University of Calabria
The aim of the present work is the formulation of a theoretical model describing the transport phenomena involved in a food drying process by a convective oven. The proposed model represents a general and predictive tool capable of describing the real oven’s behavior over a wide range of process and fluid-dynamic conditions. The resulting system of non-linear unsteady-state partial ...
The Dow Chemical Company, Midland, MI, USA
Photovoltaic systems can degrade with moisture. The addition of an edge-seal containing a desiccant can reduce the amount of water reaching the interior. This report discusses the modeling of the water transport into the system to determine the amount of edge seal and desiccant required. The moving freezing front of the Stefan heat-transport problem is used to model a moving moisture front. ...
Simulations of Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy Experiments in Pure Negative and Positive Feedback Mode with Ring Microelectrodes
J. Mauzeroll, M. Mayoral, and D. Fabre
Department of Chemistry, Université du Québec à Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) is a powerful tool recently developed for studying structures and processes in micrometer and submicrometer sized systems. It can probe electron, ion, and molecule transfers, and other reactions at solid-liquid, and liquid-liquid, interfaces . This versatility allows for the investigation of a wide variety of processes, from metal corrosion to metabolism ...
F. Sawo and T. Bernard
Fraunhofer Institute for Information and Data Processing IITB, Karlsruhe, Germany
This paper addresses the modeling of a complex glass forming process as an example of a complex, nonlinear distributed parameter system. The system is modeled by a fluid dynamics approach, which means that the forming is regarded as a fluid with free surfaces. Here, the coupling of the forming process with the heat flow is considered. The influence of crucial model parameters (e.g., dynamic ...
C. Wylock, S. Goffin, M. Aubinet, B. Longdoz, B. Haut
Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Transfers, Interfaces and Processes (TIPs), Brussels, Belgium
University of Liège-Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, Unit of Biosystem Physics, Gembloux, Belgium
INRA, Centre INRA de Nancy, UMR1137 Ecologie et Ecophysiologie Forestières, Champenoux, France
The assessment of forest soil respiration and its isotopic composition is one of the important issues for the carbon cycling modeling (greenhouse gas emission control) because it is often inaccurate. Soil respiration is a complex process, depending on the coupling of several phenomena, which is therefore highly sensitive to any disturbance. In this work, the dynamics of the transport of two ...
A. Warning, A. K. Datta, A. Dhall, and D. Mitrea
Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering
A multiphase porous media model involving heat and mass transfer within a potato chip was implemented in COMSOL 3.5a. The diffusive flux in oil and liquid water was modeled from capillary driven flow while the gas phase was modeled using binary diffusion. A non-equilibrium water evaporation rate was used and Darcy's law for the momentum equation to solve for the convection of each ...
G. Petrone, L. Cammarata, and G. Cammarata
Department of Industrial and Mechanical Engineering, University of Catania, Catania, Italy
Ventilation and Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) are issues of very high interest, determining comfortable conditions for occupants and no-contaminated local atmosphere. The aircraft cabins are more confined and have a higher occupant density than other indoor environments such as offices or residential houses. The passengers and the crew share a closed and ventilated cabin, which brings potential risk ...
S. Quiniou, F. Lesage , V. Ventenat, and M.A. Latifi
 Laboratoire des Sciences du Génie Chimique, Nancy
 Centre de recherche Décathlon, Villeneuve d’Ascq
In this paper, an investigation of heat and mass transfer in fabrics used in the manufacture of comfortable sportswear is presented. It is based on a model which is described by partial differential equations representing the mass balance of free and adsorbed water and vapour and the heat balance in the fabric. The model involves several unknown physical and transfer parameters. Two ...
A. W. M. van Schijndel
Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, Eindhoven, Netherlands
The paper presents the modeling and simulation of 2D heat and moisture transport with and without air movement for a building construction. The research focuses on the effect of air movement through building constructions. Although the typical air movement inside building constructions is quite small (velocity is of order ~10-5 m/s), this research shows it might have much more impact on the ...
Caribbean Industrial Research Institute, Calibration Laboratory, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
The Polymer Electrolyte Membrane fuel cell is one of the most promising green technologies for addressing portable, as well as transportation power needs. However, the science behind the fuel cell, in many regards, is still an enigma, and even more so, with the vast numbers of novel materials created annually; designed to offset issues related to durability, conductivity, cost- effectiveness and ...