Model ID: 10029
The contact angle of a two-fluid interface with a solid surface is determined by the balance of the forces at the contact point. In electrowetting the balance of forces at the contact point is modified by the application of a voltage between a conducting fluid and the solid surface.
In many applications the solid surface consists of a thin dielectric deposited onto a conducting layer; this is often referred to as Electrowetting on Dielectric (EWOD). Electrowetting can be used to modify the contact angle dynamically by changing the voltage applied to the conducting liquid. In this example, the meniscus between two immiscible liquids is used as an optical lens. A change in curvature of the meniscus caused by the electrowetting effect is used to change the focal length of the lens over a large range. This model is based on the work of the Philips FluidFocus team.
This model uses the Laminar Two-Phase Flow, Moving Mesh interface and a time dependent study.
|This surface plot shows the fluid velocity magnitude (color) and direction (arrows) for a lens 2 ms after the voltage is switched from 100 V to 120 V. The viscosity of the insulating fluid is 10 mPa·s.|