D. Baldissin and D. Lombardo
Compumat S.r.l., Torino, Italy
A two-dimensional mathematical model for the absorption and desorption of H2 in LaNi4.8Al0.2 was developed and experimentally validated. The model is composed of an energy balance, a mass balance and a momentum balance. These differential equations are numerically solved by means of the finite element method using the software COMSOL Multiphysics®. From a comparison between theoretical ...
Modeling the Coupled Mass Transfer Phenomena During Osmotic Dehydration of Fresh and Frozen Mango Tissues
J. Floury, Q.T. Pham, and A. Le Bail
 UMR STLO–INRA–Agrocampus
 School of Chemical Engineering and Industrial Chemistry, UNSW
 UMR CNRS GEPEA–ENITIAA, Nantes
In this paper, we present a mathematical model for simulating the mass transfer, during the osmotic dehydration of mango cubes. The mass balance equation for the transport of each constituent is established separately for intracellular and extracellular volumes but accounts for the mass exchange across the cell membrane and the shrinkage of whole tissue.
D. Peyrard, Ph. Vervier, S. Sauvage, J.M. Sánchez-Pérez, and M. Quintard
 Laboratoire d’Ecologie des Hydrosystèmes, Toulouse
 Institut de Mécanique des Fluides de Toulouse
The hyporheic zone is defined as an area where water and matter exchange through the sand, gravel, sediments and other permeable soils under and beside streams. Its impact on the hydro-system function is determined by the proportion of subsurface biogeochemical reactions and the fluxes of water exchanging with the hyporheic zone and flowing through the porous sediments. The objective of our ...
Department of Biotechnology, PESIT, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
Clustering is a common hydrodynamic characteristic observed among suspended gas-solid particles in a fast fluidized bed (FFB) regime of a circulating fluidized bed (CFB) system. In this paper clustering behavior has been studied with Geldart group B particles like coal and iron ore in a circulating fluidized bed of diameter 0.1016 m and height 5.62 m. The cluster size when calculated from the ...
S. Pietrzyk, and G.S. Yablonsky
Unité de Catalyse et Chimie du Solide, Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille, France
Parks College, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO, USA
TAP (Temporary Analysis of Products) reactors are powerful instruments to study the kinetics of catalytic reactions. Their basic principle, exposition of evacuated solids of interest to narrow pulses containing very small amounts of gases, and measuring the concentrations of outgoing molecules permits to study practical catalysts under the conditions approaching those of molecular beam ...
Using Comsol 4.1 to Build a Transient Model of a Drift Tube Ion Mobility Spectrometer with Improved Performance
J. Langejürgen, P. Cochems, U. Günay, M. Allers, and S. Zimmermann
Leibniz University Hannover
An Ion Mobility Spectrometer is a device to analyze different components of a gas mixture. A feature of this technology is the ultra-low detection limit which can be obtained for most trace gases. Due to a limited resolution which is needed to differ between different components an improvement of the IMS field geometry is needed. Especially for novel ionization sources the influence of Coulomb ...
S.F. Neves, J.J.B.L.M. Campos, T.S. Mayor
CEFT – Transport Phenomena Research Center, Chemical Engineering Department, Porto University, Porto, Portugal
CeNTI - Centre for Nanotechology and Smart Materials, Rua Fernando Mesquita, Vila Nova de Famalicão, Portugal
A clothing system should offer the user a period of relatively comfort. However, changes in the ambient conditions over day affect the heat and mass transport in the system, influencing the user comfort perception. In order to gather information to allow the optimization of clothing systems, it is essential to understand the heat and moisture transfer occurring across multi-layer textiles. For ...
Multiphase Transport with Large Deformations Undergoing Rubbery-Glassy Phase Transition: Applications to Drying
T. Gulati, A. Datta
Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
Drying of biomaterials such as foodstuffs involves mass, momentum and energy transport along with large shrinkage of the porous material, which have significant effects on their final quality. Foodstuffs exhibit non-linearity when undergoing large deformations that affect the transport process in a critical way. Thus, it becomes important to perform a two-way coupling of the multiphase transport ...
Contino, A.1, Feldheim, V.1, Lybaert, P.1, Deweer, B,2, Cornil, H.2
1 Faculty of Engineering – Thermal Engng. & combustion Lab., Mons – Belgium
2 Arcelor Innovation, Liège, Belgium
The self-induced ion plating (SIIP) process is a new physical vapor deposition process based on the evaporation of a metallic target (i.e. tin) thanks to a magnetron sputtering system. The aim of this work is to develop a numerical simulation model of the SIIP process in order to predict the target temperature field and from it, the coating profile on the substrate. The simulation of the SIIP ...
N. Pacheco, D. Pavone, K. Surla, E. Schaer, and J. Houzelot
For Hydrogen production purpose from bio-ethanol, IFP set up a pilot reactor that can work at high temperature (1000°C) and high pressure (20 bar). Experiments show that this reactor has a specific thermal behavior that should be modeled in addition to chemical and hydrodynamics to understand and optimize hydrogen production. The multiphysics simulator has been defined in COMSOL and the ...