DiCarlo, A.1, Naili, S.2, Quiligotti, S., Teresi, L.1
1 Università "Roma Tre"
2 Université Paris XII–Val-de-Marne
Growth (change of relaxed lengths) and remodeling (change of mechanical properties) are both involved in the morphogenesis of biological tissues. To model them is of paramount import for progressing both in scientific understanding and health technologies. We model bone tissue as a microstructured continuum, whose mechanical properties at the macroscopic scale are described by a linear, ...
Malki, B., Baroux, B.
LTPCM/INPG Grenoble, France
Modelling of pit chemistry in applied polarization mode is carried out using finite element method techniques (FEM). The results lead to the formulation of critical conditions for pit stabilization in terms of pit geometry and applied potential. More detailed computing is performed to compare the stability behaviour of both ferritic AISI 430 and austenitic AISI 304 stainless steels. The ...
Effects of plasma rotation and magnetic fields on convection flows in the horizontal burning high intensity discharge lamps
OSRAM SYLVANIA, Beverly, MA, USA
Convection is critical in shaping the plasma temperature profiles, species segregation, arctube temperature distributions, plasma stability and a whole range of phenomena of importance to the high intensity discharge (HID) lamp performance and maintenance. A 2D local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE) arc plasma model is developed using FEMLAB. The model can be described by the energy balance ...
University of California Santa Barbara
Santa Barbara, USA
This presentation shows a number of models of electrokinetic behaviour, each differentiated by a specific assumption. The purpose is to show how such assumptions can lead to varying results in elektrokinetic simulations. --------------------------------- Keynote speaker's biography: Professor Meinhart completed his Ph.D and Postdoctoral work at the University of Illinois in June of 1995. At ...
A Computational Investigation of Flow - Mechanical Energy Loss: Relevance to the Total Cavopulmonary Connection
Wiesman, J.P.1, Hamlington, K.L.1, Gaver, D.P.1, Ross-Ascuitto, N.T.2, Ascuitto, R.J.2
1 Tulane University, Department of Biomedical Engineering
2 Tulane University, Department of Pediatrics and Physics
The “Total Cavopulmonary Connection (TCPC)”, or Fontan operation, has become the surgical treatment of choice for children with functional single-ventricle heart disease. We assessed fluid energetics relevant to TCPCs using the computational fluid-dynamics package FEMLAB 3.1 (COMSOL, Inc., Burlington, MA) to describe non-pulsatile flow through a conduit, taken to represent an obstructed ...
Battaglia, J.L., Rozot, J.M.
The fatigue is the most important criterion for the securities parts (brake system for example). The increasing use of shaped cast aluminium in the security automotive parts has focused interest on the fatigue of theses alloys. The specific foundry software use empirical laws that do not fit with the reality, above all concerning the aluminium alloys. We proposed a new physical parsimonious ...
Mads Clausen Institute, University of Southern Denmark
As an important part of the smart/intelligent structures, the composite plate with piezoelectric-ceramics (PZT) patches embedded has numerous values in many engineering applications, such as: aerospace, automotive, civil and mechanical engineering. A composite thin plate excited by PZT actuators is considered in this work. To describe the dynamic response of the quadrate plate clamped at its ...
Butler, P.J.1, Ferko, M.C.2
1 Department of Bioengineering, Penn State University
2 Stryker Orthopedics Corporation
Biological cells are complex structures which are internally and externally regulated by mechanical forces and chemical signals. To better understand these complex interrelationships, bioengineers have developed numerous mathematical predictive models which characterize discrete biological functions of idealized cells. However, it is increasingly apparent that cell structure and function are ...
Modeling of Thermal Microbial Destruction of Dried Powder Related to Properties Evolution and Granulometry
Ferret, E., Fine, F., Gervais, P.
Laboratoire de Génie des Procédés Alimentaires et Biotechnologiques, Dijon, France
Yeast cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae were homogeneously incorporated to dried wheat flour particles, and then thermally treated in a new HTST (High Temperature Short Time) process for powders decontamination developed by our laboratory. A thermal modeling of spherical particles during treatment was developed with FEMLAB, taking into account thermal properties of each component and their ...
Wang, X., Pepper, D.W.
University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Las Vegas, NV
The assurance of mass consistency in constructing 3-D atmospheric velocity fields is important when developing accurate numerical simulations. The implementation of a mass consistent wind field is typically undertaken using available meteorological data obtained from instrumented towers and remote sensors. In this study, two methods are presented and compared for constructing 3-D mass ...