Benchmarking as Key Element of Confidence Building in Safety Assessments for Radioactive Waste Disposal
SCK-CEN (the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre), Mol, Belgium
Verification of the codes applied for assessment of the long-term repository safety is typically one of the quality assurance requirements demanded by regulatory bodies, in the disposal of radioactive waste. In this paper, an internationally organized benchmark exercise is presented, in which the comparison was carried out for a selection of key radionuclides. The examples presented in this paper ...
University of Applied Sciences
The performance of biofilters relies on the presence of a sufficient amount of water in the biofilter material. And breakdown of filtration performance is often caused by inappropriate water content. The present study focuses on the drying dynamics within such filter, which are modelled as wetted porous media. Analyzing gas flow and water content we find that such systems exhibit instable ...
Two Dimensional Model of a Catalytic Plate Reactor for Methane Steam Reforming Using Different Kinetic Mechanisms
M.A. Mundhwa, C.P. Thurgood, and B.A. Peppley
Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston, ON, Canada
Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada
Coupling of an endothermic reaction and an exothermic reaction using catalytic plate reactor (CPR) is a well known concept for industrial processes such as steam reforming, dehydrogenation and hydrocarbon cracking. In the CPR, the exothermic reaction (e.g., combustion of methane) can provide the necessary heat to drive the endothermic reaction (e.g., steam reforming of methane). The present work ...
K. Song, and H. Knickle
University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, USA
As a promising candidate for future electricity providing, solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) exhibit high efficiency, quiet operation and near zero emissions. In this work, two 2-dimension models of SOFC are constructed in COMSOL. Model 1 includes porous anode and cathode simulations with a thin electrolyte. The fuel cell is operated isothermally under fixed output voltages of 0.4, 0.6 and 0.8. The ...
H.M. Bernardes, M. Mancio, and P.J.M. Monteiro
São Paulo State University, Ilha Solteira, SP, Brazil
University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
In this work, a tridimensional model of the electrochemical reactions taking place on the alloy/solution interface has been developed in the COMSOL Multiphysics environment. The model accounts for solution chemistry, cell potential, and solves the related mass, momentum and energy balances. The simulation is based mainly on the experimental results obtained by Mancio et al, which have employed ...
C. Anandharamakrishnan, A. Choudhary, and R. Gopirajah 
Human Resource Development,CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore, India
Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal, Karnataka, India
Dehydration is one of the methods that would extend the shelf life of mushrooms. Dried mushrooms can be used in many different types of products. Furthermore, elevated temperatures during drying enhance enzymatic reactions that can result in improved flavor of dehydrated mushrooms. This study aims to model the dehydration of mushroom using finite element modeling (FEM) taking into account of ...