吴强 , 潘崇佩 , 张琦 ,
“极化激元”是固体物理学中的重要概念，泛指各种极性元激发与光子的耦合。其中，声子极化激元是指晶格振动的声子与电磁场中的光子相互耦合的一种极化激元波。使用飞秒光在铁电晶体铌酸锂中通过光学非线性效应可产生声子极化激元，其频率位于太赫兹波段，在晶格的振动弛豫、太赫兹光谱、与介观微结构作用等领域已有广泛应用。 声子极化激元涉及电磁场和晶格场的耦合问题，其形式满足黄昆方程。我们使用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 的多物理场（偏微分方程组以及射频模块）模拟了块状铌酸锂晶体中产生声子极化激元波的产生和传输。 铌酸锂晶体作为太赫兹应用的集成化平台，可通过在平板波导上引入微结构实现对太赫兹波的调控。诸多手段中，太赫兹天线作为电磁场的传播场与局域场转换的关键部件，对太赫兹通信和太赫兹光谱等领域都有不可替代的作用。基于这一点，我们设计了一种尖端相对的棒状天线结构，使用 COMSOL ...
R. Millett, A. Benhsaien, K. Hinzer, T. Hall, and H. Schriemer
Centre for Research in Photonics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada
Distributed feedback lasers improve the performance of standard Fabry-Perot laser designs by including a wavelength-selective grating that provides superior output, spectral purity and temperature stability. Laterally-coupled distributed feedback (LC-DFB) lasers with the use of higher order gratings have a grating that has been patterned out of the waveguide ridge which allows for simplified ...
I. Lancranjan and C. Gavrila
Advanced Study Centre, National Institute for Aerospace Research “Elie Carafoli”, Bucharest, Romania
Technical University of Civil Engineering Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania
Laser anemometers based on application of Doppler Effect have been developed and are used in-flight, on aircrafts for measurement of air flow parameters, mainly its speed versus the airplane. The air speed measurements are vital for safe flights. The main basic idea of Doppler techniques consists in measuring the frequency of scattered light. In this paper, we propose a study of a laser Doppler ...
Mathematics Department, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
We present an optimization procedure to optimize the maximum coupling of free space optical wave to surface plasmon. Shape derivative from shape sensitivity analysis is calculated, and the corresponding partial derivatives of the objective functional with respect to finite number of design variables are derived. An optimal design of the gratings to couple maximum amount of free space photon ...
S. Ni, C. Yang Koh, S. Kooi, and E. Thomas
Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies
Dept. of Materials Science and Eng.
Recently, the concepts of fractal geometry have been introduced into electromagnetic and plasmonic metamaterials. With their self-similarity, structures based on fractal geometry should exhibit multi-band character with high Q factors due to the scaling law. However, there exist few studies of phononic metamaterials having fractal geometry. COMSOL is used to investigate vector elastic and ...
Development towards Non-invasive Breast Cancer Imaging using Novel Estrogen Conjugates Fluorescent Dye
Francis .K. J., I. Jose
Christ University,Bangalore, Karnataka,India
Determination of Estrogen Receptor [ER] status is a key in detecting cancer pathogenesis at early stage. In our work we discuss Near Infrared Fluorescence [NIRf] Molecule Optical Imaging Diagnostic modality for early detection of breast cancer. A novel target-specific NIRf dye conjugate aimed at measuring Estrogen Receptor[ER] status was synthesized by ester formation between 17-? estradiol and ...
S. Musa, M. Sadiku, and A. Emam
Roy G. Perry College of Engineering, Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, TX
Information Systems Department, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
The silicon substrate has a significant effect on the inductance parameter of a lossy interconnect line on an integrated circuit. It is essential to take this into account in determining the transmission line electrical parameters. In this paper, a new quasi-TEM capacitance and inductance analysis of multiconductor multilayer interconnects is successfully demonstrated using the finite element ...
C. Grau Turuelo, B. Bergmann, C. Breitkopf, F. Hoffmann, L. Brencher
Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Saxony, Germany
Infineon Technologies GmbH, Dresden, Dresden, Saxony, Germany
A novel technique for semiconductor manufacturing is introduced: Silicon-On-Nothing. This process consists of an initial cylindrical trench which has a shape evolution under certain conditions: high temperature (1100 °C), low pressure (10 Torr) and a non-oxidizing atmosphere such as hydrogen. These conditions enable a, mainly, surface diffusion phenomenon whose final result is an empty space ...
L. Mahler, A. Tredicucci, and F. Beltram
NEST-INFM and Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa, Italy
We describe the modeling of microdisk lasers displaying vertical emission. The devices are THz quantum cascade lasers with metallic gratings fabricated along the circumference. The emission properties of the fabricated devices are well explained by the model, good mode control is obtained, and the collected power from a patterned device is increased 50 times with respect to unpatterned ...
A. Martín Ortega , Y. Dabin , T. Minea , A. Lacoste 
 ESRF, Grenoble, France
 LPGP, Université Paris-Sud XI, Orsay, France
 LPSC, Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France
The high power of X-ray beam delivered by synchrotrons and free electron lasers, up to 240 W/mm2, requires heat load management solutions to obtain the best performance from the optical elements which will shape the beam for its use in the experimental stations . One solution is the use of gas attenuators: a tube filled with an inert gas, usually Argon or Krypton, is placed between X-ray ...