Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Beijing, China
We studied the transient characteristics of PEMFC and water transport during PEMFC start-up, concerning the following aspects: Effect of air stoichiometry change on transient behavior of PEMFC, Transient behavior of water transport during PEMFC start-up, and high temperature PEMFC modeling.
Q. Zhang, Y. Liu, and S. Chen
Wuhan University, College of Chemistry and Molecular Science, Wuhan, China
COMSOL Multiphysics is a very helpful simulation software in our researches on both PEMFC and nanometer-sized electrodes. In the first part of our presentation, the influence of humidity and temperature to the performance of PEMFC are studied by simulating the MEA (membrane electrode assembly) in PEMFC. In the second part, models of different nanometer-sized electrodes, including spherical ...
Department of Biotechnology, PESIT, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
Clustering is a common hydrodynamic characteristic observed among suspended gas-solid particles in a fast fluidized bed (FFB) regime of a circulating fluidized bed (CFB) system. In this paper clustering behavior has been studied with Geldart group B particles like coal and iron ore in a circulating fluidized bed of diameter 0.1016 m and height 5.62 m. The cluster size when calculated from the ...
Two Dimensional Model of a Catalytic Plate Reactor for Methane Steam Reforming Using Different Kinetic Mechanisms
M.A. Mundhwa, C.P. Thurgood, and B.A. Peppley
Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston, ON, Canada
Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada
Coupling of an endothermic reaction and an exothermic reaction using catalytic plate reactor (CPR) is a well known concept for industrial processes such as steam reforming, dehydrogenation and hydrocarbon cracking. In the CPR, the exothermic reaction (e.g., combustion of methane) can provide the necessary heat to drive the endothermic reaction (e.g., steam reforming of methane). The present work ...
Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
When a solid surface makes contact with a liquid medium, an electrical double layer (EDL) structure forms spontaneously through thermodynamic interaction between electrons and ions. In this study, we developed a computational model using commercial finite element analysis package COMSOL Multiphysics to simulate the double layer structure and quantify the EDL capacitance for the first time. In the ...
Modeling of Transport Phenomena during Hydrogen Uptake in an Alanate Storage System Equipped With Metallic Honeycomb Heat Exchanger
M. Bhouri, J. Goyette, B.J. Hardy, and D.L. Anton
Hydrogen Research Institute, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Trois-Rivières, QC, Canada
Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, SC, USA
In this paper, a metallic honeycomb structure is used as a heat exchanger in order to improve the hydrogen refuelling time for an alanate storage system. Using COMSOL software, the heat exchanger structure and the hydride bed are modeled as a two separate media and the governing equations describing the physics phenomena occurring during the loading process, are solved. The simulation results ...
K. Song, and H. Knickle
University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, USA
As a promising candidate for future electricity providing, solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) exhibit high efficiency, quiet operation and near zero emissions. In this work, two 2-dimension models of SOFC are constructed in COMSOL. Model 1 includes porous anode and cathode simulations with a thin electrolyte. The fuel cell is operated isothermally under fixed output voltages of 0.4, 0.6 and 0.8. The ...
X. Wang, J. Peitzmeier , and S. Kapturowski
Oakland University, Rochester, MI, USA
Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI, USA
The State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA
The flow channel design on bipolar plates affects proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell performance by influencing reactant distribution and water removal in an operating fuel cell. The fuel cell performance can be improved by varying the type, size, or arrangement of channels. Two bio-inspired designs have been proposed by a research group at Oakland University, which results in improvement ...
K. Kannappan, G. Bogle, J. Travas-Sejdic, and D.E. Williams
University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
Electrochemically-active conducting polymers (ECP) swell or shrink in response to ion and solvent incorporation or ejection as a result of electrochemical reaction of the polymer. When anodic potential is applied to an electrode attached to one end of ECP strip, the oxidation process starts from the electrode and proceeds along the polymer, propagating as a wave. This wave is driven as a ...
H.M. Bernardes, M. Mancio, and P.J.M. Monteiro
São Paulo State University, Ilha Solteira, SP, Brazil
University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
In this work, a tridimensional model of the electrochemical reactions taking place on the alloy/solution interface has been developed in the COMSOL Multiphysics environment. The model accounts for solution chemistry, cell potential, and solves the related mass, momentum and energy balances. The simulation is based mainly on the experimental results obtained by Mancio et al, which have employed ...