B. Granula, K. Porzig, H. Toepfer, M. Gacanovic
University of Banja Luka, Banja Luka, Bosnia-Herzegovina
Technische Universität Ilmenau, Ilmenau, Germany
The prediction of the exact location and intensity of the electric field induced in the human brain during Transcranial magnetic stimulation is a nontrivial computational task. Numerical simulations of the procedure can be used to acquire first approximations in a safe and controlled environment. In order to make this approach more accessible, it is necessary to reduce computation time as much as ...
H.J. van Weers, C. Bruineman, G. Muckus
SRON, Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Scientec, Utrecht, The Netherlands
University of Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
In ESA's Cosmic Vision program, the Japanese SPICA satellite is a mission of opportunity in the M-class, with the SAFARI instrument being one of the next generation space-borne astronomy instruments being developed to take advantage of SPICA’s cryogenically cooled 3-m class primary mirror. The SAFARI instrument will use large-format arrays of Transition Edge Sensor (TES) bolometers read-out ...
N. Lawand, V. Lopez[1,2], P. French
Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
Università degli studi di Napoli "Federico II", Naples, Italy
Cochlear Implants (CIs) are implantable prostheses that bypass the non-functional inner ear and directly stimulate the auditory nerve with electric currents, enabling deaf people to experience sound again. The CI electrode array sits inside the cochlea close to the auditory neurons. An ideal stimulation material must have low impedance with maximum charge transfer capacity in the electrochemical ...
A.N. Shiraz, A. Demosthenous
E&EE Department, University College London, London, United Kingdom
After spinal cord injury (SCI) the functions of the lower urinary tract are often disrupted and may have fatal consequences for the patient. It has been shown that using a transrectal probe developed by Craggs et al., through conditional transrectal stimulation of pudendal nerve, it is possible to treat hyperreflexia in some of the SCI patients. To maximise the efficacy of this type of ...
S. Biswas, S. Das, M. Mahadevappa
Advanced Technology Development Center, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
School of Medical Science and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP) and Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) are diseases causing blindness in a large number of people. In this type of degenerative disease, mostly the photoreceptors are damaged. Thus attempts have been made to electrically stimulate the surviving inner retinal neurons and retinal ganglion cells (RGC) in order to restore vision. In this paper, the electrode-tissue ...
Application of the Focused Impedance Method (FIM) to Determine the Volume of an Object within a Volume Conductor
M. A. Kadir, S. P. Ahmed, G. D. Al Quaderi, R. Rahman, K. Siddique-e Rabbani
Department of Biomedical Physics & Technology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Department of Physics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Department of Physics, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Focused Impedance Method (FIM), a new technique of electrical impedance measurement having high sensitivity in the central region, can sense the change in transfer impedance of an object embedded at a shallow depth within a volume conductor of unchanging background conductivity, using electrodes at the surface. This paper presents a new method for measuring the volume of such an embedded object ...
J. Grover, Dr. A. Gupta
Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani-Pilani Campus,Rajasthan ,India
In high-speed digital design, strong electromagnetic coupling exists between adjacent transmission lines. This manifests itself in the form of crosstalk voltage induced on either line. Crosstalk is modeled in terms of capacitance and inductance matrices which are extracted using COMSOL Multiphysics®. Further, trends of crosstalk are observed with variations in dielectric constant of substrate, ...
Aurabind Pal, Roma Dash, Anubhav Rath
Engineers India Limited, New Delhi; Summer Intern, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay,
IOCL,New Delhi; Intern, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Maharashtra, India
3ETH Zurich, Switzerland
Finite element modeling of three phase three limbed transformer requires solving of field and circuit variables simultaneously. The accurate modeling thus obtained could predict asymmetry in magnetizing current of three phases due to asymmetry in core of three limbed transformer. This work includes circuit field coupling using COMSOL Multiphysics’ ACDC module. By proper modeling in SPICE it ...
Anna Thomas, Juny Thomas, Deepika Vijayan, K.Govardhan
VIT University, Sensor System Technology, School of Electronics Engineering, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
VIT University, MEMS & Sensor Division, School of Electronics Engineering, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
The microscopic size of MEMS devices accounts for strong coupling effects which arise between the different physical fields and forces. Micromirrors are essential parts of microswitches in fiber optic network telecommunication. They are usually 1 to 3 mm in size, fabricated from single crystalline silicon and mostly are electrostatically actuated. The objective is to design the micromirror to ...
K. Gräfe, J. Mrongowius, T.M. Buzug
Institute of Medical Engineering, University of Luebeck, Germany
For the MPI imaging process, superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) are used as tracer material. The particles are excited by a sinusoidally varying magnetic field. A field-free point (FFP) is generated by the superposition of two magnetic fields. The FFP is important for the imaging process, since only the SPIONs in the FFP and its direct neighbourhood are essential for the received ...