Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Surface Aeration System Modeling using COMSOL

G. Selembo, P. Selembo, J. Stanton, and G. Paulsen
University of North Carolina
Charlotte, NC

Surface aeration systems are used in the wastewater treatment industry for the transfer of oxygen in the activated sludge process. These systems are capital intensive and also require a significant amount of energy to operate. Scale-up and design of these systems is largely empirical, and due to the size of these systems, modifications for experimental testing can be economically prohibitive. ...

The Friction Coefficient of Fractal Aggregates in the Continuum and the Transition Regimes

A. Melas[1][3], A.G. Konstandopoulos[1], L. Isella[2], Y. Drossinos[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki, Greece
[2]European Commission, DG Energy, Luxemburg
[3]European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy

Aerosol and colloid aggregates are complex fractal-like structures composed of primary spheres. The drag force exerted on a fractal-like object is usually determined by solving numerically the Stokes equation. In this study we calculate it by relating it to a molecule-aggregate collision rate. We create the fractal aggregates with a cluster-cluster aggregation algorithm using the software ...

Simulation of Gravitational Instability During CO2 Absorption in a NaHCO3/Na2CO3 Solution

C. Wylock[1], A. Rednikov[1], B. Haut[1], P. Colinet[1]
[1]Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Transfers, Interfaces and Processes (TIPs), Brussels, Belgium

This work deals with the modeling and the numerical simulation of the CO2 absorption, coupled with a chemical reaction, in an initially quiescent aqueous solution of sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) and bicarbonate (NaHCO3), inside a Hele-Shaw cell. In our Hele-Shaw cell, the liquid fills partially the gap between two parallel transparent Plexiglas plates. CO2 is forced to flow above the liquid in the ...

Thermo-fluid Dynamics Modelling of Hydrogen Absorption and Desorption in a LaNi4.8Al0.2 Hydride Bed

D. Baldissin[1] and D. Lombardo[1]
[1]Compumat S.r.l., Torino, Italy

A two-dimensional mathematical model for the absorption and desorption of H2 in LaNi4.8Al0.2 was developed and experimentally validated. The model is composed of an energy balance, a mass balance and a momentum balance. These differential equations are numerically solved by means of the finite element method using the software COMSOL Multiphysics®. From a comparison between theoretical ...

Simulations of Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy Experiments in Pure Negative and Positive Feedback Mode with Ring Microelectrodes

J. Mauzeroll[1], M. Mayoral[1], and D. Fabre[1]
[1]Department of Chemistry, Université du Québec à Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) is a powerful tool recently developed for studying structures and processes in micrometer and submicrometer sized systems. It can probe electron, ion, and molecule transfers, and other reactions at solid-liquid, and liquid-liquid, interfaces . This versatility allows for the investigation of a wide variety of processes, from metal corrosion to metabolism ...

Error Analysis in Estimating Temperature-Dependent Thermal Diffusivity and Kinetic Parameters using Heat Penetration Data

K.D. Dolan[1,2], A.R. Sommerlot[1], and D.K. Mishra[1]
[1]Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
[2]Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA

Growing consumer demand for nutraceuticals has stimulated interest by food companies to increase levels of these health-promoting compounds. Thermal processing of canned foods in a retort produces a unique problem: some of the nutraceuticals are highly sensitive to temperature, and require accurate parameter estimates to predict their fate during processing. Error in temperature measurement due ...

3D Dynamic Simulation of a Metal Hydride-Based Hydrogen  Storage Tank

A. Freni, and F. Cipiti
CNR- Institute for Advanced Energy Technologies “Nicola Giordano”, Messina, Italy

In this paper, a 3D dynamic simulation for a portion of a metal hydride-based (LaNi5) hydrogen storage tank is presented. The model is based on heat and mass balances and considers coupled heat and mass transfer resistance through a non-uniform pressure and temperature sorbent bed. The governing equations were implemented and solved using the COMSOL Multiphysics software package. The simulation ...

Mixers and Pumps for Microfluidic Systems, based on Conducting Polymer Oxidation Wave

K. Kannappan, G. Bogle, J. Travas-Sejdic, and D.E. Williams
University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand

Electrochemically-active conducting polymers (ECP) swell or shrink in response to ion and solvent incorporation or ejection as a result of electrochemical reaction of the polymer. When anodic potential is applied to an electrode attached to one end of ECP strip, the oxidation process starts from the electrode and proceeds along the polymer, propagating as a wave. This wave is driven as a ...

Experimental Validation of Model of Electro-Chemical-Mechanical Planarization (ECMP) of Copper

J. Ebert[1], S. Ghosal[1], A. Emami-Naeini[1]
[1]SC Solutions, Sunnyvale, CA, USA

This paper describes the development of a COMSOL model of Electro-Chemical-Mechanical Planarization (ECMP) that was validated with experimental data. ECMP is used for processing of semiconductor wafers. We developed a 2D model of flow of phosphoric acid solution (the electrolyte) between two parallel plates that focuses on the physics and electrochemistry in ECMP. The model includes steady-state ...

Modelling of Non-Equilibrium Effects in Solvent-Enhanced Spontaneous Imbibition in Fractured Reservoirs

M. Chahardowli[1], R. Farajzadeh[1] , H. Bruining[1]
[1]TU Delft, Delft, The Netherlands

In fractured reservoirs, much of the oil is stored in low permeable matrix blocks that are surrounded by a high permeability fracture network. Therefore, production from fractured reservoir depends on the transfer between fracture and matrix, which is critically dependent on their interaction. COMSOL Multiphysics® was implemented to model the process of penetration of the aqueous phase into an ...

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