Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Computation of Velocity, Pressure and Temperature Distributions near a Stagnation Point in Planar Laminar Viscous Incompressible Flow

E. Kaufman[1], and E. Gutierrez-Miravete[2]

[1]Pratt and Whitney, East Hartford, CT, USA
[2]Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, CT, USA

As gas turbine temperatures and component life requirements continue to rise, it becomes increasingly important to have a good understanding of the operating temperatures of their components. The objective of this study was to explorate whether a Hiemenz flow approximation based on measured static pressures near an airfoil leading edge can provide a good estimate of the leading edge heat transfer ...

Modeling Deep-Bed Grain Drying Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

J.G. Pieters[1], R. ElGamal[1], F. Ronsse[1]
[1]Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Department of Biosystems Engineering, Ghent, Belgium

CFD simulations were carried out to predict the convective heat and mass transfer coefficients in the rice bed, and correlations were developed for the convective heat and mass transfer coefficients as a function of drying air flow rate. The developed correlations were used to extend the model developed by ElGamal et al. (2013) for thin-layer rice drying to volumetric heat and mass transfer in a ...

Numerical Modeling and Performance Optimization Study of a Dehumidification Process in Nuclear Waste Storage

P. Geraldini[1]
[1]Sogin Spa, Rome, Italy

One of the main parameters to consider during the nuclear waste storage design phase is the drum corrosion risk. The humid-air corrosion models available in literature predict that, for carbon steel, the phenomena start to become appreciable for relative humidity (RH) values close to 65%. In general, the corrosion rate increases exponentially with relative humidity above the RH threshold. To ...

Miscible Viscous Fingering of Pushed Versus Pulled Interface

S. Pramanik[1], M. Mishra[1]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar, Punjab, India

Viscous fingering (VF) instability has been extensively studied over past several decades in the context of various industrial, environmental and chemical processes. We try to model miscible VF at pushed or pulled interfaces using COMSOL Multiphysics®. We study the effect of the positive and negative log-mobility ratio on the fingering instability. Numerical simulation has been performed in 2D ...

Multiphysics Simulation of a Packed Bed Reactor

A.E. Varela[1], and J.C. García[1]

[1]University of Carabobo, Valencia, Venezuela

Most reactor designs are based on pseudo homogeneous models. This paper studies the COMSOL simulation of a packed bed reactor using a 2-D heterogeneous model. The case considered was a packed reactor with spherical catalyst for oxidation of o-xylene in air to phthalic anhydride. Large differences in intra-pellet temperature were found in comparison with the average temperatures resulting from ...

Solar Cell Cooling and Heat Recovery in a Concentrated Photovoltaic System

M. Cozzini[1]
[1]Fondazione Bruno Kessler (FBK), Renewable Energies and Environmental Technologies (REET) Unit, Trento, Italy

Concentrated photovoltaic systems with high efficiency solar cells are being widely investigated, aiming at improving the cost-efficiency balance in the solar energy field. Different cell types are in use: e.g., high concentration triple junction cells, reaching efficiencies of the order of 35 - 40 % at 1000 suns, and medium concentration mono-crystalline silicon cells, with efficiencies of the ...

Claus Process Reactor Simulation

J. Plawsky[1],
[1]Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA

A model was developed to simulate the reaction, concentration field, flow field, and temperature distribution inside a Claus reactor for converting hydrogen sulfide to sulfur. The model considered two ideal reactors, a continuous stirred tank reactor and a plug flow reactor. As expected, two ideal reactors showed much different behaviors in terms of reactant conversion and operating temperature. ...

CO2 Storage Trapping Mechanisms Quantification

A. Nardi[1], E. Abarca[1], F. Grandia[1], J. Molinero[1]
[1]Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain

The capture and storage of CO2 in deep geological formations is one of the proposed solutions to reduce CO2 emissions to the atmosphere. CO2 is injected as a supercritical fluid deep below a confining geological formation that prevents its return to the atmosphere. In general, four trapping mechanisms are expected, which are of increasing importance through time: (1) structural, (2) residual ...

Numerical Study of Microscale Heat Sinks Using Different Shapes and Fluids

H. Garg[1], A. K. Lall[2], Nidhi[3], V. S. Negi[1]
[1]Central Scientific Instruments Organisation, Chandigarh, India
[2]PEC University of Technology, Chandigarh, India
[3]UIET, Punjab University, Chandigarh, India

Microchannel heat sinks designed for applications in electronic cooling and having microscale heat transfer combine the attributes of high material compatibility, high surface area per unit volume ratios, and large potential heat transfer performance with a highly sophisticated and economic fabrication process. The present study deals with different microchannel shapes and different properties of ...

Diffuse Interface Models for Metal Foams

B. Chinè[1], M. Monno[2], E. Repossi[3], M. Verani[3]
[1]Laboratorio MUSP Piacenza, Italy; ITCR, Esc. Ciencia e Ing. Materiales, Cartago, Costa Rica
[2]Laboratorio MUSP, Piacenza, Italy; Politecnico di Milano, Dip. Meccanica, Milano, Italy
[3]Politecnico di Milano, MOX-Dip. Matematica, Milano, Italy

The foaming process of a metal is a complex operation which needs to be closely controlled in order to guarantee the wanted properties, by avoiding the formation of defects in the structure of the material. In this work we use COMSOL Multiphysics® version 4.3b and apply the diffuse interface methods of the phase field technique available in the CFD module.To analyze a practical case, foams ...

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