M. Luna, P. Trinchero, J. Molinero, J. Löfman, P. Pitkanen, L. Koskinen
Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
VTT Energy, Espoo, Finland
Posiva, Eurajoki, Finland
The safety assessment of the deep geological repository for nuclear waste of Olkiluoto (Finland) requires the evaluation of the influence of the land uplift (ice withdrawal) in groundwater. With this objective in mind, we have developed a three dimensional reactive transport model of the Olkiluoto, simulating the most relevant deformation zones in a three-dimensional domain. The evolution in ...
G. Jovonavic, J. Jones, and A. Yokochi
School of Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, USA
This paper describes the benefits of computational fluid dynamics in the development of a microreactor used in the desulfurization of aromatic compounds. It is crucial to verify diffusion and extinction coefficients to ensure accurate simulation results prior to experiments. COMSOL Multiphysics was used to model the behavior of all of the possible species present and reactions that may occur.
X. Wang, J. Peitzmeier , and S. Kapturowski
Oakland University, Rochester, MI, USA
Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI, USA
The State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA
The flow channel design on bipolar plates affects proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell performance by influencing reactant distribution and water removal in an operating fuel cell. The fuel cell performance can be improved by varying the type, size, or arrangement of channels. Two bio-inspired designs have been proposed by a research group at Oakland University, which results in improvement ...
G. Selembo, P. Selembo, J. Stanton, and G. Paulsen
University of North Carolina
Surface aeration systems are used in the wastewater treatment industry for the transfer of oxygen in the activated sludge process. These systems are capital intensive and also require a significant amount of energy to operate. Scale-up and design of these systems is largely empirical, and due to the size of these systems, modifications for experimental testing can be economically prohibitive. ...
P. Silva, J.A. Ferreira, P. de Oliveira
Coimbra Institute of Engineering, CMUC, Coimbra, Portugal
Department of Mathematics University of Coimbra, CMUC, Coimbra, Portugal
The aim of the poster is to present a coupled 2D mathematical model to predict the evolution of drug concentration - in the cornea and in the anterior chamber of the eye - when therapeutic lenses are used (Figure 1). The mathematical model takes into account (i) diffusion processes in several compartments of the eye (therapeutic lens, cornea and anterior chamber); (ii) metabolic consuming ...
R.R. Thorat, H. Bruining
Petroleum Engineering, CiTG, TU Delft, Delft, The Netherlands
Recovery of oil by gas injection is usually inefficient due to the low viscosity of the gas, which results in bypassing of the oil. By adding surfactant solutions it is possible to get in-situ foam formation. Foam has a much higher “viscosity” and hence does not bypass the oil, leading to enhanced oil recovery. In this context, the foam propagation is studied experimentally and theoretically. ...
R. Gerasch, J. Kulenkampff, J. Lippmann-Pipke
Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Institute of Resource Ecology, Research Site Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany
Our GeoPET camera is explicitly dedicated for and well capable of 4D monitoring of solute transport in dense geological material, c = c(x,y,z,t) [1-4]. We apply COMSOL Multiphysics® for reproducing our experiments and extracting parameter sets for our 4D problems [5-6]. By aligning simulated results of anisotropic diffusion in clay to our observations we are able to clearly differentiate and ...
K. Kannappan, G. Bogle, J. Travas-Sejdic, and D.E. Williams
University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
Electrochemically-active conducting polymers (ECP) swell or shrink in response to ion and solvent incorporation or ejection as a result of electrochemical reaction of the polymer. When anodic potential is applied to an electrode attached to one end of ECP strip, the oxidation process starts from the electrode and proceeds along the polymer, propagating as a wave. This wave is driven as a ...
P. Buttin, B. Malki, P. Barberis, and B. Baroux
SIMAP/groupe SIR, CNRS, France
AREVA - AREVA NP - CEZUS Research Center, France
This paper studies multicomponent transport through zirconia, assuming a chemical reaction involving electrons and oxygen vacancies defects. Classically, according to the Wagner theory for ambipolar diffusion, the electroneutrality condition in the oxide is considered. Therefore three constraints must be satisfied on the transport problem: oxide stoichiometry, electroneutrality and the source ...
S. Cavadias , B. Trifi , S. Ognier, and N. Bellakhal
Laboratoire de Génie des Procédés Plasma et Traitement de Surface, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Paris, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
Laboratoire de Chimie Analytique et Electrochimie, Département de Chimie, Faculté des Sciences de Tunis, Université Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisie
Département de Chimie et de Biologie Appliquées, Institut National des Sciences Appliquées et de Technologie, B.P. N°676, 1080 Tunis Cedex, Tunis, Tunisie
The use of plasmas for the treatment industrial effluents provides a new alternative to the decontamination of wastewater. The strong oxidizing species (O,O3, OH) generated by the plasma, at room temperature, can oxidise organic pollutants present in the water. Our simulation deals with the degradation of methyl red by a Glidarc humid air plasma producing active species, mainly OH, that can ...