Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling of Turbulent Combustion in COMSOL Multiphysics®

D. Lahaye[1], L. Cheng[2]
[1]DIAM, EEMCS Faculty, TU Delft, The Netherlands
[2]Tsinghua University, Beijing, China

In the production of high quality materials by a heat treatment, it is indispensable to accurately predict the temperature inside the furnaces being employed. In this work we develop a turbulent combustion model for the heat being released by gas burners inside a shaft kiln. Turbulent combustion is the strongly coupled phenomena of the chemically reacting fuel and oxygen in a turbulent flow. We ...

Numerical Study of the Controlled Droplet Breakup by Static Electric Fields inside a Microfluidic Flow-focusing Device

Y. Li[1], K. Nandakumar[1], M. Jain[1]
[1]Louisiana State Univeristy, Baton Rouge, LA, USA

Conventional passive microfluidic flow-focusing devices confront difficulties in controlling droplet sizes in dripping regime especially when the dispersed phase has a large viscosity. It is reported that external electric field can be used to manipulate the droplet breakup. In the present study, a computational fluid dynamics based level-set method coupled with perfect dielectric model has been ...

Numerical Simulation of RTD in Contact Tanks with COMSOL Multiphysics

C. Gualtieri
University of Napoli

The objective of this paper is to present the results of a numerical study undertaken to investigate the hydrodynamics and turbulent transport and mixing inside two contact tanks, which have the same channels but different location of the baffles. Transient concentration data were used to derive the residence time distribution (RTD) function for both tanks in order to evaluate and compare ...

Modeling of Two-Phase Flows

K. O. Lund
Engineering Consultant to SML Associates, Del Mar, CA, USA

Viscous equations are developed for regions with two interacting flowing fluids, or two fluid phases, such as occur in fluidized particle beds or the mixing of fluids. The descriptive equations are rendered into the standard COMSOL PDE matrix form, and solved over typical two-dimensional regions, as time-dependent interacting laminar flows.The model geometry selected is that of a so-called ...

Numerical Study of Microscale Heat Sinks Using Different Shapes and Fluids

H. Garg[1], A. K. Lall[2], Nidhi[3], V. S. Negi[1]
[1]Central Scientific Instruments Organisation, Chandigarh, India
[2]PEC University of Technology, Chandigarh, India
[3]UIET, Punjab University, Chandigarh, India

Microchannel heat sinks designed for applications in electronic cooling and having microscale heat transfer combine the attributes of high material compatibility, high surface area per unit volume ratios, and large potential heat transfer performance with a highly sophisticated and economic fabrication process. The present study deals with different microchannel shapes and different properties of ...

Development of a Reactive Silencer for Turbo Compressors

J. Smeulers[1], N. Gonzalez Diez[1]
[1]TNO, Delft, The Netherlands

Turbo compressors can generate high frequency tonal noise, causing nuisance in the environment. As the noise is radiated from the piping, a silencer is installed between the compressor and the pipe system. Commonly an absorption silencer is applied, which is a vessel that contains acoustic absorption material. Due to high flow velocities and vibrations the absorption material may be blown out of ...

Undergraduate Studies of Supersonic Flow from a Converging-Diverging Nozzle

K. Stein[1], N. Gessner[1], R. Peterson[1], A. Wiedmann[1]
[1]Department of Physics, Bethel University, St. Paul, MN, USA

Undergraduate studies are carried out to examine the supersonic flow from an axisymmetric converging-diverging nozzle. Flow in the nozzle is initiated by the rupture of a diaphragm that is positioned between the nozzle and a 1-gallon pressurized air tank. Simulations are carried out in COMSOL Multiphysics® for unsteady, axisymmetric flow with the High Mach Number interface of the CFD Module. ...

Optimized Channel Geometry of a Flow-Focusing Droplet Generator for Parallelization

D. Conchouso[1], E. Al Rawashdeh[1], D. Castro[1], A. Arevalo[1], I.G. Foulds[1]
[1]King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia

This document presents the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulation of a commonly used Microfluidic Droplet Generator (MFDG) using the Laminar Two-Phase Flow, Phase Field method in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The paper discusses the effect of the channel’s geometry in droplet size at different flow rate ratios and total flow rates. We then propose a guide to best select a cross-sectional area ...

Computational Fluid Dynamics for Microreactors Used in Catalytic Oxidation of Propane

S. Odiba[1], M. Olea[1], S. Hodgson[1], A. Adgar[1]
[1]Teesside University, School of Science and Engineering, Middlesbrough, United Kingdom

This research deals with the design of suitable microreactors for the catalytic oxidation of volatile organic compound (VOCs), using propane as a model molecule. The microreactor considered consists of eleven parallel channels, in which an Au/Cr/γ-Al2O3-catalyzed combustion reaction takes place. Each channel is 0.5 mm diameter and 100 mm long. The catalytic microreactor was simulated for ...

Multiscale Modeling of Polymer Crystallization

R. Spina[1], M. Spekowius[2], C. Hopmann[2]
[1]Dept. of Mechanics, Mathematics and Management (DMMM), Politecnico di Bari, Bari, Italy.
[2]Institute of Plastics Processing (IKV), RWTH Aachen, Aachen, Germany.

The manufacturing of high quality injection molded parts requires a deep understanding of material properties, process parameters and product design. The behavior of a polymer during the injection molding process and the performance of the final part are strongly determined by the material structure formed during filling and cooling. The main objective of the presented work is to describe the ...

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