Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Propagation of Localised Corrosion: FEM Approach

M. Stroe1, R. Oltra1, B. Vuillemin1, and G. Girardin2
1Institut Carnot de Bourgogne (ICB), Dijon, France
2AREVA NP, France

Crevice corrosion of stainless steel in chloride media was investigated based on an 11 species model. The role of parameters such as pH inside the crevice, external potential, chloride concentration of the bulk solution and crevice geometry was studied. A thermodynamic criterion for arrest / propagation of the crevice corrosion was used in order to identify the conditions for which the localized ...

Modeling and Simulation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells using COMSOL Multiphysics

Y. Shi
Department of Thermal Engineering,
Tsinghua University,
Beijing

Computer simulations of the SOFC provided insights in the detailed transport and reaction processes, and improving cell design and electrode microstructure. COMSOL Multiphysics was useful for "single button" cell modeling, 2D or 3D Unit Cell modeling, and Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) modeling.

Clean Energy Technologies: Growing Need for Multiphysics Modeling

Iouri Balachov
Senior Scientist,
SRI International, Menlo Park, CA, USA

Iouri Balachov is a Senior Scientist at SRI International (Menlo Park, CA) where he is leading development of Direct Carbon Fuel Cell technology for clean and efficient power generation from coal, biomass, and a wide variety of carbon containing fuels. Prior to SRI he was an engineer at Westinghouse nuclear (Pittsburgh, PA), researcher at Penn State University (State College, PA), and researcher ...

Simulation of C-MEMS Based Enzymatic Biofuel Cell

Y. Parikh, V. Penmatsa, J. Yang, and C. Wang

Department of Mechanical & Material Science Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA

An Enzymatic Biofuel Cell (EBFC) converts the chemical energy in biological fuels into electricity. In this work, we optimize the performance of the Carbon-Micro Electro Mechanical system in an EBFC by using COMSOL Multiphysics. With a simple model, we realized that most of the glucose reacts with enzymes at the top of the electrode posts, while the bottoms of the posts remain deficient of the ...

Hybrid Multiscale Modeling of Corrosion Nanoinhibitors Transport

C. Trenado[1], D. Strauss[1,2], and M. Wittmar[2]
[1]Computational Diagnostics & Biocybernetics Unit, Saarland University Hospital, Homburg, Germany
[2]Leibniz-Institute for New Materials, Saarbrücken, Germany

Progress in coating technology has allowed for the development of free-chromate corrosion inhibitors, which are able to smartly migrate when required. In order to support the coating design, we propose a hybrid mathematical model to study the inhibitor's release by taking into account the thermodynamics and kinetics involved in the corrosion process. The proposed model is ...

Modeling the chloride-induced corrosion initiation of steel rebar in concrete

P. Ghods[1], K. Karadakis[1], O. B. Isgor[1], and G. McRae[1]
[1]Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Corrosion of rebar in concrete is one of the most prominent durability problems in reinforced concrete, especially where de-icing or seawater salts come into contact with the structures. Previous electrochemical and microscopic investigations have shown that local crevices between the mill scale and the underlying steel surface accelerate the corrosion initiation of rebar in concrete. Steel ...

Simulation of Electrochemical Etching of Silicon with COMSOL

A. Ivanov
Hochschule Furtwangen
Furtwangen, Germany

Electrochemical etching of silicon (anodization) is a process that can be used for etching of forms of nearly arbitrary shapes. The difficulty of applying the process for mass production is in the many parameters influencing the process, such as electrolyte concentration and temperature, silicon substrate doping and type, and so on. COMSOL as an FEM simulation tool is very suitable for ...

Lithium-Ion Battery Simulation for Greener Ford Vehicles

D. Bernardi
Ford Motor Company

Dr. Bernardi is a Research Engineer with Ford Motor Company in Dearborn, MI. Her research focuses on the analysis and simulation of electrochemical energy-storage and conversion systems. In particular, Dr. Bernardi develops mathematical models that predict system behavior and identify governing physicochemical processes. Experimental investigations support model development, analysis, and ...

Kinetic Investigation of a Mechanism for Generating Microstructures on Polycrystalline Substrates Using an Electroplating Process

T. Soares[1], H. Mozaffari[2], H. Reinecke[1]
[1]Universit├Ąt Freiburg, Freiburg im Breisgau, BW, Germany
[2]Hochschule Furtwangen, Tuttlingen, BW, Germany

The purpose of this study is to understand the growth mechanism of copper (Cu) films on a Cu-Zn system substrate with a pre-defined pattern. The pattern was defined by conducting a selective etching process on a two-phase polycrystalline substrate. As a result of this process, there were etched regions correspondent to beta-phase crystals and quasi non-etched regions that belong to alpha-phase ...

Modeling Proton Transport in Hydrophobic Polymeric Electrolytes

M. Andrews[1]
[1]Caribbean Industrial Research Institute, Calibration Laboratory, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago

The Polymer Electrolyte Membrane fuel cell is one of the most promising green technologies for addressing portable, as well as transportation power needs. However, the science behind the fuel cell, in many regards, is still an enigma, and even more so, with the vast numbers of novel materials created annually; designed to offset issues related to durability, conductivity, cost- effectiveness and ...

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