Finding an Accurate Model to Study Blood Flow Around a Stent

Caty Fairclough April 18, 2017

To treat cerebral aneurysms, doctors can use endovascular methods, like flow-diverting stents, that alter blood flow and reduce the risk of rupture. When studying these methods, researchers normally assume that the blood flowing around the stent is a Newtonian fluid. This might be inaccurate, since blood flow around stents is slower than normal. Using the COMSOL Multiphysics® software, researchers tested the accuracy of modeling blood flow as a Newtonian fluid by comparing it to a more realistic non-Newtonian model.

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Caty Fairclough April 5, 2017

When looking to mitigate air pollution, a major health concern in many highly populated cities, one option is to use plants and greenery. Before this method can be used, it’s important to confirm that this technique is a functional strategy for improving air quality and determine the best way of implementing it. To accomplish this, researchers created a model in the COMSOL Multiphysics® software to see how different types of greenery affect pollution reduction in urban canyons.

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Caty Fairclough April 3, 2017

People living near waterways can avoid the damaging effects of flooding by building embankments, which can be made safer using bank protection structures. However, factors such as soil pressure, water level fluctuation, and groundwater seepage can cause bank protection structures to deform and eventually collapse. To better understand this issue, researchers modeled a bank protection structure located within the Yangtze River in China, enabling them to predict the structure’s displacement and deformation.

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Caty Fairclough March 23, 2017

For those designing process equipment with conventional centrifugal pumps, rotating conical (or cone) micropumps may provide a simpler alternative. However, the performance of rotating cone micropumps needs further analysis, which can be difficult to achieve with only trial-and-error empirical studies. To solve this issue, researchers used the COMSOL Multiphysics® software to develop a realistic model for analyzing the fluid dynamics and performance of a rotating cone micropump. Here, we discuss their research and results.

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Bridget Cunningham March 22, 2017

The viscous catenary problem has generated a lot of theoretical and experimental interest in recent years. This is due to the industrial importance of the rich phenomena that occur within it. Using the flexibility of the COMSOL Multiphysics® software, we can gain fundamental insights into complex problems like the viscous catenary problem and determine the validity of the assumptions made in previous analyses.

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Caty Fairclough February 23, 2017

Maintaining cool temperatures in buildings is necessary to keep people comfortable, particularly for those living in hot climates. For houses that aren’t optimized for thermal performance, cooling requires large amounts of energy and money. To reduce these costs, researchers from the University of Ferrara, Italy looked to improve roofs as part of the Life HEROTILE project. To accomplish this, they modeled novel roof tiles that are designed to increase air permeability and lower cooling costs.

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Peter Lyu February 13, 2017

Simulating fluid flow underground or in other porous media is common in a number of engineering fields, such as agricultural, chemical, civil, and nuclear engineering. To help engineers and scientists simulate different types of porous media flow, the COMSOL Multiphysics® software provides a comprehensive set of physics interfaces. Today, we will go over the various interfaces that you can use and discuss how to choose the best one for your application.

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Bridget Paulus February 6, 2017

If bubbles in a microfluidic device become stuck, it can cause the device to malfunction. Bubble entrapment depends on several factors, including the geometry and flow characteristics of the microchannel, as well as the surface properties of its walls. To study these aspects, Veryst Engineering modeled a bubble in a microchannel using the COMSOL Multiphysics® software. Today, we look at their results, which shed light on the device geometries and contact angles that lead to bubble entrapment.

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Ed Fontes February 2, 2017

Fat-washing cocktails has become popular in the last decade. This technique has made it possible for bartenders to create drinks such as the Benton’s Old-Fashioned, a bacon-infused bourbon cocktail, and a milder pecan-butter-infused bourbon. In this blog post, we discuss this innovative cocktail technique and how it can be transferred to an industrial scale. In fact, many chemical processes in a variety of industries already use similar methods.

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Caty Fairclough January 31, 2017

An expansion fan occurs when a supersonic flow turns around a convex corner. When analyzing this phenomenon, you need to make sure your simulation results are accurate and agree well with existing theory. Here, we will show you that this is possible with the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and CFD Module. We discuss a benchmark model of a supersonic expansion fan and compare it to the inviscid compressible flow theory. We’ll also share a couple of tricks for improving this model.

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Caty Fairclough January 19, 2017

For those looking to solve complex transport process problems involving photonics and microfluidics, it can be challenging to account for all of the elements involved, including multiple physics phenomena. However, this is necessary for accurate results. By using multiphysics simulation, Carl Meinhart from the University of California, Santa Barbara and Numerical Design, Inc. accurately modeled transport processes in two application areas: high-frequency acoustics and microfluidic valves. Watch his keynote talk from the COMSOL Conference 2016 Boston to get the details.

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