Model Gallery

The Model Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics model files from a wide variety of application areas including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. You can download ready-to-use models and step-by-step instructions for building the model, and use these as a starting point for your own modeling work. Use the Quick Search to find models relevant to your area of expertise, and login or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license to download the model files.

Wilkinson Power Divider

Some conventional three-port power dividers are resistive power dividers and T-junction power dividers. Such dividers are either lossy or not matched to the system reference impedance at all ports. In addition, isolation between two coupled ports is not guaranteed. The Wilkinson power divider outperforms the lossless T-junction divider and the resistive divider and does not have the issues ...

Substrate Integrated Waveguide

A waveguide-type structure can be fabricated on a substrate by adding vias between the microstrip line and the ground plane. Such a device will behave as a high-pass filter and is attractive because it is easy to fabricate. A model is set up that shows the S-parameters as a function of frequency. A sharp cutoff is shown at the expected frequency.

Vivaldi, Tapered Slot Antenna (TSA)

A tapered slot antenna, also known as a Vivaldi antenna, is useful for wide band applications. Here, an exponential function is used for the taper profile. The objective of this model is to compute the far-field pattern and to compute the impedance of the structure. Good matching is observed over a wide frequency band.

Dielectric Slab Waveguide

A planar dielectric slab waveguide demonstrates the principles behind any kind of dielectric waveguide such as a ridge waveguide or a step index fiber. This model solves for the effective index of a dielectric slab waveguide, as well as the fields, and compares to analytic results.

Branch Line Coupler

A Branch Line Coupler (Quadrature 90° Hybrid) is a four-port network device with a 90° phase difference between two coupled ports. The device can be used for a single antenna Transmitter/Receiver system or an I/Q signal splitter/combiner. The objective of this model is to compute the S-parameters and to observe the matching, isolation, and coupling around the operating frequency.

Three-Port Ferrite Circulator

A microwave circulator is a multiport device in which a wave incident on Port 1 is coupled only into Port 2; a wave incident on Port 2 is coupled only into Port 3; and so on. Circulators are used to isolate microwave components, for example, to couple a transmitter and a receiver to a common antenna. They typically rely on anisotropic materials, most commonly ferrites. This model simulates the ...

Electromagnetic and Structural Analysis of a Microwave Filter on a PCB

Microstrip filters can be fabricated directly on a printed circuit board (PCB) with a microstrip line going from the input to the output. Along the microstrip line there are a number of stubs of certain lengths and widths. The design of the filter involves choosing the impedance of the microstrip line, the impedance of the stub microstrips, and the length of the stubs. This particular filter ...

Transient Modeling of a Coaxial Cable

Simulation of Maxwell’s equations in the time domain is useful if the objective of the analysis is to observe a transient phenomenon, to find the time it takes a signal to propagate, or if the materials being modeled are non-linear with respect to the electric or magnetic field strength. This model simulates a pulse propagating down a coaxial transmission line and observes the time it takes for ...


A Gaussian electromagnetic wave is incident on a dense array of very thin wires (or rods). The distance between the rods and, thus, also the rod diameter is much smaller than the wavelength. Under these circumstances, the rod array does not function as a diffraction grating (see the Plasmonic Wire Grating model). Instead, the rod array behaves as if it was a continuous metal sheet for light ...

Optimizing a Bowtie Antenna

A bowtie antenna patterned on a dielectric substrate is optimized by changing the length of the arms and the flare angle to reduce the magnitude of S11, the reflection coefficient. The two geometric dimensions that are used as design variables directly control the size and shape of the antenna, and also affect the dimensions of the dielectric substrate. The gradient-free Nelder-Mead optimization ...

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