Karkri, M.1, Jarny, Y.2, Mousseau, P.3, Poncet, E.1
1 CNRS UMR 6174 Institut FEMTO-ST - Département CREST, Belfort France
2 UMR CNRS 6607 Ecole Polytechnique de l’Université de Nantes, France
3 UMR CNRS 6144 IUT de Nantes, France
Extrusion is one of the important manufacturing methods in many industries. In order to obtain the desired product quality and characteristics, the knowledge of the thermal state of the die is very important. In the present study, a two-dimensional conjugate heat transfer model has been developed for non-Newtonian materials being processed in the extrusion die. The modeling equations for the ...
Modeling the Coupled Mass Transfer Phenomena During Osmotic Dehydration of Fresh and Frozen Mango Tissues
J. Floury, Q.T. Pham, and A. Le Bail
 UMR STLO–INRA–Agrocampus
 School of Chemical Engineering and Industrial Chemistry, UNSW
 UMR CNRS GEPEA–ENITIAA, Nantes
In this paper, we present a mathematical model for simulating the mass transfer, during the osmotic dehydration of mango cubes. The mass balance equation for the transport of each constituent is established separately for intracellular and extracellular volumes but accounts for the mass exchange across the cell membrane and the shrinkage of whole tissue.
Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Beijing, China
We studied the transient characteristics of PEMFC and water transport during PEMFC start-up, concerning the following aspects: Effect of air stoichiometry change on transient behavior of PEMFC, Transient behavior of water transport during PEMFC start-up, and high temperature PEMFC modeling.
Department of Biotechnology, PESIT, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
Clustering is a common hydrodynamic characteristic observed among suspended gas-solid particles in a fast fluidized bed (FFB) regime of a circulating fluidized bed (CFB) system. In this paper clustering behavior has been studied with Geldart group B particles like coal and iron ore in a circulating fluidized bed of diameter 0.1016 m and height 5.62 m. The cluster size when calculated from the ...
J. Bouhattate, E. Legrand, A. Oudriss, S. Frappart, J. Creus, and X. Feaugas
Laboratoire d’Etude des Matériaux en Milieu Agressif, LEMMA, Bat. Marie Curie, La Rochelle, France
To understand a metal susceptibility to Hydrogen Embrittlement (HE), it is important to quantify the diffusion of hydrogen through a metallic membrane. Electrochemical permeation tests are the most common methods for experimentally determining the diffusion coefficient of a metal. However the parameters directly accessible from experiments are the time required for a stream to be observed and the ...
C. Siegel[1,2], G. Bandlamudi[1,2], P. Beckhaus, and A. Heinzel[1,2]
Zentrum für BrennstoffzellenTechnik (ZBT), Duisburg, Germany
University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany
This study highlights the possibility of using COMSOL Multiphysics for solving large scale PEM fuel cell stack models in the order of several million degrees of freedom (DOF). First, different gas flow channel configurations are solved in order to highlight the fluid flow and pressure behaviour. For these models, the full 3D Navier-Stokes equations are solved. It is seen that the amount of fluid ...
Application of FEMLAB on supercritical hydrogen components of the high flux isotope reactor cold source
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN
FEMLAB has played a key role in the design and safety analysis of several key components of the new High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) hydrogen (H2) cold neutron source (CS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The main components of interest for the detailed analysis capability of FEMLAB are those where the H2 temperature spans a large range causing the fluid properties to change dramatically ...
Fundamental Three Dimensional Modeling and Parameter Estimation of a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst for Heavy Duty Trucks
A. Holmqvist and C.U.I. Odenbrand
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, LTH, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Mathematical optimization can be used as a computational engine to generate the best solution for a given problem in a systematic and efficient way. In the context of monolithic converter systems, the parameter estimation problem (or inverse problem) is solved using Partial Differential Equations (PDE)-based models of the physical system coupled with an optimization algorithm. These problems are ...
Modeling the iodine removal efficiency and temperature behavior for an FADS charcoal filter by FEMLAB
Qin, Z.1, Wren, J.C.1, Moore, C.J.2
1 Department of Chemistry, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
2 Chalk River Laboratories, Atomic Energy of Canada Limited Chalk River, Ontario, Canada
A key component of the Filtered Air Discharge System in nuclear power reactors is a charcoal filter, intended to remove gaseous fission products, mainly radioiodine, in the unlikely event of an accident. Models for removal of CH3I and temperature behaviour of a charcoal filter have been described. The CH3I removal model is based on a mass balance equation consisting of CH3I transport due to ...
Modeling of Transport Phenomena during Hydrogen Uptake in an Alanate Storage System Equipped With Metallic Honeycomb Heat Exchanger
M. Bhouri, J. Goyette, B.J. Hardy, and D.L. Anton
Hydrogen Research Institute, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Trois-Rivières, QC, Canada
Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, SC, USA
In this paper, a metallic honeycomb structure is used as a heat exchanger in order to improve the hydrogen refuelling time for an alanate storage system. Using COMSOL software, the heat exchanger structure and the hydride bed are modeled as a two separate media and the governing equations describing the physics phenomena occurring during the loading process, are solved. The simulation results ...