B. Chinè , M. Monno
Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy
Instituto Tecnologico de Costa Rica, Cartago, Costa Rica
Introduction: In metal foams production, nucleated gas bubbles expand in a heated metal in a mold, then the foam cool and solidify. Thereby energy, mass and momentum transfer mechanisms are present simultaneously in the system and must be taken into account. Metal foam (Figure 1) can be obtained by foaming a precursor, i.e. a mixing of aluminum (Al) powders with the blowing agent TiH2, placing it ...
Coupled Heat and Moisture Transfer in Building Components - Implementing WUFI® Approaches in COMSOL Multiphysics
B. Nusser, M. Teibinger
Holzforschung Austria, Vienna, Austria
Calculating time-dependent heat and moisture transports trough building components are important tasks in the area of building physics. A well known and worldwide used commercial software for this is WUFI®. From the scientific point of view the restricted access to governing equations is nevertheless a drawback of this software. In the present paper it is shown how the physical approaches used ...
Numerical Aspects of the Implementation of Artificial Boundary Conditions for Laminar Fluid-Structure Interactions
C. Boeckle, P. Wittwer
University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
We discuss the implementation of artificial boundary conditions for stationary Navier-Stokes flows past bodies in the half-plane, for a range of low Reynolds numbers. When truncating the half-plane to a finite domain for numerical purposes, artificial boundaries appear. We present an explicit Dirichlet condition for the velocity at these boundaries in terms of an asymptotic expansion for the ...
K. Alhazza, B. Albusairi, H. Kamal, H.M.S. Lababiedi, A.A. Abbas
Kuwait University, Kuwait City, Kuwait
Petrochemical Industries Company, Kuwait City, Kuwait
COMSOL Multiphysics has been used to validate and check the design of a header transporting ammonia gases released from pressure safety valves (PSVs) to the tip of the flare. The header is part of a dedicated flaring system to contain emissions from ammonia storage tanks. The two main challenges are the low relief pressure and high capacity of the system. Another difficulty is the high relief ...
F. Dammel, J. Winterling, K. J. Langeheinecke, P. Stephan
Institute of Technical Thermodynamics, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Germany
IAV, Gifhorn, Germany
Institute of Technical Thermodynamics/Center of Smart Interfaces, Technische Universität, Darmstadt, Germany
A combined heat and power (CHP) plant generates both electricity and useful heat. A heat storage tank enables a decoupling of electricity and heat delivery. In this study a cylindrical hot water storage tank is considered. Charging, holding time and discharging are numerically simulated applying COMSOL Multiphysics 4.2. The performance of the heat storage is evaluated by an exergy analysis. ...
F. Zonfrilli, V. Guida, L. Scelsi
Procter & Gamble Italia, Pomezia, Roma, Italy
Powder detergents containing sodium percarbonate and bleach activators undergo chemical decomposition when exposed to high relative humidity. Controlling the moisture intake in finished product packs is therefore a fundamental need in order to guarantee product stability during the whole supply chain. In this paper we show how we have leveraged COMSOL Multiphysics capability in order to model the ...
3D Stationary and Temporal Electro-Thermal Simulations of Metal Oxide Gas Sensor Based on a High Temperature and Low Power Consumption Micro-Heater Structure
N. Dufour, C. Wartelle, P. Menini
LAAS-CNRS, Toulouse, France
Renault, Guyancourt, France
The aim of this work was to simulate the electro-thermal behavior of a micro-hotplate used as a gas sensor, in order to compare the obtained results with a real structure. The structure has been designed in 3D and a stationary and a temporal study has been realized.
G. Tracanelli, M. Culos
Studio di Ingegneria Industriale Tracanelli, San Vito al Tagliamento, Italy
The energy pay back is one of the most interesting field especially in the steel industry where this contribution is strictly connected to steams and emissions inside and outside the plant. Perhaps, this application is sometimes disturbed by a strong variation of emissions (\"off gas\"). One example is the arc furnace where the process is very discontinuous and there are many fluctuations in the ...
COMSOL Computational Fluid Dynamics for Microreactors Used in Volatile Organic Compounds Catalytic Elimination
M. Olea, S. Odiba, S. Hodgson, A. Adgar
School of Science and Engineering, Teesside University, Middlesbrough, United Kingdom
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are organic chemicals that will evaporate easily into the air at room temperature and contribute majorly to the formation of photochemical ozone. They are emitted as gases from certain solids and liquids in to the atmosphere and affect indoor and outdoor air quality. They includes acetone, benzene, ethylene glycol, formaldehyde, methylene chloride, ...
D. Scardigno, A. Castellano, P. Foti, A. Fraddosio, S. Marzano, M.D. Piccioni
DICAR, Politecnico di Bari, Bari, Italy
Introduction: We study an innovative technology for water bottling using PET, aimed at reducing the thickness of the plastic bottles. The goals are the reduction of the amount of plastic used for a single water bottle, the reduction of the packaging costs and more environmental sustainability. The required thickness of the bottle depends on its structural function: when carried, the bottles are ...