Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

COMSOL application in modeling PEMFC transients

X. Li
Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Beijing, China

We studied the transient characteristics of PEMFC and water transport during PEMFC start-up, concerning the following aspects: Effect of air stoichiometry change on transient behavior of PEMFC, Transient behavior of water transport during PEMFC start-up, and high temperature PEMFC modeling.

Simulation Of A Hydrogen Permeation Test On A Multilayer Membrane

J. Bouhattate, E. Legrand, A. Oudriss, S. Frappart, J. Creus, and X. Feaugas
Laboratoire d’Etude des Matériaux en Milieu Agressif, LEMMA, Bat. Marie Curie, La Rochelle, France

To understand a metal susceptibility to Hydrogen Embrittlement (HE), it is important to quantify the diffusion of hydrogen through a metallic membrane. Electrochemical permeation tests are the most common methods for experimentally determining the diffusion coefficient of a metal. However the parameters directly accessible from experiments are the time required for a stream to be observed and the ...

Multiphase Transport with Large Deformations Undergoing Rubbery-Glassy Phase Transition: Applications to Drying

T. Gulati[1], A. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Drying of biomaterials such as foodstuffs involves mass, momentum and energy transport along with large shrinkage of the porous material, which have significant effects on their final quality. Foodstuffs exhibit non-linearity when undergoing large deformations that affect the transport process in a critical way. Thus, it becomes important to perform a two-way coupling of the multiphase transport ...

Modeling the iodine removal efficiency and temperature behavior for an FADS charcoal filter by FEMLAB

Qin, Z.1, Wren, J.C.1, Moore, C.J.2
1 Department of Chemistry, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
2 Chalk River Laboratories, Atomic Energy of Canada Limited Chalk River, Ontario, Canada

A key component of the Filtered Air Discharge System in nuclear power reactors is a charcoal filter, intended to remove gaseous fission products, mainly radioiodine, in the unlikely event of an accident. Models for removal of CH3I and temperature behaviour of a charcoal filter have been described. The CH3I removal model is based on a mass balance equation consisting of CH3I transport due to ...

Visions Realized: Using COMSOL Multiphysics to Prepare Students for the Modern World

Bruce A. Finlayson
University of Washington
Washington, USA

This talk demonstrates the success in teaching chemical engineering undergraduates to use COMSOL Multiphysics (FEMLAB) to solve realistic problems in a project format. Undergraduates have been creative and solved problems much more difficult than those in their textbooks, thus gaining a deeper understanding of transport processes. Illustrations are also given how they check to see they’ve ...

Pre-design of a Molten Salt Thorium Reactor Loop

J. P. Caire, and A. Roure
LEPMI-ENSEE, Saint Martin d'Hères, France

The generation 4 of molten salt reactors using the thorium cycle are characterized by a temperature close to 1000 oC. The very large heat transfers involved between the reactor core and the external parts with minimal thermal losses are a major issue. This study investigated a possible inner loop made of a series of conventional graphite filter plate exchangers, pipes and pumps, using the COMSOL ...

Optimisation Of Filament Geometry For Gas Sensor Application

S. Gidon, M. Brun, and S. Nicoletti
CEA Minatec, Optronic Department, Grenoble, France

Monitoring of indoor CO2 concentration is of particular interest to detect room occupancy in order to optimise power consumptions of building. One technological approach is to use optical detection using specific absorption lines of CO2 molecules in the infrared domain close to 4.2 μm. Key features for a wider use in public and private buildings are power consumption and price. Such optical ...

Approaches for Fuel Cell Stack Modeling and Simulation with COMSOL Multiphysics

C. Siegel[1,2], G. Bandlamudi[1,2], P. Beckhaus[1], and A. Heinzel[1,2]
[1]Zentrum für BrennstoffzellenTechnik (ZBT), Duisburg, Germany
[2]University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany

This study highlights the possibility of using COMSOL Multiphysics for solving large scale PEM fuel cell stack models in the order of several million degrees of freedom (DOF). First, different gas flow channel configurations are solved in order to highlight the fluid flow and pressure behaviour. For these models, the full 3D Navier-Stokes equations are solved. It is seen that the amount of fluid ...

Modeling of Transport Phenomena during Hydrogen Uptake in an Alanate Storage System Equipped With Metallic Honeycomb Heat Exchanger

M. Bhouri[1], J. Goyette[1], B.J. Hardy[2], and D.L. Anton[2]
[1]Hydrogen Research Institute, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Trois-Rivières, QC, Canada
[2]Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, SC, USA

In this paper, a metallic honeycomb structure is used as a heat exchanger in order to improve the hydrogen refuelling time for an alanate storage system. Using COMSOL software, the heat exchanger structure and the hydride bed are modeled as a two separate media and the governing equations describing the physics phenomena occurring during the loading process, are solved. The simulation results ...

Upscaling of Heterogeneous Rock Properties via a Multiscale Image to Simulation Approach

S. Zhang[1], M. Pal[2], P. Barthelemy[1], M. Lei[1]
[1]Visualization Sciences Group, Burlington, MA, USA
[2]Shell International Exploration and Production, Rijswijk, The Netherlands

The mass and recoverability of oil and gas in unconventional reservoirs strongly depend on the understanding the petrophysical properties of the rocks at a large range of scales. Three-dimensional imaging is capable of unveiling the detailed microstructures within the rocks down to the nanometer scale. Using a multiscale imaging protocol, a Devonian shale rock sample with heterogeneities is ...

Quick Search