Kinetic Investigation of a Mechanism for Generating Microstructures on Polycrystalline Substrates Using an Electroplating Process
T. Soares, H. Mozaffari, H. Reinecke
Universität Freiburg, Freiburg im Breisgau, BW, Germany
Hochschule Furtwangen, Tuttlingen, BW, Germany
The purpose of this study is to understand the growth mechanism of copper (Cu) films on a Cu-Zn system substrate with a pre-defined pattern. The pattern was defined by conducting a selective etching process on a two-phase polycrystalline substrate. As a result of this process, there were etched regions correspondent to beta-phase crystals and quasi non-etched regions that belong to alpha-phase ...
G. S. Masi, S. V. De Guido, G. Montagna, C. Martucci, P. M. Congedo, L. Vasanelli , M. G. Manera, R. Rella
Department of Innovation Engineering, University of Salento, Lecce, Italy
CNR-IMM, Lecce, Italy
Introduction: Accurate fluid temperature control in microfluidic channels is a requirement for many lab-on-chip and micro-reactors.Thin films resistive metal heaters have proven to be the best choice for localizing heating applications with integrated microfluidic systems. A thin platinum layer has been chosen as the metal used to realize the meander because of its positive and linear temperature ...
S. Cambon, I. Bogdanov
CHLOE, Bâtiment UFR Sciences et Techniques, Pau Cedex, France
Non-conventional hydrocarbon resources become more and more challenging object for energy producing companies throughout the world. Being already known and long-explored method, the electromagnetically (EM) assisted recovery constitutes a promising idea of technology for deposits of such a kind. COMSOL has been used recently for modeling the thermal multiphase flow through porous media in the ...
F. Zonfrilli, V. Guida, L. Scelsi
Procter & Gamble Italia, Pomezia, Roma, Italy
Powder detergents containing sodium percarbonate and bleach activators undergo chemical decomposition when exposed to high relative humidity. Controlling the moisture intake in finished product packs is therefore a fundamental need in order to guarantee product stability during the whole supply chain. In this paper we show how we have leveraged COMSOL Multiphysics capability in order to model the ...
Predicting the Retention Time of Nuclear Reaction Products in the PSI Recoil Chamber Using COMSOL Multiphysics
R. Dressler, R. Eichler
Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland
Introduction: The chemical properties of the heaviest elements (atomic number Z > 103) depend on the influence of the high nuclear charge to their electronic structure. Enhanced chemical stability of copernicium (Cn, Z = 112) and flerovium (Fl, Z = 114) was predicted already 40 year ago by Pitzer . The challenge of chemical investigations of these elements is the tiny production rates of few ...
Y. El-Qattan , H. Ghali
Electrical Engineering Department, The British University in Egypt (BUE), El Sherouk City, Egypt
This paper presents a successful step towards the development of a “web-based laboratory” for teaching basic, and even advanced, electromagnetic concepts. The main idea is to develop a reusable model for the student to be used exactly as a hardware experiment in a physical laboratory, where he/she can change some of the experiment\'s physical parameters and get corresponding results. The two ...
J. Molinero, A. Nardi, P. Trinchero
Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain
Groundwater is a key factor affecting mine operations worldwide. On one hand, both underground and open pit mines need to pump out groundwater in order to proceed with mineral extraction and increase the stability of rock slopes. On the other hand, groundwater abstractions can produce undesired environmental and social impacts, which should be anticipated in the environmental impact assessments ...
L.M. de Vries, A. Nardi, A.E. Idiart, P. Trinchero, J. Molinero, F. Vahlund, H. von Schenck
Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain
Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management, Stockholm, Sweden
The Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co (SKB) is responsible for final disposal of spent fuel and radioactive waste. SKB operates SFR, an underground waste repository in crystalline rock. The evolution of groundwater flow within the repository needs to be estimated considering different options for the design of the engineered barriers. The goal is to predict the effects of flow and ...
COMSOL Computational Fluid Dynamics for Microreactors Used in Volatile Organic Compounds Catalytic Elimination
M. Olea, S. Odiba, S. Hodgson, A. Adgar
School of Science and Engineering, Teesside University, Middlesbrough, United Kingdom
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are organic chemicals that will evaporate easily into the air at room temperature and contribute majorly to the formation of photochemical ozone. They are emitted as gases from certain solids and liquids in to the atmosphere and affect indoor and outdoor air quality. They includes acetone, benzene, ethylene glycol, formaldehyde, methylene chloride, ...
Modeling Thermal Bridging at Interface Conditions: Analysis of Solutions for Reducing Thermal Bridges Effects on Building Energy Consumption
C. Balocco, E. Marmonti
Dipartimento di Energetica, Università di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
In Europe considerable building activity can be expected over the coming decades; Net Zero Energy Buildings refers to a building with minimal power, until maximum 15 kW/m^2. In both cases this requires very well insulated buildings with minimal thermal bridges. Concrete balconies, that extend the floor slab through the building envelope, are a common example of thermal bridging, where structural ...