University of Applied Sciences Osnabrueck
With massive forming processes like rolling, extrusion and friction stir welding metal alloys are deformed in a hot solid state. Material flow under ideally plastic conditions can be modelled with computational fluid dynamics (CFD). This approach has advantages especially in case of large deformations. Material properties enter via a viscosity function, that can be related to the flow stress ...
Nool, M., Lahaye, D.
Centrum voor Wiskunde en Informatica (CWI), Amsterdam, The Netherlands
The eggshell method was introduced by F. Henrotte as a novel magnetic force computation method. It allows computation of the force by integrating the magnetic stress tensor over a shell surrounding the body of interest. We investigate the numerical properties of this method for current carrying wires, and permanent magnets immersed in two-dimensional stationary magnetic fields, discretized by ...
Dynamic adsorption with FEMLAB, modeling breakthrough curves of gaseous pollutants through activated carbon beds
Joly, A.1, Volpert, V.1, Perrard, A.2
1 Institut Camille Jordan (ICJ), CNRS UMR 5208, Mathématiques, Université Claude Bernard Lyon, Villeurbanne Cedex, France
2 Institut de Recherches sur la Catalyse, CNRS UPR 5401, Villeurbanne Cedex, France.
The purpose of this presentation is to expose how to apply FEMLAB to model the dynamic adsorption through adsorbent columns and to use the results of the numerical simulations to interpret the experiments. The mathematical formulation of the phenomena leads to a system of two partial differential equations (mass balance and adsorption rate), which can be solved in most cases only after ...
Parametric Analysis of Electric Field Distribution of Rat Vasculature using Finite Element Time Domain Technique
Chris Capaccio1, Nikolay Stoykov1, Fermin Cortes2,
Raji Sundararajan1,3, and David A. Dean1
1Northwestern University, 2University of Waterloo,
3Arizona State University
This paper deals with the study of the effects of tissue parameters, such as electrical conductivity and permittivity on the electric field distribution of a rat mesenteric vasculature model under electroporation conditions. Electroporation is a nonviral, physical technique that involves transient dielectric breakdown of the cell’s plasma membrane when high intensity and short duration ...
Haschke, T.1, Lautenschlager, D.1, Wiechert, W.1, Bonaccurso, E.2, Butt, H.J.2
1 University of Siegen, Faculty 11, Department of Simulation, Siegen, Germany
2 Max-Planck-Institute for Polymer Research, Polymer Physics Group, Mainz, Germany
The design of micro and nanoscale systems is a great challenge for modelling and simulation. In particular Lab-on-a-Chip-technology offers a wide spectrum of possible applications. Recently Bonaccurso and Butt (Bonaccurso & Butt 2005) presented a new approach to investigate droplet evaporation: They placed water droplets on rectangular, silicon atomic force microscope (AFM) cantilevers so that ...
An Integrated Approach for Simulating Bone Adaptation of Shape and Material Properties using FEMLAB with MATLAB and Simulink
Liu, X., Hart, R.T.
Tulane University, Department of Biomedical Engineering
A new computational approach for simulating bone adaptation was implemented using FEMLAB with MATLAB and Simulink. A Simulink model was created to describe shape adaptation of bone as a negative feedback system, in which the adaptation driving signals tend to return to an equilibrium range in which no shape adaptation will occur. FEMLAB was invoked using a MATLAB S-function in the Simulink ...
Numerical modeling of coupled heat and mass transport during frying and cooling of wood in contact with oil
Grenier, D.1, 2, Bohuon, P.1, 3, Baillière, H.1, Ben Lalli, A., Méot, J.M.1
1 CIRAD, Montpellier cedex, France
2 CTBA, Bordeaux cedex, France
3 ENSIA, 1101, Montpellier cedex, France
This paper proposes a model of coupled heat and mass (water, oil) transport in a porous medium (timber) soaked first in a hot oil bath, then in a cold oil bath. The timber is soaked at hot temperature to dry it (water vaporization, resulting in increased pressure and therefore vapor transport) and at cold temperature to treat it (vapor condensation, resulting in decreased pressure and oil ...
Schonfeld, F.1, Hardt, S.2
1 Institut für Mikrotechnik Mainz GmbH
2 Darmstadt University of Technology
The fluidic motion driven by Coulomb forces on charge clouds in the vicinity of charged walls immersed into an electrolyte is termed electroosmotic flow (EOF). Since the generated EOF pressure increases with decreasing hydrodynamic diameter, such actuation mechanisms are ideally suited for microfluidic applications and are widely discussed in the literature (see e.g. Li 2004). In addition to ...
Castaings, M.1, Predoi, M.V.2, Hosten, B.1 1 Laboratoire Mécanique Physique, Univ. Bordeaux 1, UMR CNRS 5469, Talence, France
2 Catedra de Mecanica, Universitatea Politehnica Bucuresti, Bucuresti, Romania
Wave propagation in elastic waveguides is a problem of constant interest from the last decades. Several numerical approaches exist. The most intuitive uses time-marching routines that solve the equations of dynamic equilibrium and supply displacements of the structure nodes as time functions. This procedure is usually time and memory consuming due to huge number of temporal iterations required ...
EPM-MADYLAM laboratory, CNRS, Saint Martin d’Hères, France
The cold crucible is a tool which is frequently used for induction heating applications for the elaboration of materials by middle or high frequency magnetic field. This crucible is made of copper sectors assembled together to form the container in which the electroconductive material is molten. Each sector is water cooled, which keeps the crucible cold when the material is heated and molten ...