Modeling Thermal Bridging at Interface Conditions: Analysis of Solutions for Reducing Thermal Bridges Effects on Building Energy Consumption
C. Balocco, E. Marmonti
Dipartimento di Energetica, Università di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
In Europe considerable building activity can be expected over the coming decades; Net Zero Energy Buildings refers to a building with minimal power, until maximum 15 kW/m^2. In both cases this requires very well insulated buildings with minimal thermal bridges. Concrete balconies, that extend the floor slab through the building envelope, are a common example of thermal bridging, where structural ...
X. Xu, T. Patel, R.W. Hoyt
U.S. Army Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA, USA
A human torso model was created for heat transfer analysis. The torso was derived from the ‘Virtual Family’ whole-body voxel data from the ITIS Foundation (Zurich, Switzerland). Measurements were taken from the ITIS male along the axial plane at key anatomical landmarks and used to develop geometry in Solidworks. Individual components were created to represent the skin, fat, muscle, and bone ...
Bilotsky, Y., Gasik, M.
Laboratory of Materials Processing and Powder Metallurgy, HUT, Finland
The model for study of thermal mechanical behavior of multilayer thin films was developed. The stress-strain analysis was carried out in combination with thermal effects. The 2D thinfilm model has been solved by FEMLAB 3.1i. The middle layer was thermally loaded with Ohmic heating and other layer’s thicknesses were varied in time. All material data like elastic coefficients, thermal ...
Espinoza Vallejos, P.A., Duston, C.
Technology Assessment and Transfer
FEMLAB was used to aid in the design of a novel temperature management system. The system under consideration is a heat sink consisting of a carbon foam block brazed to the inside of an aluminum enclosure. The high thermal conductivity carbon foam is structurally reinforced and filled with a phase change material. A phase change material (PCM) is a substance which releases a large amount of ...
Océ Printing Systems GmbH, Poing
The electrophotographic print process uses polymer toner particles to create the desired print image on the paper. After depositing the particles on the paper, the particle layer has to be heated beyond the glass point of the polymer to create a homogeneous layer. This fusing process is one of the most energy-consuming parts of the whole print process. It is therefore imperative to limit the ...
Div. of Building Technology, The Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
In building physics it is a fact that a large part of the knowledge available from research is not applied in construction and design. The main reason for this is that the physics often include nonlinear field problems that are difficult to solve for the ordinary engineer. With a software that allows the combination of many different physics, the solvability of such problems increases.The ...
E. H. Ooi, and E. Ng Yin Kwee
School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
In this presentation, abnormalities in the human eye are studied. The outline for the presentation is:Background of the ResearchModel DevelopmentSteady state solution of a normal eyeEffects of aqueous humor hydrodynamics on the temperature distribution inside the human eyeSummary
M. de Bonis, and G. Ruocco
DITEC, Universitµa degli studi della Basilicata, Campus Macchia Romana, Potenza, Italy
Heat and mass transfer involved in drying is studied by using COMSOL 3.4. The effect of air temperature on the performance of the drying process applied to fresh food slices is scrutinized. COMSOL’s flexible formulation is exploited by using special drying kinetics for the substrate, and by including a treatment of the dependence of the properties upon the residual moisture content. The model ...
T. Chen, and P.G. Ifju
University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA
This paper describes using thermal-structural interaction to model the shrinkage behavior in cement paste under drying. An inverse method of combining the finite element analysis and the least-squares method is implemented to fit experimentally determined shrinkage in order to obtain material properties from the complex geometry used in the tests. The finite element model is created using COMSOL ...
Homogeneous and Inhomogeneous Model for Flow and Heat Transfer in Porous Materials as High Temperature Solar Air Receivers
O. Smirnova, T. Fend, P. Schwaryboezl, and D. Schoellgen
German Aerospace Center, Institute of Technical Thermodynamics, Koeln, Germany
Results of simulations on flow and heat transfer in a porous Silicon Carbide honeycomb structure applied as a solar air receiver are presented. In this application porous materials are put in concentrated solar radiation. Flux densities of up to 1000 MW/m² are reached. Simultanously, ambient air flows through the material to be heated up to temperatures of app. 800°C. This hot air is then used ...