Application of the Focused Impedance Method (FIM) to Determine the Volume of an Object within a Volume Conductor
M. A. Kadir, S. P. Ahmed, G. D. Al Quaderi, R. Rahman, K. Siddique-e Rabbani
Department of Biomedical Physics & Technology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Department of Physics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Department of Physics, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Focused Impedance Method (FIM), a new technique of electrical impedance measurement having high sensitivity in the central region, can sense the change in transfer impedance of an object embedded at a shallow depth within a volume conductor of unchanging background conductivity, using electrodes at the surface. This paper presents a new method for measuring the volume of such an embedded object ...
Georg-August University, Göttingen, Germany
Energy piles, i.e. heat exchangers located within the foundation piles of buildings, are used for heating of cooling purposes. Although the absolute values of deformations and temperature gradients are low or moderate, the entire setting can be influenced by thermo-hydro-mechanical coupling. The fluctuating thermal regime may affect the deformation of pile and surrounding ground as effect of ...
E. Holzbecher, P. Oberdorfer, F. Maier, and Y. Jin
Georg-August Universität Göttingen
Geothermal heat production from deep reservoirs (5000-7000 m) is currently examined, not only in Germany. Our reference set-up consists of two pipes within a single borehole: one for pumping. We examine a design, where a single borehole splits into two legs at a certain depth. The two legs are connected by highly permeable geological, natural or artificial strata in the deep subsurface. The ...
D. Müller, H. Francke, G. Blöcher, H. Shao
Helmholtz-Zentrum Potsdam Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZ, Potsdam, Brandenburg, Germany
Helmholtz-Zentrum für Umweltforschung UFZ, Leipzig, Saxony, Germany
The reactive transport simulation interface COMSOL-PHREEQC, developed by Wissmeier & Barry (2011), provides a MATLAB®-based coupling interface to combine COMSOL Multiphysics® for flow and heat transport simulations and PHREEQC as a geochemical batch reaction simulator. The functionality of the coupling tool is tested using the “calcite” example (Shao et al. 2010) as a benchmark. The results ...
T. K. Chou, M. Chouteau, M. J. Yi
Department of Civil, Geological & Mining Engineering, École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montreal, QC, Canada
Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, Daejeon, South Korea
Time-lapse electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) method provides a non-invasive way to monitor subtle sub-surface changes caused by water flow such as in an infiltration test. Problems arise when the inversion models contain artifacts due to measurement errors, rapid change in soil electrical property during measurement time, etc. A new approach was developed by Kim et al. (2004) and (2009) ...
E. Evgin, J. A. Infante Sedano, Z. Fu
University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada
A pile transfers structural load to the ground at the surface of its shaft and at its toe. In the calculation of these two components of load, both the deformation characteristics and the strength properties of the soil are needed. In unsaturated soils, matric suction changes the stress-strain-strength behavior of the soil. Similarly, the adhesion and the friction angle at the contact area ...
J. Park, T. Bjornara, H. Westerdahl, and E. Gonzalez
Norwegian Geotechnical Institute (NGI), Oslo, Norway
StatoilHydro Research Center, Norway
In this study, we propose an absorbing boundary domain (or condition), which is really simple but still efficient for the 2.5D finite element (FE) analysis. The main application is to simulate the electromagnetic (EM) waves related to the marine controlled source electromagnetic (CSEM) method, where the EM wave propagates with extremely low frequency in the conductive media. In the near future, ...
E. C. Luz
Universidade Federal do Pará, Belém, PA, Brazil
The Marine Controlled Source ElectroMagnetic (marine CSEM) is a geophysical method used by the oil industry to investigate resistive targets in the sediments under the ocean floor. In this work we simulate marine CSEM data including 1D, 2.5D and 3D modeling. The results obtained with COMSOL Multiphysics show themselves as a promising tool for the studies of electromagnetic methods in prospecting ...
Elastoplastic Models of the Interaction between Active Fronts of the Southern Alps and Dinarides (NE Italy and NW Slovenia)
M. Coccia, E. Carminati, F. Rolandone, M. Battaglia, D. Zuliani, and P. Fabris
Università La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
Centro Ricerche Sismologiche, Udine, Italy
We use GPS measurements and Finite Element analysis to investigate strain accumulation in the interaction between active fronts of the Southern Alps and Dinarides at the northern edge of the Adriatic micro-plate. We develop a three dimensional model of the area taking into account the regional topography, approximating the crust as an elasto-plastic medium and reproducing as close as possible the ...
Finite Element Solution of Nonlinear Transient Rock Damage with Application in Geomechanics of Oil and Gas Reservoirs
S. Enayatpour, T. Patzek
The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA
The increasing energy demand calls for advances in technology which translate into more accurate and complex simulations of physical problems. Understanding the rock damage is essential to understanding the geomechanics of hydrocarbon reservoirs. The fragile microstructure of some rocks makes it difficult to predict the propagation of fracture in these rocks, therefore a mathematical model is ...