Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Using COMSOL for Optimal Design of Engineering Barriers of Nuclear Waste Repositories

L.M. de Vries[1], A. Nardi[1], A.E. Idiart[1], P. Trinchero[1], J. Molinero[1], F. Vahlund[2], H. von Schenck[2]
[1]Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain
[2]Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management, Stockholm, Sweden

The Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co (SKB) is responsible for final disposal of spent fuel and radioactive waste. SKB operates SFR, an underground waste repository in crystalline rock. The evolution of groundwater flow within the repository needs to be estimated considering different options for the design of the engineered barriers. The goal is to predict the effects of flow and ...

Computational Modeling to Study the Treatment of Cardiac Arrhythmias using Radiofrequency Ablation

A. González-Suárez[1], M. Trujillo[2], J. Koruth[3], A. D'Avila[3], E. Berjano[1]
[1]Biomedical Synergy, Electronic Engineering Department,Universitat Politècnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
[2]Instituto Universitario de Matemática Pura y Aplicada, Universitat Politècnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
[3]Helmsley Cardiac Electrophysiology Center, Mt SinaiMedicalCenter and School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA

Previous studies proposed using bipolar radiofrequency ablation across two catheters placed on opposing surfaces of the ventricular wall to create transmural lesions. 2D and 3D models were built and solved with COMSOL Multiphysics software. With these models, it was possible to study the temperature distribution and lesion geometry (Figure), to compare the potential of two ways of applying ...

Theoretical Simulations of Silicon-On-Nothing (SON) Structures

C. Grau Turuelo[1], B. Bergmann[1], C. Breitkopf[1], F. Hoffmann[2], L. Brencher[2]
[1]Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Saxony, Germany
[2]Infineon Technologies GmbH, Dresden, Dresden, Saxony, Germany

A novel technique for semiconductor manufacturing is introduced: Silicon-On-Nothing. This process consists of an initial cylindrical trench which has a shape evolution under certain conditions: high temperature (1100 °C), low pressure (10 Torr) and a non-oxidizing atmosphere such as hydrogen. These conditions enable a, mainly, surface diffusion phenomenon whose final result is an empty space ...

Building Energy Simulation Using the Finite Element Method

J. van Schijndel[1]
[1]Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

In order to predict, improve and meet a certain set of performance requirements related to the indoor climate of buildings and the associated energy demand, building energy simulation (BES) tools are indispensable. Due to the rapid development of FEM software and the Multiphysics approaches, it should possible to build and simulate full 3D models of buildings regarding the energy demand. The ...

Predicting the Retention Time of Nuclear Reaction Products in the PSI Recoil Chamber Using COMSOL Multiphysics

R. Dressler[1], R. Eichler[1]
[1]Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland

Introduction: The chemical properties of the heaviest elements (atomic number Z > 103) depend on the influence of the high nuclear charge to their electronic structure. Enhanced chemical stability of copernicium (Cn, Z = 112) and flerovium (Fl, Z = 114) was predicted already 40 year ago by Pitzer [1]. The challenge of chemical investigations of these elements is the tiny production rates of few ...

Numerical Simulation of Recovery of Light Oil by Medium Temperature Oxidation in Porous Media

N. Khoshenvis Gargar[1], A. Mailybaev[2], D. Marchesin[2], H. Bruining[1]
[1]Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
[2]Instituto Nacional de Matematica Pura e Aplicada, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

One of the methods to recover oil from medium and low viscosity in complex reservoirs uses air injection leading to oil combustion. In this case the oxygen in the air burns the heavier components of the oil, generating a heat wave leading to vaporization of lighter components. In this work, we consider a simple model for air injection in light oil reservoir containing only one component in dry ...

Modeling Pit Lake Flooding After Mine Closure

S. Jordana[1], A. Nardi[1]
[1]Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain

Most of mining works, either on the surface or in the underground, demand continuous groundwater pumping in order to operate under dry conditions. When the mining activity stops, dewatering also stops and mining facilities begin to flood, quite quickly at the beginning but becoming slower as the water level in the pit lake rises. The rise of the surface of the lake decelerates due to the bigger ...

Ventilation System of a Microwave Assisted Drying Kiln

A.-G. Ghiaus[1], M.-A. Istrate[1], A. Georgescu[1]
[1]Technical University of Civil Engineering, Bucharest, Romania

The paper presents the analysis and optimization of the ventilation system inside of a drying lumber kiln. As with any part of the manufacturing process, improper drying techniques cause quality degradation and considerable amount of energy loose. The improvement and optimization of air distribution systems in drying kilns contributes to the preservation of the wood quality. The performance of ...

Validation of Space Charge Laminar Flow in Diodes

M. Cavenago[1]
[1]INFN-LNL, Legnaro, Padova, Italy

The well known Pierce design of electron and ion diodes is the base of particle source extraction systems [1,2]. It was heavily studied up to 1960 with analog computing and it now offers us a known case against which to compare the precision of fluid and particle tracing codes. The ideal model assumes zero particle kinetic energy at cathode emission, which is well matched in many sources: the ...

Reactive Transport Processes in Compacted Bentonite

A.E. Idiart[1], M. Pekala[1], A. Nardi[1], D. Arcos[1]
[1]Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain

The Swedish Organization for Radioactive Waste (SKB) is considering disposal High Level Wastes in a deep underground repository. Bentonite clay is planned to be used in the near-field of the waste packages as buffer material. The buffer is expected to provide a favorable environment with limited radionuclide migration due to slow diffusion and retardation by sorption and cation-exchange effects. ...

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