Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Full Coupling of Flow, Thermal and Mechanical Effects in COMSOL Multiphysics® for Simulation of Enhanced Geothermal Reservoirs

D. Sijacic[1], P. Fokker[1]
[1]TNO, Utrecht, The Netherlands

The effective modeling of enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) requires the coupling of geomechanics, fluid flow and thermal processes. An understanding of the complete system with these coupled processes is vital, not just for reservoir stimulation targeted at enhancing reservoir performance, but also for the understanding, prediction and prevention of induced seismicity. Thermal effects however ...

The Simulation of Pore Scale Fluid Flow with Real World Geometries Obtained from X-Ray Computed Tomography

W. Fourie1, R. Said2, P. Young3, and D. L. Barnes1
1Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Water
and Environmental Research Center, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK, USA
2Simpleware, Ltd. Exeter, UK
3Computer Science and Mathematics, School of Engineering, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK

With the recent improvement of X-ray Computed Tomography and robust modeling tools, it is now possible to show that pore scale fluid flow modeled by the Navier-Stokes equation can be used to derive macro parameters of Darcy’s Law, such as the hydraulic conductivity. The model allows calculation of isotropy, tortuosity and dispersivity of the soil in all directions. These parameters, which are ...

Fluid Flow in Porous Ceramic Multichannel Crossflow Filter Modules

G. Breitbach, S. Alexopoulos, and B. Hoffschmidt
FH Aachen, Jülich, Germany

In this work, we show how the modeling of purification of fluids can be simplified using a combination of analytical and numerical methods. A basic cell is defined based on the periodic structure of the module-cross section. The cell represents the microstructure of the cross section. Considering the cell, flow related effective quantities are derived. The finite element method is here used only ...

Modeling Self-Potential Effects during Reservoir Stimulation in Enhanced Geothermal System - new

G. Perillo[1], A. Monetti[2], A. Troiano[2], M. G. Di Giuseppe[2], C. Troise[2], G. De Natale[2]
[1]University of Naples Parthenope, Naples, Italy
[2]INGV-Osservatorio Vesuviano, Naples, Italy

Geothermal systems represent a large resource that can provide, with a reasonable investment, a very high and cost-effective power generating capacity. Despite its unquestionable potential, geothermal exploitation has long been perceived as limited, mainly because of the dependence from strict site-related conditions, mainly related to the reservoir rock’s permeability. In this work, SP ...

Energy Pile Simulation – an Application of THM-Modeling - new

E. Holzbecher[1]
[1]Georg-August University, Göttingen, Germany

Energy piles, i.e. heat exchangers located within the foundation piles of buildings, are used for heating of cooling purposes. Although the absolute values of deformations and temperature gradients are low or moderate, the entire setting can be influenced by thermo-hydro-mechanical coupling. The fluctuating thermal regime may affect the deformation of pile and surrounding ground as effect of ...

Simulation of Deep Geothermal Heat Production

E. Holzbecher, P. Oberdorfer, F. Maier, and Y. Jin
Georg-August Universität Göttingen
Göttingen, Germany

Geothermal heat production from deep reservoirs (5000-7000 m) is currently examined, not only in Germany. Our reference set-up consists of two pipes within a single borehole: one for pumping. We examine a design, where a single borehole splits into two legs at a certain depth. The two legs are connected by highly permeable geological, natural or artificial strata in the deep subsurface. The ...

Numerical Modeling of CO2 Sequestration in Coal-Beds with Variable Saturation

G. Liu, and A. V. Smirnov
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA

In this study, a computer simulation was conducted with the purpose of predicting the carbon dioxide transport in two phases in a multi-layer environment of a typical non-mineable coal-bed basin based on the variable saturation model.The results indicate that the transport of carbon dioxide was affected by the properties of the seal layers.With carbon dioxide injection, the porosity, relative ...

On Boundary Conditions for CSEM Finite Element Modeling, I

J. Park[1], T. Bjornara[1], H. Westerdahl[2], and E. Gonzalez[2]
[1]Norwegian Geotechnical Institute (NGI), Oslo, Norway
[2]StatoilHydro Research Center, Norway

In this study, we propose an absorbing boundary domain (or condition), which is really simple but still efficient for the 2.5D finite element (FE) analysis. The main application is to simulate the electromagnetic (EM) waves related to the marine controlled source electromagnetic (CSEM) method, where the EM wave propagates with extremely low frequency in the conductive media. In the near future, ...

Finite Element Solution of Nonlinear Transient Rock Damage with Application in Geomechanics of Oil and Gas Reservoirs

S. Enayatpour[1], T. Patzek[1]
[1]The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA

The increasing energy demand calls for advances in technology which translate into more accurate and complex simulations of physical problems. Understanding the rock damage is essential to understanding the geomechanics of hydrocarbon reservoirs. The fragile microstructure of some rocks makes it difficult to predict the propagation of fracture in these rocks, therefore a mathematical model is ...

Applicability of the Fracture Flow Interface to the Analysis of Piping in Granular Material

S. Bersan[1], C. Jommi[2], A. Koelewijn[3], P. Simonini[1]
[1]University of Padua, Padua, Italy
[2]Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
[3]Deltares, Delft, The Netherlands

Piping is a kind of internal erosion that occurs under water retaining structures lying on a sandy soil. In an attempt to reproduce the growth of erosion channels in sand, a small scale physical model has been set up in the laboratory and a finite element model that reproduces the physical model has been developed. This paper presents the comparison among modeling strategies, from which emerged ...

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