Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Claus Process Reactor Simulation

J. Plawsky[1],
[1]Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA

A model was developed to simulate the reaction, concentration field, flow field, and temperature distribution inside a Claus reactor for converting hydrogen sulfide to sulfur. The model considered two ideal reactors, a continuous stirred tank reactor and a plug flow reactor. As expected, two ideal reactors showed much different behaviors in terms of reactant conversion and operating temperature. ...

3D Multiphysics Model of Thermal Flow Sensors

C. Falco[1], A. De Luca[1], S. Sarfraz[1], F. Udrea[1]
[1]University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK

The aim of this work is to present a model capable to describe the behaviour of a thermal flow sensor under every physical aspect. A generic thermal flow sensor relates the flow properties with a variation in the temperature profile inside the device itself. Thus, it is locally heated up with a resistive element biased with an external current, surrounded by one or more temperature sensing ...

Heat Transfer Modeling of Steam Methane Reforming

E. Carcadea[1], M. Varlam[1], I. Stefanescu[1]
[1]National Research Institute for Isotopic & Cryogenic Technologies, Rm.Vâlcea, Romania

Steam methane reforming is a widely studied process because of its importance for hydrogen production. A two-dimensional membrane-reactor model was developed to investigate the steam-methane reforming reactions. The use of membrane as membrane-reactor separator offer us few advantages because it help in continuously removing the hydrogen from the reaction zone, shifting the chemical equilibrium ...

3D Acoustic Streaming Field in High-Intensity Discharge Lamps

B. Baumann[1], J. Schwieger[1], M. Wolff[1], F. Manders[2], J. Suijker[2]
[1]Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Hamburg, Germany
[2]Philips Lighting, Turnhout, Belgium

High-intensity discharge lamps will in the foreseeable future be important light sources despite a growing market share of LEDs. Cost and energy efficient high frequency (300 kHz) operation is hampered by the excitation of acoustic resonances inside the arc tube, which results in low frequency (10 Hz) light flicker. Our aim is to calculate the acoustic streaming velocity field, which is related ...

Evaluation of Novel Wing Design for UAV

P. K. Bahumanyam[1]
[1]University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL, USA

Viable design alternative for the existing and fast growing UAVs which are optimized for unmanned flight is of great demand. Designing of a small scale UAV alternative to the AAI Aerosonde UAV has been considered changing the wing tail configuration of the vehicle analyzing both structural and aerodynamic performance improvements using COMSOL Multiphysics® software.

Multiscale Modeling of Polymer Crystallization

R. Spina[1], M. Spekowius[2], C. Hopmann[2]
[1]Dept. of Mechanics, Mathematics and Management (DMMM), Politecnico di Bari, Bari, Italy.
[2]Institute of Plastics Processing (IKV), RWTH Aachen, Aachen, Germany.

The manufacturing of high quality injection molded parts requires a deep understanding of material properties, process parameters and product design. The behavior of a polymer during the injection molding process and the performance of the final part are strongly determined by the material structure formed during filling and cooling. The main objective of the presented work is to describe the ...

A Model of Gas Bubble Growth by COMSOL Multiphysics

B. Chinè[1,2], and M. Monno[1,3]
[1]Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
[2]Instituto Tecnològico de Costa Rica, Escuela de Ciencia e Ingenierìa de Materiales, Cartago, Costa Rica
[3]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy

We use COMSOL Multiphysics to model a gas bubble expansion in a viscous liquid initially at rest, a very common system for lightweight foamed materials from metal production and polymer processing. Modelling and simulation of foam processing during the production step involves many complexities, mainly due to the coupled momentum, mass and energy transport mechanisms, presence of more phases in ...

Simulation of a 3D Flow-Focusing Capillary-Based Droplet Generator

D. Conchouso[1], E. Al Rawashdeh[1], A. Arevalo[1], D. Castro[1], I.G. Foulds[1]
[1]King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia

This paper presents the multiphase 2D axisymmetric simulation of a three-dimensional flow-focusing microfluidic droplet generator using the laminar two phase flow, phase field interface in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The performance of the device is characterized at different flow conditions. The generation frequency and diameter of droplets was studied and shows direct correlation with the flow ...

Enthalpy Porosity Method for CFD Simulation of Natural Convection Phenomenon for Phase Change Problems in the Molten Pool and its Importance during Melting of Solids

Priyanshu Goyal[1], Anu Dutta[1], V.Verma[1], I. Thangamani[1], R.K. Singh[1]
[1]Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India

Shielded transportation casks are commonly used for transportation and storage of radioactive waste materials. Design approval of such casks by regulatory authority is subject to its compliance with a thermal test (among other tests) Due to exposure of cask to fire , there is a possibility of melting of the shielding material (lead) used for the cask and need to evaluate extent of melting. ...

Thermal Hydraulic Study for Heavy Liquid Metal Flows using COMSOL Multiphysics

K. T. Sandeep[1], S. Sahu[1], V. C. Chaudhari[1], R. P. Bhattacharyay[1], E. R. Kumar[1]
[1]Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India

Liquid metals are the extensively used as coolants in nuclear reactors.However, the heat transfer mechanism differs significantly in low Prandtl number heavy liquid metals (HLM’s) than those observed in common fluids. It is crucial to have the accurate heat transfer correlation for the liquid metal to estimate the heat removal efficiency. The present paper describes the use of COMSOL tool for ...

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