Caribbean Industrial Research Institute, Calibration Laboratory, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
The Polymer Electrolyte Membrane fuel cell is one of the most promising green technologies for addressing portable, as well as transportation power needs. However, the science behind the fuel cell, in many regards, is still an enigma, and even more so, with the vast numbers of novel materials created annually; designed to offset issues related to durability, conductivity, cost- effectiveness and ...
Bernard, T., Herrero Blanco, I., Peters, M.
Fraunhofer Institute for Information and Data Processing IITB, Business Unit Systems for Measurement, Control, and Diagnosis (MRD), Karlsruhe
Rheological forming processes of glass and plastics, where heat conduction, radiation and fluid dynamics are the main physical effects, are strongly nonlinear. The aim of this paper is to investigate a control design with the use of the spatially distributed model. As control methodology we investigate linear and nonlinear model predictive control (MPC, NMPC) schemes. These approaches are ...
Sz. Beleznai, I. Maros
Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest, Hungary
General Electric Lighting, GE Hungary KFT, Budapest, Hungary
Two-dimensional plasma transport model was developed in COMSOL Multiphysics Plasma Module to investigate fundamental issues in ceramic metal halide (CMH) lamps starting using Ar/Hg penning gas mixture. The intent of this work is to provide insight into possible design rules that might be applied to the improvement of start-up in moderate pressure metal halide lamps. The model gives a complete ...
J. Wegner, L. Ganzer
Clausthal University of Technology, Clausthal, Germany
In this paper we used COMSOL Multiphysics to model basic physico-chemical effects relevant in polymer enhanced oil recovery (EOR) such as non-Newtonian rheology of the displacing phase, permeability reduction, adsorption and salinity effects. COMSOL\'s PDE interface as well as Species Transport in Porous Media interface was used for solving the underlying equations. The validity of the ...
ZINK, Imaging Inc.
In this work we have constructed a 2D COMSOL model for the drying of Latex. It is based on a prior 1D model of Kiil, but also includes the effects of a flowing air stream, which is necessary to remove the evaporated water vapor. The model illustrates several features of drying that are not accessible to the 1D model, in particular the a profile in the air/water interface that forms near the ...
Simulations of Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy Experiments in Pure Negative and Positive Feedback Mode with Ring Microelectrodes
J. Mauzeroll, M. Mayoral, and D. Fabre
Department of Chemistry, Université du Québec à Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) is a powerful tool recently developed for studying structures and processes in micrometer and submicrometer sized systems. It can probe electron, ion, and molecule transfers, and other reactions at solid-liquid, and liquid-liquid, interfaces . This versatility allows for the investigation of a wide variety of processes, from metal corrosion to metabolism ...
J. Plawsky, A. Chatterjee, and P.C. Wayner Jr.
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, USA
The Constrained Vapor Bubble is a fundamental fluid mechanics experiment that is scheduled to run aboard the International Space Station starting in August 2009. The experiment is focused on looking at evaporation and condensation processes at the contact line, where vapor, liquid and solid meet. Our goal is to understand how processes that occur on the macroscale affect the transport processes ...
J. Frassy, C. Lécot, C. Delattre, and A. Soucemarianadin
 LEGI UMR 5519, Grenoble
 LAMA UMR 5127, Le Bourget-du-Lac
 LETI, CEA Grenoble
We present simulations of drops spreading on heterogeneous surfaces. The droplet height is the solution of a time-dependent non-linear fourth order partial differential equation, which is solved using COMSOL Multiphysics. In the fully wetting case, we compare our results with experimental data and with previous results reported in the literature. The simulation results reveal how ...
S. Pramanik, G. L. Kulukuru, M. Mishra
Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar, Punjab, India
When a less viscous fluid displaces a more viscous one in a porous medium or Hele-Shaw cell, the interface between the two miscible fluids does not remain flat and deforms into fingers growing in time . It occurs due to the faster movement of less viscous fluid than the more viscous one, for a given pressure gradient. Fingering affects in aquifers, in packed bed reactors, and detrimental to ...
S. Quiniou, F. Lesage , V. Ventenat, and M.A. Latifi
 Laboratoire des Sciences du Génie Chimique, Nancy
 Centre de recherche Décathlon, Villeneuve d’Ascq
In this paper, an investigation of heat and mass transfer in fabrics used in the manufacture of comfortable sportswear is presented. It is based on a model which is described by partial differential equations representing the mass balance of free and adsorbed water and vapour and the heat balance in the fabric. The model involves several unknown physical and transfer parameters. Two ...