Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling Mechanical Stress in the Silicon Fabrication Process using COMSOL Multiphysics

A. Kalavagunta
Vanderbilt University

This paper discusses the impact and modeling of stress experienced during the silicon fabrication process for Mosfets. The work addresses some of the issues that come up while trying to model the impact strain has on device performance. Strain dependent mobility models are also discussed.

Modeling Acoustic Wave Scattering from Cells and Microbubbles

O. Falou [1], J.C. Kumaradas[2], and M.C. Kolios[1,2]
[1] Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ryerson University
[2] Dept. of Physics, Ryerson University

A finite-element model of wave propagation using COMSOL Multiphysics has been developed to solve the problem of ultrasound scattering from spherical structures. This model will be used to predict ultrasound backscatter from cells for ultrasound tissue characterization, and scattering from microbubble contrast agents. In this paper, we discuss an improvement to our model by using a ...

Simulation of an Electrical Impedance Based Microfluidic Biosensor for Detection of E.coli Cells

B. Srinivasan[1], S. Tung[1], Y. Li[2], and M. Varshney[2]
[1] Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Arkansas
[2] Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, University of Arkansas

The impedance based biosensor utilizes the electrical impedance measurements between interdigitated electrodes integrated into a microchannel containing the target cells in a suspension medium. The detection is based on measuring the change in impedance caused by the presence of bacteria. In this paper we describe the simulation of impedance measurements using the electromagnetics module of ...

Mesh Analysis with Applications in Reduced-Order Modeling and Collision Avoidance

M. Bikdash, S. Karagol, and M. Charifa
Department of Electrical Engineering, North Carolina A&T State University

Tools are developed that mine the mesh and simulation data provided by the finite-element mesher and solver in COMSOL. The tools developed are used in two applications. In the first, a thermal system is decomposed and an equivalent circuit (EC) is developed for reduced order modeling. In the second application which arises in robotics, the COMSOL mesh is used to plan paths of the robot ...

Modeling and Analysis of CaBr2 Hydrolysis

S.A. Lottes, and R.W. Lyczkowski
Argonne National Laboratory

The main focus of this paper is the modeling, simulation, and analysis of the CaBr2 hydrolysis reactor stage in the Calcium-Bromine thermochemical water splitting cycle for nuclear hydrogen production. One concept is to use a spray reactor of CaBr2 into steam. Given the large heat reservoir contained in a pool of liquid CaBr2 that allows bubbles to rise easily, using a bubble column for the ...

Gas Permeation Laboratory Experiment Simulation for Improved Learning

J. Lebowitz, and W.M. Clark
Worcester Polytechnic Institute

We are testing the hypothesis that the simulation of laboratory equipment will solidify the link between experiment and theory and provide improved learning for senior chemical engineering undergraduates. We developed a simulation of an industrially important gas permeation experiment in which air is separated into an oxygen-rich stream and an oxygen-depleted stream using a hollow fiber ...

Modeling Electrodeposition of Charged Nanoparticles Onto Fuel Cell Coolant Flow Channel Walls

J. Cheng, K.V. Sharp, and M.M. Mench
The Fuel Cell Dynamics and Diagnostics Laboratory and the Microscale Flow Laboratory, Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Pennsylvania State University

The dynamics of fuel cell coolant flow with charged nanoparticles were modeled using COMSOL Multiphysics. A computational fluid dynamics physicochemical model of the multi-phase coolant flow has been formulated. For nanoparticles in the fluid, electrokinetic force, hydrodynamic force, and buoyancy forces have been taken into account for the prediction of electrodeposition rate onto channel ...

Simulation of a Vibrating Plate-based Micromixer

H. Sun, and F. Jamil
University of Massachusetts, Lowell

The micromixer is one of the important components of Lab-On-a-Chip, but where the molecular diffusion, which is often a slow process, limits the mixing efficiency of two or more streams due to the unique laminar flows in these micro scale devices. This paper studies a mixing concept based on a vibrating micro-plate in the microfluidic channels to achieve an efficient mixing ability. A ...

Modeling Ocean Currents in COMSOL Multiphysics

R. Malek-Madani, and K. McIlhany
Mathematics Dept., United States Naval Academy

The equations that govern motion in oceans and estuaries form a system of nonlinear partial differential equations for velocity, temperature and salinity fields set in complex bathymetries. A hierarchy of intermediate qualitative models have been proposed to help investigators understand the impact of wind stress, Coriolis force, and viscosity. We will present an analysis of these models ...

Combustion of Lean Methane in a Catalytic Flow Reversal Reactor

C. Devals[1], A. Fuxman[2], F. Bertrand,[1], J.F. Forbes[2], and R.E. Hayes[2]
[1] École Polytechnique de Montréal,
[2] University of Alberta

The combustion of lean methane in a catalytic flow reversal reactor (CFRR) is studied using COMSOL Multiphysics and a 2D continuum model. This model is based on mole and energy balance equations for the solid (the inert and catalytic sections of the reactor) and the fluid phases. The results show the impact on the methane conversion and the maximum temperature in the reactor of key ...

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