CFD Modeling and Analysis of a Planar Anode Supported Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell - new
N. Lemcoff, M. Tweedie
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Hartford, Hartford, CT, USA
Enthone, West Haven, CT, USA
A planar anode-supported intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell operating on syngas fuel at 750°C was analyzed in this study. The effects of varying syngas fuel inlet compositions on species and temperature distributions, water gas shift reaction rate, potential for carbon formation and electrochemistry were considered. A 2-D COMSOL® model was developed which included separate defined ...
Modeling of Liquid Water Distribution at Cathode Gas Flow Channels in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell – PEMFC
S. Skoda, E. Robalinho, A. Paulino, E.F. Cunha, M. Linardi
Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares, São Paulo, Brazil
Universidade Nove de Julho, São Paulo, Brazil
The objective of this study is to determine the locations where liquid water accumulates at cathode gas flow channels, and the corresponding operating conditions. In such way it is possible to mitigate slug flow, responsible for channel blockage and hindering the diffusion of reactants to the catalytic sites. The model presented here is a comprehensive PEMFC 3D model, which includes liquid water ...
Topology Optimization of Lithium-Ion Battery Electrode Microstructure Morphology for Reduction of Damage Accumulation and Longevity of Battery Life - new
P. Clarke, R. Abedi
University of Tennessee Space Institute, Tullahoma, TN, USA
The ubiquitous commercial use of Lithium-Ion batteries (LIBs) has increased interest in their implementation into efficient energy storage systems for clean and renewable power sources and the electrical transportation industry. Unfortunately, LIBs are not yet technological mature to meet various commercial demands. Consider the following challenges for example,: (1) lower than desired effective ...
E. Gongadze, S. Petersen, U. Beck, and U. van Rienen
Institute of General Electrical Engineering, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
Institute of Electronic Appliances and Circuits, University of Rostock,
The Electrical Double Layer (EDL) plays a major role in understanding the interface between a charged surface (e.g. an implant) and ionic liquids (e.g. body fluids). The three classical models of the EDL (Helmholtz, Gouy, and Chapman-Stern) are numerically solved for a flat surface electrode in the 3D Electrostatics application mode of COMSOL Multiphysics® 3.5a. The values of the electric ...
E. Amores Vera, J. Rodríguez Ruiz
Centro Nacional del Hidrógeno, Puertollano, Spain
One of the most critical aspects on water electrolysis is gas-liquid separation, especially in systems with forced convection. The main problem of this kind of circulation is that a gas fraction could return to the electrolysis circuit. A suitable design of separator devices could be a solution in order to avoid a gas return to the electrolysis circuit. In this sense, the use of deflectors might ...
COMSOL Multiphysics® Based Identification of Thermal Properties of Mesoporous Silicon by Pulsed Photothermal Method - new
N. Semmar, I. El Abdouni, A. Melhem
GREMI-UMR7344, CNRS/University of Orléans, Orléans, France
The silicon is mainly known under its single-crystal shape and polycrystalline. Since a few decades, a new type of morphology is developed: the porous silicon (p-Si). Meso-porous silicon (Mp-Si) is one of promising materials for future microelectronic chips multi-functionalization systems, and for micro-sensing devices. For thermal properties investigation many experimental systems were ...
Kesoku Engineering System Co., Ltd.,
The tertiary current distributions on rotating electrodes are studied in this work. An acid copper sulfate electrolyte is used within an electrochemical cell of practical dimensions. The distributions of ion concentrations are obtained by the two-dimensional fluid flow simulation and the solution of mass-transport equations based on axial symmetry.
Numerical Analysis of Propeller-induced Low-frequency Modulations in Underwater Electric Potential Signatures of Naval Vessels in the Context of Corrosion Protection Systems
D. Schaefer, J. Doose, A. Rennings, and D. Erni
General and Theoretical Electrical Engineering (ATE), Faculty of Engineering, University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany
Technical Center for Ships and Naval Weapons (WTD 71), Bundeswehr, Eckernförde, Germany
Since October 2009 the laboratory of ATE has carried out collaborative research with the WTD 71 that aims for prediction, reduction and optimization of so-called underwater electric potential (UEP) signatures. COMSOL is used to simulate potential distributions in the context of impressed current cathodic protection (ICCP) systems. The electrode kinetics is considered by using boundary conditions ...
G. C. Bandlamudi[1,2], C. Siegel, C. Heßke, and A. Heinzel[1,2]
ZBT Duisburg, Duisburg, Germany
University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany
High temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (HT PEMFCs) are very promising technologies when used in combined cooling and heating power (CCHP) systems. They are operated at 160°C, offering the possibility of high tolerance to fuel impurities and a possibility to use the heat generated for cooling and heating purposes, leading to higher total system efficiency. Employing a ...
Current Density Distribution and Material Removal Behavior on the Graphite/Iron-matrix Interface in Cast Iron Under Pulse Electrochemical Machining Conditions
O. Weber, R. Kollmannsperger, D. Bähre
Center for Mechatronics and Automatization, Saarbrücken, Germany
Institute of Production Engineering, Saarland University, Saarbrücken, Germany
The Pulse Electrochemical Machining is especially suitable for the precise production of complex geometric contours with high precision and high surface quality demands in workpieces in series manufacturing. During this process, the negative structure of an electrode is copied to the workpiece without sub-surface damages. An adequate knowledge of the current density distribution and thus of the ...