# Application Gallery

The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. You can download ready-to-use tutorial models and demo apps with step-by-step instructions for how to create them yourself. The examples in the gallery serve as a great starting point for your own simulation work.

Use the Quick Search to find tutorials and apps relevant to your area of expertise. Log in or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license to download the MPH-files.

### Heat Sink

This model is intended as a first introduction to simulations of fluid flow and conjugate heat transfer. It shows you how to: Draw an air box around a device in order to model convective cooling in this box, set a total heat flux on a boundary using automatic area computation, and display results in an efficient way using selections in data sets.

### Parameterized Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchanger Geometry

Shell-and-tube heat exchangers are commonly used in oil refineries and other large chemical processes. In this model, two separated fluids at different temperatures flow through the heat exchanger, one through the tubes (tube side) and the other through the shell around the tubes (shell side). Several design parameters and operating conditions influence the optimal performance of a shell and ...

### Free Convection in a Water Glass

This model treats the free convection and heat transfer of a glass of cold water heated to room temperature. Initially, the glass and the water are at 5 °C and are then put on a table in a room at 25 °C. The nonisothermal flow is coupled to heat transfer using the Heat Transfer module.

### Evaporative Cooling of Water

This tutorial shows how to couple three physics interfaces to model evaporative cooling. The effects need to be taken into account are heat transfer, transport of water vapor and fluid flow. User-defined expressions are used to implement the source term for the water vapor and evaporative heat source, as well as the moist air feature to accurately describe the material properties.

### Free Convection in a Light Bulb

This model treats the free convection of argon gas within a light bulb. It shows the coupling of heat transport (conduction, radiation and convection) to momentum transport (non-isothermal flow) induced by density variations caused by temperature. COMSOL Multiphysics model makes it possible to determine the temperature distribution on the outer surface of the bulb, as well as the temperature ...

### Phase Change

This example demonstrates how to model a phase change and predict its impact on a heat transfer analysis. When a material changes phase, for instance from solid to liquid, energy is added to the solid. Instead of creating a temperature rise, the energy alters the material’s molecular structure. Equations for the latent heat of phase changes appear in many texts but their implementation is ...

### Heating Circuit

Small heating circuits find use in many applications. For example, in manufacturing processes they heat up reactive fluids. The device used consists of an electrically resistive layer deposited on a glass plate. The layer causes Joule heating when a voltage is applied to the circuit. The layer’s properties determine the amount of heat produced. This multiphysics example simulates the ...

### Natural Convection Cooling of a Vacuum Flask

The following example solves a pure conduction and a free-convection problem in which a vacuum flask holding hot coffee dissipates thermal energy. The main interest is to calculate the flasks cooling power; that is, how much heat it loses per unit time. This example treats the natural convection cooling using two approaches: • Using heat transfer coefficients to describe the thermal ...

### Convection Cooling of Circuit Boards - 3D Natural Convection

The suite of models examine the air cooling of circuit boards populated with multiple integrated circuits (ICs), which act as heat sources. Two possible cooling scenarios are depicted: vertically aligned boards using natural convection, and horizontal boards with forced convection (fan cooling). In this case, contributions caused by the induced (forced) flow of air dominate the cooling. To ...

### Cooling and Solidification of Metal

This example is a model of a continuous casting process. Liquid metal is poured into a mold of uniform cross section. The outside of the mold is cooled and the metal solidifies as it flows through. When the metal leaves the mold, it is completely solidified on the outside, but still liquid inside. The metal will continue to cool and eventually solidify completely, at which point it can be cut ...

1 - 829 of 829 First | < Previous | Next > | Last