Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA
A model was developed to simulate the reaction, concentration field, flow field, and temperature distribution inside a Claus reactor for converting hydrogen sulfide to sulfur. The model considered two ideal reactors, a continuous stirred tank reactor and a plug flow reactor. As expected, two ideal reactors showed much different behaviors in terms of reactant conversion and operating temperature. ...
Fully Coupled Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical Modeling by COMSOL Multiphysics, with Applications in Reservoir Geomechanical Characterization
T. Freeman, R. Chalaturnyk, and I. Bogdanov
University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
Centre Huile Lourde Ouvert et Expérimental (CHLOE), France
Because of the complex nature of geomaterials and presence of solid and fluid within a single system, it is crucial to consider all the physics involved within the geomaterial system. A fully coupled thermo-hydromechanical model is developed. The model consists of a three-phase flow model designed as a set of coupled PDE application modes that when coupled with the Heat Transfer Module and ...
L. P. Aoki, H. E. Schulz, M. G. Maunsell
University of São Paulo, São Carlos, SP, Brazil
This article considers a closed water circuit with square cross section filled with an electrolyte fluid. The conductor fluid was moved using an electromagnetic pump, in which a permanent magnet generates a magnetic field and electrodes generate the electric field in the flow. Thus, the movement is a consequence of the magnetohydrodynamic (or MHD) effect. The model adopted here was derived from ...
Computation of Velocity, Pressure and Temperature Distributions near a Stagnation Point in Planar Laminar Viscous Incompressible Flow
E. Kaufman, and E. Gutierrez-Miravete
Pratt and Whitney, East Hartford, CT, USA
Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, CT, USA
As gas turbine temperatures and component life requirements continue to rise, it becomes increasingly important to have a good understanding of the operating temperatures of their components. The objective of this study was to explorate whether a Hiemenz flow approximation based on measured static pressures near an airfoil leading edge can provide a good estimate of the leading edge heat transfer ...
R. Jia, J. Hu, X. Xiong
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, CT, USA
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, CT, USA
Plate fin heat exchangers are widely used for heat recovery or cooling purposes in many industries, such as cryogenics, aerospace and automobile industries. This paper developed a numerical model to simulate the heat transfer and fluid flow in a counter flow plate fin heat exchanger and optimize its design parameters. The conjugate heat transfer in the finned plate and fluids in the channels ...
A. Noume, C. Vasile, M. Risser
National Institute of Applied Science (INSA), Strasbourg, France
In automotive industry, regardless the type of engine we use, heating and air-conditioning is responsible for the highest energy consumption among all the auxiliary systems all over the year. For conventional vehicles with thermal engines, the heating of the internal space is easy obtainable because of the heat waste from the engine. For the electric vehicles, as the energy is delivered by the ...
J. W. McTernan, I. Abu-Mahfouz
Buell Division of Fisher-Klosterman Inc., Lebanon, PA, USA
Pennsylvania State University - Harrisburg, Middletown, PA, USA
Fluidized Catalytic Cracking (FCC) regenerators utilize a fluidized bed to facilitate catalyst regeneration. Cyclones are used to separate the catalyst from the gas stream and return the catalyst to the fluidized bed; as the gas progresses through the system for further processing. This is accomplished by centrifugal forces that force the particles to dislodge from the fluid flow. The fluid exits ...
K. T. Sandeep, S. Sahu, V. C. Chaudhari, R. P. Bhattacharyay, E. R. Kumar
Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India
Liquid metals are the extensively used as coolants in nuclear reactors.However, the heat transfer mechanism differs significantly in low Prandtl number heavy liquid metals (HLM’s) than those observed in common fluids. It is crucial to have the accurate heat transfer correlation for the liquid metal to estimate the heat removal efficiency. The present paper describes the use of COMSOL tool for ...
COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulation of 3D Single-Phase Transport in a Random Packed Bed of Spheres - new
Department of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA
Packed beds are important in the chemical industries. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) can simulate detailed flow and scalar transport in packed beds for improved understanding and quantitative information. We present simulations of single-phase gas flow, conjugate heat transfer and isothermal dispersion of mass in a 3D model of a randomly-packed bed (tube-to-particle diameter ratio = 5.96) of ...
R. Kiflemariam, M. Almas, C. Lin
Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
2D steady state heat conduction-electric current model was created in COMSOL Multiphysics® software to study the performance of thermoelectric generator-photovoltaic-thermal (TEG-PVT) system. Four different cases were studied in the paper. In case 1, PV cells without concentrator was simulated while in case 2, concentrator ratio range from 2 to 5 was utilized, In case 3, the convection heat ...