Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Current Density Distribution and Material Removal Behavior on the Graphite/Iron-matrix Interface in Cast Iron Under Pulse Electrochemical Machining Conditions

O. Weber[1], R. Kollmannsperger[2], D. Bähre[2]
[1]Center for Mechatronics and Automatization, Saarbrücken, Germany
[2]Institute of Production Engineering, Saarland University, Saarbrücken, Germany

The Pulse Electrochemical Machining is especially suitable for the precise production of complex geometric contours with high precision and high surface quality demands in workpieces in series manufacturing. During this process, the negative structure of an electrode is copied to the workpiece without sub-surface damages. An adequate knowledge of the current density distribution and thus of the ...

Modelling Coating Lifetime: First Practical Application for Coating Design

T. Machado Amorim [1], C. Allély[1], J. Caire[2]
[1]Arcelor Mittal Research, Maizieres-les-Metz, France
[2]ENSEEG, Grenoble, France

The corrosion at cut-made edges is significant due to the anode to cathode surface ratio in this region. The major problems are the risks of red rust appearance at the exposed steel surface, and the risks of paint delamination in case of insufficient corrosion protection. The work presented here focuses on the development of a 2D FEM model simulating a steady state corrosion situation at a cut ...

Electrochemical Modeling of Copper Electrorefining in Lab Scale and Pilot Plant Scale

D. Sujish[1], Jinimol Joy[1], B. Muralidharan[1], G. Padmakumar [1], K.K. Rajan[1]
[1]Fast Reactor Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, India

Pyrochemical reprocessing is a non-aqueous method for reprocessing spent metallic fuels. Electrorefining is an important step in pyrochemical reprocessing. Ambient temperature electrorefiner (ATER) is a facility to demonstrate the various mechanisms and associated interlocks. Here the electrolysis of copper in acidified copper sulphate electrolyte will be carried out to demonstrate the ...

Screening Effects in Probing the Electric Double Layer by Scanning Electrochemical Potential Microscopy

R.F. Hamou[1], P.U. Biedermann[1], A. Erbe[1], and M. Rohwerder[1]
[1]Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Düsseldorf, Germany

A computational method is developed to study probing the electric double layer by Scanning Electrochemical Potential Microscopy. The model is based on a modified Poisson- Boltzmann equation, which takes into account steric effects. We investigated the effect of metallic apex protrusion and the Open Circuit Potential (OCP) of the tip on the probed potential. A clear electrostatic screening effect ...

Analysis of Porous Media-flow

Jiunn-Chi Wu
National Central University

This presentation considers the analysis of electroosmotic flow in porous media. Electroosmotic flow is a flow that occurs in microchannels, and is driven by the effect of an electric double layer at the solid-fluid interface. Electroosmotic flow has already been widely utilized in biomedical/biochemical applications to transport, separate and control fluids and samples. This presentation ...

Statistical Sensitivity Analysis of Li-ion Pouch Battery Cell Dimension and Design

A. Samba[1], N. Omar[2], H. Gualous[3], Y. Firouz[2], O. Capron[2], M. Abdel MonemO[2], J. Smekens[2], P. Van den Bossche[2], J. Van Mierlo[2]
[1]VUB ETEC, Brussel, Belgium and UCBN, LUSAC, Cherbourg, France
[2]VUB ETEC, Brussel, Belgium
[3]UCBN, LUSAC, Cherbourg, France

Multi-Scale and Multi-Dimensional (MSMD) modeling approaches have been proposed to simulate the thermal, electrical distributions and concentration behaviors of large size pouch cell. This approach is based on coupling of the energy balance with the Newman’s electrode model. Newman’s 1D electrochemical model is often used for small size batteries but not sufficient enough for large size where ...

Comparison Between Turbulent and Laminar Bubbly-Flow for Modeling H2/H2O Separation

E. Amores Vera[1], J. Rodríguez Ruiz[1]
[1]Centro Nacional del Hidrógeno, Puertollano, Spain

One of the most critical aspects on water electrolysis is gas-liquid separation, especially in systems with forced convection. The main problem of this kind of circulation is that a gas fraction could return to the electrolysis circuit. A suitable design of separator devices could be a solution in order to avoid a gas return to the electrolysis circuit. In this sense, the use of deflectors might ...

COMSOL Modeling and Simulation of a PEM Fuel Cell's Flow Channels

E. Robalinho1, E. F. Cunha1, A. B. Andrade1, M. L. M. Bejarano1, M. Linardi1, and E. Cekinski2
1Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares (IPEN / CNEN - SP), São Paulo, Brazil
2Instituto de Pesquisas Tecnológicas (IPT - SP), São Paulo, Brazil

Fuel cells are among the most important devices for obtaining electrical energy from hydrogen. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is a very useful tool for exploring the connection between the transport of reactants and products within the fuel cell and overall cell performance.CFD simulates hydrogen and oxygen gas flow channels to reduce the cost of bipolar plate production through optimizing ...

Modeling of Liquid Water Distribution at Cathode Gas Flow Channels in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell – PEMFC

S. Skoda[1], E. Robalinho[2], A. Paulino[1], E.F. Cunha[1], M. Linardi[1]
[1]Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares, São Paulo, Brazil
[2]Universidade Nove de Julho, São Paulo, Brazil

The objective of this study is to determine the locations where liquid water accumulates at cathode gas flow channels, and the corresponding operating conditions. In such way it is possible to mitigate slug flow, responsible for channel blockage and hindering the diffusion of reactants to the catalytic sites. The model presented here is a comprehensive PEMFC 3D model, which includes liquid water ...

Influence of Electrode Kinetics on Lithium-ion Battery Characteristics

H. Machrafi[1,2], S. Cavadias[2]
[1]University of Liège, Thermodynamics of Irreversible Phenomena, Liège, Belgium
[2]University Pierre et Marie Curie, Laboratoire des Procédés Plasma et Traitement de Surface, Paris, France

The purpose of this work is to show whether an important difference in Lithium solid concentration and electrolyte concentration can be observed in a Lithium-ion battery model, when considering either the Butler-Volmer kinetics or the Tafel kinetics for describing the electrode kinetics (including a boundary layer between the electrolyte and the electrode particles). During discharge, the lithium ...

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