusion through ash layer. To obtain a complete overview of boat experiments and to further get insights, CFD analysis of boat reactor is performed using ...

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