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Fluid Blog Posts

Modeling a Coil Heat Exchanger

August 21, 2014

Coil heat exchangers are simple and easy to manufacture. Here, we consider an axially wound coil of copper carrying hot water that heats air inside of a circular duct. Since the geometry is almost invariant about the centerline, the model is solved in the 2D axisymmetric plane. Additional expressions are added to compute the temperature drop between turns of the coil, which greatly simplifies the modeling.

How to Obtain Oil Cost-Effectively with Multilateral Wells

August 18, 2014

Safe and cost-effective drilling is a major issue in the oil and gas industry. In addition to the common prospecting risk, the borehole itself provides uncertainties that are not desired, but unavoidable. Today, we would like to show how numerical simulations can help here. The goal is to predict the stability of an open-hole multilateral well for deciding if the well will need expensive mechanical stabilization — or not.

Phase Change: Cooling and Solidification of Metal

August 12, 2014

Modeling phase change is important for many thermal processes, ranging from the food industry to the metal processing industry. The Heat Transfer Module offers a dedicated interface for modeling the characteristics of phase change. It uses the apparent heat capacity method, which we introduce here.

Optimizing the Continuous Casting Process with Simulation

July 31, 2014

The Swiss steel company SMS Concast has been leveraging multiphysics simulation to optimize the steelmaking process of continuous casting. Through research conducted using COMSOL Multiphysics, the R&D team at SMS Concast was able to implement a new technique that allowed a steelmaking plant in Taiwan to reduce yearly CO2 emissions by about 40,000 tons.

Understanding Traffic Congestion via Equation-Based Modeling

July 30, 2014

We have all experienced the boredom and frustration of being stuck in a traffic jam. Very often, traffic congestion comes and goes for no obvious reason. Employing the analogy to gas dynamics, we can now simulate traffic flow using the equation-based modeling capabilities of COMSOL Multiphysics and gain a better understanding of why congestion happens.

Designing Fully Superconducting Rotating Machines

July 29, 2014

Imagine a mode of air travel that is both fuel efficient and environmentally friendly. The mechanical modeling of torque transfer components in fully superconducting rotating machines have helped researchers draw new conclusions on how to optimize aircraft design and potentially achieve electric propulsion. A research team investigated the stress and heat distribution in these machines and presented their results at the COMSOL Conference 2013 in Boston.

The Physics Behind Baseball Pitches

July 17, 2014

Professional baseball pitchers are able to make a baseball move left, right, down, and even up (sort of) to get it by the opposing batter. The physics behind this can be explained by the Magnus effect.

Acoustic Levitation Puts a Pure Spin on Medicine Fabrication

July 16, 2014

Engineers from Argonne National Laboratory used multiphysics simulation and trial-and-error prototyping to optimize the effectiveness of an acoustic levitator for medical fabrication.


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