S. Kadam, T. Gulati, A. Datta
Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
Kheer is a popular Indian dairy dessert prepared from concentrating milk with simultaneous cooking of rice grains. Conventional methods of preparing kheer have limited its mechanized production. Therefore, a conceptual design of continuous kheer-making machine has been prepared which among other components consists of a heating section for cooking kheer. The present study investigates the CFD ...
G. Petrone, C. Balocco
BE CAE & Test, Catania, Italy
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Firenze, Firenze, Italy
High levels of Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) in Operating Theatres (OT) is an important issue in order to contribute in prevention of Surgical Site Infections (SSI). Despite of specific plant layouts are applied for OT ventilation (e.g. unidirectional flow), the effective use conditions can heavily modify the design microclimate and air quality levels. Medical staff presence and movements and sliding ...
S. Lazzari, A. Priarone,
DIN, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
DIME-TEC, University of Genova, Genova, Italy
The transient behavior of the thermal resistance of single and double U-tube borehole heat exchangers (BHEs) is investigated numerically by means of COMSOL Multiphysics® software with reference to the 2D cross section of usually employed BHEs. The study is performed in a dimensionless parametrical form, the parameters being the ratio between the thermal conductivities of grout and ground, the ...
B. Watzke, H. Deyber, and H. Limbach
Nestlé Research Centre, Lausanne, Switzerland
Research Centre, Lausanne, Switzerland
The freezing curve of the food material was extracted from Differential Scanning Calorimetry experiments. A heat conductive model was generated in COMSOL, including the thermo-physical characteristics and the phase transition behavior. The resulting temperature-time evolutions at different positions in space were in excellent agreement with our experimental data. Changing scale, the variation ...
I. Bodey, R. Arimilli, and J. Freels
Dept. of Mechanical, Aerospace and Biomedical Eng., The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN
Research Reactors Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN
The High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is an 85 MW, light-water moderated, research reactor that operates at low temperature and high pressure. The HFIR is presently scheduled to convert from a high enriched uranium fuel (HEU) to a low enriched uranium fuel (LEU) in 2019. Due to cost constraints, not all experiments will be repeated for the LEU fuel ...
Ingegneria Senza Frontiere, DESE, Università di Pisa, Pisa, Italy
In the Andean region of Southern Peru, poverty and climate are extreme: at 4000mt asl, insolation is among the highest in the world but the temperature varies more than 30 degrees between day and night. At the community of Livitaca (Cuzco), the association “Ingegneria Senza Frontiere” is working on a project of bioclimatic architecture. In this context, it is devised a low cost drainback ...
S. Curet, M. Mazen Hamoud-Agha
GEPEA, UMR 6144, CNRS, ONIRIS, Université de Nantes, Nantes, France
In this study, COMSOL®4.2a is used to model a microwave heating process in a TE10 rectangular waveguide. The sample consists of a small cylindrical Ca-alginate gel (D = 8 mm, H = 10 mm) inoculated with bacteria Escherichia Coli K12. The sample is placed along the microwave propagation direction into the waveguide. Maxwell’s equations and heat transfer are coupled to a microbial inactivation ...
M. Giansetti, A. Pezzin, S. Sicardi, G. Rovero
Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
Within wool textile industries, a very important role is played by the so-called finishing processes, in which the textile substrate undergoes steam treatments to achieve the desired level of stabilisation and appearance. Process parameters, namely temperature and moisture content, are known only at the beginning of the process but not in the textile material being treated, where the actual ...
EMIX, St Maurice La Souterraine, France
The optimisation of dimensions, materials choice of heaters in annealing furnaces are done with COMSOL Multiphysics® in 2D-axisymetry. Heat losses sources are identified and corrective actions can be taken in function of simulation results. A power saving of more than 50% is achieved thanks to simulations.
Computational Modeling of the Impact of Solar Irradiance on Chemical Degradation of Painted Wall Hangings in a Historical Interior
Z. Huijbregts, A. van Schijndel, H. Schellen, K. Keune, M. Eikema Hommes[3,4]
Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Cultural Heritage Agency, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
The historic Hofkeshuis in Almelo (The Netherlands) locates a unique work of art: three walls in the rear salon of the private house are covered with an 18th century series of painted wall hangings (Figure 1). The simple and similar pigmentation of the paintings, their original hanging, and the few cleaning interventions make it possible to use the degree of the formation of lead soaps, so-called ...