Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling Mechanical Stress in the Silicon Fabrication Process using COMSOL Multiphysics

A. Kalavagunta
Vanderbilt University

This paper discusses the impact and modeling of stress experienced during the silicon fabrication process for Mosfets. The work addresses some of the issues that come up while trying to model the impact strain has on device performance. Strain dependent mobility models are also discussed.

Modeling Acoustic Wave Scattering from Cells and Microbubbles

O. Falou [1], J.C. Kumaradas[2], and M.C. Kolios[1,2]
[1] Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ryerson University
[2] Dept. of Physics, Ryerson University

A finite-element model of wave propagation using COMSOL Multiphysics has been developed to solve the problem of ultrasound scattering from spherical structures. This model will be used to predict ultrasound backscatter from cells for ultrasound tissue characterization, and scattering from microbubble contrast agents. In this paper, we discuss an improvement to our model by using a ...

Simulation of the Capacitive Double Layer at the Interface between Microelectrodes and Cortical Tissue Using Comsol Multiphysics and SPICE Modeling

R.M. Field, and M. Ghovanloo
NC-Bionics Laboratory, North Carolina State University

The interface between microelectrodes and biological tissue is of great interest to researchers working on extracellular stimulation. In this paper, we outline a method used to model the complex double layer capacitance at the interface between the electrodes and the cortex. This model relies on the combined power of SPICE, MATLAB, and COMSOL Multiphysics. The goal of this model is to ...

Gas Permeation Laboratory Experiment Simulation for Improved Learning

J. Lebowitz, and W.M. Clark
Worcester Polytechnic Institute

We are testing the hypothesis that the simulation of laboratory equipment will solidify the link between experiment and theory and provide improved learning for senior chemical engineering undergraduates. We developed a simulation of an industrially important gas permeation experiment in which air is separated into an oxygen-rich stream and an oxygen-depleted stream using a hollow fiber ...

Modeling Electrodeposition of Charged Nanoparticles Onto Fuel Cell Coolant Flow Channel Walls

J. Cheng, K.V. Sharp, and M.M. Mench
The Fuel Cell Dynamics and Diagnostics Laboratory and the Microscale Flow Laboratory, Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Pennsylvania State University

The dynamics of fuel cell coolant flow with charged nanoparticles were modeled using COMSOL Multiphysics. A computational fluid dynamics physicochemical model of the multi-phase coolant flow has been formulated. For nanoparticles in the fluid, electrokinetic force, hydrodynamic force, and buoyancy forces have been taken into account for the prediction of electrodeposition rate onto channel ...

Comparison of Two-Dimensional PEM Fuel Cell Modeling using COMSOL Multiphysics

Z. Shi, X. Wang, and Z. Zhang
Oakland University, Rochester, MI

Two different two-dimensional mathematical models of the one PEM fuel cell are modeled using COMSOL Multiphysics, each considering a different cross-section. The first Models considers the influence of fluid behavior in the channel, while the second considers the interdigitated flow pattern. Results, including the mass concentration, the polarization curve, potential distribution and velocity ...

Modeling and Analysis of CaBr2 Hydrolysis

S.A. Lottes, and R.W. Lyczkowski
Argonne National Laboratory

The main focus of this paper is the modeling, simulation, and analysis of the CaBr2 hydrolysis reactor stage in the Calcium-Bromine thermochemical water splitting cycle for nuclear hydrogen production. One concept is to use a spray reactor of CaBr2 into steam. Given the large heat reservoir contained in a pool of liquid CaBr2 that allows bubbles to rise easily, using a bubble column for the ...

Design and Simulation of a Spout Fluid Bed Coating System

Joel L. Plawsky and Howard Littman
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Troy, NY

Since aerogel materials are open cell, inorganic foams, the surface pores of the material must be sealed for large scale application. Here we discuss the design and development of a spout fluid bed system for producing coated aerogel particle material. COMSOL Multiphysics was used in the design of the system to track the details of the flow field and individual aerogel particle trajectories. ...

Single Mode Microwave Heating of Copper Powder Metal Compacts

J. Ma, C.T. Smith, G.J. Weisel, B.L. Weiss, N.M. Miskovsky, and D.T. Zimmerman.
The Pennsylvania State University.

We present numerical simulations that complement our experimental results of the microwave heating of copper powder metal compacts in separate electric (E) and magnetic (H) fields of a TE102 cavity. In general, thermal dissipation in the compacts may be attributed to resistive heating, dielectric losses, and magnetic losses. These dissipative mechanisms are coupled to the fields by the effective ...

Thermoelastic Instability in Disk Brakes: Simulation of the Heat Generation Problem

M. Eltoukhy[1], S. Asfour,[1], M. Almakky[2], and C. Huang[3]
[1] Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Miami
[2] Department of Production Engineering, Alexandria University
[3] Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Miami

In this paper a transient analysis of the thermoelastic contact problem for disk brakes with frictional heat generation is performed using the finite element analysis (FEA) method. The computational results are presented for the distribution of the temperature on the friction surface between the contacting bodies (the disk and the pad). Also, the influence of the material properties on the ...

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