Charles Stark Draper Laboratory
Micromechanical resonators are used in a wide variety of applications, including inertial sensing, chemical and biological sensing, acoustic sensing, and microwave transceivers. Despite the distinct design requirements for each of these applications, a ubiquitous resonator performance parameter emerges. This is the resonator’s Quality factor (Q), which describes the mechanical energy damping. ...
Forssén, C., Edin, H
Electrotechnical Design, KTH - Electrical Engineering
Partial discharges are localized electric discharges that do not bridge the electrodes. For high voltage components measurements of partial discharges are commonly used to diagnose the condition of the insulation system. Traditionally partial discharges are measured at a single frequency of the applied voltage. However the rather newly developed technique of Variable Frequency Phase Resolved ...
Carin, M.1, Favre, E.2
1 Laboratoire d’Etudes Thermiques Energétique et Environnement, Université de Bretagne Sud, Lorient, France
2 Comsol France, Grenoble, France
A 2D axisymmetric model of a melt pool created by an arc type heat source has been developed using FEMLAB. The model solves the coupled equations of laminar fluid flow and heat transfer to demonstrate the flow behaviour in the pool. The coupled effects of buoyancy and capillary forces are taken into account. The presence of the liquid – solid interface is modelled by two different ways: a ...
Bird, J., Bonneton, A., Brouat, V., Panfilova, I.
Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Géologie, Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine
Seawater intrusion is a significant practical problem for coastal regions, which requires human efforts directed to prevent the degradation of freshwater aquifers. In the present paper we examined the homogeneous confined aquifer in terms of a 2D model which represents a vertical cross-section perpendicular to the sea coast. Several numerical simulations were performed in order to determine the ...
Flores, N., Gamio, J.C., Ortiz-Alemán, C., Damián, E.
Instituto Mexicano del Petróleo, México, D.F., México
Multiphase flow characterization is an important task for monitoring, measuring or controlling industrial processes. This can be done by means of process tomography. One category of process tomography, is electrical capacitance tomography (ECT), where the cross section to be imaged is surrounded by a set of capacitance electrodes formed from simple metal plates. This paper presents the ...
Finite-element Analysis of Properties in Real and Idealized Photonic Crystal Fibres, Application to Supercontinuum Generation
Gérôme, F., Viale, P., Tombelaine, V., Leproux, P., Auguste, J.L., Février, S., Blondy, J.M., Couderc, V.
IRCOM, CNRS UMR 6615, Limoges, France
Using a full-vector finite-element method, we calculate modal properties in index-guiding photonic crystal fibres. The influence of the deformation of the geometry in actual fibre structures is evaluated and compared to the idealized-model. These results are applied to the supercontinuum generation. Moreover, development of MATLAB softwares for FEMLAB 3.1 are presented.
Kalavagunta, A.1, Neifeld, M.A.2
1 Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN
2 Univerisity of Arizona, Tucson, AZ
We are studying the ability of subresolution optical structures to store data. We begin our study with surface relief structures. Because we are probing features whose sizes are much smaller than the wavelength of the readout light, retrieval of data from these structures requires near-field detection. The dimensions of the glass fill-in and the grooves of the above mentioned structure was ...
Ziegler, C., Tranitz, M., Schumacher, J.O.
Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems, Freiburg, Germany
A mathematical model of planar self-breathing fuel cells is developed and validated. The geometry of the model is a two-dimensional symmetric element of a planar self-breathing fuel cell. The multicomponent transport of the species is considered as well as the couplings between the transport processes of heat, charge, and mass, and the electrochemical reactions. The cell model is validated ...
Bourouga, B.1, Le Meur, G.1, Garnier, B.1, Michaud, J.F.2, Mohammed-Brahim, T.2
1 Laboratoire de Thermocinétique de Nantes
2 IETR – Groupe de Microélectronique-Université Rennes I
Development of new handling microsystems needs integration of field effect thin film transistors made directly on various low temperature substrates, as glass for example, with other functions. Argon laser is used to melt completely and then to crystallize 400 nm thick amorphous silicon films. However, the implementation of this process generates cracking and destruction of the silicon thin film ...
Gamborg Andersen, G., Petrunin, V.V., Baurichter, A.
University of Southern Denmark, Physics Department, Odense, Denmark
We used FEMLAB (Finite Element Modelling LABoratory) for modelling heat propagation in 4 dimensions (time and the 3 spatial dimensions) after pulsed laser heating of non-isotropic materials during surface science experiments. As an example, the spatial and temporal evolution of a laser induced temperature jump in highly oriented pyrolytically grown graphite (HOPG) was calculated on a ns time ...