Numerical Simulation of Warm-Air Drying of Mexican Softwood (Pinus Pseudostrobus)

S. Sandoval Torres[1], E. Hernández-Bautista[1], J. Rodríguez-Ramírez[1], A. Carrillo Parra[2]
[1]Instituto Politécnico Nacional, CIIDIR, Oaxaca, Mexico
[2]Facultad de Ciencias Forestales, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Linares, N.L. México

In this work, the numerical simulation of Mexican softwood (Pinus pesudostrobus) drying is presented by solving a physics-based model. The model was developed by considering the heat and mass transport and the representative elementary volume, which involves the solid, liquid and gas phases. We solved a system of partial differential equations by numerical factorization in COMSOL Multiphysics 3.4. Three primary variables were solved: the moisture content, the temperature, and the dry-air density. The warm-air drying of Mexican softwood was simulated on a one-dimensional basis. The liquid water, water vapor pressure, dry-air density and moisture evolution at different depth of wood thickness display a good reliability of our numerical simulation.