R. Penjweini, M. M. Kim, T. C. Zhu
Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Introduction: Singlet oxygen (¹O₂) has a critical role in the cell-killing mechanism of photodynamic therapy (PDT). Therefore, in this study, the distance-dependent reacted ¹O₂ is numerically calculated using finite-element method (FEM). Herein, we use a model [Ref. 1] that has been previously developed to incorporate the diffusion equation for the light transport in tissue and the macroscopic ...
S. Seif, K. Cadien
Department of Chemical & Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
One of the major challenges in designing µTEGs is to minimize power loss due to internal resistance (r) of Thermoelectric (TE) materials. To solve this problem we have performed simulation analysis and calculated the internal resistance of eight different TE materials. The internal resistances of these TE materials were then compared to the power generated across the copper electrode as seen in ...
Mathematics Department, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
We present an optimization procedure to optimize the maximum coupling of free space optical wave to surface plasmon. Shape derivative from shape sensitivity analysis is calculated, and the corresponding partial derivatives of the objective functional with respect to finite number of design variables are derived. An optimal design of the gratings to couple maximum amount of free space photon ...
I. Lancranjan and C. Gavrila
Advanced Study Centre, National Institute for Aerospace Research “Elie Carafoli”, Bucharest, Romania
Technical University of Civil Engineering Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania
Laser anemometers based on application of Doppler Effect have been developed and are used in-flight, on aircrafts for measurement of air flow parameters, mainly its speed versus the airplane. The air speed measurements are vital for safe flights. The main basic idea of Doppler techniques consists in measuring the frequency of scattered light. In this paper, we propose a study of a laser Doppler ...
C. Grau Turuelo, C. Breitkopf
Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany
The void shape evolution of silicon is a process driven mainly by surface diffusion which leads to a geometrical transformation of trenches etched in silicon wafers due to surface energy minimization. The temperature, the ambient gas and the annealing time affect the velocity of the process. The use of custom PDEs in COMSOL Multiphysics® software and the Level-Set method provide a good base ...
O. D. D. Couto Jr. , A. C. T. Covacevice ,
 Instituto de Física Gleb Wataghin, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil
In this contribution, we simulate the optical response of piezoelectric planar optical microcavities (POMCs) under the modulation introduced by a propagating surface acoustic wave (SAW). The physical picture of the model is shown in Figure 1. A metallic interdigital transducer (IDT) is placed on the sample surface and, via inverse piezoelectric effect, is responsible for the generation of SAWs ...
G.G. Gentili, S. Pietralunga, M. Bolzoni
Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Elettronica e Informazione, Milano, Italy
INFN-CNR, Istituto di Fotonica e Nanotecnologie, Milano, Italy
Grating-assisted optical coupling into long-range modes of strip plasmonic waveguides is analyzed by a 3D numerical simulation with COMSOL Multiphysics. We used the RF Module and its scattering formulation. A comparison with results obtained using the common 2D approximated analysis is shown for the case of 1D grating coupler and input Gaussian beam. Excited diffracted modal field distribution ...
A Study of Distributed Feed-Back Fiber Laser Sensor for Aeronautical Applications Using COMSOL Multiphysics
I. Lancranjan, C. Gavrila, S. Miclos, and D. Savastru
Advanced Study Centre - National Institute for Aerospace Research Elie Carafoli, Bucharest, Romania
Technical University of Civil Engineering Bucharest, Romania
National Institute R&D of Optoelectronics, INOE 2000, Bucharest, Romania
Distributed Feedback Fiber Laser (DFB-FL) sensors are increasingly used in aeronautical applications. One of the newest such applications consists in detecting the “transition” zone between laminar and turbulent air flow upon the extrados surface of an aircraft wing. In this specific application DFB-FL are operated as air pressure sensors monitoring amplitude variations of ~1 Pa (laminar flow) ...
M. Goncalves, T. Makaryan, G. Papageorgiou, U. Herr, and O. Marti
Ulm University - Inst. of Experimental Physics, Ulm, Germany
Yerevan State University, Yerevan, Armenia
Ulm University - Institute of Micro and Nanomaterials, Ulm, Germany
Surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) investigations of silver and gold triangular nanoparticles reveal strong field enhancements at the corners of the particles. Though the measurements were done at wavelengths far from the surface-plasmon resonance of the particles, large field enhancements can be generated by near-field coupling between the triangular particles and smaller metal ...
P. Ding （丁佩） ,
 Department of Mathematics and Physics, Zhengzhou Institute of Aeronautical Industry Management, Zhengzhou, Henan, China
Plasmonic metallic nanostructures have been demonstrated an effective way to enhance the light emission efficiency in LEDs. Here, we propose a design of white LEDs that combining dielectric silicon nanopillar array in the color-converting layer. By investigating theoretically the guided mode caused by the nanopillar array-waveguide system, we demonstrate that the silicon nanopillar arrays enable ...