Multiphysics Simulation of Thermoelectric Systems - Modeling of Peltier-Cooling and Thermoelectric Generation
Fraunhofer-Institute for Physical Measurement-Techniques (IPM), Freiburg, Germany
Electro-thermal interaction is commonly considered only as a matter of joule heating. In addition, the Seebeck-, Peltier- and Thompson-Effects are significant in materials with high thermoelectric figure of merit Z. These thermoelectric materials have a high Seebeck-coefficient α, a good electric conductivity σ, and a poor thermal conductivity λ. They have widespread areas of ...
A. Polit, R. Jez
ABB Corporate Research Center, Krakow, Poland
The air gap is one of the most crucial part of magnetic circuits, especially in high-power inductors. It significantly modifies the parameters of magnetic devices by increasing the saturation current, linearizing B-H curve of magnetic circuit and causing a decreasing in the inductance. Therefore the optimal selection of shape and dimensions of the air gap is very important from the design point ...
O. Vogel, and J. Ulm
Proportional solenoids are well-known and used in a wide range of applications today. This paper is about methods of influencing the characteristic force-stroke-curves of magnetic actuators by means of different pole geometries. The conical design of the stator pole which is mostly used to accomplish proportional solenoids is analyzed by both a simple analytic reluctance model and a FEM model ...
Electrical Conductivity Modeling and Validation in Unidirectional Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites
P. Banerjee, J. L. Schmidt
Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA
Carbon fiber (CF) reinforced polymer composites (CFRP) have begun to replace Al-Zn-Mg alloys in applications which require high strength-to-weight ratios. The anisotropy of CFRP composites is a result of melt crystallized extrusion techniques that impart an inherent directionality to the CFs and the associated material’s properties. Electrical conductivity was modeled across the entire CF ...
Comparing Isotropic and Anisotropic Brain Conductivity Modeling: Planning Optimal Depth-Electrode Placement in White Matter for Direct Stimulation Therapy in an Epileptic Circuit
L. C. Zaragoza, B. Hondorp, M. A. Rossi
ITESM, Monterrey, Mexico
Rush Medical College, Chicago, IL, USA
Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA
The goal of our work was to calculate a patient-specific brain conductivity map for predicting the extent to which direct stimulation therapy can strategically propagate through pathological white matter. Our laboratory developed isotropic and anisotropic human brain finite element method (FEM) models derived from SPGR magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), ...
S. Meenatchisundaram, S. M. Kulkarni, S. Bhat
Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal, Karnataka, India.
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Surathkal, Karnataka, India.
Piezoresistive pressure sensors have received much attention over the years because of low cost, simple measurement techniques, etc. There is a challenge in design with respect to appropriate positioning, shape and temperature compensation. Different models of piezoresistive pressure sensors are proposed to enhance its sensitivity in terms of output voltage. This paper aims in sensitivity ...
M. Puskarczyk, R. Jez 
ABB Corporate Research Center, Krakow, Poland
Multilayer planar transformers are widely implemented in power electronic applications. The design process of these elements is complicated due to the complexity of a magnetic circuit and high frequency interactions between windings. Additionally, an analytical approach to the analysis (based on mathematical formulas) can be uncertain. The applied FEM method of the analysis can be a solution to ...
V. Bhatt, R.S Rautela, P. Sharma, D.C. Tiwari, and S. Khushu
Institute of Nuclear Medicine & Allied Sciences (DRDO), Delhi, India
The Helmholtz Coil generates a uniform magnetic field. The commercially available large-size Helmholtz coils prove to be very expensive. This paper describes the economical method of designing and construction of a Helmholtz coil. COMSOL Multiphysics AC/DC Module simulated results and actual results were compared in this study. The coil serves as a component in the system for Hyperpolarisation of ...
University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA
A two-dimensional atrial tissue model has been constructed in COMSOL Multiphysics® software to study the propagation of action potential and electrograms. The model presents the atrial electrograms recorded with a mapping catheter. A 2D atrial tissue model is simulated using the Courtemanche et al. cell model equations. PDE in coefficient form was used in COMSOL Multiphysics® to reproduce ...
C. Falco, A. De Luca, S. Sarfraz, F. Udrea
University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
The aim of this work is to present a model capable to describe the behaviour of a thermal flow sensor under every physical aspect. A generic thermal flow sensor relates the flow properties with a variation in the temperature profile inside the device itself. Thus, it is locally heated up with a resistive element biased with an external current, surrounded by one or more temperature sensing ...