Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Theoretical Investigation of CMH Lamps Ignition Properties in Ar/Hg Penning Gas Mixtures

Sz. Beleznai[1], I. Maros[2]
[1]Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest, Hungary
[2]General Electric Lighting, GE Hungary KFT, Budapest, Hungary

Two-dimensional plasma transport model was developed in COMSOL Multiphysics Plasma Module to investigate fundamental issues in ceramic metal halide (CMH) lamps starting using Ar/Hg penning gas mixture. The intent of this work is to provide insight into possible design rules that might be applied to the improvement of start-up in moderate pressure metal halide lamps. The model gives a complete ...

Modeling of Charge Transport in Ion Bipolar Junction Transistors

A.V. Volkov[1], K. Tybrandt[1], I.V. Zozoulenko[1], M. Berggren[1]
[1]Organic Electronics, ITN, Linköping University, Norrköping, Sweden

Modeling of an ion bipolar junction transistor (IBJT) is performed using the COMSOL Multiphysics® software. Our model describes the IBJT which was developed and characterized [1]. The IBJT under consideration consists of an anion-selective collector and emitter, a cation-selective base and a neutral junction. The physical model is based on Poisson and Nernst-Planck (PNP) equations. A two ...

Drying of Corn Kernels: From Experimental Images to Multiscale Multiphysics Modeling

P. Takhar[1], and S. Zhang[2]

[1]Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas, USA
[2]Visualization Sciences Group Inc., Burlington Massachusetts, USA

This work demonstrated the importance and feasibility of experimental image to simulation workflow. The workflow is successfully applied to a food processing study, where multiphysics and multiscale modeling based on 3D experimental image reconstruction contributes to the preservation of corn, one of the major food sources for the world population.

Modeling the Performance of Energy Recovery Ventilators

N. Lemcoff[1], R. Pastor[2], and E. Miravete[1]
[1]Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Hartford, CT
[2]General Dynamics Electric Boat, Groton, CT

The objective of this study is to numerically evaluate the effectiveness of an energy recovery ventilator (ERV) during the summer and winter seasons. The energy recovery ventilator allows heat and mass transfer between two air streams separated by a membrane. The effects of varying the following parameters were examined: flows through the supply and exhaust ducts, height of the exhaust channel, ...

Coupling Forced Convection in Air Gaps with Heat and Moisture Transfer inside Constructions

M. Bianchi Janetti[1], F. Ochs[1]
[1]University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria

Introduction: The simulation of coupled heat and moisture transfer in constructions is becoming even more important in the last years. COMSOL Multiphysics represents a powerful tool for this kind of simulations as shown in [1,2,3], although applications in this area are still rare. For the realistic prediction of the heat and moisture distribution in building elements exposed to external ...

Numerical Simulation of Warm-Air Drying of Mexican Softwood (Pinus Pseudostrobus)

S. Sandoval Torres[1], E. Hernández-Bautista[1], J. Rodríguez-Ramírez[1], A. Carrillo Parra[2]
[1]Instituto Politécnico Nacional, CIIDIR, Oaxaca, Mexico
[2]Facultad de Ciencias Forestales, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Linares, N.L. México

In this work, the numerical simulation of Mexican softwood (Pinus pesudostrobus) drying is presented by solving a physics-based model. The model was developed by considering the heat and mass transport and the representative elementary volume, which involves the solid, liquid and gas phases. We solved a system of partial differential equations by numerical factorization in COMSOL Multiphysics 3 ...

Analyzing a Malfunctioning Clarifier with COMSOL’s Mixture Model

A. de Niet, A. van Nieuwenhuijzen, and A. Geilvoet
Witteveen+Bos, Deventer, The Netherlands

Clarifiers are used to separate sludge and water in waste water treatment plants. In this paper we analyze a malfunctioning clarifier using the mixture model. We are able to receive model results that are reasonably close to measurements from the real clarifier. With the model we can explain the bad separation of water and sludge in the clarifier. Engineers have proposed several actions in order ...

Extraction of Phenolic Compound from Grape Fruit. A Comparison Between a 3D FEM Model and Experimental Results

E. Madieta, I. Zouid, R. Siret, and F. Jourjon
Laboratoire GRAPPE, ESA, Angers, France

Fresh fruits and vegetables are gaining importance in the human diet because they contain many beneficial compounds. Among these compounds, phenols are of vital importance due to their antioxidant properties. It is well evident from previous researches that the skin of red grapes is considered a good source of phenols. The aim of this work is to simulate the extraction procedure of phenols in ...

COMSOL application in modeling PEMFC transients

X. Li
Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Beijing, China

We studied the transient characteristics of PEMFC and water transport during PEMFC start-up, concerning the following aspects: Effect of air stoichiometry change on transient behavior of PEMFC, Transient behavior of water transport during PEMFC start-up, and high temperature PEMFC modeling.

Optimizing Bio-Inspired Flow Channel Design on Bipolar Plates of PEM Fuel Cells

X. Wang[1], J. Peitzmeier [2], and S. Kapturowski[3]
[1]Oakland University, Rochester, MI, USA
[2]Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI, USA
[3]The State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA

The flow channel design on bipolar plates affects proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell performance by influencing reactant distribution and water removal in an operating fuel cell. The fuel cell performance can be improved by varying the type, size, or arrangement of channels. Two bio-inspired designs have been proposed by a research group at Oakland University, which results in ...