A. Auge, A. Weddemann, F. Wittbracht, B. Vogel, and A. Hütten
Department of Physics, Thin Films and Physics of Nanostructures, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany
The oxidation behavior of metallic nanoparticles is investigated in respect to material parameters like Mott potential, defects on the microstructure and oxide volume increase per ionic defect. An emphasis is laid on magnetic nanoparticles where the degree of oxidation can be measured via the reduction of the magnetic moment.
Multiphysics Simulations of Tunneling Current Modulation using Ultra-Thin Membranes Micromachined on SOI
B. Bercu, L. Montès, G. Bacles, J. Zimmermann, and P. Morfouli
Institute of Microelectronics, Electromagnetism and Photonics, Grenoble
In this paper, we study a novel type of NEMS - tunnel junctions mounted on thin membranes. Mechanical stress applied to the junction induces changes in the height and length of the barrier, allowing the modulation of the tunnelling current.
Simulation of the Temperature Profile During Welding with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software Using Rosenthal's Approach
A. Lecoanet, D. G. Ivey, H. Henein
Department of Chemical & Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
A 3D finite element analysis is carried out, using COMSOL® software, to reproduce the thermal profile obtained with Rosenthal’s equation. The implemented heat transfer equation has been modified as a means to approximate Rosenthal’s solution. An analysis of the differences between the simulation and Rosenthal’s solution, when the geometry of the domain and the source are changed, has been ...
Estimation of Hydraulic Conductivity for a Heterogeneous Unsaturated Soil Using Electrical Resistivity and Level-Set Methods
T. K. Chou, M. Chouteau, J. S. Dubé
École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada
École de Technologie Supérieure, Montréal, QC, Canada
The estimation of the soil saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks) is crucial in understanding water flow and transport of contaminants. There are many hydrological techniques available in determining this parameter (constant head method, in-situ soil analysis, etc...). While these techniques can provide quality data points, they are often limited by sparse data sampling and scale. Therefore ...
R. Caulk, J. McCartney, E. Ghazanfari
University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA
University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA
In this study, a model of in-situ geothermal energy piles was constructed using COMSOL Multiphysics® software. Geothermal energy piles serve two purposes, first to transfer building load into the subsurface, but also to extract thermal heat from surrounding soils. This is achieved using a heat pump coupled with embedded heat exchangers. As a result, a multiphysics problem is introduced - heat ...
R. P. Ruby, G. Kulkarni, U. Kanade
Noumenon Multiphysics Pvt. Ltd., Pune, Maharashtra, India
Oneirix Engineering Laboratories Pvt. Ltd., Pune, Maharashtra, India
Seals or gaskets that are compressed between walls of a container are important to many industrial applications. In this paper we present a fluid flow model for predicting the sealing performance of such seals. A computational study using COMSOL Multiphysics® software suggests very strong simplifications to the postulated flow equations.
S. Sarodia[1,2], W. Zhang, E. Brown
Centerville High School, Dayton, OH, USA
Wright State University, Dayton, OH, USA
Ultrafast terahertz photoconductor devices, especially photomixers, are usually limited in output power by device failure thought to be caused by excessive temperatures. Therefore, understanding of thermal breakdown is essential to the study of device reliability and failure of photoconductors. We performed a series of simulations to determine the electronic and thermal thresholds responsible ...
M. Mattheakis, C. Athanasopoulos, G. P. Tsironis
University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece
We present numerical simulations for the propagation of surface plasmon polaritons in a dielectric-metal-dielectric waveguide using COMSOL Multiphysics® software. We show that the use of an active dielectric with gain that compensates metal absorption losses enhances substantially plasmon propagation. Furthermore, the introduction of the active material induces, for a specific gain value, a ...
University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA
A two-dimensional atrial tissue model has been constructed in COMSOL Multiphysics® software to study the propagation of action potential and electrograms. The model presents the atrial electrograms recorded with a mapping catheter. A 2D atrial tissue model is simulated using the Courtemanche et al. cell model equations. PDE in coefficient form was used in COMSOL Multiphysics® to reproduce ...
A. Dixon, B. MacDonald, A. Olm
Department of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA
The conventional route to hydrogen production is by steam reforming of methane (MSR) in a multitubular packed bed. With the increasing use of biodiesel as a renewable fuel, interest has grown in steam reforming of the excess glycerol produced as a side product (GSR). We use COMSOL Multiphysics® software to model a tubular packed bed reactor, solving a single pellet model at each point. The ...