Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Reynolds Number Dependent Porous Media Flow Using the Brinkman Equation

R. Rieck[1], A. Bénard[1], and C. Petty[1]
[1]Michigan State University, Michigan, USA

Porous media fluid dynamic modeling has been widely explored and utilized in many academic and industrial applications. Cross flow filtration being one attractive application, whereas the fluid and filtrate flow parallel the porous media, and thereby induce shearing stress along the membrane surface to reduce fouling. In modeling porous media flow, it is common to describe the porous domain by ...

Cross Method of Nanoscale Modeling and Macroscopic Data to Estimate Anion Effective Diffusion Coefficient in Argillite

N. Diaz1, F. Goutelard1, and P.Turq2
1CEA/DEN/DPC/SECR/L3MR, CEN Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
2LI2C, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France

Based on a mechanistical understanding of solute migration in pure clay at nanometric scale, a model has been developed to evaluate the effective diffusion coefficient De in clay-rocks at the centimetre scale from the description of the mineralogy (and its heterogeneity) of the rock at the micrometer scale.

Modeling Solute in Clays at the Nanometric Scale Part I. Application to the Alcaline Series

N. Diaz1, F. Goutelard1, and P.Turq2
1CEA/DEN/DPC/SECR/L3MR, CEN Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
2LI2C, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France

The argillite formation has been proposed as a potential host rock for deep radioactive waste disposal. These materials have very low permeability and diffusion is likely to be the predominant transfer mechanism for solute migration.The negatively charged surface of the clays induces unexpected behaviour of the ions: while the anions diffuse slower than HTO, the transport of the cations is ...

Desorption Simulation of a Highly Dynamic Metal Hydride Storage System

D. Wenger[1], W. Polifke[2], and E. Schmidt-Ihn[3]
[1]Wenger Engineering GmbH, Ulm, Germany
[2]Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany
[3]Daimler AG, Kirchheim/Teck, Germany

Metal hydrides are a widely-used method for storing and releasing hydrogen chemically under moderate conditions. This paper will present how highly dynamic metal hydride storage has been simulated and optimized using COMSOL Multiphysics. It will be shown how mass, energy and momentum balances were implemented and what boundary conditions were set to resolve various scenarios. The result of the ...

Estimating the Ore Volume in AC Smelting Furnaces Using Finite-Element Analysis of Surface Current Density

A. Mohammed, and A. Jeremic
McMaster University, Hamilton, L8S4K1, Canada

One of the primary reasons for large power fluctuations in smelting furnaces is loss of contact between the electrode and ore. Therefore one of the important aspects of controlling power fluctuations is a predictive algorithm for the positioning of the electrode. We propose a model-based approach – using a COMSOL Multiphysics coupled thermo-electromagnetic model – that ...

Simulation of MEA in PEMFC and Interface of Nanometer-Sized Electrodes

Q. Zhang, Y. Liu, and S. Chen
Wuhan University, College of Chemistry and Molecular Science, Wuhan, China

COMSOL Multiphysics is a very helpful simulation software in our researches on both PEMFC and nanometer-sized electrodes. In the first part of our presentation, the influence of humidity and temperature to the performance of PEMFC are studied by simulating the MEA (membrane electrode assembly) in PEMFC. In the second part, models of different nanometer-sized electrodes, including spherical ...

Simulation of the Convective Heat Transfer and Working Temperature Field of a Photovoltaic Module Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

E. Ruiz-Reina[1] and M. Sidrach-de-Cardona[1]
[1]Departamento de Física Aplicada II, Universidad de Málaga, Málaga, Spain

The aim of this work is the Finite Element Analysis (FEA), by  using COMSOL Multiphysics®, of the convective heat transfer and working temperature field of a photovoltaic module under different wind conditions.

Influence of COMSOL on the Design and Testing of the High Flux Isotope Reactor HB-4 Cold Source: Validation of the Simulation

J. D. Freels
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

This presentation concerns our numerical and experimental research on the High Flux Isotope Reactor HFIR, located at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. In this presentation we give a Brief Pictorial Introduction to the HFIR, som physical properties of Supercritical Hydrogen, and Simulations of both natural and forced convection problems using COMSOL Multiphysics. This presentation also ...

Multiphysics Modeling of an Ion Mobility Spectrometer

T. Adams, and J. Fulton

Naval Surface Warfare Center, Crane Division, Crane, IN, USA

In Eiceman and Karpas’s book Ion Mobility Spectroscopy (2005), they define Ion Mobility Spectroscopy (IMS) as "the principles, methods, and instrumentation for characterizing chemical substances on the basis of velocity of gas-phase ions in an electric field." The production of the electric field and signal processing components is relatively inexpensive compared to other analytical ...

Benchmarking as Key Element of Confidence Building in Safety Assessments for Radioactive Waste Disposal

E. Weetjens
SCK-CEN (the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre), Mol, Belgium

Verification of the codes applied for assessment of the long-term repository safety is typically one of the quality assurance requirements demanded by regulatory bodies, in the disposal of radioactive waste. In this paper, an internationally organized benchmark exercise is presented, in which the comparison was carried out for a selection of key radionuclides. The examples presented in this paper ...

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