Comparison of Darcy's Law, the Brinkman Equation, the Modified Navier-Stokes Equation and the Pure Diffusion Equation in PEM Fuel Cell Modeling
Z. Shi and X. Wang
Oakland University, Rochester, MI, USA
A two dimensional isothermal single phase PEM fuel cell model is developed and implemented in COMSOL Multiphysics, where Darcy's law, the Brinkman equation, the modified Navier-Stokes equation, and the pure diffusion equation are applied separately in porous electrodes. Three values of GDL permeability are investigated. Additionally, the order of the magnitude of each term in the modified N-S ...
Modeling of the Material/Electrolyte Interface and the Electrical Current Generated During the Pulse Electrochemical Machining of Grey Cast Iron
O. Weber, A. Rebschläger, P. Steuer, D. Bähre
Center for Mechatronics and Automatization, Saarbrücken, Germany
Institute of Production Engineering, Saarland University, Saarbrücken, Germany
The Pulse Electrochemical Machining is especially suitable for the precise production of complex geometric contours with high precision and high surface quality demands in series manufacturing. During this process, the negative structure of an electrode is copied to the workpiece without sub-surface damages. An adequate knowledge of the current and thus of the material removal behavior is ...
Modeling Bioelectrochemical Systems for Waste Water Treatment and Bioenergy Recovery with COMSOL Multiphysics®
T. Oyetunde, D. Ofiteru, J. Rodriguez
Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Most conventional wastewater treatment processes are quite energy-intensive. Global wastewater production is increasing due to growth in population, industrialization, and urbanization, creating an urgent need for energy-efficient wastewater treatment technologies. Moreover, waste streams (industrial and domestic) have drawn renewed interest as resources for water, energy, and product recovery. ...
F. Lima, U. Mescheder, H. Reinecke
Hochschule Furtwangen University, Furtwangen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
Institut für Mikrosystemtechnik, Freiburg im Breisgau, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
Electrodeposition has a major advantage over other methods of thin film deposition. It allows deposition at atmospheric pressure and room temperature, requiring inexpensive equipment. However, there are several parameters which can influence an electroplated metal layer quality. The current density distribution is taken into consideration. The Hull cell is an electrodeposition tank with a ...
J. Dujc, J.O. Schumacher
Zurich University of Applied Sciences (ZHAW), Institute of Computational Physics (ICP), Winterthur, Switzerland
A finite element model of a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) is described in this paper. We divide the PEMFC into two separate and parallel 2D regions which are connected by the 1D regions representing the membrane electrode assembly (MEA). COMSOL Multiphysics® was used as a development tool for hierarchical 1D MEA models. Here we present a 1D model that is based on seven governing ...
A. Samba, N. Omar, H. Gualous, Y. Firouz, O. Capron, M. Abdel MonemO, J. Smekens, P. Van den Bossche, J. Van Mierlo
VUB ETEC, Brussel, Belgium and UCBN, LUSAC, Cherbourg, France
VUB ETEC, Brussel, Belgium
UCBN, LUSAC, Cherbourg, France
Multi-Scale and Multi-Dimensional (MSMD) modeling approaches have been proposed to simulate the thermal, electrical distributions and concentration behaviors of large size pouch cell. This approach is based on coupling of the energy balance with the Newman’s electrode model. Newman’s 1D electrochemical model is often used for small size batteries but not sufficient enough for large size where ...
G. Madabattula, S. K. Gupta
Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
Low cost high energy density batteries that can be charged and discharged rapidly are required in a number of applications. Tapping energy from renewal resources such as solar, wind and tide requires rapidly generated energy to be first stored and then used round the clock. Storing energy of a moving vehicle as it slows down and recovering it to accelerate the vehicle later can significantly ...
University of Trinidad and Tobago, Couva, Trinidad and Tobago
This paper presents a 2D model of an intermediate temperature ammonia-fed SOFC (400 – 700 °C) based on the Temkin-Pyzhev model of ammonia decomposition. Phenomenological equations are implemented in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The Dusty Gas Model is used to model species transport in porous media, but a modification of Fick’s Law is used. Results show that intermediate temperatures can alleviate ...
RWTH Aachen University -ISEA-, Aachen, NRW, Germany
LiveLink™ for MATLAB® is used to fit the surface temperature of a battery cell within a COMSOL Multiphysics® model to the temperature measured by a thermal imaging camera. The test bench was designed and built up of ourselves to allow nondestructive thermal diffusivity measurement of Li Ion cells as a function of temperature, state of charge (SOC), state of health (SOH) and others. In that ...
M. C. B. Kumar, D. B. Prabhu, R. Akila, A. Gupta, M. Alagappan
PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil nadu, India
This paper discusses the simulation studies on a vibration based energy harvesting system to convert the undesirable mechanical vibration to useful green power. The design consists of a resonating proof mass and a spring system enclosed in housing and fixed on the source of vibration. A piezoelectric suspension acts as the transducer and generates a voltage that is used to charge the batteries of ...