University of California Santa Barbara
Santa Barbara, USA
This presentation shows a number of models of electrokinetic behaviour, each differentiated by a specific assumption. The purpose is to show how such assumptions can lead to varying results in elektrokinetic simulations. --------------------------------- Keynote speaker's biography: Professor Meinhart completed his Ph.D and Postdoctoral work at the University of Illinois in June of 1995. At ...
University Paris 13 - Math. dpt.
This note is devoted to a domain decomposition method solving the Helmholtz equation in the frequency domain. We need to perform this global computation as a sequence of local computations, each computation being performed on a single subdomain, without any knowledge of the geometry and meshing of the other subdomains. This is useful when the global geometry is too big to be stored in a single ...
DiCarlo, A.1, Naili, S.2, Quiligotti, S., Teresi, L.1
1 Università "Roma Tre"
2 Université Paris XII–Val-de-Marne
Growth (change of relaxed lengths) and remodeling (change of mechanical properties) are both involved in the morphogenesis of biological tissues. To model them is of paramount import for progressing both in scientific understanding and health technologies. We model bone tissue as a microstructured continuum, whose mechanical properties at the macroscopic scale are described by a linear, ...
Taborda, R.1, Ornelas Marques, F.1, Bose, S.2
1 Dep. Geologia and LATTEX, Fac. Ciências, Univ. Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal
2 GEOMODELS and CGUL, Fac. Ciências, Univ. Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal
Theoretical and experimental studies on the rotation of rigid inclusions under simple shear flow have typically considered infinite width shear zones and perfect attachment of inclusion to the matrix. According to these models, during progressive simple shear a coherent object would continuously rotate synthetically, which is not the case in many natural ductile shear zones. In this work we ...
Ecole Nationale Superieure de Techniques Avancées, PARIS
Argon plasma behavior in gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) is directly linked to the weld quality. Indeed, the arc is the heat source which drives the weld shape. Solution of an induction-diffusion equation under axial symmetry conditions has been developped using thermal conduction and convection module of FEMLAB 3.1©. We predict current distribution in electric arc, induced magnetic field ...
Battaglia, J.L., Rozot, J.M.
The fatigue is the most important criterion for the securities parts (brake system for example). The increasing use of shaped cast aluminium in the security automotive parts has focused interest on the fatigue of theses alloys. The specific foundry software use empirical laws that do not fit with the reality, above all concerning the aluminium alloys. We proposed a new physical parsimonious ...
Mads Clausen Institute, University of Southern Denmark
As an important part of the smart/intelligent structures, the composite plate with piezoelectric-ceramics (PZT) patches embedded has numerous values in many engineering applications, such as: aerospace, automotive, civil and mechanical engineering. A composite thin plate excited by PZT actuators is considered in this work. To describe the dynamic response of the quadrate plate clamped at its ...
Narovlyansky, M.1, Squires, T.M.2, Whitesides, G.M.1
1 Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, U.S.A.
2 Departments of Physics and Applied Mathematics, Caltech, Pasadena, CA
In electrokinetic separations, the narrower and more homogeneous the initial sample plug, the higher the ultimate resolution of the separation. Here we describe a general and versatile method to sculpt low-dispersion, high-fidelity sample zones in microfluidic devices for high resolution electrokinetic separations. In a simple channel intersections microfabricated partitions act to reduce each ...
Glière, A., Gros d’Aillon, E., da Silva, A.
LETI – CEA Direction de la Recherche Technologique, PA
Numerical simulation, especially by the Finite Element Method, is widespread in research and development laboratories. Three examples of the use of FEMLAB, in fields as diverse as gamma-ray detection by room-temperature semiconductors, fluorescence-enhanced Diffuse Optical Tomography and microfluidic valve for Lab-on-a-Chip, are presented in this paper.
McKenna, J.R.1, Blackwell, D.D.2
1 U.S. Army Engineer Research & Development Center, Geotechnical & Structures Laboratory, Vicksburg, Mississippi
2 Department of Geological Sciences, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas
Thermal anomalies indicating elevated temperatures often are present in producing hydrocarbon fields. This paper discusses precision temperature logs obtained over a salt dome in the Bayou Bleu hydrocarbon field in southwest Lousiana, and presents a 3-D thermal-fluid model of the dome constrained by these types of logs. The numerical model in which both an enhanced thermal conductivity ...