K. Stein, N. Gessner, R. Peterson, A. Wiedmann
Department of Physics, Bethel University, St. Paul, MN, USA
Undergraduate studies are carried out to examine the supersonic flow from an axisymmetric converging-diverging nozzle. Flow in the nozzle is initiated by the rupture of a diaphragm that is positioned between the nozzle and a 1-gallon pressurized air tank. Simulations are carried out in COMSOL Multiphysics® for unsteady, axisymmetric flow with the High Mach Number interface of the CFD Module. ...
A. Noume, C. Vasile, M. Risser
National Institute of Applied Science (INSA), Strasbourg, France
In automotive industry, regardless the type of engine we use, heating and air-conditioning is responsible for the highest energy consumption among all the auxiliary systems all over the year. For conventional vehicles with thermal engines, the heating of the internal space is easy obtainable because of the heat waste from the engine. For the electric vehicles, as the energy is delivered by the ...
K. O. Lund
Engineering Consultant to SML Associates, Del Mar, CA, USA
Viscous equations are developed for regions with two interacting flowing fluids, or two fluid phases, such as occur in fluidized particle beds or the mixing of fluids. The descriptive equations are rendered into the standard COMSOL PDE matrix form, and solved over typical two-dimensional regions, as time-dependent interacting laminar flows.The model geometry selected is that of a so-called ...
Numerical Study of the Controlled Droplet Breakup by Static Electric Fields inside a Microfluidic Flow-focusing Device
Y. Li, K. Nandakumar, M. Jain
Louisiana State Univeristy, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
Conventional passive microfluidic flow-focusing devices confront difficulties in controlling droplet sizes in dripping regime especially when the dispersed phase has a large viscosity. It is reported that external electric field can be used to manipulate the droplet breakup. In the present study, a computational fluid dynamics based level-set method coupled with perfect dielectric model has been ...
E. Mogilevskiy, R. Ferrer, L. Gaffney, C. Granados, M. Huyse, Yu. Kudryavtsev, S. Raeder, P. Van Duppen
KU Leuven, Instituut voor Kern- en Stralingsfysica, Leuven, Belgium
De Laval nozzles are used in supersonic aerodynamical tubes and engines. They are also employed for the production of cold gas jets to be used in chemical reactions studies. Recently, cold gas jets have been proposed of In-Gas Laser ionization Spectroscopy (IGLIS) The nozzle has a converging and a diverging part with a throat between them. High gas pressure and temperature, and low velocity are ...
University of Napoli
The objective of this paper is to present the results of a numerical study undertaken to investigate the hydrodynamics and turbulent transport and mixing inside two contact tanks, which have the same channels but different location of the baffles. Transient concentration data were used to derive the residence time distribution (RTD) function for both tanks in order to evaluate and compare ...
R. Spina, M. Spekowius, C. Hopmann
Dept. of Mechanics, Mathematics and Management (DMMM), Politecnico di Bari, Bari, Italy.
Institute of Plastics Processing (IKV), RWTH Aachen, Aachen, Germany.
The manufacturing of high quality injection molded parts requires a deep understanding of material properties, process parameters and product design. The behavior of a polymer during the injection molding process and the performance of the final part are strongly determined by the material structure formed during filling and cooling. The main objective of the presented work is to describe the ...
R. V. Arimilli, A. H. Nejad, K. Ekici
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
A new simple air-cooled inverter design is numerically investigated using COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The thermal-fluid analysis is based on a three-dimensional conjugate heat transfer model in which the flow field is assumed to be laminar. A rigorous mesh convergence was performed to ensure that the overall energy balance error is within engineering accuracy while the computational cost is ...
Enthalpy Porosity Method for CFD Simulation of Natural Convection Phenomenon for Phase Change Problems in the Molten Pool and its Importance during Melting of Solids
Priyanshu Goyal, Anu Dutta, V.Verma, I. Thangamani, R.K. Singh
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India
Shielded transportation casks are commonly used for transportation and storage of radioactive waste materials. Design approval of such casks by regulatory authority is subject to its compliance with a thermal test (among other tests) Due to exposure of cask to fire , there is a possibility of melting of the shielding material (lead) used for the cask and need to evaluate extent of melting. ...
Comparison Between Phase Field and ALE Methods to Model the Keyhole Digging During Spot Laser Welding
V. Bruyere, C. Touvrey, P. Namy
CEA-DAM, Is-sur-Tille, France
SIMTEC, Grenoble, France
Nowadays, spot laser welding is a full-fledged part of industrial manufacturing and is routinely used due to its advantages. It generates very located temperature gradients, and therefore, induces small distortions in the pieces. The COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to model the interaction stage of an isolated impact made with a Nd:YAG pulsed laser. The free surface evolution has been ...