Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA
A model was developed to simulate the reaction, concentration field, flow field, and temperature distribution inside a Claus reactor for converting hydrogen sulfide to sulfur. The model considered two ideal reactors, a continuous stirred tank reactor and a plug flow reactor. As expected, two ideal reactors showed much different behaviors in terms of reactant conversion and operating temperature. ...
D. Groulx, and W. Ogoh
Mechanical Engineering Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
One way of storing thermal energy is through the use of latent heat energy storage systems. One such system, composed of a cylindrical container filled with paraffin wax, through which a copper pipe carrying hot water is inserted, is presented in this paper. It is shown that the physical processes encountered in the flow of water, the heat transfer by conduction and convection, and the phase ...
B. Chinè[1,2], and M. Monno[1,3]
Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
Instituto Tecnològico de Costa Rica, Escuela de Ciencia e Ingenierìa de Materiales, Cartago, Costa Rica
Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy
We use COMSOL Multiphysics to model a gas bubble expansion in a viscous liquid initially at rest, a very common system for lightweight foamed materials from metal production and polymer processing. Modelling and simulation of foam processing during the production step involves many complexities, mainly due to the coupled momentum, mass and energy transport mechanisms, presence of more phases in ...
J.G. Pieters, R. ElGamal, F. Ronsse
Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Department of Biosystems Engineering, Ghent, Belgium
CFD simulations were carried out to predict the convective heat and mass transfer coefficients in the rice bed, and correlations were developed for the convective heat and mass transfer coefficients as a function of drying air flow rate. The developed correlations were used to extend the model developed by ElGamal et al. (2013) for thin-layer rice drying to volumetric heat and mass transfer in a ...
R. Spina, M. Spekowius, C. Hopmann
Dept. of Mechanics, Mathematics and Management (DMMM), Politecnico di Bari, Bari, Italy.
Institute of Plastics Processing (IKV), RWTH Aachen, Aachen, Germany.
The manufacturing of high quality injection molded parts requires a deep understanding of material properties, process parameters and product design. The behavior of a polymer during the injection molding process and the performance of the final part are strongly determined by the material structure formed during filling and cooling. The main objective of the presented work is to describe the ...
C. Falco, A. De Luca, S. Sarfraz, F. Udrea
University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
The aim of this work is to present a model capable to describe the behaviour of a thermal flow sensor under every physical aspect. A generic thermal flow sensor relates the flow properties with a variation in the temperature profile inside the device itself. Thus, it is locally heated up with a resistive element biased with an external current, surrounded by one or more temperature sensing ...
Fluid-Structure Interaction Modeling of High-Aspect Ratio Nuclear Fuel Plates Using COMSOL Multiphysics®
F. Curtis, K. Ekici, J. D. Freels
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
The High Flux Isotope Reactor at the Oak Ridge National Lab is in the research stage of converting its fuel from high-enriched uranium to low-enriched uranium. One of the areas being explored is the fluid-structure interaction phenomenon due to the interaction of thin fuel plates (50 mils thickness) and the cooling fluid (water). Detailed computational simulations have only recently become ...
Enthalpy Porosity Method for CFD Simulation of Natural Convection Phenomenon for Phase Change Problems in the Molten Pool and its Importance during Melting of Solids
Priyanshu Goyal, Anu Dutta, V.Verma, I. Thangamani, R.K. Singh
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India
Shielded transportation casks are commonly used for transportation and storage of radioactive waste materials. Design approval of such casks by regulatory authority is subject to its compliance with a thermal test (among other tests) Due to exposure of cask to fire , there is a possibility of melting of the shielding material (lead) used for the cask and need to evaluate extent of melting. ...
H. Garg, A. K. Lall, Nidhi, V. S. Negi
Central Scientific Instruments Organisation, Chandigarh, India
PEC University of Technology, Chandigarh, India
UIET, Punjab University, Chandigarh, India
Microchannel heat sinks designed for applications in electronic cooling and having microscale heat transfer combine the attributes of high material compatibility, high surface area per unit volume ratios, and large potential heat transfer performance with a highly sophisticated and economic fabrication process. The present study deals with different microchannel shapes and different properties of ...
D. Conchouso, E. Al Rawashdeh, A. Arevalo, D. Castro, I.G. Foulds
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
This paper presents the multiphase 2D axisymmetric simulation of a three-dimensional flow-focusing microfluidic droplet generator using the laminar two phase flow, phase field interface in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The performance of the device is characterized at different flow conditions. The generation frequency and diameter of droplets was studied and shows direct correlation with the flow ...