Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Poroelastic Models of Stress Diffusion and Fault Re-Activation in Underground Injection

R. Nopper[1], J. Clark[2], C. Miller[1]
[1]DuPont Company, Wilmington, DE, USA
[2]DuPont Company, Beaumont, TX, USA

Stress and failure in the earth have long been observed to couple to hydrogeology. Poroelastic models, introduced by soil scientists, can account for strong two-way coupling between porous crustal rock formations and their pore fluids. Current efforts to provide new energy resources (water injection in EGS, enhanced oil recovery) and to reduce pollution (CO2 sequestration, deepwell disposal) ...

Applicability of the Fracture Flow Interface to the Analysis of Piping in Granular Material

S. Bersan[1], C. Jommi[2], A. Koelewijn[3], P. Simonini[1]
[1]University of Padua, Padua, Italy
[2]Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
[3]Deltares, Delft, The Netherlands

Piping is a kind of internal erosion that occurs under water retaining structures lying on a sandy soil. In an attempt to reproduce the growth of erosion channels in sand, a small scale physical model has been set up in the laboratory and a finite element model that reproduces the physical model has been developed. This paper presents the comparison among modeling strategies, from which emerged ...

Aquifer Physics Modes for Hydrogeological Modeling – an Application of the COMSOL Physics Builder

E. Holzbecher[1]
[1]Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany

Although there are porous media and subsurface flow modes available in a toolbox of COMSOL Multiphysics®, some common requirements in hydrogeological models can not be easily accessed in the graphical user interface. Most crucially, there is no distinction between confined and unconfined situations for permeable layers, so called aquifers. Using the Physics Builder for such distinctions aquifer ...

Numerical Study on the Acoustic Field of a Deviated Borehole with 2.5D Method

L. Liu[1], W.J. Lin[1], H.L. Zhang[1]
[1]State Key Laboratory of Acoustics, Institute of Acoustics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

In this paper, we use the PDE interface of COMSOL Multiphysics® software to implement the 2.5D frequency wave-number domain method to investigate the wave propagation in a deviated borehole penetrating a transversely isotropic formation. A convolutional perfectly matched layer is realized to eliminate the reflections from the artificial truncation boundary. With this method, we can obtain the ...

The Use of COMSOL for Integrated Hydrological Modeling

T. Fong, M. Chui, and D. L. Freyberg
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA

Hydrological processes and components are intrinsically coupled, and thus must often be modeled as an integrated system. Unfortunately, although a few modeling codes are available, integrated hydrological modeling remains a challenge.The objective of this paper is to explore the feasibility of using COMSOL Multiphysics for integrated hydrological modeling; in particular, using the generic ...

Simulation of Pumping Induced Groundwater Flow in Unconfined Aquifer Using Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian Method

Y. Jin[1], E. Holzbecher[1], S. Ebneth[2]
[1]Department of Applied Geology, Georg-August-University, Göttingen, Germany
[2]Hoelscher Dewatering, Haren, Germany

A novel numerical method characterizing groundwater flow in unconfined aquifer is demonstrated. In contrast to the conventional method (Dupuit approach considering horizontal flow only), hydraulic head is simulated in horizontal and vertical directions. The new approach is introduced via developing a 2-D-axisymmetric model representing the vertical cross section of the aquifer. The model solves ...

Direct Pore-scale Modeling of Two-phase Flow Through Natural Media

I. Bogdanov, J. Kpahou, and A. Kamp
Open and Experimental Centre for Heavy Oil (CHLOE)
University of Pau
Pau, France

Direct numerical simulation of single- and two-phase flow in real pore systems is addressed in our paper. The X–ray computed micro-tomography technique has been applied first to reconstruct in details a real pore space of a subcentimetric sample. Making use of dedicated software (ScanIP) the generated porous medium images has been processed to build a 3D pore space geometry. Finally, based ...

Numerical Simulation: Field Scale Fluid Injection to a Porous Layer in Relevance to CO₂ Geological Storage

S. Kim[1], S. A. Hosseini[1], S. D. Hovorka[1]
[1]Bureau of Economic Geology, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA

CO₂ geological storage can help to provide a “bridge” from a fossil-fuel dependent system to a more diversified energy portfolio. Pressure monitoring for an injection zone (IZ) and an above-zone monitoring interval (AZMI) has been under operation at a field-scale CO₂ injection site, Cranfield, MS. Recorded pressure data in the AZMI revealed a certain amount of increase with no evidence of ...

Simulation of Deep Geothermal Heat Production

E. Holzbecher, P. Oberdorfer, F. Maier, and Y. Jin
Georg-August Universität Göttingen
Göttingen, Germany

Geothermal heat production from deep reservoirs (5000-7000 m) is currently examined, not only in Germany. Our reference set-up consists of two pipes within a single borehole: one for pumping. We examine a design, where a single borehole splits into two legs at a certain depth. The two legs are connected by highly permeable geological, natural or artificial strata in the deep subsurface. The ...

Energy Pile Simulation – an Application of THM-Modeling

E. Holzbecher[1]
[1]Georg-August University, Göttingen, Germany

Energy piles, i.e. heat exchangers located within the foundation piles of buildings, are used for heating of cooling purposes. Although the absolute values of deformations and temperature gradients are low or moderate, the entire setting can be influenced by thermo-hydro-mechanical coupling. The fluctuating thermal regime may affect the deformation of pile and surrounding ground as effect of ...

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