Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Use of COMSOL Multiphysics for Optimization of an All-Liquid PEM Fuel Cell

G.H. Miley[1], and E.D. Byrd[2]
[1] Department of NPRE, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
[2] Department of ECE, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

A model has been designed and constructed for the all-liquid, sodium borohydride/hydrogen peroxide fuel cell. The electrochemical behavior, momentum balance, and mass balance effects within the fuel cell are modeled using the Butler-Volmer equations, Darcy’s law, and Fick’s law, respectively within COMSOL Mutiphysics. The simulations performed with the model indicate that an optimal ...

Solidification of a Liquid Metal Droplet Impinging on a Cold Surface

Tanai L. Marin,
Faculty of Physics and Mathematics Sciences,
Department of Mining Engineering,
University of Chile,
Santiago, Chile

A method for the solidification of a free surface liquid phase is presented and solved with COMSOL Multiphysiscs using a fixed grid. In this case, the Level set method with phase re-injection for mass conservation is used to prescribe the movement of the free surface of the liquid droplet, whereas a modified version of the method presented by Voller and Prakash is used to account for the ...

Simulating the Generation and Guided Propagation of Terahertz Radiation using COMSOL Multiphysics

Jason A. Deibel
Rice University

Electromagnetic waves within the Teraherz frequency spectrum are common in medical techonolgy applications, such as imaging, spectroscopy and drug detection. In this presentation, we explain how Teraherz Radiation is used in different applications, how to produce Electromagnetic waves in the Teraherz frequency, and how to analyze them. Simulations in COMSOL Multiphysics are included as ...

Modeling and Analysis of CaBr2 Hydrolysis

S.A. Lottes, and R.W. Lyczkowski
Argonne National Laboratory

The main focus of this paper is the modeling, simulation, and analysis of the CaBr2 hydrolysis reactor stage in the Calcium-Bromine thermochemical water splitting cycle for nuclear hydrogen production. One concept is to use a spray reactor of CaBr2 into steam. Given the large heat reservoir contained in a pool of liquid CaBr2 that allows bubbles to rise easily, using a bubble column for the ...

Simulation of a Vibrating Plate-based Micromixer

H. Sun, and F. Jamil
University of Massachusetts, Lowell

The micromixer is one of the important components of Lab-On-a-Chip, but where the molecular diffusion, which is often a slow process, limits the mixing efficiency of two or more streams due to the unique laminar flows in these micro scale devices. This paper studies a mixing concept based on a vibrating micro-plate in the microfluidic channels to achieve an efficient mixing ability. A ...

Single Mode Microwave Heating of Copper Powder Metal Compacts

J. Ma, C.T. Smith, G.J. Weisel, B.L. Weiss, N.M. Miskovsky, and D.T. Zimmerman.
The Pennsylvania State University.

We present numerical simulations that complement our experimental results of the microwave heating of copper powder metal compacts in separate electric (E) and magnetic (H) fields of a TE102 cavity. In general, thermal dissipation in the compacts may be attributed to resistive heating, dielectric losses, and magnetic losses. These dissipative mechanisms are coupled to the fields by the effective ...

Mesh Analysis with Applications in Reduced-Order Modeling and Collision Avoidance

M. Bikdash, S. Karagol, and M. Charifa
Department of Electrical Engineering, North Carolina A&T State University

Tools are developed that mine the mesh and simulation data provided by the finite-element mesher and solver in COMSOL. The tools developed are used in two applications. In the first, a thermal system is decomposed and an equivalent circuit (EC) is developed for reduced order modeling. In the second application which arises in robotics, the COMSOL mesh is used to plan paths of the robot ...

Thermoelastic Instability in Disk Brakes: Simulation of the Heat Generation Problem

M. Eltoukhy[1], S. Asfour,[1], M. Almakky[2], and C. Huang[3]
[1] Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Miami
[2] Department of Production Engineering, Alexandria University
[3] Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Miami

In this paper a transient analysis of the thermoelastic contact problem for disk brakes with frictional heat generation is performed using the finite element analysis (FEA) method. The computational results are presented for the distribution of the temperature on the friction surface between the contacting bodies (the disk and the pad). Also, the influence of the material properties on the ...

Combustion of Lean Methane in a Catalytic Flow Reversal Reactor

C. Devals[1], A. Fuxman[2], F. Bertrand,[1], J.F. Forbes[2], and R.E. Hayes[2]
[1] École Polytechnique de Montréal,
[2] University of Alberta

The combustion of lean methane in a catalytic flow reversal reactor (CFRR) is studied using COMSOL Multiphysics and a 2D continuum model. This model is based on mole and energy balance equations for the solid (the inert and catalytic sections of the reactor) and the fluid phases. The results show the impact on the methane conversion and the maximum temperature in the reactor of key ...

Modeling Electrodeposition of Charged Nanoparticles Onto Fuel Cell Coolant Flow Channel Walls

J. Cheng, K.V. Sharp, and M.M. Mench
The Fuel Cell Dynamics and Diagnostics Laboratory and the Microscale Flow Laboratory, Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Pennsylvania State University

The dynamics of fuel cell coolant flow with charged nanoparticles were modeled using COMSOL Multiphysics. A computational fluid dynamics physicochemical model of the multi-phase coolant flow has been formulated. For nanoparticles in the fluid, electrokinetic force, hydrodynamic force, and buoyancy forces have been taken into account for the prediction of electrodeposition rate onto channel ...

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