Model Gallery

The Model Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics model files from a wide variety of application areas including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. You can download ready-to-use models and step-by-step instructions for building the model, and use these as a starting point for your own modeling work. Use the Quick Search to find models relevant to your area of expertise, and login or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license to download the model files.

Monolithic Reactor

This model simulates the catalytic abatement of a volatile organic compound (VOC), in this case a contaminant in a waste gas. An analytical expression describes the velocity profile in the free channel, while reaction occurs in the washcoat that makes up the tubular shape of the free channel. For simple geometries, the reactor can be described by a 2D model using time as the axial direction ...

Stefan Tube

This example shows 1D steady-state multicomponent gas diffusion. The diffusion of three gases in a Stefan tube is modeled in 1D. The steady-state mass fraction profiles are calculated. It exemplfies in a simple way manipulation of multi-species diffusion. It also shows how this can influence convective movement. The model is compared to an article with experimental results.

Estimating Thermal Dispersion in a Packed Bed

Thermal dispersion in a porous medium results from the combined effects of heat conduction in the fluid and solid phases, and from convective transport in the fluid. In chemical process engineering, the modeling of thermal dispersion is of central importance as the temperature distribution in a catalyst bed controls not only chemical conversion but also the catalyst life-time. In this model ...

Electroosmotic Flow in Porous Media

This example treats the modeling of electroosmotic flow in porous media. The system consists of a compartment of sintered porous material and two electrodes that generate an electric field. The cell combines pressure and electroosmotic driven flow. The equations that are solved are the continuity equations for flow velocity and current density together with a mass balance using the ...

Startup of a CSTR

The hydrolysis of propylene oxide into propylene glycol is an important chemical process with 400,000 metric tons produced worldwide each year. Propylene glycol finds wide application as a moisturizer in foods, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics. In this example, the startup phase of a continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR) used to produce propylene glycol is investigated. The non-isothermal ...

Variations in Density in Porous Media Flow

This example studies the steady flow of an ideal gas in porous media, where variations in gas density are taken into account through Equation-based Modeling. Darcy’s law describes the velocity vector in the porous structure and the conservation of mass is accounted for by the ideal gas law. The studied system is a packed bed reactor of the type used for example in small scale reforming ...

Liquid Chromatography

In the simplest terms, High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) is a separation technology - a process used to separate different chemical species that are in a mixture. And while HPLC is one of many separation technologies available, it is the most prevalent because of its versatility. These systems are most commonly used in the pharmaceutical and biotech industries, in functions as ...

Laminar Static Mixer

In static mixers, also called motionless or in-line mixers, a fluid is pumped through a pipe containing stationary blades. This mixing technique is particularly well suited for laminar flow mixing because it generates only small pressure losses in this flow regime. This example studies the flow in a twisted-blade static mixer. It evaluates the mixing performance by calculating the ...

Maxwell-Stefan Diffusion in a Fuel Cell Unit Cell

In concentrated gases and liquids, where the concentrations of species are of the same order of magnitude, there is no obvious solvent-solute relationship. Fick’s law for diffusion accounts only for one-way solute-solvent interactions whereas the Maxwell-Stefan equations account for all interactions of species in a solution. In a system with three components, three pair-wise interactions are ...

Fixed Bed Reactor for Catalytic Hydrocarbon Oxidation

Tubular reactors are generally modelled with the assumption that the concentration and temperature gradients only occur in the axial direction. The only transport mechanism operating in this direction is the overall flow itself, which is considered to be of plug-flow. In this example a more general approach is taken, an approach that accounts for variations of the concentrations and ...

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