Analysis of Superheater Tubes with Mutual Irradiation as Applied to a Solar Receiver Steam Generator
N. Lemcoff, S. Wyatt
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Hartford, CT, USA
Alstom Power, Windsor, CT, USA
The objective of this paper is to analyze the temperature variations within a superheater tube of a solar receiver steam generator. The tube is heated by concentrated, collimated solar irradiation with major cooling by an internal steam flow. The influence of heat loss by radiation, internal convection, and conduction are considered. Analytical models are obtained for an isolated tube, and the ...
C. Wylock, S. Goffin, M. Aubinet, B. Longdoz, B. Haut
Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Transfers, Interfaces and Processes (TIPs), Brussels, Belgium
University of Liège-Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, Unit of Biosystem Physics, Gembloux, Belgium
INRA, Centre INRA de Nancy, UMR1137 Ecologie et Ecophysiologie Forestières, Champenoux, France
The assessment of forest soil respiration and its isotopic composition is one of the important issues for the carbon cycling modeling (greenhouse gas emission control) because it is often inaccurate. Soil respiration is a complex process, depending on the coupling of several phenomena, which is therefore highly sensitive to any disturbance. In this work, the dynamics of the transport of two ...
R.R. Thorat, H. Bruining
Petroleum Engineering, CiTG, TU Delft, Delft, The Netherlands
Recovery of oil by gas injection is usually inefficient due to the low viscosity of the gas, which results in bypassing of the oil. By adding surfactant solutions it is possible to get in-situ foam formation. Foam has a much higher “viscosity” and hence does not bypass the oil, leading to enhanced oil recovery. In this context, the foam propagation is studied experimentally and theoretically. ...
D. Baldissin and D. Lombardo
Compumat S.r.l., Torino, Italy
A two-dimensional mathematical model for the absorption and desorption of H2 in LaNi4.8Al0.2 was developed and experimentally validated. The model is composed of an energy balance, a mass balance and a momentum balance. These differential equations are numerically solved by means of the finite element method using the software COMSOL Multiphysics®. From a comparison between theoretical ...
Karkri, M.1, Jarny, Y.2, Mousseau, P.3, Poncet, E.1
1 CNRS UMR 6174 Institut FEMTO-ST - Département CREST, Belfort France
2 UMR CNRS 6607 Ecole Polytechnique de l’Université de Nantes, France
3 UMR CNRS 6144 IUT de Nantes, France
Extrusion is one of the important manufacturing methods in many industries. In order to obtain the desired product quality and characteristics, the knowledge of the thermal state of the die is very important. In the present study, a two-dimensional conjugate heat transfer model has been developed for non-Newtonian materials being processed in the extrusion die. The modeling equations for the ...
Varela, A.E., Suárez, M.
Universidad de Carabobo, Facultad de Ingeniería, Valencia, Venezuela
The thermoplastics injection-molding process of has become one of the most important polymer processing operations in the production of molded parts with geometric complexity and high precision. Modeling and computer simulation of this process is not an easy task. Commercial computer packages have been designed for the simulation of the injection molding process. These programs allow the ...
Y.-C. Chan1, F.-Y. Li1, and C.-T. Lin2
1Department of Chemistry, National Chung Hsing University, Taiwan
2Department of Applied Mathematics, Providence University, Taiwan
The purpose of this study is to design a chamber for exposing hamsters to nanoparticles and to therefore examine the toxicity of that particular kind of nanoparticles. This simulation was employed to study the fluid dynamic behavior of the nanoparticle inside the chamber to determine the optimal conditions for the location and flow speed of the inlet for nanoparticles and a carrier, inert ...
D. Wenger, W. Polifke, and E. Schmidt-Ihn
Wenger Engineering GmbH, Ulm, Germany
Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany
Daimler AG, Kirchheim/Teck, Germany
Metal hydrides are a widely-used method for storing and releasing hydrogen chemically under moderate conditions. This paper will present how highly dynamic metal hydride storage has been simulated and optimized using COMSOL Multiphysics. It will be shown how mass, energy and momentum balances were implemented and what boundary conditions were set to resolve various scenarios. The result of the ...
COMSOL Multiphysics for Efficient Solution of a Transient Reaction-Diffusion System with Fast Reaction
M.K. Gobbert, A. Churchill, G. Wang, and T.I. Seidman
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
A reaction between chemical species is modeled by a particular reaction pathway, in which one reaction is very fast relative to the other one. The diffusion controlled reactions of these species together with a reaction intermediate are described by a system of three transient reaction diffusion equations over a two-dimensional spatial domain. In the asymptotic limit of the reaction parameter ...
Q. Zhang, Y. Liu, and S. Chen
Wuhan University, College of Chemistry and Molecular Science, Wuhan, China
COMSOL Multiphysics is a very helpful simulation software in our researches on both PEMFC and nanometer-sized electrodes. In the first part of our presentation, the influence of humidity and temperature to the performance of PEMFC are studied by simulating the MEA (membrane electrode assembly) in PEMFC. In the second part, models of different nanometer-sized electrodes, including spherical ...