Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Investigating the Impacts of Hydrogeological Parameters on DSI Efficiency through Numerical Simulation

Y. Jin[1], E. Holzbecher[1], S. Ebneth[2]
[1]Department of Applied Geology, GZG, Georg-August- University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
[2]Hölscher Wasserbau, Haren, Germany

Düsensauginfiltration (DSI),‘nozzle-suction-infiltration’, is a new method for dewatering that avoids groundwater abstraction from the aquifer. Drawdown is achieved via pumping of groundwater at upper abstraction section, meanwhile, all the pumped water is injected through the same borehole, but in greater depth. We use COMSOL Multiphysics® for the development of a 2D model that ...

Simulation of Reactive Transport in Porous Media: A Benchmark for a COMSOL-PHREEQC-Interface

D. Müller[1], H. Francke[1], G. Blöcher[1], H. Shao[2]
[1]Helmholtz-Zentrum Potsdam Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZ, Potsdam, Brandenburg, Germany
[2]Helmholtz-Zentrum für Umweltforschung UFZ, Leipzig, Saxony, Germany

The reactive transport simulation interface COMSOL-PHREEQC, developed by Wissmeier & Barry (2011), provides a MATLAB®-based coupling interface to combine COMSOL Multiphysics® for flow and heat transport simulations and PHREEQC as a geochemical batch reaction simulator. The functionality of the coupling tool is tested using the “calcite” example (Shao et al. 2010) as a benchmark. The results ...

Reactive Transport and Convective Mixing During CO2 Migration in a Saline Aquifer

E. Abarca[1], A. Nardi[1], F. Grandia[1], J. Molinero[1]
[1]Amphos21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain

The capture and storage of CO2 in deep geological formations is one of the proposed solutions to reduce CO2 emissions to the atmosphere. CO2 is injected as a supercritical fluid deep below a confining geological formation that prevents its return to the atmosphere. A configuration of denser CO2-enriched brine overlying lighter water leads to convective flow and the formation of gravity fingers of ...

Use of COMSOL as a Tool in the Design of an Inclined Multiple Borehole Heat Exchanger

E. Johansson[1], J. Acuña[1], B. Palm[1]
[1]Royal Institute of Technology KTH, Stockholm, Sweden

A field of connected boreholes can be used both for cooling, heating and storage purposes. The boreholes transfer heat to or from the ground, which over time changes the temperature in the ground. It is important that the borehole field is properly sized and evaluated before the construction. This study presents results from borehole field evaluations of inclined boreholes used for cooling ...

Simulation of Deep Geothermal Heat Production

E. Holzbecher, P. Oberdorfer, F. Maier, and Y. Jin
Georg-August Universität Göttingen
Göttingen, Germany

Geothermal heat production from deep reservoirs (5000-7000 m) is currently examined, not only in Germany. Our reference set-up consists of two pipes within a single borehole: one for pumping. We examine a design, where a single borehole splits into two legs at a certain depth. The two legs are connected by highly permeable geological, natural or artificial strata in the deep subsurface. The ...

Benchmark Calculations with COMSOL of the Transport of Radionuclides Through Clay and Bentonite Barriers in a Geological Repository

M.L. Sentís[1], F. Altorfer[1], M. Herfort[1], A. Jakob[2], G. Kosakowski[2], and S. Friedel[3]

[1]Swiss Federal Nuclear Safety Inspectorate, Villigen, Switzerland
[2]Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland
[3]COMSOL Multiphysics GmbH, Zürich, Switzerland

A benchmark study was carried out by the Swiss Nuclear Safety Inspectorate (ENSI) in collaboration with the Laboratory for Waste Management (LES) of the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) in order to evaluate the capabilities of the program COMSOL for the calculation of the transport of radionuclides through clay and bentonite barriers in a geological repository for radioactive waste. In this study ...

Simulation of Novel Groundwater Lowering Technique using Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian Method

Y. Jin, E. Holzbecher, and P. Oberdorfer
Applied Geology
Geoscience Centre
Georg-August-University Göttingen
Göttingen, Germany

A novel method for groundwater lowering, which can be applied at construction sites, for aquifer remediation measures or in open mining, is proposed. In contrast to conventional techniques, dewatering is achieved without water conveyance. In this paper the physical concept of the new technology, referred as single borehole pump & inject, is modeled using COMSOL Multiphysics. Two and three ...

Groundwater Modeling as an Assessment Tool for Underground Mines Located in Fractured Massifs

J. Font-Capó[1], A. Nardi[1], M. Mendoza [2], E. Ruiz[2], S. Jordana[1], J. Molinero[1], P. Trinchero[1], J. Vargas[3]
[1]Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
[2]Amphos 21 Perú, Lima, Perú
[3]Worley Parson/TWP, Lima, Perú

Some of the present metallic ores mines are located in areas formed by a heterogeneous fractured massif where groundwater flows preferentially through fractures. Underground mining in these zones can cause impacts in streams, lakes and change the natural water balance of the watersheds, leading to conflicts between traditional uses of water and the mining activity. Quantification of these ...

The Simulation of Pore Scale Fluid Flow with Real World Geometries Obtained from X-Ray Computed Tomography

W. Fourie1, R. Said2, P. Young3, and D. L. Barnes1
1Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Water
and Environmental Research Center, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK, USA
2Simpleware, Ltd. Exeter, UK
3Computer Science and Mathematics, School of Engineering, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK

With the recent improvement of X-ray Computed Tomography and robust modeling tools, it is now possible to show that pore scale fluid flow modeled by the Navier-Stokes equation can be used to derive macro parameters of Darcy’s Law, such as the hydraulic conductivity. The model allows calculation of isotropy, tortuosity and dispersivity of the soil in all directions. These parameters, which are ...

Poroelastic Models of Stress Diffusion and Fault Re-Activation in Underground Injection

R. Nopper[1], J. Clark[2], C. Miller[1]
[1]DuPont Company, Wilmington, DE, USA
[2]DuPont Company, Beaumont, TX, USA

Stress and failure in the earth have long been observed to couple to hydrogeology. Poroelastic models, introduced by soil scientists, can account for strong two-way coupling between porous crustal rock formations and their pore fluids. Current efforts to provide new energy resources (water injection in EGS, enhanced oil recovery) and to reduce pollution (CO2 sequestration, deepwell disposal) ...

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