Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Investigation of Natural Ventilation Techniques in Historical Buildings, a Case Study in Palermo

C. Balocco
Energy Engineering Department, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy

The natural ventilation of buildings provides improvement of internal comfort and air quality conditions leading to a significant reduction of the consumption of cooling energy. In the present paper the air flow patterns, velocity and air temperature distributions inside a historical building in Palermo (Italy), at present used as a library, were investigated by a 3D transient simulation using ...

Design of Three Phase Homopolar Synchrone Reluctance Machine with Double Statoric Winding and Double Massive Rotor

C. Belalahy, I. Rasoanarivo, S. Rael, and F. M. Sargos
GREEN Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, Vandoeuvre lès Nancy, France

This paper deals with the design of a three phase synchronous reluctance machine constituted by two stators and two massive rotors. A coil is placed in the stator, between the two salient poles of the rotor. These poles can have parallel or perpendicular axes. Such structures allow the rotor to work as an inertial load and provide high dynamic performances with regards to energy conversion, a ...

Using High-energy Lasers to Heat and Kill the Cells in an Internal Cancerous Body Tumor

O. Skovgaard, M. S. Enevoldsen, L. J. Delay, and L. B. Hansen
Department of Mathematics, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark

High energy lasers are expected to be useful in the future to heat and kill the cells in internal cancerous human body tumors. It is proposed to use several very thin fibers to transfer the energy from the laser sources to the surface of a tumor or to any inner point of a tumor. Each laser source may produce a steady-state signal or a time signal corresponding to a pulsating function. Prior to ...

Numerical Model for Transient Analysis of Multilayer Thin Films Irradiated by a Moving Laser Source

N. Bianco1, O. Manca2, and D. Ricci2
1Dipartimento di Energetica, Termofluidodinamica applicata e Condizionamenti ambientali, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy
2Dipartimento di Ingegneria Aerospaziale e Meccanica, Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli, Napoli, Italy

A two-dimensional transient analysis of the conjugate optical-thermal fields induced in a multilayer thin film structure on a glass substrate by a moving Gaussian laser source is carried out numerically.The workpiece is considered semi-infinite along the motion direction and the optical and thermophysical properties are assumed to be temperature dependent. The optical field is considered locally ...

Numerical Modeling of Copper-Steel Laser Joining

I. Tomashchuk, J.-M. Jouvard, and P. Sallamand
Institut Carnot de Bourgogne, Université de Bourgogne, Bourgogne, France

Our research is dedicated to the joining of stainless steel AISI 316 L with copper by high-powered laser Nd:YAG welding. During the course of our work, we developed a numerical model of the laser welding process which relies on correspondence with experimental data.

Catalyst Degradation in PEM Fuel Cells - Modeling Aspects

G. Vaivars, P. Ndungu, and V. Linkov
South African Institute of Advanced Material Chemistry, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa

In a fuel cell-powered engine, the fuel is converted to electrical energy through electrochemical reactions instead of combustion. Long term stability is required for automobile and other energy system applications. The agglomeration of catalyst particles leads to an irreversible decrease of the electrochemical performance, and there are no viable methods to compensate for this phenomenon.Complex ...

Propagation of Localised Corrosion: FEM Approach

M. Stroe1, R. Oltra1, B. Vuillemin1, and G. Girardin2
1Institut Carnot de Bourgogne (ICB), Dijon, France
2AREVA NP, France

Crevice corrosion of stainless steel in chloride media was investigated based on an 11 species model. The role of parameters such as pH inside the crevice, external potential, chloride concentration of the bulk solution and crevice geometry was studied. A thermodynamic criterion for arrest / propagation of the crevice corrosion was used in order to identify the conditions for which the localized ...

The Effect of Air Movement on the Heat and Moisture Characteristics of Building Constructions

A. W. M. van Schijndel
Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, Eindhoven, Netherlands

The paper presents the modeling and simulation of 2D heat and moisture transport with and without air movement for a building construction. The research focuses on the effect of air movement through building constructions. Although the typical air movement inside building constructions is quite small (velocity is of order ~10-5 m/s), this research shows it might have much more impact on the ...

Numerical Simulation of the Filling Stage in the Polymer Injection Moulding Process

R. El Otmani1, M. Zinet1, M. Boutaous1, P. Chantrenne1, and H. Benhadid2
1CETHIL, Université Lyon, Villeurbanne, France
2Laboratoire de Mécanique des Fluides et d'Acoustique, Université Lyon, Ecully, France

During injection moulding of thermoplastic parts, high pressures, velocities and temperatures are experienced by the polymer in the filling phase. The numerical simulation of this phase is a complex task, especially for semi-crystalline polymers, because it involves a coupling between heat transfer, material structural transformation and crystallinity. The aim of this work is to present ...

Evaluation of the Moderator Temperature Coefficient of Reactivity in a PWR

V. Memoli, and A. Cammi
Department of Nuclear Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy

The moderator temperature coefficient (MTC) plays an important role within power thermal reactor dynamics. In order to run a reactor safely, a negative moderator coefficient temperature is necessary to reach stability during changes in temperature that can be caused by a step insertion of reactivity. Thus, MTC calculation is a key point in the reactor design process. The aim of the present work ...

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