Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Simulation of DNA Hybridization Kinetics in Open Electrokinetic Microchannels

J.R. Pascault, and H.S. Zhou
Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Department of Chemical Engineering, Microfluidics and Biosensors Laboratory

In this study, we show that the specific DNA hybridization is diffusion limited; whereas the non-specific hybridization is reaction limited. By means of an electrical field, DNA is put in motion. It results in an overallenhancement of the kinetics and a better ratio of specific hybrids over total hybrids.

Modeling Ocean Currents in COMSOL Multiphysics

R. Malek-Madani, and K. McIlhany
Mathematics Dept., United States Naval Academy

The equations that govern motion in oceans and estuaries form a system of nonlinear partial differential equations for velocity, temperature and salinity fields set in complex bathymetries. A hierarchy of intermediate qualitative models have been proposed to help investigators understand the impact of wind stress, Coriolis force, and viscosity. We will present an analysis of these models ...

Thermoelastic Instability in Disk Brakes: Simulation of the Heat Generation Problem

M. Eltoukhy[1], S. Asfour,[1], M. Almakky[2], and C. Huang[3]
[1] Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Miami
[2] Department of Production Engineering, Alexandria University
[3] Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Miami

In this paper a transient analysis of the thermoelastic contact problem for disk brakes with frictional heat generation is performed using the finite element analysis (FEA) method. The computational results are presented for the distribution of the temperature on the friction surface between the contacting bodies (the disk and the pad). Also, the influence of the material properties on the ...

FEM Simulation of a Micro-Cantilever Optical-MEMS Sensor

V. Mathur, J. Li, and W.D. Goodhue
Photonics Center, Department of Physics and Applied Physics, University of Massachusetts, Lowell

In this work a micro-cantilever optical-MEMS sensor based on the AlGaAs system is designed and modeled. The device consists of two micro-cantilever beams perfectly aligned with the free ends separated by approximately 200 nm up to 2000 nm. The finite element method (FEM) (COMSOL Multiphysics) has been employed here to model the structural deformation and light propagation through the device. ...

Single Mode Microwave Heating of Copper Powder Metal Compacts

J. Ma, C.T. Smith, G.J. Weisel, B.L. Weiss, N.M. Miskovsky, and D.T. Zimmerman.
The Pennsylvania State University.

We present numerical simulations that complement our experimental results of the microwave heating of copper powder metal compacts in separate electric (E) and magnetic (H) fields of a TE102 cavity. In general, thermal dissipation in the compacts may be attributed to resistive heating, dielectric losses, and magnetic losses. These dissipative mechanisms are coupled to the fields by the effective ...

Quasi-static Analysis of Shielded Microstrip Lines

S.M. Musa, and M.N.O. Sadiku
Prairie View A&M University, Texas

Microstrip lines are the most commonly used transmission lines at high frequencies. In this paper, we will illustrate how to model the capacitance of microstrip lines using COMSOL Multiphysics. The goal is to determine the capacitance per unit length of shielded microstrip lines.

Solidification of a Liquid Metal Droplet Impinging on a Cold Surface

Tanai L. Marin,
Faculty of Physics and Mathematics Sciences,
Department of Mining Engineering,
University of Chile,
Santiago, Chile

A method for the solidification of a free surface liquid phase is presented and solved with COMSOL Multiphysiscs using a fixed grid. In this case, the Level set method with phase re-injection for mass conservation is used to prescribe the movement of the free surface of the liquid droplet, whereas a modified version of the method presented by Voller and Prakash is used to account for the ...

Simulation of an Electrical Impedance Based Microfluidic Biosensor for Detection of E.coli Cells

B. Srinivasan[1], S. Tung[1], Y. Li[2], and M. Varshney[2]
[1] Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Arkansas
[2] Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, University of Arkansas

The impedance based biosensor utilizes the electrical impedance measurements between interdigitated electrodes integrated into a microchannel containing the target cells in a suspension medium. The detection is based on measuring the change in impedance caused by the presence of bacteria. In this paper we describe the simulation of impedance measurements using the electromagnetics module of ...

Mathematical Frame-work for the Productivity Index of Wells with Fast Forchheimer (non-Darcy) Flow in Porous Media

E. Aulisa [1], A. Ibragimov[1], P. Valko [2], and J. Walton[3]
[1] Texas Tech University, Department of Mathematics and Statistics
[2] Texas A & M University, Department of Petroleum Engineering
[3] Texas A & M University, Department of Mathematics

In the current paper, similar features for fast or turbulent, non-linear flows subjected to Forchheimer equations are analyzed. Under some hydrodynamic and thermodynamic constrains, it has been shown that there exists the so called pseudo-steady state regime for Forchheimer flows in reservoir media. This invariant is called diffusive capacitance, which is the mathematical model for the well ...

Synthesis of Force-Free Magnetic Fields as an Unconventional Inverse Problem

P.R. Kotiuga
Boston University

Here, the notion of a force-free magnetic field is conceptually useful in formulating inverse problems that articulate design objectives. In this paper, previous work pertaining to the topological structure of 3D force-free magnetic fields is reviewed, an inverse problem is formulated, and the role of the "dominant" eigenfield of the curl operator is considered. The problem of synthesizing ...

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